Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

15

Share

Download to read offline

Inversion

Download to read offline

Related Books

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Inversion

  1. 1. Inversion alan murray & ana fernández
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><ul><li>The normal word order for English sentences is : </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Subject+verb Example : ‘She is laughing .’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We cannot change the word order . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We cannot say : ‘Laughing she is’ nor ‘Is she laughing’ (at least not in an affirmative sentence) </li></ul></ul>alan murray & ana fernández
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><ul><li>But in certain cases we can change the word order to Verb+Subject </li></ul></ul><ul><li>and this is called </li></ul><ul><li>INVERSION </li></ul>‘ Off walked the dragon into the sunset’ ->The normal word order is : ‘The dragon walked off into the sunset’ ‘ Never have I heard such a ridiculous story’ ->The normal word order is : ‘I have never heard such a ridiculous story’ alan murray & ana fernández
  4. 4. Introduction <ul><ul><li>For emphasis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To make the sentence more dramatic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In literary or formal language (especially negative sentences) </li></ul></ul>When do we use inversion? In the cartoon, why did the little angels use inversion? alan murray & ana fernández
  5. 5. Introduction Dramatizing in a story Emphasis alan murray & ana fernández
  6. 6. Examples of inversion : COMPLEMENT+’TO BE’+SUBJECT <ul><li>Examples : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The night is tender . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>-> ‘Tender is the night’ (poetic) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>His real plan is to take over the world. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>-> ‘To take over the world is his real plan .’ </li></ul>alan murray & ana fernández
  7. 7. Inversion : Negative adverbs and conjunctions <ul><ul><li>Look at these sentences </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1. Seldom have I worked so hard in all my life. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Never have I experienced such cold weather . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rarely do we start work before 9 in the morning. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What kind of word comes first in each sentence? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are all the words at the beginning of the sentences negative? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where is the subject? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the ‘normal’ word order in each of the sentences ? </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Answers <ul><ul><li>What kind of word comes first in each sentence? </li></ul></ul><ul><li> An adverb </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are all the words at the beginning of the sentences negative? </li></ul></ul><ul><li> Well , yes . A word like ‘rarely’ has a ‘restrictive’ meaning and is in a way negative . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where is the subject? </li></ul></ul><ul><li> After the auxiliary verb </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the ‘normal’ word order in each of these sentences ? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1. I have seldom worked so hard... </li></ul><ul><li>2. I have never experienced such cold weather . </li></ul><ul><li>3. We rarely start work before 9 in the morning </li></ul>alan murray & ana fernández
  9. 9. Inversion : Negative adverbs and conjunctions <ul><ul><li>Words we use for negative inversion. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Never..... / Rarely-Seldom.... / Little.... </li></ul></ul><ul><li>E.G. Little does he know who is waiting for him . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phrases we use for negative inversion. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardly/Barely/Scarcely...........when... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No sooner....................................than... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not only........................but...also.............. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On no account........... / Under no circumstances...... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At no time/point... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On no other day..... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only (now, then, occasionally, in the last few days......) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>E.G. Under no circumstances must you talk to him about it . </li></ul>
  10. 10. Inversion : Negative adverbs and conjunctions <ul><ul><li>Now try and correct these sentences (if they are wrong!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At no point we were asked our opinion. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Little they knew he was a spy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seldom we see each other . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On no other day would the weather be so good . </li></ul></ul>alan murray & ana fernández
  11. 11. Inversion : Answers <ul><ul><li>At no point were we asked our opinion. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Little did they knew he was a spy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seldom do/did we see each other . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On no other day would the weather be so good .(CORRECT) </li></ul></ul>alan murray & ana fernández
  12. 12. Inversion : Negative adverbs and conjunctions <ul><ul><li>Not until & only </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not until the sun came up did we stop drinking </li></ul></ul><ul><li> notice that the auxiliary is in the middle of the sentence. Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only in Mataró do they have such traffic problems . </li></ul></ul><ul><li> Is ‘only’ a negative word? </li></ul>alan murray & ana fernández
  13. 13. Inversion : Answers <ul><ul><li>Not until the sun came up did we stop drinking </li></ul></ul><ul><li> notice that the auxiliary is in the middle of the sentence. Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Because ‘Not until’ first needs a complement . </li></ul><ul><li>It cannot stand on its own . So ‘Not until the </li></ul><ul><li>sun came up’ is like an adverb – an adverbial phrase. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only in Mataró do they have such traffic problems. </li></ul></ul><ul><li> Is ’only’ a negative word? </li></ul><ul><li>Well , ‘only’ excludes other possibilities . Only this , </li></ul><ul><li>not that or the other one . So it is , in a sense , negative . </li></ul>alan murray & ana fernández
  14. 14. Inversion : Negative adverbs and conjunctions <ul><ul><li>Join these sentences using the words in brackets . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He saw the photographs . He realised what had happened (Only) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The police came . She stopped screaming . (Not until) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You will give up smoking . You will feel better . (Not until) </li></ul></ul>alan murray & ana fernández
  15. 15. Answers <ul><ul><li>Only when saw the photographs did he realise what had happened </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not until the police came did she stop screaming . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not until you give up smoking will you feel better . </li></ul></ul>alan murray & ana fernández
  16. 16. Other inversions <ul><ul><li>In short answers and other similar structures using SO, NEITHER, NOR </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ I’m a plumber”. “Really? So am I” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After AS, SO, SUCH </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ So late was it that there was no one in the office” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In conditional sentences </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Had I known it, I’d have left the room” </li></ul>alan murray & ana fernández
  • juancarlosquinterohernandez1

    Aug. 7, 2020
  • MaribelJuradoMartine

    Jan. 8, 2020
  • georgiagyftonikolou

    May. 15, 2017
  • GleidisonLima

    Oct. 24, 2016
  • MigzClay

    Oct. 20, 2016
  • ShariLlorente

    Oct. 2, 2016
  • F1F1

    Sep. 16, 2016
  • ssuser6c23eb

    Mar. 16, 2016
  • norazahrani9

    Mar. 5, 2016
  • alessandrahbona

    Oct. 21, 2015
  • RamiroMexico

    Feb. 25, 2015
  • liliansilva102

    Nov. 28, 2014
  • setyadistudy

    Mar. 28, 2013
  • trathanh

    Feb. 13, 2012
  • MIMF2009

    Apr. 7, 2010

Views

Total views

22,793

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

3,618

Actions

Downloads

1,058

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

15

×