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1. Functions of bone: a. b. c. d. e. f. 2. Types of bone cells: a. (bone stem cells) b. (build the bone
by depositing calcium in it) c. (mature bone cells) d. (destroy/breakdown the bone by taking
calcium from it) 3. Composition of bone: a. (25%) b. ( 25% ) c. ( 50% ) 4. The give hardness to
the bone, while the give strength to the bone. 5. Types of bone based on shapes: a. b. c. d. 6.
Three main parts of long bone: a. (shaft) b. (ends) c. (between) 7. Compact bone consists of
many which are concentric rings of calcified matrix. 8. Spongy bone consists of many that
surround red bone marrow cavities. 9. Types of bone formation (ossification): a. is directly from
fibrous connective tissue. b. is from hyaline cartilage models. 10. Flat bones are formed through
ossification process; while long bones are formed through ossification process. 11. Bone growth
in length appears at that consists of 4 zones: a. b. c. d. 12. is a condition that result from loss of
bone mineralization (calcium). 16. Hormones involved in calcium homeostasis in the blood: a.
(increases calcium in the blood by mostly taking it from the bone / activate osteoclasts, retaining
in the blood during kidney filtration, and reabsorbing from diet in the intestine). b. (decreases
calcium in the blood by mostly activating osteoblasts to store calcium in the bone). 18. Bone
undergoes remodeling constantly due to activities of that construct new bone and _ that destroy
old bone. 19. Stages in bone fracture repair: a. b. c. d. 20. Disorders of bone: a. due to increase of
osteoclast activity that destroy bone. b. due deficiency of vit D that causes calcium not deposited
properly. C. due to failing of ossification during remodeling. 21. Total normal numbers of bones
in adult is 22. Two divisions of skeleton: a. (consists of 80 bones located in the axis of the body)
b. (consists of 126 bones located in the appendages/limbs)

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1- Functions of bone- a- b- c- d- e- f- 2- Types of bone cells- a- (bo (1).pdf

  • 1. 1. Functions of bone: a. b. c. d. e. f. 2. Types of bone cells: a. (bone stem cells) b. (build the bone by depositing calcium in it) c. (mature bone cells) d. (destroy/breakdown the bone by taking calcium from it) 3. Composition of bone: a. (25%) b. ( 25% ) c. ( 50% ) 4. The give hardness to the bone, while the give strength to the bone. 5. Types of bone based on shapes: a. b. c. d. 6. Three main parts of long bone: a. (shaft) b. (ends) c. (between) 7. Compact bone consists of many which are concentric rings of calcified matrix. 8. Spongy bone consists of many that surround red bone marrow cavities. 9. Types of bone formation (ossification): a. is directly from fibrous connective tissue. b. is from hyaline cartilage models. 10. Flat bones are formed through ossification process; while long bones are formed through ossification process. 11. Bone growth in length appears at that consists of 4 zones: a. b. c. d. 12. is a condition that result from loss of bone mineralization (calcium). 16. Hormones involved in calcium homeostasis in the blood: a. (increases calcium in the blood by mostly taking it from the bone / activate osteoclasts, retaining in the blood during kidney filtration, and reabsorbing from diet in the intestine). b. (decreases calcium in the blood by mostly activating osteoblasts to store calcium in the bone). 18. Bone undergoes remodeling constantly due to activities of that construct new bone and _ that destroy old bone. 19. Stages in bone fracture repair: a. b. c. d. 20. Disorders of bone: a. due to increase of osteoclast activity that destroy bone. b. due deficiency of vit D that causes calcium not deposited properly. C. due to failing of ossification during remodeling. 21. Total normal numbers of bones in adult is 22. Two divisions of skeleton: a. (consists of 80 bones located in the axis of the body) b. (consists of 126 bones located in the appendages/limbs)