Spread Of Protestant Reformation

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Spread Of Protestant Reformation

  1. 1. Spread of the Reformation
  2. 2. 1. Radical Reformers <ul><li>Hundreds of new Protestant sects sprang up, way more radical than Luther. </li></ul><ul><li>One such sect was the Anabaptists . </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>A number of radical Protestant groups rejected infant baptism. </li></ul><ul><li>Infants, they argued, were too young to understand what it meant to accept the Christian faith. </li></ul><ul><li>These people became known as the Anabapists . </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Anabaptists soon became too different; they wanted to abolish private property. </li></ul><ul><li>Even Luther urged Lutherans to join Catholics in suppressing the Anabaptists. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Dirk Willems was a martyred Anabaptist who is most famous for, after his escape from prison, turning around to rescue his pursuer, who had fallen through thin ice while chasing him. </li></ul><ul><li>After his harrowing escape and recapture, he was burned at the stake near his hometown on 16 May 1569. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, he is one of the most celebrated martyrs among Anabaptists. </li></ul>
  6. 6. 2. The English Reformation <ul><li>Henry VIII , at first, was against the Protestants. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1527, Henry wanted to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon, because she could not produce a male heir; the Pope said no! </li></ul>
  7. 7. Catherine of Aragon Princess Mary
  8. 8. <ul><li>In 1534, the Act of Supremacy made Henry VIII the leader of the Church of England (Anglican Church); whoever did not accept this was executed. </li></ul><ul><li>Henry then married Anne Boleyn, who gave birth to the future Elizabeth I. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Many loyal Catholics refused to accept the Act of Supremacy and were executed for treason. </li></ul><ul><li>Among them was Sir Thomas More, the great English humanist. </li></ul><ul><li>More was later canonized , or recognized as a saint, by the Catholic Church. </li></ul>
  10. 12. Jane Seymour Edward VI
  11. 13. Anne of Cleves Katherine Howard
  12. 14. Catherine Parr
  13. 16. 3. Edward VI <ul><li>When Henry died in 1547, Edward VI, a devout Protestant, inherited the throne. </li></ul><ul><li>Under his short rule, the Book of Common Prayer was created. </li></ul><ul><li>It was a mix of Catholic and Protestant beliefs. </li></ul>
  14. 17. 4. Queen Mary I – “Bloody Mary” <ul><li>Upon Edward’s death, Mary became Queen. </li></ul><ul><li>She tried to restore England to the Catholic faith, and burned hundreds of Protestants at the stake. </li></ul>
  15. 20. 5. The Elizabethan Settlement <ul><li>As Queen, Elizabeth compromised between Protestant and Catholic beliefs. </li></ul><ul><li>The Anglican Church followed Catholic practices, but she was its head. </li></ul><ul><li>The Book of Common Prayer was reintroduced. </li></ul>

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