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Definite and Indefinite
        Articles

      Jelgava State Gymnasium
            Agita Ozoliņa
ARTICLE (ARTIKULS)
                  DEFINITE (noteiktais)                INDEFINITE (nenoteiktais)
                             the                                    A, an


•   Use a/an with the singular noun, the- with singular or noun in plural.
                             A cat- some cats
                             The cat- the cats

•  Use 'a' with nouns starting with a consonant (letters that are not vowels),
   'an' with nouns starting with a vowel (a,e,i,o,u) A boy
• An apple
• A car
• An orange
• A house
• An opera
NOTE:
   An before an h mute - an hour, an honour.
   A before u and eu when they sound like 'you': a european, a university, a unit

A red rose- viena (kāda) sarkana roze
The red rose- sarkanā roze
INDEFINITE ARTICLE (a/an)
            USE                          EXAMPLE                           NOTES
To refer to something for the An elephant and a mouse        Yesterday I met a boy near
first time                    fell in love.                  my house. The boy wanted
                              Would you like a drink?        to comunicate with me.
                              I've finally got a good job.
meaning 'one', referring to a I'd like an orange and two     Notice also that we usually say
                                                             a hundred, a thousand, a million.
single object or person:      lemons please.                 NOTE: that we use 'one' to add
                                                             emphasis or to contrast with other
                                                             numbers:
                                                             I don't know one person who likes
                                                             eating elephant meat.
                                                             We've got six computers but only
                                                             one printer.
with names of jobs:            John is a doctor.
                               Mary is training to be an
                               engineer.
                               He wants to be a dancer.
with nationalities and         John is an Englishman.        John is British.
religions:                     Kate is a Catholic.
INDEFINITE ARTICLE (a/an)
                     USE                                      EXAMPLE
to refer to a kind of, or example of          the mouse had a tiny nose
something                                     the elephant had a long trunk
                                              it was a very strange car
with singular nouns, after the words 'what'   What a shame!
and 'such'                                    She's such a beautiful girl.
After ‘There is”                              There is a book on the table.
DEFINITE ARTICLE (the)
                     USE                                         EXAMPLE
to refer to something which has already          An elephant and a mouse fell in love.
been mentioned.                                  The mouse loved the elephant's long
                                                 trunk,
                                                 and the elephant loved the mouse's tiny
                                                 nose.
when both the speaker and listener know          'Where's the bathroom?'
what is being talked about, even if it has not   'It's on the first floor.'
been mentioned before.
in sentences or clauses where we define or       The man who wrote this book is famous.
identify a particular person or object           'Which car did you scratch?' 'The red
                                                 one.
                                                 My house is the one with a blue door.'
to refer to objects we regard as unique          the sun, the moon, the world , the
                                                 Internet, the Earth, the Eiffel Tower
                                                 The equator, the North/ South Pole,
before superlatives and ordinal numbers          the highest building, the first page, the
(only, last, first, second)                      last chapter
DEFINITE ARTICLE (the)
               USE                          EXAMPLE                        NOTES
with adjectives, to refer to a       the Japanese, the         Other plural nationalities are
whole group of people (as plural     English, the Dutch, the   used with or without “ the”
nouns), families, nationalities      Greens, the old, the      The Greeks, the Italians,
                                                               Latvians (the Latvians)
ending in – sh, -ch, -ese            poor, the rich
With the words: beach, cinema,       He laiks going to the     We often say “ television”
country (side), ground, jungle,      theatre.                  without “ the” .
radio, sea, seaside, theatre,        She went to the station   We often watch television.
                                                               But! Turn on the television
world, station, shop, pub, library   to meet Jim.
                                                               (set).
Before “ most” (as a superlative) She is the most              Don’t use “ the” if “ most” is
                                  beautiful girl.              as a determiner followed by a
                                                               noun.
                                                               Most people believe he is a
                                                               liar.
Morning, afternoon, evening          I’ll be at home in the    But don’t use with: at night,
                                     evening.                  at noon, at midnight, at 4
                                                               o’clock, by day/ night
Historical references/events         The Renaissance, the      But: World War I
                                     Middle Ages, the First
                                     World War
DEFINITE ARTICLE (the)
                   USE                                       EXAMPLE
With the manes of: rivers, seas, groups of   The Daugava, the Black Sea, The
islands/ states, mountain ranges, deserts,   Bahamas, the USA, the Alps, the sahara
oceans, canals, directions (debespuses)      desert, the Atlantic, the north/south,
                                             east/ west
The names or nouns with “ of”                The Tower of London, the statue of
                                             Liberty
Musical instruments, dances                  The piano, the tango
With the titles                              The Queen, the Prince, (but not with
                                             Queen Victoria)
With the names of:                           The Rex, the Sheraton, the Prado, the
Cinemas, theatres, hotels, museums,          Guardian
newspapers/magazines, ships
with decades, or groups of years             she grew up in the seventies
There is no Article (the)
            USE                          EXAMPLE                             NOTES
with names of countries (if   Germany is an important            But: I'm visiting the United
singular)                     economic power.                    States next week.
                              He's just returned from            The United Kingdom, the
                              Zimbabwe.                          Europian Union
with the names of             French is spoken in Tahiti.        But: I’m studying the English
languages                     English uses many words of         language.
                              Latin origin.
                              Indonesian is a relatively new
                              language.
with the names of meals.      Lunch is at midday.
                              Breakfast is the first meal of
                              the day.
with people's names (if       John's coming to the party.        But: we're having lunch with
singular)                     George King is my uncle.           the Morgans tomorrow.

After the 's possessive       His brother's car.
case:                         Peter's house.
with professions:             Engineering is a useful career.
                              He'll probably go into medicine.
There is no Article (the)
              USE                      EXAMPLE                             NOTES
with years:                 1948 was a wonderful year.
                            Do you remember 1995?
With uncountable nouns:     Rice is the main food in Asia.    But: I don’t usually like rice, but
                            Milk is often added to tea in     the rice I ate yesterday was
                            England.                          really tasty.

with the names of           Mount McKinley is the highest     But: The Alps
individual mountains, lakes mountain in Alaska.
and islands:                She lives near Lake
                            Windermere.
                            Have you visited Long Island?
with most names of towns, Victoria Station is in the centre
streets, stations and     of London.
airports:                 Can you direct me to Bond
                          Street?
                          She lives in Florence.
                          They're flying from Heathrow.
Let’s do!
1.    Robert and Jessica went to ____the__ party last night.
2.    Can you tell me how to get to ___the____ cinema from here?
3.    ___The____ college is closed today.
4.    Gregory is one of ___the___ strangest people I know.
5.    I recommend you try ___x____ tomato soup at this restaurant.
6.    Would you like to see ___a___ film? ___The___ film I saw yesterday was excellent.
7.    ___An___ apple __a__ day keeps __the____ doctor away.
8.    I can't believe I failed ___the___ yesterday's test!
9.    Do you have ____the___ dictionary that I can borrow?
10.   ____x__Magda is wearing _a__ blue dress with red shoes
11.   Christmas comes once _a__ year.
12.   Jane went to the shop to buy _x__ bread.
13.   ____x__Hania broke __a_ glass when she was washing-up.
14.   This is _an__ easy question. This is ___the__ easiest exercise I have ever seen.
15.   Stephen could you speak __a_ little louder.
16.   May I have your _x__ phone number?
17.   May I ask you __a_ question?
18.   __x____Astrid is __the_ best teacher in our school.
19.   My girlfriend has __x_ my car today.
20.   I went to _the__ sea during my summer holiday.
21.   This is Joanna. She's ___a__ doctor.
22.   Is there __a_ cash machine near here?
Let’s do!!!
I am from___x____ Winchester, _x___Hampshire.
   Winchester is __a___city in ___the____United Kingdom. I
   live in ___a____town called Taunton which is on
   ___the___River Tone. I live in ___a___house in
   ___a___quiet street in __the____ countryside.
   ___The___street is called ___x___ "Hudson Street" and
   ____the___house is old - more than 100 years old! I am
   ____an__English lecturer at___a___ college near
   ____the___centre of __the____town. I like ___x___
   books, ____x___music and taking
   ___x______photographs. I usually have____x___ lunch
   at_____the__ college. I usually go __x_____home by car.
   We have all kinds of food in___x_____ England. I
   like__x___ Polish food very much. Sometimes, I go to
   ____a___Polish restaurant in ____x______Bath.
   ____The______restaurant is called "Magda's".
   ____x____Polish food is delicious!
Exercises
http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files
  /grammar-exercise-articles.php -

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/vi
  ewgame.asp?id=4378
Thank you for your attention!

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Definite and indefinite articles

  • 1. Definite and Indefinite Articles Jelgava State Gymnasium Agita Ozoliņa
  • 2. ARTICLE (ARTIKULS) DEFINITE (noteiktais) INDEFINITE (nenoteiktais) the A, an • Use a/an with the singular noun, the- with singular or noun in plural. A cat- some cats The cat- the cats • Use 'a' with nouns starting with a consonant (letters that are not vowels), 'an' with nouns starting with a vowel (a,e,i,o,u) A boy • An apple • A car • An orange • A house • An opera NOTE: An before an h mute - an hour, an honour. A before u and eu when they sound like 'you': a european, a university, a unit A red rose- viena (kāda) sarkana roze The red rose- sarkanā roze
  • 3. INDEFINITE ARTICLE (a/an) USE EXAMPLE NOTES To refer to something for the An elephant and a mouse Yesterday I met a boy near first time fell in love. my house. The boy wanted Would you like a drink? to comunicate with me. I've finally got a good job. meaning 'one', referring to a I'd like an orange and two Notice also that we usually say a hundred, a thousand, a million. single object or person: lemons please. NOTE: that we use 'one' to add emphasis or to contrast with other numbers: I don't know one person who likes eating elephant meat. We've got six computers but only one printer. with names of jobs: John is a doctor. Mary is training to be an engineer. He wants to be a dancer. with nationalities and John is an Englishman. John is British. religions: Kate is a Catholic.
  • 4. INDEFINITE ARTICLE (a/an) USE EXAMPLE to refer to a kind of, or example of the mouse had a tiny nose something the elephant had a long trunk it was a very strange car with singular nouns, after the words 'what' What a shame! and 'such' She's such a beautiful girl. After ‘There is” There is a book on the table.
  • 5. DEFINITE ARTICLE (the) USE EXAMPLE to refer to something which has already An elephant and a mouse fell in love. been mentioned. The mouse loved the elephant's long trunk, and the elephant loved the mouse's tiny nose. when both the speaker and listener know 'Where's the bathroom?' what is being talked about, even if it has not 'It's on the first floor.' been mentioned before. in sentences or clauses where we define or The man who wrote this book is famous. identify a particular person or object 'Which car did you scratch?' 'The red one. My house is the one with a blue door.' to refer to objects we regard as unique the sun, the moon, the world , the Internet, the Earth, the Eiffel Tower The equator, the North/ South Pole, before superlatives and ordinal numbers the highest building, the first page, the (only, last, first, second) last chapter
  • 6. DEFINITE ARTICLE (the) USE EXAMPLE NOTES with adjectives, to refer to a the Japanese, the Other plural nationalities are whole group of people (as plural English, the Dutch, the used with or without “ the” nouns), families, nationalities Greens, the old, the The Greeks, the Italians, Latvians (the Latvians) ending in – sh, -ch, -ese poor, the rich With the words: beach, cinema, He laiks going to the We often say “ television” country (side), ground, jungle, theatre. without “ the” . radio, sea, seaside, theatre, She went to the station We often watch television. But! Turn on the television world, station, shop, pub, library to meet Jim. (set). Before “ most” (as a superlative) She is the most Don’t use “ the” if “ most” is beautiful girl. as a determiner followed by a noun. Most people believe he is a liar. Morning, afternoon, evening I’ll be at home in the But don’t use with: at night, evening. at noon, at midnight, at 4 o’clock, by day/ night Historical references/events The Renaissance, the But: World War I Middle Ages, the First World War
  • 7. DEFINITE ARTICLE (the) USE EXAMPLE With the manes of: rivers, seas, groups of The Daugava, the Black Sea, The islands/ states, mountain ranges, deserts, Bahamas, the USA, the Alps, the sahara oceans, canals, directions (debespuses) desert, the Atlantic, the north/south, east/ west The names or nouns with “ of” The Tower of London, the statue of Liberty Musical instruments, dances The piano, the tango With the titles The Queen, the Prince, (but not with Queen Victoria) With the names of: The Rex, the Sheraton, the Prado, the Cinemas, theatres, hotels, museums, Guardian newspapers/magazines, ships with decades, or groups of years she grew up in the seventies
  • 8. There is no Article (the) USE EXAMPLE NOTES with names of countries (if Germany is an important But: I'm visiting the United singular) economic power. States next week. He's just returned from The United Kingdom, the Zimbabwe. Europian Union with the names of French is spoken in Tahiti. But: I’m studying the English languages English uses many words of language. Latin origin. Indonesian is a relatively new language. with the names of meals. Lunch is at midday. Breakfast is the first meal of the day. with people's names (if John's coming to the party. But: we're having lunch with singular) George King is my uncle. the Morgans tomorrow. After the 's possessive His brother's car. case: Peter's house. with professions: Engineering is a useful career. He'll probably go into medicine.
  • 9. There is no Article (the) USE EXAMPLE NOTES with years: 1948 was a wonderful year. Do you remember 1995? With uncountable nouns: Rice is the main food in Asia. But: I don’t usually like rice, but Milk is often added to tea in the rice I ate yesterday was England. really tasty. with the names of Mount McKinley is the highest But: The Alps individual mountains, lakes mountain in Alaska. and islands: She lives near Lake Windermere. Have you visited Long Island? with most names of towns, Victoria Station is in the centre streets, stations and of London. airports: Can you direct me to Bond Street? She lives in Florence. They're flying from Heathrow.
  • 11. 1. Robert and Jessica went to ____the__ party last night. 2. Can you tell me how to get to ___the____ cinema from here? 3. ___The____ college is closed today. 4. Gregory is one of ___the___ strangest people I know. 5. I recommend you try ___x____ tomato soup at this restaurant. 6. Would you like to see ___a___ film? ___The___ film I saw yesterday was excellent. 7. ___An___ apple __a__ day keeps __the____ doctor away. 8. I can't believe I failed ___the___ yesterday's test! 9. Do you have ____the___ dictionary that I can borrow? 10. ____x__Magda is wearing _a__ blue dress with red shoes 11. Christmas comes once _a__ year. 12. Jane went to the shop to buy _x__ bread. 13. ____x__Hania broke __a_ glass when she was washing-up. 14. This is _an__ easy question. This is ___the__ easiest exercise I have ever seen. 15. Stephen could you speak __a_ little louder. 16. May I have your _x__ phone number? 17. May I ask you __a_ question? 18. __x____Astrid is __the_ best teacher in our school. 19. My girlfriend has __x_ my car today. 20. I went to _the__ sea during my summer holiday. 21. This is Joanna. She's ___a__ doctor. 22. Is there __a_ cash machine near here?
  • 13. I am from___x____ Winchester, _x___Hampshire. Winchester is __a___city in ___the____United Kingdom. I live in ___a____town called Taunton which is on ___the___River Tone. I live in ___a___house in ___a___quiet street in __the____ countryside. ___The___street is called ___x___ "Hudson Street" and ____the___house is old - more than 100 years old! I am ____an__English lecturer at___a___ college near ____the___centre of __the____town. I like ___x___ books, ____x___music and taking ___x______photographs. I usually have____x___ lunch at_____the__ college. I usually go __x_____home by car. We have all kinds of food in___x_____ England. I like__x___ Polish food very much. Sometimes, I go to ____a___Polish restaurant in ____x______Bath. ____The______restaurant is called "Magda's". ____x____Polish food is delicious!
  • 14. Exercises http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files /grammar-exercise-articles.php - http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/vi ewgame.asp?id=4378
  • 15. Thank you for your attention!