Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Agile Practices in Higher Education: A Case Study


Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Agile Practices in Higher Education: A Case Study

  1. 1. Agile Practices in Higher Education: A Case Study Venkatesh Kamat Goa University [email_address]
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Motivation for Agile framework in Education </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed Agile Manifesto in education </li></ul><ul><li>Case Study </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Q & A </li></ul>19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  3. 3. Software development Game <ul><li>Key Actors in the Game </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Programmer / Developer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customer / Client </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration results in Software </li></ul></ul>Developer Customer Software Collaborate 19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  4. 4. Education Game <ul><li>Key Actors in the Game </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher / Institute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employer / Industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student </li></ul></ul>Teacher / Institution Employer / Industry Student Collaborate? 19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  5. 5. Present Scenario <ul><li>Academic programs are rigid and uses waterfall process model in delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Most academic programs are fixed time, fixed cost and fixed scope projects </li></ul><ul><li>Change is a bureaucratic process and on an average cycle time is 3-4 years </li></ul><ul><li>There is over emphasis on what can be taught than what need to be taught </li></ul>19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  6. 6. Present Scenario cont… <ul><li>Students graduate with little practical skills, no idea of industry expectations </li></ul><ul><li>There is over compartmentalization of education and no time for integration </li></ul><ul><li>Instead of resolving the problem, industry has found its own quick fix solutions </li></ul>19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  7. 7. Frustration! <ul><li>Industry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They don’t understand what we want </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Academia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They don’t know what our problems are </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Student </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confused, eager to join industry only to get more confused </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There is lot of duplication of efforts, waste of time & resources, is anybody listening? </li></ul>19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  8. 8. Blame Game – Industry View <ul><li>Institutions teach things that are not relevant </li></ul><ul><li>Marks in the exam is no proof of actual skills </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions teach as if all students are going to be researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions are bureaucratic, they are tightly controlled bodies and averse to change </li></ul><ul><li>and so on . . . </li></ul>19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  9. 9. Blame Game - Academic View <ul><li>We teach fundamentals, platform specific skills is not our forte </li></ul><ul><li>We expect industry participation if they want better output </li></ul><ul><li>We are paid peanuts, what better can you expect? </li></ul><ul><li>Our environments are not inspiring, come and work here then talk </li></ul>19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  10. 10. Blame game doesn’t fix the bug <ul><li>Understand the process of education </li></ul><ul><li>Three key processes in education are </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The quality of education is directly related to quality of these 3 processes </li></ul>19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  11. 11. Current Trend in Education <ul><li>Cost of education is rising </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom size is becoming bigger </li></ul><ul><li>Conventional classroom teaching ineffective </li></ul><ul><li>Education is being looked upon as investment </li></ul><ul><li>Education has become a serious business </li></ul>19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  12. 12. Current Profile – Student <ul><li>Limited attention span </li></ul><ul><li>Well informed, well versed with technology </li></ul><ul><li>Visually oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Impatient, eager to experiment </li></ul><ul><li>Finds stereotype teaching boring </li></ul>19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  13. 13. Current Teaching/Evaluation Practices <ul><li>Engaging class is important but … </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability is limited to attendance </li></ul><ul><li>Lot of teacher time spent on mundane jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Chalk & talk has no scope for reusability </li></ul><ul><li>Focus is on scoring marks then knowing </li></ul><ul><li>Essay type questions lack application </li></ul>19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  14. 14. Current Administrative Woes <ul><li>Procedures more important then outcome </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive worry about misuse before use </li></ul><ul><li>Control mindset disabling than enabling </li></ul><ul><li>Compliance scores over Competence </li></ul><ul><li>System encourages/propagates mediocrity </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of trust in teacher and the system </li></ul><ul><li>System converts assets into liability </li></ul>19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  15. 15. Agile manifesto in Education <ul><li>Teachers and Students over Administration and Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Competence and Collaboration over Compliance and Competition </li></ul><ul><li>Employability and Marketability over Syllabus and Marks </li></ul><ul><li>Attitude and Learning skills over Aptitude and formal degree </li></ul>19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  16. 16. What skills are important? <ul><li>Problem solving skills are more important rather than rote learning </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom control through engagement is more important rather than discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to ask right question is more important rather than knowing all answers </li></ul><ul><li>Formulating a problem is more important rather than solving it in gory detail </li></ul>19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  17. 17. Change in attitude - Teacher <ul><li>Figure of authority to a facilitator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sage on the stage to guide by the side </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Know it all to let me know </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open to new ideas of teaching-learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Innovative in order to be effective </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explore opportunities to use new technologies </li></ul></ul>19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  18. 18. Do not reinvent the wheel <ul><li>Use internet resources judiciously </li></ul><ul><li>Download – Modify – Reuse but… </li></ul><ul><li>Content has its own life cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Use technology effectively for engagement </li></ul>19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  19. 19. Take feedback often <ul><li>Student is evaluated once in a while, but teacher is evaluated everyday </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation is the only way to know how much student has misunderstood </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation only determines what student doesn't know and not what student knows </li></ul><ul><li>Earlier you detect the misunderstanding, easier it is to fix it </li></ul>19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  20. 20. Food for thought! <ul><li>Each student learns differently than why all students should pass in same time? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the competence of a student who has scored 40% marks in an exam? </li></ul><ul><li>Why each teacher should prepare her own lecture content? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we move from just-in-case to just-in-time delivery model? </li></ul>19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  21. 21. Case Study - PGDCET <ul><li>500 ICT school teachers being trained </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers spread across 350+ schools </li></ul><ul><li>Training conducted across 11 colleges </li></ul><ul><li>Master trainers – to prepare content </li></ul><ul><li>College teachers – to deliver the material </li></ul><ul><li>All interactions hosted through Moodle – Learning Management System (LMS) </li></ul>19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  22. 22. Conclusion <ul><li>Technologies are necessary to address the problem of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of experienced teacher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scalability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective & Efficient delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But technology is not a substitute for good teaching </li></ul>19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  23. 23. Conclusion <ul><li>There is an urgent need to apply agile framework to education system before it goes through heavy process orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Lightweight process framework like Agile is recommended to educational setup </li></ul><ul><li>Our experience shows that it is very much possible to put these practices in use provided there is will and commitment </li></ul>19th Feb 2012 Agile India 2012
  24. 24. Q & A? Thank You!