Early childhood education in Norway

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Early childhood education in Norway

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Early childhood education in Norway

  1. 1. Early childhood education in Norway ( Norge )
  2. 2. NORWAY Scandinavia
  3. 3. POPULATION in Norway 31.12.2010 <ul><li>4.930.000 (49.99% women / 50.01% men) </li></ul><ul><li>Born every year ab. 60.000 </li></ul><ul><li>1.98 birth rate per fertile woman </li></ul><ul><li>24% - 18 years and younger </li></ul><ul><li>15% - older than 60 </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants in Norway 12% – in Oslo (pop. 600.000) 28 % </li></ul>
  4. 4. Example Oslo
  5. 5. Immigrant children
  6. 6. FAMILY POLICY <ul><li>Parents leave:46 weeks (100%) or 56 weeks (80%) </li></ul><ul><li>Mothers: 3 weeks before birth + 6 weeks after birth </li></ul><ul><li>Fathers: 10 weeks </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Kontantstøtte’ (Cash-support) </li></ul><ul><li>Child -/family allowances </li></ul><ul><li>Child: the right to have a place in a pre-school, from 1 year. </li></ul>
  7. 7. EDUCATION POLICY <ul><li>Ministry of Education and Research: </li></ul><ul><li>1 – 6 years pre-school/home </li></ul><ul><li>6 – 13 years primary school </li></ul><ul><li>13 – 16 years secondary school </li></ul><ul><li>16 – 19 years upper-secondary school </li></ul>
  8. 8. Higher education <ul><li>Higher education for work in schools and pre-schools </li></ul><ul><li>University / University college </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher training academy (different courses) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Special education <ul><li>All children are attending ordinary classes in pre-schools and schools. </li></ul><ul><li>Some special schools for groups of children (special needs) </li></ul><ul><li>Language-support for immigrant children </li></ul>
  10. 10. PRE-SCHOOLS
  11. 11. Children in preschool in 2010 <ul><li>(0 – 1 years Parent leave + ‘Kontantstøtte’ (Cash-support)) </li></ul><ul><li>1 – 2 years 80 % </li></ul><ul><li>3 – 5 years 98 % </li></ul><ul><li>1 – 5 years 90 % </li></ul><ul><li>280 000 children in Norwegian pre-schools </li></ul>
  12. 12. Children in public and private pre-schools <ul><li>Total number of children in pre-schools 280 000 (2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Public pre-schools 3 100 </li></ul><ul><li>Private pre-schools 3 600 </li></ul><ul><li>Private home pre-schools 1 600 (small units/ 1-2 y.) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Organisation <ul><li>Total number employed in these schools: 85 000 persons </li></ul><ul><li>35 % pedagogical educated (teachers) </li></ul><ul><li>65 % no formal education (assistants) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Policy documents <ul><li>Law for preschools </li></ul><ul><li>National curriculum for content and task in the preschools </li></ul><ul><li>Methodological guidelines (gender, participation, IKT) </li></ul><ul><li>Other policy documents from the Ministry (language, going to school) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Dilemmas <ul><li>Each school decide its own programme </li></ul><ul><li>Each pedagogue (and assistant) is responsible for initiating the programme </li></ul><ul><li>Results are not in demand </li></ul><ul><li>Policy documents are not followed? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Environment for play and learn
  17. 18. Outdoor activities – and learning
  18. 19. The cradle of skiing 
  19. 20. . and this is what its all about .

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