Spread Of Islam

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Spread Of Islam

  1. 1. The Spread of Islam
  2. 3. Spread of Islam Flow Map Islam is founded by Mohammed In Mecca In 632 AD Mohammed dies + Islam spreads To Palestine, Egypt, Persia Sunnis + Shi’a develop Islam expands to N. + W. Africa
  3. 4. Islam expands to Europe To Sicily To Cordoba + Granada in Spain Islam expands to India Sikhism develops Muslim ideas + culture spread to South East Asia trade Cultural diffusion
  4. 6. Alhambra Palace in Granada. Inside Ceiling of a dome. Put together like puzzle pieces. Geometric Design.
  5. 7. Alhambra Palace in Granada. Windows looking out. Geometric Designs and scalloped arches.
  6. 8. Alhambra Palace in Granada. Beautiful gardens and courtyards with fountains.
  7. 9. Contributions of the Muslim World <ul><li>Because of the arid nature of much of the Muslim world, Arab engineers were skilled in methods of raising water from the ground and piping it into their homes. </li></ul>DON’T WRITE THIS
  8. 10. Multi Flow Map extensive trade Success of the Islamic Empire Muslims united by faith Persians + Byzantines were weak from fighting Muslims were tolerant People converted to avoid non-believer tax Mohammed valued education Cultural diffusion Built mosques, palaces, centers of learning Spread Arabic numerals Golden Age of Islam Preserved Greco- Roman culture
  9. 11. Muslim Achievements Tree Map Math & Astronomy Spread Arabic numerals Astrolabe - a tool that simulates the sky’s movement Math book used for centuries Calculated circumference of the Earth Literature The Thousand and One Nights- a collection of stories Wrote poems based on the Koran
  10. 13. Illuminated Qur’an Page
  11. 14. Arabic calligraphy in secular art http://www.plumsite.com/ palace/arabic.html 49
  12. 15. Islamic architecture in Spain http://www.islamservices.org 41
  13. 16. Qur’an Page: Abraham’s Sacrifice of Isaac
  14. 17. Art & Architecture Calligraphy- fine handwriting Arabesque- style of decoration using geometric designs Built centers of learning (Baghdad, Cairo, Cordoba, Timbuktu Medicine 1 st ER Developed Health Care Avicenna- recorded 4,000 prescriptions to treat diseases
  15. 19. Alhambra Palace in Granada. A Doorway shows arabesque, geometric designs and scalloped arches.
  16. 20. Alhambra Palace in Granada. Windows show geometric designs and scalloped arches. Arabic calligraphy of the Koran is underneath with more geometric designs.
  17. 21. Mosque in Cordoba, Spain. Scalloped arches show arabesque design. Stained glass window is in the background from when the mosque was converted to a cathedral by the European Christians during the Reconquista.
  18. 22. Mosque in Cordoba, Spain. Scalloped arches show arabesque design. Stained glass window above is from when the mosque was converted to a cathedral by the European Christians during the Reconquista.
  19. 23. Mosque in Cordoba, Spain. Scalloped arches show arabesque design. Stained glass window is in the background from when the mosque was converted to a cathedral by the European Christians during the Reconquista.
  20. 24. Taj Mahal Agra, India The Taj is the most beautiful monument built by the Mughals, the Muslim rulers of India.
  21. 25. From World History: Connections to Today Prentice Hall, 2003

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