India

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India

  1. 1. INDIA
  2. 2. Geography of South Asia Indus River Valley <ul><li>The South Asian or Indian Subcontinent is a large land mass that’s smaller than a continent. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a peninsula - surrounded by water on 3 sides </li></ul>
  3. 3. Himalayas Deccan Plateau Coastal Plains Coastal Plains Northern Plains
  4. 4. Three Regions of South Asia Northern Plains Deccan Plateau Coastal Plains fertile Watered by: 1.Snow melting off Himalayas 2. Ganges River 3. Indus River 4.Brahmaputra River arid (dry) desolate (not very populated) triangular low-lying mountains Eastern and Western Ghats people use seas and farm
  5. 5. <ul><li>Because of India’s diverse (different) landscape, there is cultural diversity. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg. India has 15 official languages. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Monsoons - a seasonal wind Rain Store water Hot, dry air Grow crops with stored water 1 Summer Monsoon Winter monsoon 2
  7. 7. Hot, dry air still there Crops die Famine Too much rain floods Crops die, houses destroyed 3 If summer monsoon is late 4 If summer monsoon is early
  8. 8. <ul><li>Today, the Indian subcontinent has 3 of the 10 most populated countries in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>1. India </li></ul><ul><li>2. Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>3. Bangladesh </li></ul>India Pakistan Bangladesh
  9. 9. Ancient Indus Valley Civilization <ul><li>2 Main Cities </li></ul><ul><li>twin capitals </li></ul><ul><li>Harappa </li></ul><ul><li>Mohenjo Daro </li></ul><ul><li>Large- 3 miles </li></ul><ul><li>around </li></ul><ul><li>Hill top </li></ul><ul><li>structures </li></ul><ul><li>Sewer system </li></ul><ul><li>Granary-place </li></ul><ul><li>to store grain </li></ul><ul><li>Carefully </li></ul><ul><li>planned grid </li></ul><ul><li>pattern: </li></ul><ul><li>Skills in math </li></ul><ul><li>Strong central </li></ul><ul><li>gov’t </li></ul>Farming Food surplus allowed for large cities Depended on river to flood (silt) Crops: Wheat Barley Melon Dates Cotton Trade Merchants traded w/ Sumerians Learned writing Cultural diffusion Religion Polytheistic Mother goddess is source of creation Worshipped sacred animals (bull) Animism is the worship of a spirit in all living things <ul><li>Decline </li></ul><ul><li>City found buried </li></ul><ul><li>Possible reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquake </li></ul><ul><li>Too many trees cut down caused erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Volcano </li></ul><ul><li>Result: Aryans migrated in and conquered </li></ul>
  10. 10. 2 Main Cities twin capitals 1. Harappa 2. Mohenjo Daro Large- 3 miles around Hill top structures Sewer system Granary-place to store grain Carefully planned grid pattern: Skills in math Strong central gov’t
  11. 11. Farming Food surplus (extra)allowed for large cities Depended on river to flood (silt) Crops: Wheat Barley Melon Dates Cotton
  12. 12. Trade Merchants traded w/ Sumerians Learned writing Cultural diffusion INDIA SUMER
  13. 13. Religion Polytheistic Mother goddess is source of creation Worshipped sacred animals (cow) Animism is the worship of a spirit in all living things
  14. 14. <ul><li>Decline </li></ul><ul><li>City found buried </li></ul><ul><li>Possible reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquake </li></ul><ul><li>Too many trees cut down caused erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Volcano </li></ul><ul><li>Result: Aryans migrated in and conquered </li></ul>Mohenjo-daro. Temple ruins
  15. 16. Aryan Life <ul><li>Developed Sanskrit- writing </li></ul><ul><li>Developed Hinduism- religion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote prayers, hymns, teachings in the Vedas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Society divided by occupation which developed into the caste system. </li></ul></ul>

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