Eye on Defence September 2013


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Eye on Defence September 2013

  1. 1. Contents title Contents subjects September 2013 Eye on Defence Dear readers, The Aerospace and Defence industry in India has been coping with a number of challenges this fiscal year. The depreciation in the Indian Rupee, fueled by a negative market sentiment, has constrained the financial flexibility of the MoD at a time when major programs are lined up for finalization. This, coupled with the oncoming elections in India, hints at the unlikelihood of these programs being executed in the current fiscal year. These trends, notwithstanding, the MoD has been releasing high-value RFIs and RFPs, of strategically significant programs in the last couple of months. This makes for a substantial pipeline that would translate into business opportunities for both Indian and foreign companies in the near term. The Indian Government has been endeavouring to reverse the trend of importing 70% of its defense equipment requirements and achieve its objective of self-reliance in defense production. It has been able to achieve this objective, to a measurable extent, in radar design, development and production. The R&D and design lab of the Defence Research and Development Organization – Electronic and Radar Development Establishment (LRDE), in collaboration with its production partner Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) and private sector units, has successfully put India’s radar production capabilities on the world map. In addition, joint development and production programs, notably with Israeli and French companies, have enabled the Indian industry to indigenize radar production to a large extent. In the current issue, we have provided a snapshot of the major ongoing development and procurement programs in this domain. This analysis will enable the industry to take stock of the ongoing radar programs and plan ahead for participation. The Indian defence shipbuilding industry has come a long way in developing design and production capabilities to deliver world-class frigates, destroyers, OPVs and other Naval platforms to the Indian Navy. At present, the Indian Shipbuilding ecosystem comprises more than 32 shipyards of various sizes, including those owned by the Central Government, state governments, the Defence Ministry, and publicly listed and privately held companies. While government-owned shipyards have done a commendable job in the areas of technology and quality, their delivery has been somewhat constrained in light of overburdened order books. Private sector shipyards, which were previously restricted to building commercial vessels, have now stepped in to complement state-owned shipyards and support them in indigenous naval war shipbuilding. This issue includes a summary of such projects and an account of opportunities in Indian naval shipbuilding. Among the regular sections, we have industrial license applicants, RFIs/RFPs released, new projects and investments, joint ventures and alliances, country-level deals and the latest buzz in the industry. I hope you find this issue useful. It has been our constant endeavor to make this publication increasingly relevant to you, and we will appreciate your comments and suggestions in this regard. K. Ganesh Raj Partner and Leader Aerospace and Defence practice Contents Enhancing defense shipbuilding capabilities 2 Radar programs of the Indian Armed Forces 9 RFIs for July 2013– September 2013 17 RFIs for July 2013– September 2013 (cont’d.) 18 List of Industrial Licenses (ILs) filed for May 2013— August 2013 20 New projects/investments/ contracts 22 JVs and alliances 25 Country-level deals and initiatives 26 Industry buzz 27
  2. 2. 2 | Eye on Defence Indigenous naval shipbuilding industry The Indian defense shipbuilding industry has come a long way in developing capabilities in delivering world- class frigates and destroyers and meeting the platform requirements of the Indian Navy. This said, it still needs to go a long way to be able to measure up to international standards. Indian shipbuilding comprises more than 32 shipyards of various sizes, including those owned by the Central Government, state governments, the Ministry of Defence, and publicly listed and privately held companies. Naval shipbuilding is primarily controlled by eight public sector shipyards (PSUs) — six shipyards under the Central Government and two under state governments. Existing capacity The Navy’s efforts at indigenization over the past five decades have resulted in India building nearly 80% of its warships within the country. The selection of location for a shipyard is made by the Navy, in consultation with the Department of Defense Production. The nomination of shipyards for the construction of frigates, destroyers and other larger ships is limited to Mazagon Docks Limited (MDL) and Garden Reach Shipbuilding (GRSE), while the other two shipyards, Goa Shipyard Limited (GSL) and Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL), are engaged in building Enhancing defense shipbuilding capabilities smaller vessels. Consequently, the flexibility of the Ministry/ Navy in nominating a shipyard is limited. Among all of the public sector shipyards, only Cochin Shipyard Limited (CSL) and HSL have the required capacity and infrastructure to build large vessels of 110,000 DWT, and 80,000 DWT, respectively. To date, only four DPSU shipyards — MDL, GRSE, GSL and the recently acquired HSL — have been tasked with the responsibility of naval warship building. More than 100 ships have been constructed to date, and 46 ships have been ordered and are under construction. Out of the 16 major war vessels inducted during the last two decades, 10 have been constructed at Indian shipyards. Apart from these, the only other PSU shipyard that has been successful in getting a major naval shipbuilding order in recent years is the Cochin Shipyard, which will build the first indigenous aircraft carrier INS Vikrant. A number of private shipyards, which were previously restricted to building commercial vessels, have also managed to enter the indigenous naval war shipbuilding after 2001, when the country opened defense production to the sector. However, their role is limited to constructing small and medium vessels, including various types of patrolling vessels and boats, and to assisting PSUs in naval shipbuilding program (e.g., the case of L&T contributing in Indian shipbuilding Public sector/govt. controlled Central government State government Public listed Privately held Private sector Ministry of Surface Transport • Cochin Shipyard (CSL) • Hooghly Docks • Alcock Ashdown • Shalimar Works • ABG Shipyard • Bharati Shipyard • Pipavav Shipyard About 22 – Major: L&T, Adhani, SHOFT, Chowgule, TEBMA etc. Ministry of Defense • Mazagaon Docks Ltd (MDL) • Goa Shipyard Ltd (GSL) • Garden Reach Shipbuilding & Engineering (GRSE) • Hindustan Shipyard Ltd (HSL) Source: data compiled by Q-Tech Synergy Fig I
  3. 3. 3Eye on Defence | Arihant). Although privately held shipyards outdo public ones, in terms of number, their established capacity is merely about 27000 DWT. Nevertheless, private players have been formulating and implementing expansion plans, with the leading ones including Pipavav, L&T, Bharati and ABG shipyards, which have been able to secure naval orders in recent years. Emerging private shipyards plan to create vast infrastructure, and some of them have already started undertaking expansion. Apart from the existing players, the Tata Group, the Jindal Group, Shapoorji Pallonji & Co. Ltd. and the Adani Group are eyeing the shipbuilding business. Import scenario The Indian defense shipbuilding industry has acquired core competency in quality and technology. However, it still needs to build on its strength in capability and delivery. Despite the increased focus in construction of warships indigenously, the Navy is facing a shortfall due to a capacity constraint at existing shipyards. The Navy has been unable to meet its targets and is anticipated to have only 61%, 44% and 20% of the envisaged force levels for frigates, destroyers and corvettes. To fulfill the capability gap, India has to resort to foreign procurements. Fig II and Table I depict the imports of war shipbuilding in the past years, with peak levels being reported in 2012 owing to payments made for the follow-on order for Krivak III/Talwar Class Frigates and the leasing of Akula (both from Russia). Supplier Vessel description Designation Year of order Qty Year of delivery Germany Support ship Aditya 1987 1 2000 Israel Patrol craft Super Dvora 1997 2 1998–99 Patrol craft Super Dvora 2003 6 2003–06 Italy Support ship Deepak 2008 1 2011 Support ship Deepak 2009 1 2011 South Korea OPV Samar 1991 3 1996–98 Russia FAC Project-1241/ Tarantul 1987 7 1992–2001 FWrigate Talwar 1997 3 2003–04 Frigate Talwar 2006 3 2012 Nuclear Submarine Akula-2/ INS Chakra 2004 1 2012 Submarine Project-877E/ Kilo 1997 2 1997–2000 US AALS Austin 2006 1 2007 France Submarine Project 75 2005 3 Under construction Source: Sipri Delayed timely delivery is attributed to the fact that the four DPSU shipyards are overburdened with construction work. Indian imports-Ships (1998-2012) 4500 2756 294 160 53 1 Germany Israel Itlay South Korea Russia United States France 42 40 USDMillion 8 2 3 1 3 16 Number ordered (ships) Source: Sipri and compiled by Q-Tech Synergy Fig II Table I
  4. 4. 4 | Eye on Defence Demand and capacity gap Among all of the naval maritime systems, fleet is one of the major segments set for consequential growth in coming years owing to the depleting and aging condition of the existing fleet. The Government has already sanctioned an ambitious 30-year two-line submarine and a 15-year ship building program to meet the Navy’s order of battle (ORBAT), projecting 165 warships and 400 aerial assets by 2022. In line with its modernization plans, the Indian Navy is planning to induct five to seven ships a year over the next decade and another five per year for the Coast Guard. Going by their record and existing infrastructure, the PSU shipyards alone cannot deliver 10–12 ships per year. The present shipbuilding capacity of these DPSUs, based on past average, is close to four ships per year, implying a huge gap between forecast demand and capacity. The shortfall is largely attributed to the lack of modern infrastructure, overflowing order books and consequent cost and time overruns. Table II estimates the total order value of naval procurements in the next 15 years. To address the gap, the Indian Navy and MoD have embarked on their biggest modernization phase. The MoD has approved acquisitions worth US$49.6 Billion (INR2,730 billion) for the next 15 years. Out of this, contracts worth US$16.73 billion (INR921 billion) have already been placed with various public and private shipyards. About 43 warships are under construction in various Indian shipyards, and another 3 are heading toward completion at Russian shipyards. In addition, 46 ships are under construction, and Acceptance of Necessity (AoN) for 49 more ships and submarines has been obtained. Table III Total acquisition costs: 15 years Naval fleet* Approx. total order value Major ongoing projects > INR100,000 (US$18.20 Billion1) Major new programs > INR230,000 (US$42 Billion) Grand Total >330000 (US$60 Billion) Average yearly spend required over 15 years ~ INR220 billion (US$4 Billion) Average spending capacity of MoD shipyards INR90 billion/ Year (US$1.63 Billion) Deficiency ~INR130 billion/Year (US$2.36 Billion) *Not including Subs 1 USD =60 Rupees Data compiled by Q-Tech Synergy By 2027, the Navy would have 160 new ships and submarines and a fleet of about 500 aircraft. However, the Navy would still face challenges in attaining the projected force level in the near future because of the inadequate capacity of defense shipyards. Table III clearly depicts that the average spending capacity of MoD shipyards is insufficient to meet the required demand. Fig III depicts the Planning Commission’s projections for warship building capabilities. Table II Estimated force level requirements and total acquisition costs Platform Projected/ Requirement Held On order De-inductions Deficiency Carrier 3 1 2 1 1 Destroyers/ Frigate 37–42 26 17 10-Aug 6–8 Frigates 3–5 Destroyers Subs 24 14 15 14 9 Corvettes 32–36 24 4 16–20 18–22 LND / MCMV 20+24 5+7 9+8 5+7 11+18 LPD / LCU 6+16 1+6 0 1+6 6+16 FICs / FACs 1100 FICs 14 FACs 15+80 FICs 4 FACs > 1000 FICs Source: data compiled by Q-Tech Synergy
  5. 5. 5Eye on Defence | Fig III Warship turnover in Twelfth plan 2012-17 (INR billion) 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 182.1 135.3 121.6 83.5 231.6 Source: Report of working group on defense equipment To achieve the desired naval fleet, the MoD has been earmarking a substantial amount of capital expenditure, which has been on an upward trend since the last five years. Indigenous war shipbuilding accounts for as high as 55% of the Navy’s total acquisition budget. The Navy is expected to increase its capital acquisition budget by at least 10% year- on-year. Fig IV depicts resource allocation for 2008–2018 (F). The Government has allotted a substantial amount of resources to procure naval ships/vessels. Indian defense shipbuilding players now need to ensure that they step up their participation and are able to generate the requisite naval fleet. Private sector participation The PSU shipyards would require support to meet warship requirements, given their huge order book and slow execution rate. In this scenario, the Government has now invited private players to be part of big-ticket naval war shipbuilding programs, mostly by way of nomination. Table IV depicts breakdown of major defense shipbuilding orders with public and private shipyards. Table IV Defense shipbuilding orders Govt. shipyards Pvt. shipyards INR63 billion INR866 billion Major vessels Shipyard Public shipyards Kolkata Class Destroyers (P15B) ( INR350 billion) Frigates (P17A) ( INR260 billion) Project 75 (INR230 billion) MDL Landing Craft Utility (INR22 billion) Frigates (P17A) ( INR195 billion) ASW (Project 28)(INR70 billion) GRSE Minesweepers ( INR22.5 billion) OPVs (INR16.5 billion) GSL GSL Arihant-class submarine HSL Aircraft Carrier (Project 71) (INR140-160 billion) CSL Hydrographic Survey Catamarans (INR7 billion) AAL Fast Patrol Vessel (INR14 billion) CSL Private shipyards NOPV (INR25 billion) PSL Cadet Training Ships(INR9 billion ) ABG Interceptor Boats (INR9.75 billion) L&T Fast Speed Boats ( INR1.75 billion) BSL Source: data compiled by Q-Tech Synergy Fig IV Naval fleet 2008-2018 (INR billion) 7.2 10.7 15.6 17.1 20.0 21.4 23.5 25.9 28.5 31.3 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 Source: Union Budget and Projections by Q-Tech Synergy
  6. 6. 6 | Eye on Defence The government is also encouraging public-private shipyards partnerships. In this direction, the MoD has recently announced the joint venture (JV) policy for JVs between DPSUs and private companies. In addition, the MDL signed a JV with Pipavav Shipyard in 2012. This would go a long way in fast pacing the delivery schedules of already contracted programs. Private yards have greater flexibility and operational autonomy than public ones. Their participation would help the Indian Navy become competent in areas such as capability and delivery. Some of the JVs/ Memorandum of Understanding (MoUs) formed by public and private shipyards in the last few years are discussed below. Shipyard JV partner/MOU Scope Public sector shipyards Mazagon Dock Ltd. Pipavav Shipyard For the construction of surface warships and conventional submarines; the JV would also bid for more orders to build new and complex ships for the Indian Navy. Larsen & Turbo A 50:50 JV for the construction of conventional submarines for the Indian Navy; the JV will implement part of the existing orders of Mazagon Dock and would also bid for more defense contracts in India. GRSE Info Tech and DCNS A three-way JV, Garden-Vision Design P Ltd, with DCNS and Info Tech for a shipbuilding facility; the JV was established to bid in tenders launched by the Indian Navy. CSL Italy’s Selex For the procurement of naval radar for India’s indigenous aircraft carrier HSL L&T (Being Discussed) For shipbuilding Private sector shipyards Pipavav Defense Offshore Engineering Company Ltd Northrop Grumman For military hardware and technology support; talks are at a preliminary stage. Rosoboronexport For constructing war ships under Russian collaboration, technology and supervision; this was meant to get design assistance for the Naval OPV order DCNS To build strategic assets, including modern warships for the Indian Navy and the Coast Guard. Under the tie-up, Pipavav will have access to DCNS’ technologies, methods and skills. This is proposed to be an exclusive MOA, where DCNS will not collaborate with any other Indian partner. They might also partner for placing a joint bid for an LPD project when it comes through. Babcock MoU signed for cooperation SembCorp Marine Inds Strategic tie-up Korea Maritime Consultants Co Ltd Strategic tie-up PILS Co. Ltd Strategic tie-up SAAB MoU for strategic investment (US$38 million) in Pipavav; the technical partnership agreement is a continuation of an ongoing cooperation between the two parties. Areas of cooperation are being worked out. After the investment, Saab will hold approximately 3.5% of the capital and votes in Pipavav. The two companies had earlier formed the Combat System Engineering group for exploring next-generation CMS systems for the Indian Navy and Coast Guard. Table V
  7. 7. 7Eye on Defence | Larsen & Turbo Navantia L&T is exploring opportunities with Navantia to place a joint bid for an LPD project, when it comes through. This may include design and technology assistance. MDL For the construction of conventional submarines for the Indian Navy; the JV will implement part of the existing orders of Mazagon Dock and also bid for more defense contracts in India. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd L&T Shipbuilding has entered a comprehensive technical collaboration with Japan’s Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd for the design and construction of modern, eco-friendly and fuel efficient specialized ships. Lockheed Martin Lockheed Martin has partnered with L&T and is positioned to become a supplier of the Integrated Platform Management System (IPMS) for the Indian Navy’s shipbuilding program, which includes 1 aircraft carrier and over 30 ships for various applications. It is also in talks with L&T for formalizing a JV, which would jointly develop Mark 41 Vertical Launching Systems (MK 41 VLS) in India. Tamil Nadu State For developing a shipbuilding yard-cum-minor port complex in Kattupalli Bharati Shipyard Ltd Rolls Royce For building ships for the Indian defense sector ABG MDL being discussed For shipbuilding ABG is exploring a JV with Nigerian companies for offshore vessel construction. FIIs, Foreign Investors Shipbuilding, ship repair Rolls Royce To build ships for Coast Guard Source: data compiled by Q-Tech Synergy Some of the other steps that could help overcome the demand-capacity gap include: • Public-private partnerships should be encouraged, especially in big-ticket programs, to enable private sector shipyards to complement the capabilities of public sector shipyards. The MoD should select shipyards that possess adequate capacity and infrastructure and can adhere to timeline and cost guidelines. • The MoD and Navy need to ensure that shipyards have the necessary infrastructure to be able to complete ships within the stipulated cost and time commitments. Infrastructure development programs for MDL and GRSE were started late and suffered more delays. As a result, these projects will be completed after or during the shipbuilding project for which they were sanctioned. • A single point accountability needs to be fixed for all of the shipbuilding projects. • Although the Defense Procurement Procedure stipulates that a contract between the Ministry and the shipyard is to be signed within 12 to 18 months from the date of approval of the competent financial authority (CFA) in case of the construction of new design ships and within 9 to 12 months from the date of CFA approval for repeat orders, the Ministry/Navy has not been following up on these provisions, leading to substantial delays. Going forward, the authorities need to ensure timely signing of contracts. Shipyard JV partner/MOU Scope Private sector shipyards
  8. 8. 8 | Eye on Defence Sanctions for warship constructions should allow for escalation of the anticipated build period to provide for flexibility and room for revision. Strong indigenous shipbuilding capability is critical to the Navy in achieving operational efficiency and preparedness. India has credibly demonstrated its capability in indigenously defense shipbuilding and has become one of the few countries in the world that is capable of designing and building warships. Nevertheless, the Indian Navy needs to work on timely delivery, overall cost management and monitoring to ensure optimum utilization of the magnitude of resources utilized, as well as to efficiently and effectively manage its shipbuilding programs. India started early in its quest for self-reliance in warship building; however, demand has outstripped its current capability. To overcome the gap in the desired number of ships and the existing force level, the country needs to focus on time-bound shipbuilding and induction. For this, it needs to count in the support of private players. References: • SIPRI website, http://www.sipri.org/, accessed 1 September 2013. • “Farewell Press Conference by outgoing CNS”, Indian Navy website, http:// indiannavy.nic.in/print/1433, accessed 1 September 2013. • “About us”, Planning commission website, http://planningcommission.gov.in/aboutus/ committee/wrkgrp12/Wg_defense_ equipment.pdf, accessed 1 September 2013 • Union budget and Economic survey website, http://indiabudget.nic.in/, accessed 2 September 2013 • “Challenges Before Indian Shipbuilding Industry”, Sainik Samachar, http://sainiksamachar.nic.in/ englisharchives/2007/dec01-07/h5.html, accessed 2 September 2013 • Union Government Audit Report 2010-11
  9. 9. Radar components and sub-systems: Radar programs of the Indian Armed Forces The Indian Defense forces are expected to induct radars worth billions of dollars over the next decade. This demand is arising not just from the procurement of stand-alone radar systems for coastal, border and air defense, but also as a derivative of the increasing demand for missiles, air defense, and naval platforms. At the helm of the Indian radar manufacturing ecosystem is the Electronic and Radar Development Establishment (LRDE), a lab of the state-run Defense Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). It is supported by production infrastructure at the Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) facilities in Bangalore, Ghaziabad and Panchkula. State infrastructure for radar manufacturing is well supported by an upcoming and vibrant private sector, which is involved at both the design and development stages in crucial high-end radar projects. Data Patterns and Astra Microwave are now capable of manufacturing key components of modern radars such as the T/R Modules for Active Electronic Scanned Array radars. The MSME sector has also greatly stepped up participation in the domain of radars. A significant amount of outsourced work has ensured build-up of strong indigenous production capability. In addition, various Indian radar programs have been well supported by various Israeli and French companies through joint production and research programs. Research and development programs have been focusing on innovations, such as multi-function radars, since they can be appropriated for multiple functions and missions, and radars for surveillance in rugged terrains. This is apart from the focus on the AESA technology, both for stationary aerostats and fighter aircraft. Heightened activity, tie ups, procurement and research have put the Indian radar program on the world map. The following components constitute a radar (most of the components and subsystems are outsourced by the public sector to the private sector for production) 9Eye on Defence | • MW and RF front end • RES Module • Up converter • Analog receiver • Power amplifier • TR modules • FPGA • Digital IF A-D converter • Digital IF chain • Digital receiver • Waveform generator • Digital Signal Processing (DSP) and Radar Signal Processing • Communication protocols and interfaces • Mechanical packaging and engineering • Power supplies • Software development and algorithms • Antenna electronics • Transmitters • Receivers • Graphics and Displays, Radar Consoles, Multi-Function Consoles (MFCs) • Command and control units • IFF Mark XII • Data Links • Control and servo systems • Shelters for transportable radars • Testing: • Shock and vibration testing • High altitude stress screening (HASS) • EMI/EMC testing (Mil 461E) • Environmental stress screening • Radar simulator
  10. 10. 10 | Eye on Defence Following is a list of radar systems that are currently under development or procurement. The listing is only indicative due to insuffiecient data in the public domain: Land-based radars 1. The Central Acquisition Radar (3D-CAR) is a medium- range, high-resolution, 3D surveillance radar. The 3D CAR was developed as part of a program between LRDE and Poland’s Przemyslowly Instytut Telekomunikacji SA to develop a family of mobile, S-Band 3D radars. It is now produced by a JV among BEL, L&T, Astra Microwave and Entec. Operating in a range of up to 170km and an altitude of 15km, the 3-D CAR radar can track multiple targets such as fighter jets and missiles traveling at supersonic speeds of over 3,000km/hr (around Mach 3). Its different variants are: a. Rohini radar: The 3D Central Acquisition Radar was upgraded to an IAF-specific surveillance radar, named as the Rohini, mainly for use with the Akash Surface to Air Missile at the Group Control Centre (GCC) level for tracking some 150 targets, including fighter aircrafts, missiles, UAVs and helicopters up to 150–200 km. BEL anticipates a requirement of 100 Rohini Radars. It delivered the first Rohini to the IAF in August 2008. Annually, 20 radars can be manufactured. It is mounted on the ‘Tatra’ mobile platform, a heavy- duty modified truck built by the public sector BEML and supported by an auxiliary mobile power unit. The annual maintenance contract for this radar has been awarded to BEL. Current situation: A total of 7 Rohini Radars were initially ordered by the IAF for its radar modernization program. Subsequently, it placed an order for another 30, out of which 14 have been delivered until January 2012. Since demand for the Rohini radar is connected to that of the Akash Missile, more orders for the latter may see demand rising for the former. b. Revathi radar: Revathi is a 3D medium-range surveillance radar installed on naval ships. It can detect sea-surface targets 80 km away, fighter- aircraft 150 km away, and cruise missiles at a distance of 40 km. 7 Rohini Radars have already been ordered by the Navy. It is fitted onto the P 28 Corvette (of which four to six are in production) and the Shivalik Class Frigates (of which three are in production). Current situation: More orders are expected owing to increased production of the two warships mentioned above. Other frigates and fighters requiring the installation of 3D Naval surveillance radars may also be fitted with Revathi. In July 2010, the Indian Navy issued an RFI for the induction of state-of-the-art 3D C/D band air surveillance radars. These are meant for ships weighing 3000 tons and above and are required to detect aircraft, helicopters and sea-skimming missiles. We have limited information about the progress of these programs in the public domain. c. 3D tactical control radar: The Indian variant of the 3D CAR, made especially for the Indian Army, is known as the Tactical Control Radar. It has a tracking range of 90 km and a lower antenna mount packaged in 2 vehicles instead of 3 for the Rohini. It can also feed data to a weapon station (AD Guns mainly) 20 km away. It is meant to be utilized as a multi-role radar. Current situation: The radar cleared trials in 2008–09 and 29 of these have been ordered by the Army. Deliveries are underway. 2. Rajendra radar: The Rajendra radar is a multi-function radar that is capable of surveillance, tracking and missile guidance. It is the heart of the Akash battery and is the primary fire control sensor for an Akash battery. Apart from tracking 4 targets, it can simultaneously guide 12 Akash missiles toward intruders within a range of 80 km and height of 18 km. It has an IFF system to identify a target as a friend or foe and an electronic scanning array. It is mounted on a T 72 Chassis, built by the Ordnance Factory Medak Current situation: The Army and the Air Force have placed bulk orders (a minimum of 32 units of Rajendra or its derivatives currently). This includes the order for
  11. 11. 11Eye on Defence | 2 Squadrons of the Akash system by the Indian Air force and the indent for 28 Weapon Locating Radars by the Indian Army. More orders are expected over time, as the Indian Air Force revamps its Surface to Air Missiles inventory. 3. Swathi radar: A Weapon Locating Radar (WLR), Swathi is a derivative of the Rajendra radar. The WLR has been jointly developed by LRDE and BEL. The sub-systems have been fabricated by BEL, based on the DRDO designs, and have been delivered to LRDE for integration. These are being built by LRDE. It can locate large mortars positioned 20 km away and guns positioned 30 km away when shells are fired. This radar can detect up to seven shells at the same time. It can also track the fall of shots from friendly fire and give corrections. Swathi has undergone extensive trials at the Army’s test range in Pokhran in Rajasthan, and its performance has been found satisfactory. Current situation: While this radar was being developed by the DRDO, interim requirement for WLRs was fulfilled by importing 12 AN/TPQ-37 Firefinder Weapon Locating Systems radars of Raytheon from the US Government under a 2002 government-to-government deal for around USD 200 million. In June 2008, the WLR was accepted for induction by the Army, and 28 units are being produced by BEL. The WLR is expected to eventually service the Army’s requirement for 40–50 systems. The Indian Army has also announced its intention to initiate a project worth US$ 285 million for 29 weapons locating radars. This may be a global tender, and BEL might also participate. 4. Low Level Transportable Radar (LLTR): These are active electronically scanned array radars with 150 km range and target small fighter class targets and are intended to be rapidly transportable and detect aircraft, helicopter, UAVs and missiles from low-to-medium heights along the border. The Indian Air Force awarded a contract to supply 19 LLTRs to Thales in July 2009. Out of these, 6 GSM-100 were to be supplied by Thales and 13 were to be assembled in India with TOT at BEL. Current situation: The DRDO LLTR program, christened “Ashwini”, was sanctioned in late 2010 for bulk requirements. About 18 units are expected to be ordered soon. The IAF aspires to have about 67 of such units by 2016. 5. Bharani radar — low-level lightweight 2D: To detect short range aerial targets in the mountainous terrain of Jammu and Kashmir and in the Northeast region, the LRDE has designed the Bharani. The radar can be transported in a vehicle, as an under-slung of a helicopter, or on a mule. Bharani weighs 165 kg and its petals can be assembled in 10 minutes. It has a range of 40km and can track up to 100 airborne targets. Current situation: To date, 46 Bharanis, meant to be used in conjunction with VSHORADS/MANPADS, have been ordered, with deliveries beginning March 2012. 6. Aslesha Radar — low-level lightweight 3D: It is deployed in high-altitude areas such as Leh and Kargil. The radar can be assembled in 20 minutes without using a tool. Aslesha has 18 antennae, and its height coverage is 20,000 feet. This radar is 100% indigenous. A fiber-optic cable connects the radar to the operator’s computer in the bunker a kilometer away. It has an IFF system. Current situation: The IAF has ordered 21 units, and the first tranche was delivered in January 2008. The DRDO is in discussions with the Indian Navy to mount these systems on small ships. Also, 18 Elta EL/2106 radars were ordered from Israel for the role of a LLLR as the fire control radar of the SPYDER-MR Mobile SAM system procured as part of the Low Level Quick Reaction Missiles in 2008. Deliveries begun in 2012 (refer July edition of the Eye on Defense). 7. Medium Power Radar (Arudhra): It is a Medium Power Radar (MPR) and will replace the aging TRS-2215 and PSM 33 radars. Arudhra has a rotating, electronic scanning array. It can detect intruding aircraft flying more than 300 km away and at altitudes ranging from 30 m to 30 km. Arudhra is vital for India’s air defense and will be useful for network-centric warfare. Current situation: A total requirement of 27 such radars has been projected by the IAF. Out of these, 15 were to be bought from Israel (Elta 2084 MPR) and 8 produced by DRDO based on the Israeli radar. The first unit was inducted in Bhuj by the IAF in June 2011, and the delivery of the remaining is underway. 8. Battle field surveillance radar-short range: It is a man-portable, battery-operated Surveillance Radar with the capability to detect, track and classify a variety of moving ground surface within a detection range of 700 m to 8 km. The radar can be carried in three man-packs,
  12. 12. 12 | Eye on Defence and an infantry soldier can install and effectively put the radar into operation within five minutes. Current situation: So far, 1,441 BFSRs have been delivered to the Army and 90 to the Border Security Force (BSF). The radar is in series production and is procured by the Armed Forces and the Central Police Forces on a regular basis. 9. Swordfish radar: It is an Indian Long Range Tracking Radar (LRTR) specifically developed to counter ballistic missile threat. It will be a part of India’s ballistic missile program. First testing of this radar was undertaken in March 2009. The Swordfish LRTR currently has a range of 600–800 km range and can spot objects as small as a cricket ball. The design may have been based on the Green Pine Radar (EL/M-2080) manufactured by Elta and is currently in use with Indian forces. Current situation: The DRDO plans to upgrade its range to 1,500 km to complete the second phase of India’s Ballistic Missile program. These may be entirely new designs created in joint development with Israel. The DRDO has indicated plans to outsource the majority of the work for developing 6 to 7 LRTRs worth US$1.2 billion. 10. 3D Multi-Function Control Radar (MFCR): The MFCR was developed by DLRDE in cooperation with Thales of France as part of the Indian anti-ballistic missile program. It is an active-phased array radar and complements the Swordfish LRTR for intercepting ballistic missiles. Current situation: The MFCR is expected to serve as the fire control radar for the AAD second tier missile system of the ABM program. The AAD has a supplementary role against aircraft as well and can engage missiles and aircraft up to an altitude of 30 km. The MFCR fills out the final part of the DRDO’s radar development spectrum. These long-range 3D radars will form the backbone of an integrated air defense ground environment system. 11. Long range surveillance radars and high power radars: To meet its air defense coverage needs in hilly terrains, the IAF released an RFI in the last quarter of 2010 for the induction of LRSRs and high-power radars (HPRs). We have limited information about the progress of these programs in the public domain. Naval radars 1. Coastal Surveillance Radar (CSR): As an aftermath of the Mumbai attacks, the Government decided to implement this turnkey project for electronic surveillance up to 25 nautical miles into the sea through BEL (Prime contractor) at a cost of INR601.75 crore (US$100 million) in September 2011. However, the total cost of the project is expected to cross US$ 1 billion. As part of this project, 84 remote locations on India’s coast will be installed with coastal surveillance radars and sensors. The implementation schedule was 12 months for the mainland and 18 months for the Island sites. The sensor suite chosen to be installed at each remote site comprises 25-nautical-mile-range Terma Scanter 2100 HCP Frequency Diversity radar with a dual antenna for better performance in the monsoon weather and an Obzerv Technologies ARGC-2400 active-range gated electro-optic (EO) sensor with a range of up to 10 nautical miles in “fair weather.” It also includes Automatic Identification System (AIS) equipment supplied by Saab Transponder Tech and a Marine Small Target Tracker, possibly sourced from Raytheon. The system networks all of the above to present an integrated operational picture of the offshore to users. The data generated by all of the static sensors will be flown to Coast Guard regional headquarters, which will serve as the regional operating center to the control center of CG HQ in New Delhi. Current Situation: Out of the 84 remote locations earmarked for installation with coastal surveillance radars, 46 were to be completed in the first phase. The completion of phase 1 was marked by the installation in Vishakhapatnam. Phase 2 will include 38 additional remote radar sites and 8 Mobile Surveillance Systems. In addition, 21 sites of the VTMS at Gulf of Kachh and Gulf of Khambhat would also be fitted with optronic equipment. 2. Airborne maritime patrol radar: The super Vision-2000, airborne 3D naval surveillance radar, developed by DLRDE, is meant for helicopters and light transport aircraft and has been modified and integrated into India’s Advanced Light Helicopter; the Navy’s Kamov-25 helicopter and the Coast Guard’s Dornier aircraft. The radar, a lightweight slotted array version operating in the X band, provides the classification of the intercepted target. The radar can detect and track aerial targets. Secondary modes of the radar include coastal mapping,
  13. 13. 13Eye on Defence | weather avoidance and SART beacon. The radar can detect a large vessel at over 100 nautical miles. Current Situation: A more advanced variant of the Super Vision, known as the XV-2004, is now in production. The XV-2004 is also operational and features an ISAR, SAR Capability. 3. Maritime patrol radar for multi-mission maritime aircraft: The Center for Airborne Systems (CABS), a lab under the DRDO, is involved in the design and development of the Multi-Mission Maritime Aircraft (MMMA) for Indian Coast Guard (ICG). For this project, it has invited vendors, through an RFI released in April 2013, to supply a Maritime Patrol Radar (MPR) for the platform selected for MMMA. The MPR will primarily be used for the detection, localization, classification and tracking of both aerial and sea surface targets. The vendor shall also support CABS in the integration of the unit into the airborne platform and to other mission systems. The vendor shall also extend support for the maintenance of the MPR. Current situation: According to the RFI, the initial requirement is for 10 such units. Another 05 units are envisaged as phase II and shall be under option clause. The future requirement is for around 10 to 15 such units. Responses in the form of an EoI are sought by 10th September 2013. 4. Naval surface surveillance radar: Continuing with its recent policy to give top priority to domestic defense companies while issuing big-ticket defense programs, the MOD, in June 2013, had issued a tender to domestic defense companies for the supply of 31 Surface Surveillance Radars (SSR) valued at over US$ 300 million. The SSR must be able to track not less than 50 targets at a time and small targets up to a distance of 12 kilometers. The SSR will be used for all-round sector search, detection, automatic tracking and determination of coordinates and motion parameters of surface targets. In addition, the SSR will have to provide target designation data to surface-to-surface missiles and other fire control systems of the ships. Current situation: Domestic defense companies have teamed up with overseas defense companies. The tenders have been sent to Nova Integrated System, which has teamed up with Terma of Denmark; Mahindra Defense Systems, which has partnered with Elta of Israel, Tata Power SED with Indra of Spain, Broadcast Engineering Consultants India Limited (BECIL) has teamed up with Rosoboronexport of Russia; Data Patterns has partnered with Reutech of South Africa; Larsen & Toubro (L & T) Ltd has teamed up with EADS of Germany and state-owned BEL has tied up with DRDO. 5. Air surveillance radar for INS Vikrant: Selex ES has been awarded a contract to supply the Indian Navy with its 3D L Band Air Surveillance Radar (RAN-40L) and IFF radar, which will be installed on-board the new aircraft carrier INS Vikrant at Cochin Shipyard. The RAN-40L is a 3D long-range, early-warning radar with fully solid state active phased array antenna that is capable of detecting an aircraft up to 400 km. Current situation: The same type of radar may well also end up on the Indian Navy’s planned fleet of four landing platform docks. 6. Naval LRSAM radar: The DRDO, the IAI and the Indian Navy have worked out a tripartite agreement to develop and produce the long-range surface to air missile version of the Barak missile (details of this program were mentioned in the July edition of Eye on Defense). Current situation: The ELTA MF-STAR Naval AESA radar has been chosen to be the primary sensor for the naval Barak-8/LRSAM. Also, EL/M-2221 STGR has been chosen as the primary fire control radar for the same system. The EL/M-2221 has previously been mounted on the various destroyers and frigates of the Indian Navy, which have undergone upgrade in the last couple of years as the primary fire control radar for the Barak SAM. The Barak-2’s MR-SAM variant for the Indian Army will make use of the motorized EL/M-2084 active phased- array multi-mode radar. The S-band active phased-array MF-STAR will also go on board the three Project 15A Kolkata-class 6,700- ton guided-missile destroyers (DDG) now being built by Mumbai-based Mazagon Docks Ltd. Airborne radars 1. Airborne warning suite program: The Indian Programme may be categorized into two parts: a. The AWACS program (high end): The Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) consists of a heavy, sophisticated, early-warning suite with better coverage and capability to penetrate “longer distances” into the enemy territory by way of radars and electronic warfare systems without venturing into the region physically.
  14. 14. 14 | Eye on Defence India purchased three such advanced A-50EI Phalcon AWACS planes through a tripartite agreement among India, Israel and Russia (in 2004). The IAF inducted three Phalcon AWACS in 2009-10 for US$1.1-billion. These systems have the IAI’s 360-degree Phalcon early-warning radar and communication suite mounted on Russian IL-76 heavy-lift military aircraft. Current situation: India is currently negotiating for another two Phalcon systems with IAI. Although the future requirement of such systems has been pegged at 10 AWACS planes, DRDO has decided to produce it indigenously through an INR60-billion project. The project proposal for the indigenous development of AWACS (India) by the DRDO was approved by the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) on 12th February 2013. There has been no clarity as to the platform that the AWACS suite will be mounted on. The Air Chief, in Feb 2013, mentioned that it may be a Western platform, either the Boeing 767 or Airbus A330. b. AEWACS program (medium sized): India decided to develop mini-AWACS under an INR-18 billion project approved in 2004. Accordingly, AEW&C (airborne early-warning and control) systems developed by DRDO were planned to be mounted on three Embraer-145 jets obtained from Brazil for approximately US$210 million under an agreement finalized in June 2008. Embraer would also act as the overall system integrator, supplying the jets, mounting the radar and electronics on or into the AWACS fuselage. The primary radar for this system was developed by LRDE and the IFF by DEAL. Various private companies such as Astra Microwave (to help with the AESA radar development) were also involved in this endeavor as subcontractors to the DRDO. Current situation: 3 ERJ 145 aircraft have already arrived in India. Integration of the radar, communication and control equipment is the next step, followed by trials, and 2014 is the target date for operationalizing AEW&CS planes. This radar and systems work will be key to the Embraer AEW&C project’s success or failure. The operational date has already slipped from October 2011 to March 2014. If that operational date cannot be met, or the project runs into serious technical issues, the high-end AWACS buy will become much more important to India. The requirement for these platforms has been pegged from 10-20 AEWACS airplanes. The DRDO is undertaking the production of more AEWACS suites indigenously. 2. Special-mission aircraft for communication jamming, signals intelligence and surveillance: The RFP for this program was earlier released in 2009. The shortlisted companies were Embraer and Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), both offering the IAI-Elta airborne integrated signal intelligence system (Aisis). The platform offered by Embraer may have been L1. However, delays on the part of the Ministry in taking a final decision on the program resulted in price escalation from bidders, leading the MoD to cancel the RFP. Current situation: The RFI for this program was re- released last year, and soon the Indian Air Force (IAF) is expected to re-release an RFP for nine aircraft to perform signals intelligence (Sigint), communication jamming (Comjam), ground survey and target towing roles. The DAC cleared the proposal in April 2013. Two of the nine aircraft will be dedicated to Sigint, while the Army, Navy and Air Force will use the remaining seven for aerial survey, target towing and Comjam. The systems will be integrated into India with a local partner. The new RFI specifies a larger aircraft that can carry 10 passengers. The platforms bid previously were the Embraer EMB-145 and the Gulfstream G200 (by IAI). This time, the IAI will likely offer a Gulfstream G550. Saab is also likely to bid again, having offered a Learjet platform previously. The Saab 2000 airliner is no longer in production, and since Indian rules do not allow the import of aircraft that is over 15 years old, the Swedish company may be looking for an alternative larger platform. Other competitors may include Northrop Grumman, Boeing, Raytheon and L-3 Communications. 3. AESA radar: The Light Combat Aircraft, christened Tejas and currently under development in India,
  15. 15. 15Eye on Defence | was meant to be mounted with homemade active electronically scanned array (AESA) multi-mode fire control radar. The main role of the radar, which was to be integrated with the fighter aircraft, was to direct the fire accurately from the aircraft. It would feature advanced electronic counter, counter measures (ECCMs) and direct the fire from air-to-air, air-to-ground and air-to-sea missiles. The project could not be completed in time and got stuck with delays. The inability of the development effort to productionize a Pulse Doppler Multi-Mode Radar (MMR) in time for the operational clearance of Tejas MK1 necessitated the selection of the EL/M-2032 by Elta Systems of Israel in 2008. This radar was mounted onto the Tejas to achieve operational clearance and fulfill the delivery order for the first two squadrons of the Tejas. This was believed to be a stop gap measure until the development of the Indian AESA radar was complete. Subsequent platforms of the Tejas of the type Mark 2 are expected to be mounted by the Indian AESA radar, which is currently under development. The follow-on of the MMR project, the Active phased Array Radar (APAR) project aims to field fully-fledged operational AESA fire control radar for the expected Mark-2 version of the Light Combat Aircraft. This will be the second airborne AESA program after the AEW&C project and intends to transfer the success that the DRDO has achieved in the ground-based radar segment to airborne systems. Local private players such as Astra Microwave and Data Patterns have contributed to the design and production of this radar, especially specialized units such as the TR Modules. Current situation: The Air Force has ordered 20 LCA Mark-1 aircraft and is likely to order another 20 once it achieves operational clearance. It is also expected to order more than 200 LCA Mark-2s once the aircraft is inducted into service. The expected year of induction for the Tejas Mark 2 is 2018. 4. Aerostat radars: These are very long range AESA systems that are able to look deep into enemy territory (more than 400 km) owing to elevated line of sight. Often, two radars are carried. One is the surveillance radar and the other is a precision track and illumination radar (PTIR). The surveillance radar provides long-range coverage (about 500 kilometers for the EL/M-2083), while the PTIR, which is a steerable system capable of tracking multiple targets, can focus on items of interest with the IAF. The IAF procured two aerostats mounted with the radar and sensor worth USD 175 Mn in 2002, with deliveries concluding in 2007 and 2008. The prime contractor for this contract was Rafael. These aerostats carry a variety of sensors, including EL/M-2083 air surveillance radars provided by IAI Elta Systems, communications intelligence (COMINT) and Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) payloads providing persistent, all-weather wide-area coverage of sensitive-border areas. Current situation: To induct additional Aerostat- mounted radars and systems, the IAF released a global RFP for the procurement of six systems worth INR33 billion in 2012. The project received clearance from the DAC in early 2013. To date, BAE Systems, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman, Thales, Raytheon, Israel Aerospace Industries/ELTA and Rosoboronexport State Corp have responded to the IAF’s global RFP for supplying both the aerostats and their on-board airspace surveillance radars. The IAF requires about 60 such radars, which can be deployed up to an altitude of 15,000 feet above sea level, have a surveillance envelope ranging from 10 km to 35 km, and are able to pick up airborne targets ranging from ground level to 30,000 feet. The Indian Navy has also expressed its intent to procure two aerostat-mounted systems for coastal security. India has a vibrant aerostat development program of its own. The foremost amongst the aerostat-mounted systems developed by the Aerial Delivery Research and Development Establishment in Agra is the Akashdeep aerostat system. It can carry 300 kg payload to an altitude of 1,000 m. It can survey areas up to 20 km away and with advanced cameras and radar, its range is variously reported as 60 km to 100 km. It does not have any orders as of now, but has evinced interest from both the Armed Forces and the Paramilitary Force. ADRDE plans to build a second type of aerostat system, known as Nakshatra, for up to a height of 4500-5,000 m and with a range variously reported as 200–250 km or 450 km with a payload capacity of 800 kg to 1 ton and 17,000 cubic m volume. The project is currently in the design phase. In the small aerostat category, a joint attempt between NAL under the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and Defense Research and Development Organisation is underway for the development of the Chakshu aerostat, which is about six times smaller than the Akashdeep aerostat. It is awaiting trials.
  16. 16. 16 | Eye on Defence 5. Bird Monitoring and Detection Radar (BMDR): The Indian Air Force, which conducts many operational and training flights and often at very low level, attributes around 10% of accidents to bird hits. To reduce the number of such accidents, the Indian Air Force and the Navy released an RFP to induct 45 bird monitoring and detection radars at a cost of around INR 3 billion in January 2013. The tender was given to Indian companies including Data Patterns India Private Limited, Axis Aerospace, Larsen & & Toubro Ltd., Offsets India Solutions Pvt. Ltd. and BEL. The tender also went to overseas defense companies including Thales of France and Robin Radar Systems of Netherlands. Current situation: NCNC trials are planned in India in October this year. Civil airports are also considering the acquisition of these radars to monitor and look for birds at their approach and take off funnel, and inform pilots in advance to ensure that action can be taken on time. Other radars under development 1. Through wall looking radar: The LRDE has now plunged into the development of a “through wall looking radar”, which can undertake remote three-dimensional (3D) imaging of terrorists hiding behind walls and can even detect their heartbeats. 2. Foliage penetration radar: India has been looking to develop partnerships with foreign countries to develop a “Foliager”. The US is believed to be the only country with the requisite technology to fully develop a radar capable of penetrating foliage. 3. Ground-penetration radar: The DRDO is currently developing a Ground Penetration Radar as part of its program to develop radars for all weather conditions and for locating buried mines, improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and unexploded ordnances (UXOs). References: • “Indian Air Force Modernization”, Bharat Rakshak website, http:// bharatrakshak.wikia.com/wiki/ Indian_Air_Force_Modernization, accessed on 25 August 2013 • Technology Focus – Indigenous Radars-1, DRDO website, http://drdo. gov.in/drdo/pub/techfocus/2013/ TF_April_2013_WEB.pdf, accessed on 30 August 2013 • MoD 2012-13 Annual Report • Vivek Raghuvanshi, “New Delhi Issues Surface Surveillance Radar Bid”, Defence News, 26 June 2013 • Gulshan Luthra, “Indian Army acquiring 28 Weapon Locating Radars”, India Strategic, July 2008
  17. 17. 17Eye on Defence | RFIs for July 2013–September 2013 Date of issue RFI details Response date Issued by Defense service 29 Aug 2013 Wireless communication system for helicopter deck operations 19 Sep 2013 Directorate of Electrical Engineering For IAF 6 Sep 2013 Mini UAV for high altitude 14 Sep 2013 Uttar Kaman Mukhyalaya Headquarters Northern Command ,MG EME For IA 12 Aug 2013 Thermal imaging sights for air defense self-propelled systems 15 Sep 2013 DG Army Air Defense For IA 7 Aug 2013 Radio interface unit 15 Sep 2013 Directorate General of Signals For IA 25 July 2013 Simfire for tanks and ICVs 19 Aug 2013 Directorate General of Mechanised Forces For IA 5 July 2013 Mine plough for fitment on T-90S/SK tank 27 July 2013 Dte Gen Mech Forces IHQ of MoD (Army) For IA 13 Sep 2013 Design consultant for development of naval air station and armament storage facilities for project seabird phase IIA at Karwar 31 Oct 2013 Director General Project Seabird IHQ­MoD (NAVY) For IN 9 Sep 2013 Aircraft ground handler 9 Oct 2013 Directorate of Naval Air Staff For IN 26 Aug 2013 Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) 16 Sep 2013 Directorate of Hydrography (Navy) For IN 26 Aug 2013 Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) navigation system 16 Sep 2013 Directorate of Hydrography (Navy) For IN 12 Aug 2013 Portable deep water noise range for project-75 20 Sep 2013 Project-75, IHQ MoD (Navy), For IN 2 Aug 2013 Infra red - visual search light 30 Aug 2013 Directorate of Naval Air Staff For IN 2 Aug 2013 Electro Optical & Infra Red Payload (EOIR) for helicopter 30 Aug 2013 Directorate of Naval Air Staff For IN 8 Aug 2013 Submarine rescue bell system 10 Sep 2013 Directorate of Special Ops & Diving For IN 29 July 2013 Multipurpose Maritime Self Propelled Surface Target (MMST) 22 Aug 2013 Directorate of Staff Req. Navy For IN 22 July 2013 Integrated platform management system simulator for P-75 submarines 20 Sep 2013 Directorate of Information Tech For IN 22 July 2013 Combat system simulator for training P-75 submarine personnel 20 Sep 2013 Directorate of Information Tech For IN 4 July 2013 NVG compatible helicopter deck lighting suit 31 July 2013 Directorate of Naval Air Staff Integrated Headquarters of MoD For IN 12 July 2013 Electronic fuzes (for 105mm & 155mm Ammn) 31 Aug 2013 Machine Tool Prototype Factory, Ambarnath For OFB
  18. 18. 18 | Eye on Defence RFIs for July 2013–September 2013 (cont’d.) Date of issue RFI details Response date Issued by Remarks 12 Sep 2013 FLARE paraffin type B without wicks 25 Sep 2013 AF Station Hakimpet For IAF Qty: each 40 26 July 2013 Optical device (industrial video scope) 26 Sep 2013 Directorate of Procurement (IPW), Air HQ (VB For IAF, Qty 02 Nos. 26 July 2013 Procurement of biometric security system 16 Aug 2013 Commanding Officer, ITPO Section For IAF, Qty 02 Nos. 15 July 2013 Automatic electronic warning system 30 July 2013 Station Logistics Section AF Station Jalahalli East For IAF Qty: 02 15 July 2013 Biometric control device finger print based time and access control system 24 July 2013 Air Force Station Begumpet For IAF Qty: 01 each 8 July 2013 Aircraft Refueller Cartridge 18 July 2013 Equipment Depot Air Force Palam For IAF Qty: 337 Nos. 1 July 2013 3M medium half face piece mask 6200 16 July 2013 29 Equipment Depot Air Force Station Chakeri For IAF 13 Sep 2013 Hand-held UAVs for TAC training 28 Sep 2013 GSO1 IT HQ ACC and School Ahmednagar For IA Qty: 03 5 Sep 2013 GMMA sensor 12 Sep 2013 Comdt COD Agra For IA, Qty 01 No. 3 Sep 2013 Night sight for 7.62mm Dragunov Sniper Rifle 14 Oct 2013 Arty Branch For IA Qty: 20 Nos. 31 Aug 2013 Aerial platform for surveillance and training 22 Sep 2013 Army Air Defense College, Gopalpur Military Station (Odisha) For IA Qty: 01 Nos. 31 Aug 2013 Bullet-proof shield 3 Oct 2013 GOC-in-C, HQ Northern Command For IA, Qty 82 Nos. 27 Aug 2013 Mini UAVs 24 Sep 2013 The Chairman TPC HQ Northern Comd (EME) For IA Qty: 49 26 Aug 2013 Simulator gun, simulator pistol, simulator ammunition and simulator claymore mines 16 Sep 2013 Mukhyalaya Headquarters The Infantry School Belgaum For IA 16 Aug 2013 Creation of 3D armored fightng vehicle recognition system 4 Sep 2013 IT Wing HQ ACC For IA 13 Aug 2013 Passive night sight for Rif AK-47 23 Sep 2013 DG Army Air Defense For IA Qty: 354 Nos. 20 July 2013 Ballistic helmet 20 Aug 2013 HQ Northern Command Ord Branch For IA, Qty 478 Nos. 20 July 2013 Tactical vest 19 Aug 2013 HQ Northern Command Army AD Branch For IA Qty:1900 +2204 nos. 27 July 2013 IP camera 6 Aug 2013 Air Officer Commanding, AF Stn Ojhar, For IA Qty: 02 Nos. 23 July 2013 Passive night vision binocular 2 Sep 2013 Director ACSFP CELL For IA Qty: 212 Nos.
  19. 19. 19Eye on Defence | 16 July 2013 Bullet-proof jacket 13 august 2013 GOC-in-C, Northern Command, For IA Qty: 1073 6 July 2013 Multipurpose binocular 16 Aug 2013 HQ Northern Command Arty Branch For IA Qty: 24 5 Sep 2013 FUSE PV-100AS 30V for I CV BMP I & II 12 Sep 2013 Comdt COD Agra For IN Qty: 148 Nos. 02 Sep 2013 11m work boats with OBS and one set of B&D spares 21 Nov 2013 Directorate of Procurement, Integrated Headquarters (Navy) For IN Qty: 04 Nos. 8 Aug 2013 Bullet Proof Mobile Morcha 28 Aug 2013 The Commanding Officer INHS Asvini For IN Qty: 04 Nos. 9 Sep 2013 Propellant A-7 MV 700 m/s 15 Oct 2013 Ordnance Factory, Varangaon For OFB Qty: 41294 Kg 6 Aug 2013 Kamewa Water Jet (P and S ) Sweden -01 Ship Set Make- Kamewa Sweden Model- 2 X 71S II for ICGS C-144 20 Aug 2013 Coast Guard Region West For ICG 6 Aug 2013 Grenade No.90 smoke MK-III and Matches Fuze 3 Sep 2013 DG ITBP For ITBP, Grenade Qty: 4594 Nos., Fuze Qty: 946 Nos.
  20. 20. 20 | Eye on Defence List of Industrial Licenses (ILs) filed for May 2013—August 2013 Application no. and date Name of the applicant Item of manufacture 51 29/08/2013 MKU Pvt. Ltd Bullet proof over vest, bullet proof jacket, cancellable vest, floatation vest, half body suit and other jackets 50 22/08/2013 Vetrivel Explosives Pvt. Ltd Manufacture of industrial explosives 49 20/08/2013 KSEDC Ltd (Keltron) Sonar systems, portable diver detection system, combat system (sea mines),command and control system, navigational system 48 8/8/2013 Quest Global Manufacture Pvt. Ltd Components and accessories and others 47 8/8/2013 Rossell India Ltd div Rossell Techsys Manufacturing of special purpose machinery/equipment, their components and accessories and others 46 31/07/2013 Lokesh Machine Ltd Manufacture of aircrafts, spacecraft and their parts 45 17/07/2013 Aman Aviation & Aerospace Solutions Pvt. Ltd Parts-military aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicle, u-cav, installation/ mfg. of assembly of aircraft sub systems etc. 44 15/07/2013 CDET Explosives Industries Pvt. Ltd Detonators, delay elements, shock tubes, detonating fuse, cast boosters, pent, cartridge explosives, bulk explosives 43 15/07/2013 Indian Armour Systems Pvt Ltd Explosive ordinance disposal suit 42 15/07/2013 Bharat Explosives Ltd HMX explosives 41 9/7/2013 Premier Explosives Ltd Ammunition fired artillery, tanks, helicopters, aircrafts and naval crafts 40 8/7/2013 Deepak Fertilisers and Petrochemical Corpn Ltd Ammonium Nitrate 39 8/7/2013 Deepak Fertilisers and Petrochemical Corpn Ltd Ammonium Nitrate-300000 38 8/7/2013 Smartchem Technologies Ltd Nitric Acid (100%) 37 27/06/2013 Singareni Chemicals Private Ltd Conversions of ammonium nitrate from melt to solid or vice versa 36 24/06/2013 S.D Enterprises Ammonium nitrate 35 24/06/2013 Explotek Chemicals Private Ltd Ammonium nitrate 34 21/06/2013 L&T shipbuilding Ltd IL for manufacture of defense equipment in SEZ. 33 21/06/2013 Pipavav defense and offshoring engineering co. Ltd Manufacture, assembly and testing of all calibres of ammunition ranging from 20mm to 203mm for Indian armed forces 32 21/06/2013 Mil vehicles and technologies private Ltd Manufacturing of light armoured vehicles, high mobility light recovery vehicles, multi-utility vehicles, sales of parts and providing services with respect to special purpose vehicles 31 17/06/2013 Gujarat narmada valley and fertilizers Ltd Calcium ammonium nitrate N%25
  21. 21. 30 11/6/2013 Bharuch nitrate private Ltd Conversion of aluminum nitrate melts into solid and possess for sale 29 10/6/2013 Mittal appliances Ltd Bullet cups and cartridge case cups 28 6/6/2013 Gujarat narmada valley and fertilizers Ltd Ammonium nitrate melt 27 5/6/2013 Emul tek private Ltd Mixed explosives 26 3/6/2013 Kakatiya industries private Ltd Ammonium nitrate 25 3/6/2013 Punj llyod industries Ltd Special naval equipment like torpedoes, accessories, components and other components N.E.C. 24 29/05/2013 Ashoka industries Manufacture of arms and armaments 23 29/05/2013 Lords Vanijya private Ltd Manufacture of arms and armaments 22 17/05/2013 Multimetals Ltd Copper and copper alloy rotating bands and munitions, metal parts 21 7/5/2013 Indian Armour Systems Private Ltd Armouring of vehicle 20 6/5/2013 Shan Defense Corporation Manufacture of explosives, ammunition and fireworks 21Eye on Defence |
  22. 22. 22 | Eye on Defence New projects/ investments/contracts Name of entity Project details Value* Ministry of Defense ► ► ► • The MoD has decided the Army’s new battlefield management system (BMS) will be acquired as a “Make India” program, under which only domestic companies are allowed to participate. • The BMS, which is part of the Army’s network-centric warfare program, will link infantry- level troops on the battlefield to command headquarters. • Expressions of interest (EOIs) will be sent to more than a dozen Indian defense companies, private and state owned, inviting them to participate in the program. • While only domestic defense companies will be allowed to compete for BMS, these companies will forge ties with overseas defense majors to acquire advanced technologies. INR 320 billion BrahMos • BrahMos Aerospace has already started deliveries to the Indian Army and Indian Navy and will start deliveries of a modified version to the IAF from 2015. • BrahMos Aerospace has bagged orders from the Indian Defense Forces for missiles of 290 km range that can be launched from multiple platforms. INR250 billion BAE Systems • BAE Systems is poised to win a foreign military sale to India of 145 of BAE Systems’ M777 155mm Light-Weight Towed Howitzer field guns. INR57 billion Bharat Dynamics Ltd (BDL) • The MoD has signed a contract with BDL for the delivery of T-90 tank missiles manufactured under a Russian license to the Indian Army. • Bharat Dynamics has been manufacturing the missiles in collaboration with Russia’s state arms exporter, Rosoboronexport. • India is planning to procure 25,000 Invar missiles for its T-90 tanks, including 10,000 to be bought directly from Russia and 15,000 to be manufactured domestically under Russian license. INR30 billion Indian Army • ► The Indian Army plans to buy about 2,000 pieces of laser-guided simulation firing-support equipment, which will be used by the armored and mechanized infantry regiments. • The Army plans to install the equipment in close to 55 armored regiments operating Russian origin T-72 and T-90 tanks, as well as 45 mechanized infantry regiments, which are using Russian BMP infantry combat vehicles. INR10 billion The Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) • The DRDO is planning to set up three nano research and production facilities in Delhi, Hyderabad and Kanpur. • The facilities will realize the potential of Nano technology in modern warfare. INR10 billion Basant Aerospace Pvt. Ltd • ► Basant Aerospace Pvt Ltd and MiG Russian Aircraft Corporation (RAC MiG) signed two deals as part of a general offset contract awarded by the IAF. The document was signed at MAKS- 2013, an international airshow held in Moscow. • The first contract stipulates that a service center in India to refurbish airborne radars Zhuk- ME produced by Phazotron NIIR must be built. The second contract, valued at US$2 million, envisages that a service center to repair the equipment of advanced MiG 29 UPG type aircraft will be set up. INR3.5 billion Citigroup • Citigroup Inc.’s private equity unit, Citi Venture Capital International, has invested in Bangalore-based automotive and aerospace component maker Sansera Engineering Pvt. Ltd. INR3.4 billion
  23. 23. 23Eye on Defence | Hero MotoCorp Hero MotoCorp is planning to diversify into the defense sector by offering the Army its line of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and off-road motorcycles. NA Tata Motors • Tata Motors’ Defense division has bagged an order from Bharat Electronics to supply 26 Tata 6x6 multi-axle high-mobility mobile platforms to mount radar applications. • These platforms in the 6x6, 8x8 and 12x12 specifications will give BEL’s radar system the mobility to be placed strategically, at almost any location, to detect both low-flying aircraft and spy planes, and the ability to detect other kinds of intrusions. NA BDL • BDL is establishing three arms production lines at Visakhapatnam and Ibrahimpatnam in Andhra Pradesh, and Amravathi in Maharashtra. • The Amravathi unit will assemble Akash surface-to-air-missiles (SAMs), a locally designed air defense system, while the Visakhapatnam unit will build lightweight torpedoes for the Indian Navy. NA Pilatus • IAF’s Chief Air Marshal NAK Browne has written to AK Anotony suggesting the import of 106 PC-7 mark II trainers from a Swiss-based company Pilatus. • IAF has turned down the proposal of Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd, a state-run aerospace company, to make a basic trainer aircraft for new IAF pilots. • Earlier in 2009, the MoD had approved the IAF’s plans to procure 181 basic trainer aircraft (BTAs), out of which 75 were contracted to Pilatus Aircraft at a cost of INR 40 billion and the remaining 106 BTAs were given to HAL. NA Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) • ISRO’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C22, has successfully launched IRNSS-1A, the first satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS). • The IRNSS would provide two types of services, namely, Standard Positioning Services (SPS), provided to all users, and Restricted Services (RS), provided only to authorized users. NA Boeing and Indian navy • Boeing delivered a P-8I maritime reconnaissance and anti-submarine aircraft in May 2013. • The original contract is for eight aircraft. The Indian Government is ready to buy four more aircraft. • The Indian Navy’s selection of the P-8I is a big win for Boeing to become entrenched in the Indian defense market. NA Information Satellite System (ISS), Russia • ISS will build a communications satellite for an Indian company on the basis of a domestic satellite platform. The contract has been signed by a general designer at the Information Satellite Systems open joint stock company Nikolay Testoyedov and Aonesat President Subba Rao Pavuluri. • The Aonesat-1 communications satellite will be created by the Russian company on the basis of the modern medium-class satellite platform Express-1000H. The active service life of the satellite is 15 years. According to the terms of the contract, the satellite is planned to be put into orbit by 2016. NA HAL • ►Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) is planning to set up its manufacturing unit of advanced utility helicopter in Bidar district. • The district administration has identified three locations in the Bidar district and communicated this to the MoD. The state government offered to make the required land available for free. NA *The values of the deals have been converted to Indian Rupees using Oanda currency conversion tool 1US$ = INR64
  24. 24. 24 | Eye on Defence Sources: 1. Vivek Raghuvanshi, “India goes local for battle system”, Defense News, 22 July 2013, via Factiva. 2. “BrahMos bags orders worth Rs250 billion from the Indian defense forces”, Indian Business Insight, 31 July 2013, via Factiva, © 2013 Informatics (India) Ltd. 3. Jill R. Aitoro, “BAE Systems poised to land India’s bruised and battered howitzer contract”, Washington Business Journal Online, 14 August 2013, via Factiva © 2013 American City Business Journals, Inc. 4. “India Ministry of Defense signs contract for T-90 missiles”, RIA Novosti, 21 August 2013, via Factiva. 5. “Hi-tech firing support equipment for Army tanks”, Deccan Herald, 3 August 2013, via Factiva, ©2013. The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd. 6. “DRDO to set up nano materials research, production units”, Indian Business Insight , 25 July 2013, via Factiva © 2013 Informatics (India) Ltd. 7. Kenan Machado, “Citi’s Private-Equity unit invests in Indian company”, The Wall Street Journal Online, 9 July 2013, © Dow Jones & Company, Inc. 8. “Hero targets defense for margin push”, The Telegraph, 12 August 2013, via Factiva© 2013. ABP Pvt. Ltd. 9. “India establishing three new arms production lines”, Forecast International Defense Intelligence Newsletters, 9 August 2013, via Factiva. 10. “IAF urges defense minister to import 106 PC-7 from Pilatus, rejects HAL’s proposal”, Conify, 29 July 2013, via Factiva. 11. “Tata Motors to furnish 26 units for Radar applications”, Industry 2.0, 30 August 2013, via Factiva, © 2013 Nine Dot Nine Mediaworx Pvt. Ltd. 12. Amrita Nair-Ghaswalla,”Boeing eyes larger share of Indian defense market”, Business Line, 2 July 2013, via Factiva. 13. Rajat Pandit, “Missile-armed Rudra choppers to join Army in Aug”, The Times of India, 10 July 2013, via Factiva. 14. “Department of Space: ISRO Successfully Launches India’s First Navigation Satellite IRNSS-1A”, Contify, 2 July 2013, via Factiva. 15. “Russian firm to build communications satellite for India”, BBC Monitoring Former Soviet Union, 28 August 2013, via Factiva, © 2013 The British Broadcasting Corporation. 16. “RAC MiG concludes $55m deal”, RosBusinessConsulting, 28 August 2013, via Factiva. 17. “HAL Unit Planned in Bidar”, New Indian Express, 8 September 2013, via Factiva.
  25. 25. 25Eye on Defence | JVs and alliances Name of the entities Nature of transaction Value* Dynamatic Technologies and AeroVironment • Dynamatic Technologies and AeroVironment have signed a teaming agreement to address the growing global demand for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS). • The agreement will enable Dynamatic and AeroVironment to work together on a number of business opportunities for potential customers, including the MoD and the Ministry of Home Affairs. NA Boeing and Dynamatic Technologies • Boeing has tied up with Dynamatic Technologies of India for a supplier contract. • As per the deal, Dynamatic will manufacture the aft pylon and cargo ramp assemblies for Boeing’s CH-47F Chinook. HAL and Sagem • HAL has entered a contract with Safran group company Sagem to set up manufacturing and depot-level maintenance facilities. • The facility will look forward to in-house manufacture and depot level maintenance of AFCS and LRUs for the ALH Dhruv and HJT-36 Sitara intermediate jet trainer programs. • The contract also includes the Turbomeca Shakti engine for the Dhruv and light utility helicopter and technology in the Mirage 2000 upgrade program. NA Sources: 1. “Dynamatic, AeroVironment tie up”, Business Line (The Hindu), 17 August 2013, via Factiva. 2. “Boeing & Dynamatic tie up for Chinook”, Indian Business Insight, 5 July 2013, via Factiva, © 2013 Informatics (India) Ltd. 3. “HAL, Sagem to cooperate”, Contify, 1 July 2013, via Factiva, © 2013 SP Guide Publications Pvt. Ltd.
  26. 26. 26 | Eye on Defence Country-level deals and initiatives Country Nature of transaction Additional details France The Defense Minister of France visited India from 25-27 July, 2013. • The deal involves proposal for procurement of 126 medium multi- role aircraft for the Indian Air Force. The contract is at the state of negotiation with the L1 vendor, Dassault Aviation of France. • India and France are expected to sign an agreement on the Rafale aircraft deal worth INR 500 billion. • France has proposed a joint Aero-naval exercise in the Indian Ocean Region. The US The US Government has decided to sell to the Government of India 145 M777 155 mm lightweight towed Howitzers with laser inertial artillery pointing systems, warranty, spare and repair parts, maintenance and training equipment for about INR57 billion. • On 2 Aug 2013, the US Government’s Department of Defense had notified the US Congress about the proposed sale. • The Indian Government intends to use the Howitzers to modernize its Armed Forces and enhance its ability to operate in hazardous conditions. Singapore The Armed Forces of India and Singapore signed a bilateral agreement for periodic training and exercises in India for a period of five years until August 2018. • There are ongoing interactions and exchanges between the Armed Forces of India and of Singapore in areas of mutual interest, including training, joint exercises and functional exchanges. • As Singapore and India do not share a maritime boundary, there is no proposal for conduct of joint naval patrols. Sources: 1. “Ministry of Defense: Indo-France Defense Deals”, India Public Sector News, 20 August 2013, via Factiva, © 2013. Contify.com 2. “India, France to go for joint production of military hardware”, Indian Business Insight, 27 July 2013, via Factiva © 2013 Informatics (India) Ltd 3. “US okays sale of Howitzers to India”, Indian Business Insight, 10 August 2013, via Factiva, © 2013 Informatics (India) Ltd 4. “Indian interest in US-2 amphibian aircraft”, Vayu Aerospace & Defense Review, 30 June 2013, via Factiva © 2013. Vayu Aerospace & Defense Review. 5. “Agreement with Singapore for Joint Military Exercises”, Press Information Bureau website, http://pib.nic.in/newsite/AdvSearch.aspx accessed 13 September, 2013
  27. 27. 27Eye on Defence | Industry buzz MoD’s new rule may hurt IT companies A new MoD rule can affect contracts worth billions of dollars between software companies and global arms manufacturers. The new rule was conceived after a defense procurement scandal involved bribery through fake contracts with software companies. According to offset rules, any foreign company winning a defense contract worth over US$60 million must spend at least 30% of the contract value in procuring services or supplies from India. For Indian IT companies such as Wipro, TCS and HCL Technologies, this represents an opportunity worth about US$10 billion in the current year. The new memo prevented companies from counting research and design, software testing and training as part of their offset requirement. The memo is also aimed at promoting the indigenous Indian defense industry. It applies not only to software but also to all services. The Indian IT industry will take a blow from this, because of the high demand for software and engineering services in the US and Europe. IT companies are lobbying with the Government to limit the possible damage from the rule. (Source: Jochelle Mendonca,”How Ministry of Defense’s new rule may hurt IT companies”, The Times of India, 17 July 3013, via Factiva.) Indian military satellite put into the Earth’s orbit India’s first military satellite GSAT-7 has been put into the geosynchronous orbit, about 36,000 km above the Earth, five days after it was launched on Aug 30 onboard an European rocket from Kourou in French Guiana off the Pacific coast. The advanced multi-band communication satellite has been placed in the geosynchronous orbit after three orbit-raising maneuvers from the master control facility at Hassan in Karnataka. The satellite will reach its assigned orbital slot of 74 degree east longitude in the geostationary orbit within 10 days from placement into the orbit. Its transponders in UHF, S, C and Ku bands will be switched in September 2014.The four transponders will improve the maritime communication among the Indian Navy’s warships. A 108 ampere-hour Lithium-ion battery will enable the INR 1.8 billion satellite to function even during the eclipse period. (Source: “Indian ‘military’ satellite put into earth’s orbit”, Indo-Asian News Service, 3 September 2013, via Factiva.) India plans air-launched BrahMos flight tests in 2013 India plans to conduct flight tests of the air-launched version of the BrahMos missile before the end of 2013. The missile used in the tests will not contain propellant. The Indian Air Force plans to field the air-launched version of BrahMos by 2015. India is hoping to win export orders for the BrahMos. The missile will arm the Indian Air Force Su-30MKI fighter aircraft. India is also working on a hypersonic version, called BrahMos 2. The BrahMos 2 could have a top speed of Mach 5, but it might be as high as Mach 7. The first prototype BrahMos 2 will be ready for flight testing in 2017. The BrahMos 2 will be available in ground-launched, airborne, and sea-launched versions. (Source: “India plans air-launched BrahMos flight tests in 2013”, Forecast International Defense Intelligence Newsletters, 31 July 2013, via Factiva.) ISRO calls off GSLV launch after fuel leak The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will investigate imperfections in its indigenous cryogenic upper- stage Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) program. The GSLV-D5’s mission to launch the advanced communication satellite GSAT-14 into orbit was aborted due to a fuel leak on 19 August 2013. The mission was called off at a fairly advanced stage of the 29-hour countdown at the second launch pad of the Sriharikota spaceport. This was the eighth flight of the GSLV, the fourth developmental flight and only the second time in three years that the indigenously developed cryogenic upper stage was flight tested. The INR 2-billion expendable rocket’s mission was to inject the cuboid-shaped and 1982-kg weighing GSAT-14 in orbit to signal India’s entry into an ivy league of nations with frontier capabilities of launching 2,000-2,500 kg class of advanced communication satellites in outer space. The satellite’s mission was to augment the in-orbit capacity of the extended C and Ku-band transponders in the INSAT- GSAT ecosystem to set the stage for new and exciting experiments driven by satellite-based communication. (Source: M. Dinesh Varma, “ISRO calls off GSLV launch after fuel leak”, The Hindu, 20 August 2013, via Factiva, ©2013. Kasturi & Sons Ltd.)
  28. 28. 28 | Eye on Defence Hercules will get own hub in Bengal to combat Chinese aggression The gigantic C-130J Super Hercules aircraft is going to have its own hub in Panagarh, an Indian Air Force (IAF) station in West Bengal, to combat the Chinese aggression along the border. The IAF landed it at its Daulat Beg Oldie airstrip in Northeastern Ladakh in August. The Panagarh air base is going to be the second hub of the C-130J in the country, with the first being the Hindon air force station. The Air Force station is strategically very important and is being developed as one of the major flying bases in EAC. The station, with its proximity to Nepal, Bangladesh and Central Tibet, presents an ideal base for C-130J to address external and internal threats to the nation. The induction of C-130J at Panagarh will enable the IAF to mobilize troops to the forward eastern front in the shortest possible time. (Source: Rajib Chowdhuri, “Hercules will get own hub in Bengal”, The Asian Age, 2 September 2013, via Factiva, © 2013. Deccan Chronicle Holdings Ltd.) Boeing C-17 introduced into Indian air force The Indian Air Force has officially introduced the Boeing C-17 Globemaster III strategic transport. A formal ceremony was conducted to mark the occasion at air force station Hindan, the home base for the Air Force’s C-17s. Flown by the recently raised 81 Sqn Skylords, the type will significantly improve India’s airlift competences. The Indian Air Force obtained its first three C-17s in June, July and August (in that order) this year. It will inaugurate two more into service before the end of this year, with the remaining five to be supplied in 2014. At present, the US Air Force has finished the training of 20 pilots and 10 loadmasters for the Indian Air Force. (Source: “Boeing C-17 introduced into Indian air force”, Mena Report, 4 September 2013, via Factiva, © 2013 Al Bawaba.) India sends Heron drones to LAC to boost surveillance efforts India’s most potent Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), the Israel-made Herons, are being re-deployed from Western borders to those in the east, along the 4,057 km-long Line of Actual Control (LAC). The relentless aggression of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) seems to have finally driven the Army to take action. The Army, as part of its larger plan to bolster surveillance and monitoring capabilities along the LAC, wants to replace all its Searcher MK-II UAVs ( currently deployed along the border with China) with the Herons. The proposal came directly from the ground formations posted along the LAC. The Army will soon issue a formal communication about the proposal to the MoD, seeking budget and to process it further. (Source: Jugal R Purohit, “India sends Heron drones to LAC to boost surveillance efforts”, Mail Online, 9 September 2013, via Factiva, © 2013 Associated Newspapers.) Drones to shore up security along the Eastern coast A special team, comprising top police officials and scientists, successfully launched a test flight of drones in Kalpakkam. Drones, especially designed for longer range and endurance, would be procured for coastal security purposes in Tamil Nadu, if feasible. The fixed wing mini unmanned air plane will be an aerodynamically designed vehicle with a range of about 30 km and an endurance of at least six hours. The remote controlled Drone will be equipped with technology for the transmission of live visuals to the ground station. (Source: S. Vijay Kumar, “Drones to shore up security along eastern coast“, The Hindu, 20 August 2013, via Factiva, © 2013 Kasturi & Sons Ltd.) India’s launches its first nuclear submarine India has switched on the reactor of its first indigenously designed and built nuclear submarine, the Arihant, giving it the power to launch nuclear missiles from land, air and sea for the first time. Once fully operational, its dozen nuclear- tipped missiles will be capable of devastating foreign cities such as Karachi or Shanghai from hundreds of miles away deep beneath the sea. The Indian Navy’s 6,000-ton vessel’s 85-megawatt nuclear reactor went critical, the point at which a reaction becomes self-sustaining, after months of testing at a military shipyard in Visakhapatnam. The Arihant, which has a top speed of 44km per hour, is the first submarine capable of launching ballistic missiles to have been designed and constructed by a country other than the five recognized nuclear powers — the US, Russia, China, Britain and France. (Source: Robin Pagnamenta , “India’s first nuclear sub leads its quest to join superpowers”, The Times, 12 August 2013, via Factiva, © 2013 Times Newspapers Ltd.) India set to get aircraft carrier from Russia without key air defense weapon India will get INS Vikramaditya, formerly Admiral Gorshkov aircraft carrier, delivered from Russia later this year. The
  29. 29. 29Eye on Defence | 45,000-ton Kiev class INS Vikramaditya will reach India later this year without a Close In Weapon Systems (CIWS) and a LR-SAM on board. However, during the first and immediate refit on the warship’s arrival at the Karwar naval base in Karnataka, Vikramaditya will be retrofitted with a Russian- origin AK-630 rapid fire gun. The LR-SAM will be integrated onto the warship only during its subsequent refit, which could happen after three years. The delay in getting the air defense Long Range Surface-to-Air Missile, or LR-SAM, will be at the Indian end, as the authority has decided to develop one jointly with Israel and the project is facing time overruns. LR-SAM is a defense mechanism to intercept an incoming enemy missile and aircraft that could pose threat to an aircraft carrier. The Indo-Israeli LR-SAM will have a 70-km range, and partners in this venture are the DRDO and the Israeli Aerospace Industries. (Source: “India may get aircraft carrier from Russia minus key weapon”, BBC Monitoring South Asia, 5 August 2013, via Factiva.) Safety check ordered in the aftermath of the submarine blast The Defense Minister ordered an extensive check on weapon-related safety systems on all of its submarines in the aftermath of the blasts on the INS Sindhurakshak. The Russian-built K-class submarine INS Sindhurakshak exploded in flames at its dock in Mumbai, leaving 18 sailors and officers trapped and feared dead on 14 August 2013. Preliminary investigations revealed that the blast had taken place due to the possible ignition of armament. The cause of ignition is, however, yet to be established. Forensic examination would throw more light into the possible cause of ignition. A board of inquiry with all the relevant specialists has been constituted to investigate the likely causes of the accident at the earliest. (Source: “Safety check on subs ordered”, The Asian Age, 21 August 2013, via Factiva, © 2013. Deccan Chronicle Holdings Ltd.) Navy set to upgrade, boost existing fleet The Navy has proposed several projects, such as the upgrade of the Shishumar class (HDW Type 209) submarines, to equip the forces with anti-ship missiles, fire control system upgrade of Kilo submarine, simulators for training the crew on weapons firing and tenders for a new range of conventional submarines. The upgrade of the Shishumar submarines is likely to be cleared at the earliest. It will be a major capability enhancement over the current weapon complement, which consists of torpedoes and mines. The upgrade for two of the four submarines of the class with the Navy is likely to cost under INR10 billion, which will include the purchase of nearly 100 Harpoon missiles from the US. The original manufacturers of the submarine, German company HDW, will be roped in for the upgrade and training of the crew. While INS Shalki and Shankul will be upgraded, a decision on the other two will be taken later. (Source: Manu Pubby, “ Navy set to upgrade, boost existing fleet”, Indian Express, 9 September 2013, via Factiva, © 2013 Indian Express Online Media Pvt. Ltd.) Uncertainty over delivery of nine AgustaWestland choppers The INR 36-billion deal with Italy’s Finmeccanica, marred by allegations of bribery, has created an air of uncertainty for the delivery nine AW 101 helicopters to the Indian Air Force. The trial is set to resume in Italy from September 17 onward into alleged corruption by the top executives of AgustaWestland and Finmeccanica. The judge has approved the list of witnesses requested by the prosecution and the defense, and the two sides will decide on the relevant witnesses to be called for testimony. Mr. Orsi, as Head of Italy-based Finmeccanica and its UK-based helicopter unit AgustaWestland, is accused of taking part in a bid to corrupt Indian officials while competing for a new Indian Air Force VVIP helicopter. AgustaWestland bagged the order worth US$582 million for 12 AW101 helicopters in 2010. The first three VVIP AgustaWestland helicopters, which arrived at the Palam Air Force base, last December have been kept running by the IAF. (Source: Vinay Kumar, “Uncertainty over delivery of 9 AgustaWestland choppers”, The Hindu, 9 September 2013,via Factiva © 2013 Kasturi & Sons Ltd.) Rupee slump not to hit Boeing’s jet orders in India Boeing expects the Indian Rupee’s slump to be temporary and predicts no impact from this on business in Asia. In February, the company forecast that carriers in India will need 1,450 new planes valued at US$175 billion over the next 20 years. The International Air Transport Association predicts that India may become the world’s fastest-growing aviation market after Kazakhstan by 2016. (Source: “Rupee slump not to hit India jet orders: Boeing”, Khaleej Times, 8 September 2013, via Factiva.)
  30. 30. 30 | Eye on Defence Bombardier to explore market for CSeries in India Bombardier is planning to tap the Indian market for its 100-160 seater CSeries aircraft. The commercial aircraft manufacturer has already commenced negotiations with Indian airlines. According to the company, the CSeries has a 12% cost advantage over other new generation aircraft and a 20% cost advantage over older generation aircraft. (Source: “Bombardier to explore market for CSeries in India “, Indian Business Insight, 18 August 2013, via Factiva, © 2013 Informatics (India) Ltd.) UTC to bring products under single brand United Technologies Corporation targets a turnover of US$2.5 billion from its Indian operations. The player is looking at bundling its various products under a unified brand to achieve the target. UTC had reported around US$ 1 billion turnover last fiscal and is confident of achieving the US$2.5-billion target by 2015. The company is planning to offer products such as elevators (OTIS), air conditioners (Carrier), chillers, fire safety and security systems integrated as a technology solution and as a package under a single brand name. The company is also expanding its manufacturing facilities. (Source: “UTC to bring products under single brand”, The Hindu, 25 July 2013, via Factiva © 2013 Kasturi & Sons Ltd.) Rolls-Royce to help Indian companies leverage technical solutions Rolls-Royce launched a program, India Open Innovation programme (IOiN-RR), to identify partners to buy or license new and potentially beneficial technologies. IOiN-RR is designed to identify small- and mid-size Indian organizations to buy or license technologies or techniques that are new and are outside its traditional areas of operation and potentially beneficial, according to a company statement. This would provide Indian organizations with the opportunity to leverage their solutions globally. (Source: “Rolls-Royce to help Indian firms leverage technical solutions”, Press Trust of India, 24 July 2013, via Factiva.)
  31. 31. 31Eye on Defence |
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