Rome <ul><li>Geography  </li></ul><ul><li>Rome began as a small city-state in Italy but ended up ruling the entire Mediter...
I. The Roman Republic <ul><li>A. Romans hated monarchy  (rule by a king)  </li></ul><ul><li>B. In 509 BCE- the Roman Repub...
<ul><li>D. Powers are shared:  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1.  Senate - Patricians  only </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>E. Plebeians demand equality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.  Tribunes  could veto laws  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.  L...
II. The Punic Wars <ul><li>Rome vs. Carthage over TRADE. </li></ul><ul><li>Three Punic Wars: Rome wins all! </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A.  Roman Military </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1.  Legion - basic unit of the army = ...
 
Roman Life
IV. The Roman Empire “ Rome wasn’t built in a day!” A. 270 BCE- Rome conquered the Italian Peninsula B. 44BCE- Carthage, G...
 
<ul><li>C. Changes in government:  </li></ul><ul><li>In 48 BCE,  Julius Caesar  became dictator for  </li></ul><ul><li>lif...
<ul><li>E. Augustus Octavian became dictator.  Took title  </li></ul><ul><li>of emperor. </li></ul><ul><li>RESULT: THE EMP...
 
V. Roman Economy <ul><li>Expansion of the empire promoted trade </li></ul><ul><li>Mediterranean was a “liquid highway” </l...
Accomplishments of Rome
VI. Decline of Rome  <ul><li>A.  Economic Problems </li></ul><ul><li>1. Cost of defending empire led to too    high taxes ...
<ul><li>B.  Political Weakness </li></ul><ul><li>1. Government became corrupt and ineffective. </li></ul><ul><li>C.  Milit...
<ul><li>D.  Divided Empire   </li></ul><ul><li>1. Emperor Diocletian divided the empire  </li></ul><ul><li>East- capital w...
<ul><ul><li>E.  Foreign Invasions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Rome under constant attack by nomadic    tribes </li></ul>...
 
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Ancient Rome

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Ancient Rome

  1. 1. Rome <ul><li>Geography </li></ul><ul><li>Rome began as a small city-state in Italy but ended up ruling the entire Mediterranean world. </li></ul>- Its location allowed for good TRADE
  2. 2. I. The Roman Republic <ul><li>A. Romans hated monarchy (rule by a king) </li></ul><ul><li>B. In 509 BCE- the Roman Republic is established. </li></ul><ul><li>Republic - government leaders are </li></ul><ul><li>elected </li></ul><ul><li>C. Two main social classes: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Patricians </li></ul><ul><li>2. Plebeians </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>D. Powers are shared: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Senate - Patricians only </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. Consuls - Every year, Senators elected two consuls to supervise the government and command the armies. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Dictator - elected by the Senate for war </li></ul><ul><li>- six month time limit </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>E. Plebeians demand equality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Tribunes could veto laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Laws of the Twelve Tables (450BCE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> allowed plebeians to appeal a judgment by </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> a patrician judge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- all citizens are innocent until proven guilty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- all citizens are equal under the law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- helped shape Western legal systems </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. II. The Punic Wars <ul><li>Rome vs. Carthage over TRADE. </li></ul><ul><li>Three Punic Wars: Rome wins all! </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rome won islands </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hannibal brought elephants over the Alps to surprise the Romans. Rome still wins! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Romans poured salt on Carthage. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A. Roman Military </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Legion - basic unit of the army = 5,000 men </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. The army was strong, well-disciplined, and loyal. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3. Conquered people were required to: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>be loyal </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>supply soldiers for the army </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>pay taxes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4. Conquered people were allowed to: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> keep their own culture and officials </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>III. Roman Expansion
  7. 8. Roman Life
  8. 9. IV. The Roman Empire “ Rome wasn’t built in a day!” A. 270 BCE- Rome conquered the Italian Peninsula B. 44BCE- Carthage, Greece, Spain, Gaul, parts of Asia Minor
  9. 11. <ul><li>C. Changes in government: </li></ul><ul><li>In 48 BCE, Julius Caesar became dictator for </li></ul><ul><li>life </li></ul><ul><li>RESULT: ENDED THE REPUBLIC! </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>D. Julius Caesar assassinated in 44 BCE on the </li></ul><ul><li>Ides of March (March 15) </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>E. Augustus Octavian became dictator. Took title </li></ul><ul><li>of emperor. </li></ul><ul><li>RESULT: THE EMPIRE BEGAN </li></ul><ul><li>F. Augustus began the Pax Romana </li></ul><ul><li> (Roman Peace) which lasted 200 years. </li></ul>
  11. 14. V. Roman Economy <ul><li>Expansion of the empire promoted trade </li></ul><ul><li>Mediterranean was a “liquid highway” </li></ul><ul><li>Army built roads </li></ul><ul><li>“All roads lead to Rome.” </li></ul><ul><li>D. Good were imported from all over the empire. </li></ul>
  12. 15. Accomplishments of Rome
  13. 16. VI. Decline of Rome <ul><li>A. Economic Problems </li></ul><ul><li>1. Cost of defending empire led to too high taxes = over expansion </li></ul><ul><li>2. Inflation ($ is not worth as much) and unemployment </li></ul>
  14. 17. <ul><li>B. Political Weakness </li></ul><ul><li>1. Government became corrupt and ineffective. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Military Decline </li></ul><ul><li>1. No citizen army. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Hired mercenaries - paid soldiers that were less loyal than Roman citizens </li></ul>
  15. 18. <ul><li>D. Divided Empire </li></ul><ul><li>1. Emperor Diocletian divided the empire </li></ul><ul><li>East- capital was Constantinople </li></ul><ul><li>West- capital was Rome </li></ul>Rome Constantinople DIOCLETIAN DIVIDE!
  16. 19. <ul><ul><li>E. Foreign Invasions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Rome under constant attack by nomadic tribes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Attila the Hun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Odoacer ousted the emperor (476 CE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RESULT: THE FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE </li></ul></ul>

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