The French Revolution: Stage 3
<ul><li>A. The Rights of Man National Assembly adopts Declaration of the Rights  of Man and of the Citizen </li></ul><ul><...
  C. Louis Tries to Escape • Louis, worried about his future, attempts to  escape France • Revolutionaries catch the royal...
D. Divisions Develop   A Limited Monarchy • In September 1791, Assembly finishes  new constitution  • Legislative Assembly...
<ul><li>Factions Split France </li></ul><ul><li>Major problems, including debt, food  shortages remain </li></ul>French sa...
<ul><li>Assembly split into 3 groups </li></ul><ul><li>Émigrés —nobles who flee country, want  Old Regime back in power  <...
  II. War and Execution   A. Problems with Other Countries • Austrians and Prussians want Louis in  charge of France; Fran...
France at War • Prussian forces soon threaten to attack Paris • Parisian mob jails royal family, kills guards • Mob breaks...
<ul><li>B. Jacobins Take Control </li></ul><ul><li>• Jacobins —radical political  organization behind 1792  </li></ul><ul>...
The War Continues • French army wins great victory against  Prussians and Austrians • In 1793 Britain, Spain, Holland join...
Stage 4
I. The Terror Grips France   <ul><li>A. Divided Country </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not all people in France support all cha...
• Reign of Terror —Robespierre’s rule, which  includes killing many opponents • Thousands die during the Terror, including...
Stage 5
<ul><li>A. Another Change in Government </li></ul><ul><li>• In July 1794, Robespierre is arrested, executed </li></ul><ul>...
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French Revolution- Stage 3 and 4

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French Revolution- Stage 3 and 4

  1. 1. The French Revolution: Stage 3
  2. 2. <ul><li>A. The Rights of Man National Assembly adopts Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen </li></ul><ul><li> Revolutionary leaders use the slogan, “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity” </li></ul><ul><li>B. A State-Controlled Church </li></ul><ul><li>National Assembly seizes church lands, turns clergy </li></ul><ul><li>into public officials </li></ul><ul><li>This action alarms many peasants, who are devout </li></ul><ul><li>Catholics </li></ul>I. Revolution Brings Reform and Terror
  3. 3. C. Louis Tries to Escape • Louis, worried about his future, attempts to escape France • Revolutionaries catch the royal family near Netherlands’ border
  4. 4. D. Divisions Develop A Limited Monarchy • In September 1791, Assembly finishes new constitution • Legislative Assembly —new body created to pass laws Constitution Of 1791
  5. 5. <ul><li>Factions Split France </li></ul><ul><li>Major problems, including debt, food shortages remain </li></ul>French satire on inequality of taxation: caricature of over-taxed peasant carrying a nobleman and a cleric on his back. Engraving, 1789                                                                       
  6. 6. <ul><li>Assembly split into 3 groups </li></ul><ul><li>Émigrés —nobles who flee country, want Old Regime back in power </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Moderates – wanted gov‘t reform </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sans-culottes —lower class who want more change from the Revolution </li></ul></ul></ul>Radicals Radicals Moderates Conservatives
  7. 7. II. War and Execution A. Problems with Other Countries • Austrians and Prussians want Louis in charge of France; France declares war
  8. 8. France at War • Prussian forces soon threaten to attack Paris • Parisian mob jails royal family, kills guards • Mob breaks into prisons, killing over 1,000, including many who support king • Pressured by mob, Legislative Assembly deposes the king and then dissolves • National Convention takes office in September, forming French republic
  9. 9. <ul><li>B. Jacobins Take Control </li></ul><ul><li>• Jacobins —radical political organization behind 1792 </li></ul><ul><li>gov’tal changes </li></ul><ul><li>• After a close vote, Louis </li></ul><ul><li>XVI is found guilty of </li></ul><ul><li>treason and beheaded </li></ul><ul><li>• Guillotine —machine </li></ul><ul><li>designed during the Revolution to behead people </li></ul>
  10. 10. The War Continues • French army wins great victory against Prussians and Austrians • In 1793 Britain, Spain, Holland join forces against France • National Convention orders draft of 300,000 to reinforce army
  11. 11. Stage 4
  12. 12. I. The Terror Grips France <ul><li>A. Divided Country </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not all people in France support all changes of the Revolution </li></ul></ul></ul>B. Robespierre Assumes Control • Maximilien Robespierre —Jacobin leader rules France for a year • Becomes leader of the Committee for Public Safety, a dictator
  13. 13. • Reign of Terror —Robespierre’s rule, which includes killing many opponents • Thousands die during the Terror, including former allies and Marie Antoinette • 85 percent of those who die during the Terror are middle or lower class
  14. 14. Stage 5
  15. 15. <ul><li>A. Another Change in Government </li></ul><ul><li>• In July 1794, Robespierre is arrested, executed </li></ul><ul><li>• Terror results in public opinion shifting away from radicals </li></ul><ul><li>• Moderate leaders write new constitution </li></ul><ul><li>• Two-house legislature and five-man Directory </li></ul><ul><li>restore order </li></ul><ul><li>• New government makes Napoleon Bonaparte </li></ul><ul><li>commander of armies </li></ul>II. End of the Terror

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