Eye On Defense - October 2012

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Eye On Defense - October 2012

  1. 1. Eye on defense October 2012 Dear readers,• Introduction 01 The last few months have been particularly exciting for the • Unmanned aerial vehicles: Indian 02 defense sector with the announcement of the long-awaited market assessment Revised Defense Offset Guidelines and the clearance of some • Offset Policy 2012: a comprehensive 09 key procurement programs. review Amid this rapidly evolving landscape, we are pleased to present the• Night vision devices: a market 14 Eye on Defense, Ernst & Young’s quarterly newsletter on defense assessment for the period July–September 2012. The current issue of Eye• Request for Information (RFIs) 23 on Defense covers key topics, which include a comprehensive analysis of the recently• Request for proposal (RFPs) 24 announced revised Defense Offset Guidelines and market opportunities for relatively new• List of Industrial Licenses (ILs) filed for 26 technology products such as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Night Vision Devices both of the month of July 2012-August 2012 which have major procurement programs on the anvil.• New projects/investments/contracts 27 With the recent revisions in Defense Offset Guidelines allowing investment in “kind,”• Joint ventures and alliances 29 technology transfer as a valid method of offset discharge and multipliers to include micro,• Country-level deals and initiatives 30 small and medium enterprises as part of offset programs, we feel that the domestic defense industry will definitely get a shot in the arm and India will be able to claim its rightful• Industry buzz 31 place in global high-technology pecking order. The new policy will also affect broad-based• Sources 34 development of the synergistic sectors of inland/maritime security and civil aviation. Among the regular sections, we have industrial license applicants, new projects and investments, joint ventures and alliances, country-level deals and the latest buzz in the industry. We hope you enjoy reading this issue. It has been our constant endeavor to make this publication increasingly relevant to you and will appreciate your comments and suggestions in this regard. K. Ganesh Raj Partner and Leader Aerospace and Defense Practice
  2. 2. Unmanned aerial vehicles:Indian market assessmentUnmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) or unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) can be remotelycontrolled or can fly independently based on pre-programmed flight plans or be morecomplex dynamic automation systems. These platforms are used for a variety of potentialmilitary missions such as reconnaissance and surveillance, target acquisition, targetdesignation, communications relay, battle damage assessment, signal intelligence andfor attack roles. Although UAVs represent a relatively small segment of the aerospacemarket, they constitute the dynamic and the most promising sub-market of the industry.The attention toward them is due to their potential for a major expansion and new rolesin the defense and homeland/civil applications. The classifications of UAVs are fairly fluidand they can be done on the basis of performance aspects or on the basis of missions. Oneclassification that is widely used worldwide is done by the US military, which profiles UAVsinto tiers based on altitude; but other factors include endurance, speed, range and size. MQ-1 Predator,A IAI Heron IAIL Searcher, T RQ-2T I Pioneer I E T Netra R I TT E I III R E TU I RD II+ E II RE I High Altitude, High Altitude, Medium Altitude, Low Altitude, Small/ Long Endurance Long Endurance Long Endurance Long Endurance Micro UAV but low UAV UAV (MALE) UAV observable (HALE/HAE)Source: Q-Tech SynergyEye on defense | 2
  3. 3. India UAV market overviewThe Indian Army was thefirst to acquire UAVs, in late UAV’s in India1990s from Israel, followed AURAby the Indian Air Force (IAF)and Navy. In the initial years,most of the UAVs of the Indian GAGAN UAVArmed Forces were procuredfrom Israel’s IAI Malat. TheArmy initially obtained the HAROPSearcher Mark I, followedby the Searcher Mark II and NETRAfinally the Heron. The IAF NRUAVacquired the Searcher Mark I  2000 2005 2010 Future followed by Searcher Mark II Source: Compile by Mr. Amit Kumar Singhbut acquired the Heron UAVsprior to the Indian Army. The Air Force has, of late, acquired the Harop, again from Israel,which is more like an Unarmed Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV). The Indian Navy also acquiredthe Heron UAVs, which suited its long range off shore requirements. All UAVs currentlyheld by the Army are being controlled at the operational level and serve the needs at anincreased level. There is a dire requirement of UAVs at the tactical level, which needs to beprovided to force multiply results at the ground level for undertaking missions with accurateintelligence. Apart from these foreign procurements, all the defense services also haveindigenously developed UAVs — Nishant and Lakshya — in their inventory. More are beingdeveloped. The holding pattern is shown in the figure below.UAVs or Drones are on the rise in the Indian Figure 1: Present HoldingArmed forces. Identified as an essential tool for 13 8 4modernization. In recent years UAVs have becomea staple for Indian border surveillance. Althoughlittle has been done in the field of research on 100 90UAVs so far, government agencies such as Defense IN 4 5%Research and Development Organization (DRDO) IAand Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) had been 27% 50working on projects to develop UAVs indigenously IAF 120 23for the three defense services. DRDO is the primary 68%agency involved in the development of UAVs forthe Armed Forces. Constrained by the limitations 150of defense industry expertise and chronic delays ofDRDO projects, India initially resorted to importing Nishant Lakshya Harpyoff-the-shelf models. Lack of UAVs in the inventoryof defense forces and technological capabilities are Searcher I, MK II Heron I, IIthe cause of a concerted framework for current Source: Compiled by Q-Tech Synergyand future UAV development programs.Eye on defense | 3
  4. 4. Besides the government initiatives, the private sector has also shown keen interest in thedesign and development and production of UAVs. The drive towards formation of JVswith some major global UAV manufacturers also substantiates this fact. Small firms suchas Speck, Alpha, Design Dynamatic Technologies and Coral Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd.are building these drones by partnering with Israeli firms and India’s National AeronauticsLaboratories, or NAL. However, some companies such as Anjani Technoplast, Idea Forge,Mukesh Kumar Udyog (MKU), Taneja Aerospace & Aviation (TAAL) and Jubilant Aeronauticshave taken steps to develop UAVs on their own or with technology collaboration withOEM’s. Some of the private companies that have even got defense license in this andrelated segment comprises: Mahindra Defence Land Systems Mel Systems & Services ECIL, BHEL Zen Technologies BF Utilities Limited Tata Power Co. Ltd Alpha Design Technologies Pvt. Ltd Max Aerospace & Aviation Tata Advanced Systems Ltd Jisnu Communications Ltd Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd Speck Systems Data Patterns (India) Pvt Ltd Halbit Avionics Pvt. Ltd Aurora Integrated Systems Nova Integrated Systems Ltd Varisis Pvt. Ltd Larsen & ToubroFigure 2: World UAV market forecast (2012–2021) 12.00Amount in USD billion 10.00 8.00 6.00 4.00 2.00 0.00 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 US -Procurement and R&D Rest of the World - Procurement and R&D Source: Compiled by Q-Tech SynergyGlobal market size for UAV platformsThe global UAV market is forecasted to be worth US$6.6 billion this year and is expected togrow at a CAGR of 6.4% over the next ten years, reaching US$11.4 billion by 2021. Whilethe global market will be dominated by American manufacturers, Europe’s market share ispredicted to increase; however, significant growth will come from the Asia-Pacific regionespecially from China and India, primarily due to the stressed security environment there.Eye on defense | 4
  5. 5. Market potential in IndiaIt is anticipated that India has bought UAV platforms worth approximately US$1.3 billionsince its first purchase in the late 1990s till date. By the end of the Twelfth Defence Plan(2017), the army wants to equip UAVs down to the battalion level, while the IAF plans tohave fully operational squadrons both of UAV and UCAV by 2017. Keeping in mind thecurrent small holding of UAV systems with the Indian Armed Forces and also the recentlyissued tenders for acquisition of various types of UAV platforms by the Indian MoD; Figure 3: Indian imports : 1999-2012 (in US$ million and %) Others 1,489 ; 10% Ships 363 ; 2% Missiles 1,383 ; 9% UAVs 1,300 ; 9% Armoured vehicles 1,858 ; 12% 8,634 ; 58% Aircraft Source: Compiled by Q-Tech Synergy Figure 4: Anticipated share of UAVs in the Indian defence expenditure (in %) UAVs 1% C4ISR 4% R&D 10% Land 15% Naval 15% Air 30% Others 25% Source: Compiled by Q-Tech SynergyThe UAV segment thus promises an overall opportunity more than the US$2–3 billionin capital procurement over the next 5–10 years (2012–2020). The government,acknowledging the force multiplier role UAVs are to play in the current and emergingnetwork-centric warfare scenario and the naxal situation in hand, has started investingheavily in UAVs/UCAVs to meet the Armed Forces operational requirements. It also wantsto induct a “large number” of man-portable “mini” and “micro” UAVs for short-rangesurveillance and NBC (nuclear, biological, chemical) detection in the battlefield. Rather,India is currently eyeing to acquire almost all types of UAVs — tactical UAV (TUAV), highaltitude long endurance (HALE) UAV, vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) UAV and medium altitude long endurance (MALE) UAVs within the forecast period of 2012–2020.However, among these, the demand for MALE UAVs and TUAVs is expected to increaseduring the period.Eye on defense | 5
  6. 6. Program pipelineThe UAV market is poised to grow at a steady pace in the coming years offering lucrativeopportunities to foreign and indigenous companies. Eyeing the multi-million dollaropportunities that the emerging UAV market of India is likely to offer in the coming years,several international companies have already started vying for the Indian UAV market. Itis also to be noted that lack of technology development capabilities have dogged India’sindigenous UAV programs and is the prime driver for pushing Indian armed forces toprocure from foreign countries. Consequently, even as blueprints for the indigenousdevelopment of UCAVs are now being finalized, the Indian Armed Forces have issuedvarious global RFIs/RFPs (as shown in the table below) to major armament manufacturersworldwide for procurement of UAVs and combat drones. RFIs/RFPs issued Quantity Cost Mini and Macro UAV for Army 500 US$ 85 million High Altitude Long Endurance (HALE) UAV for Army --- US$175 million UAV Mission Simulator for Army 1 US$30 million Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle for IAF --- --- Micro Unmanned Aerial Systems for IAF and IN 95 US$10 million Small VTOL MINI UAS for IAF --- --- High Altitude Long Endurance (HALE) UAV for Navy --- US$150-$200 million Source- Compiled By Q-Tech SynergyIndigenous developmentApart from outright purchase, indigenous design and development efforts are also takingplace due to the Government of India’s push for an increased indigenous capability, thoughthese have met limited success. One way to upgrade the country’s own technology isthrough joint development programs with others. Apart from the programs listed below, the DRDO also has an Independent Unmanned Surveillance Air Vehicle (IUSAV) on thedrawing board, which is similar to the X-45 and X-47 developed in the U.S. and is alsoscouting for a partner simultaneously to develop a high-altitude, long endurance (HALE)solar-powered UAV.Eye on defense | 6
  7. 7. Some of the ongoing indigenous Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) programs are as under: Program Manufacturer Quantity Cost Indian Air Force (IAF) Rustom DRDO Total Quantity: 15 US$60 million for 3 aircraft and 1 ground station AURA Stealth UCAV ADA, DARE --- US$75 million for 2 aircraft and 1 ground station Nirbhay UAV DRDO 30 --- Lakshya-II DRDO --- US$531,687.5 each Indian Navy (IN) Rustom DRDO Total Quantity:15 US$60 million for 3 aircraft and 1 ground station MALE (Medium Altitude Long Endurance) UAV- 10 US$ 225 Million Rustom DRDO PAWAN-Mini UAV DRDO 4 US$ 33.2 Million NIRBHAY UAV DRDO 50-80 --- Naval Rotary UAV DRDO 3 US$232.6 Million Netra, Micro UAV DRDO, IDEAFORGE --- US$50000 each Tech GAGAN Tactical UAV DRDO, HAL & Israel --- US$55.5 Million Indian Army (IA) Rustom DRDO Total Quantity:15 US$60 million for 3 aircraft and 1 ground station Rustom -2 DRDO, ADE and one 10 US$ 342.25 million selected production agency cum develop- ment partner Nishant ADE Total 12; US$4.47million each 4 inducted Slybird Mini-UAV DRDO-ADE, CSIR-NAL, --- US$350,000 for 3 aircraft IITs, IISc & NDRF and 1 ground station Netra DRDO, IDEAFORGE 24 inducted by US$50000 each Tech BSF and CRPFSource: Compiled by Q-Tech SynergyEye on defense | 7
  8. 8. The road aheadIndia’s current holding of UAVs is very little and there is a need for increased quantitiesto meet battlefield requirements for the future. There exists a considerable demandfor unmanned aerial vehicles not just in defense but also in homeland security and civilapplications. Further, in an Indian context, there is an immediate need to weaponize theseunmanned aerial platforms to destroy hostile targets with precision. India foresees thatby 2030, the percentage of manned fleet will be reduced significantly. This, however, iscontingent to how smart and intelligent the unmanned systems can be made.The tenders issued by the MoD in the recent past for VTOL, Medium Altitude LongEndurance UAV, Tactical UAV and UCAV confirm the value of these aircraft as a priorityfor the country. Among the requirements for the Indian forces are a “bomber UAV” anda “fighter UAV.” Rather, keeping in view the threat perceptions along the borders, India ismost likely to possess a fleet of around 30 “fighter/attack” UAVs in the next couple of years.References“Home,” The UAV website, http://www.theuav.com/index.html, accessed 5 September2012.“Unmanned Aerial Vehicles UAVs Indian perspective,” India Strategic website,” http://www.indiastrategic.in/topstories1369_Unmanned_Aerial_Vehicle.htm, accessed 30 August2012.“Jubilant Group to Enter into UAV Market,” Hexxcom website, http://www.hexxcom.com/jubilant-group-to-enter-into-uav-market/, accessed 3 September 2012.“Top 10 Future Military Project of India,” Indian Defence website, www.indiandefence.com/forums/indian-defence-industry/9137-top-10-future-military-project-india.html, accessed 8September 2012.Dan Thisdell, “UAV market set to double,” Flight International, 29 March 2011, via Factiva,© 2011 Reed Business Information Limited.Eye on defense | 8
  9. 9. Offset Policy 2012: a comprehensive review Background In the past issues of Eye on Defense, we have published a series of articles on the offsets discharge mechanism in the Indian MoD, and it is time for us to review the recently announced policy by the MoD. In our previous articles, we have highlighted the various drawbacks in the policy and also indicated the mood of the industry, both domestic and foreign. From the various conferences and seminars, we gathered a substantial amount of information and had a fair idea of the proposed changes. We are happy to intimate our readers, that quite a few of our inferences-turned-predictions have seen the light of the day and have been included in the recently announced Defense Offset Guidelines. Major takeaways: a snapshot The Defense Offset Guidelines announced by the Indian MoD, is a forward-looking document incorporating the worlds’ best practices. The good part of the inclusion is that it has been tailor made for a perfect fit to Indian conditions. While the penalties hitherto were open ended, with cumulative and Recognition of technology transferred to enable manufac- recurring recoveries, a cap of 20% of the total obligation has been turing or for a complete acquisition of technologies imposed during the period of the main procurement sought after by the Indian MoD. This is associated contract. In addition, the period of discharge of offsets with attractive multiplier effects for realization obligations has been extended by two years. of offset credits. Risk mitigation Technology The fuzzy nature of responsibility that existed with a distributed responsibility pattern, has now been The MoD has allowed foreign OEMs to make investment in clearly defined. While the acquisition wing will be kind in the private Indian companies, public sector responsible for all RFP-related work on offsets, till Responsibility Investment companies as well as to government institutions. Eachthe signing of the offset contract, the newly formed defined in kind type of transfer has certain conditions attached to it and Defense Offsets Management Wing (DOMW) will Takeaways had come well packaged. take care of post-contract monitoring, banking and policy formulation. Focus on small Eligibility of Tier 1 vendors are allowed to discharge offsets on industries Tier 1 vendors behalf of the OEMs. There was a grey area here, and This policy has a definite focus on small the MoD has clarified the position with industry benefits industries, providing a multiplier of 150% in mind. for choice of an Indian offset partner from the Offset banking MSME segment. Forward thinking here by the Government will allow the validity to be extended for a period of seven years and has also invited projects for all the good work already executed so far, to be submitted by March 2013. Eye on defense | 9
  10. 10. TechnologyTechnology transfers, which have hitherto been delinked from the scope of offsetsdischarge, have now been included. The Government has included two types of technologytransfers, one for the transfer of manufacturing technology and the other for high-endtechnologies of a more strategic nature.To enable manufacturing to take place or for provision of services, the Governmenthas proposed a non-equity route of investment in Indian enterprises for co-production,co-development and production. An OEM can transfer such technology to an IOP, formanufacture or for provision of services of eligible products. The OEM will be incentivizedby a multiplier of 110% for the buy-back of the products as an outcome of such technologytransfer. Thus, while allowing technology transfers, a multiplier effect has also beenprovided. This is a very welcome step, since most Indian companies have now reached athreshold where in they are likely to require only an incremental help to deliver world-classproducts. There is an incentive for the OEM to transfer such technology and for the Indianindustry to benefit from such a transfer and also move to global markets.The other type of technology transfer introduced in the new guidelines, is in the form ofan acquisition. This is a very innovative method of offset discharge; as such a model doesnot exist in any other country globally. The concept is one of technology acquisition withthe responsibility and accountability for technology absorption and further exploitation,duly placed on the DRDO, the custodian of Defense technologies. This makes it furtherinteresting, since on the one hand the OEMs have been constantly complaining that theIndian industry does not have the capability to absorb technology or offsets and on theother hand the Indian industry has been complaining that offsets in real terms are notvisible. The Technology Acquisition will adequately bridge this gap and the modus operandifor technology acquisition, is pretty simple and straight forward. For the first time, theMoD has also come out with the type of technologies they are on the lookout for, althoughthis may not be the complete and exhaustive list that an OEM is likely to encounter. It isbelieved that the MoD/DRDO will be more aggressive in seeking technologies that arecontemporary and at the cutting edge levels for a more meaningful utilization of these.DRDO will nominate a center of excellence for absorbing the technology so offered andwill also undertake an exhaustive evaluation of the technologies in terms of its relevanceand usage as well as create a model for a financial evaluation. Thus the best brains will bebehind technology acquisition and the domestic industry is likely to benefit in many waysthan one. This also attracts the maximum multiplier effect in terms of upto 300% for fulland unfettered rights over the technology so offered.For the last five years the OEMs have been constantly complaining that the MoD is notfocused on inducting state of the art technologies with suitable multipliers, and now thatit is in place, it is to be seen if the OEMs now will be willing to come forward and offer suchtechnologies in the offset model presented. This is an attractive proposition and is going tobe a very lucrative one.Eye on defense | 10
  11. 11. Investment in kindThe consolidated policy on FDI, released by the Government of India, already allowsinvestment in kind to be recognized as valued FDI and thus forms a component of theFDI. The erstwhile DPP 2006 till DPP 2011, did mention of a DFI and not FDI, since evenaccording to the FDI policy, the DFI is seen to be a more encompassing term. When theterm DFI was introduced in DPP 2006, it was intended to draw investments in kind, since itwas still believed that India was a FE surplus country and the need of the hour was to buildcapability, with a definite focus on the Defense industrial base.The recently released guidelines do make a clear differentiation in equity (cash) andinvestment in kind, although they both are components of DFI. By doing so, the MoD hasprovided the much needed clarity for the industry, without reference to extant regulationsin the consolidated FDI policy. Investment in kind is conditional to derive any benefit interms of offset credits. If the investment in kind is in terms of technology, then we havediscussed this in the above paragraphs and it comes with a multiplier of 110%. If theinvestment in kind is in terms of equipment, through the non-equity route for manufactureror provision of services of eligible products, then a buy-back of 40% of the product ismandated, in order that full realization of the offset credits accrues. There have been someinstances where in the beneficiaries have been government-owned workshops, which arenon-commercial organizations. In such cases the buy-back is not mandated. These havebeen some of the thoughtful checks and balances integrated into this document.MSME segment: good initiativeThe MoD has done well to bring the MSME segment in to the limelight of the grandprocurements of the Defense services. Should the foreign OEM choose a micro, small ormedium enterprise as an IOP, they are likely to get a multiplier of 150% of the businesstransacted, subject to value addition in India. This is a great initiative and this would trulygo a long way to enlarge the defense industrial base. If India lives in villages, the Indianindustry lives in MSMEs.The OEMs are likely to take this very seriously to maximize on their offset creditsrealization. The Ministry of MSME lays down the norms of the MSMEs, and the NationalSmall Industries Corporation (NSIC), is a mini ratna PSU, under the Ministry of MSME,for the development of the small industry segment. Indian Defense industry has beendependent on the MSME segment for niche capabilities, and the Defense PSUs, ordnancefactories and others do source a considerable amount of their requirements from theMSMEs. This is bound to be beneficial to both the MSMEs in India and the foreign OEMs.Eye on defense | 11
  12. 12. Other refinementsThe MoD has taken the right steps to reduce the risk arising out of offsets in terms of costpenalty on the main acquisition and have hence, capped the total penalties to a maximumof 20% of the total offset obligation during the period of the main procurement contract,while also providing an extended window for discharge. Banking of offset credits has beenfurther liberalized with a seven-year period of validity (although it could have very well beenmore), with DOMW, nominated as the single window agency for approvals and monitoring.OEMs, who have made investments in India till now, are advised to create offset bankingproposals and place them before the DOMW for approval before March 2013. Tier 1vendors have been allowed to discharge offsets on behalf of their OEMs, which is a standardpractice world over. Finally, there is more clarity on the agency to be approached for anyquery regarding offsets — if it is related to the RFP in question, then it is the Acquisitionwing and if it is to do with anything else, then it is the DOMW, which is still under formation.Is this enough?Any policy is as good as the system of implementation; therefore, the strength lies inimplementation. It will be interesting to see the path the MoD adopts to make offsetsimplementation effective. It will also be interesting to see how the DOMW takes off fromwhere DOFA left.Although the MoD has taken into consideration various concerns of the industry — the spiritis in the background and the letter will play an important role. While the emphasis is onmandatory compliance, there is still a gap in terms of effective quality checks.Value addition is still a concern, since the stance of MoD to count all foreign componentsaway from the calculation of offsets credits, will be difficult to implement. It is commonknowledge that India as a country does not produce quality raw material. Even if themanufacturing capability exists, raw material has still to be imported, what then is valueaddition? MoD needs to make suitable corrections in this regard. Another good comparisonexists within the DPP itself, wherein the indigenous component in a “Buy Indian” category isstipulated at 30%; therefore, a case exists for 30% or 50% value addition to be counted forfull offset credits.Eye on defense | 12
  13. 13. Policy statement to provide multipliers for choosing MSMEs as Indian Offset Partner islikely to be a step in the right direction but to realize the full potential of this segment itneeds to be enabled to participate in MoD contracts, with technology, funding supportand management support. Venture capital funds must be encouraged to provide fundingsupport to the Indian industry, with a focus on the MSME segment and a mechanism shouldbe evolved for provision of offsets credits as well.Banking of offsets credits needs to be more liberal and easy for OEMs to execute, to enableOEMs to make increased number of long-term commitments to the Indian industry.ConclusionThe expansion of scope of discharge of offsets to include the synergistic sectors of civilaviation and inland security is a positive step and the OEMs must look at these options fordischarge more seriously. OEMs must come forward to create more projects in banking andthe advantage of the time differential provided. The Indian industry must create capabilitiesin both manufacturing and services sector, through suitable investments and acquiringmandatory certifications. More Investment in Research and Development must be madeby the private industry. Public private partnerships are important for a more meaningfulparticipation in significant contracts as well as for capability building. In future, the MoD willcontinue to engage with the industry for a more forward-looking policy.Eye on defense | 13
  14. 14. Night vision devices:a market assessment IntroductionA night vision device (NVD) is an optical instrument that allows images to be produced inlevels of light approaching total darkness. By using these devices one can effectively “see”an object at a distance of up to 7,000 meters under pitch dark conditions.It uses ambient light (light from moon and stars) including lower portion of the infrared lightspectrum, which is present but can be imperceptible to our eyes, and amplifying it to thepoint that we can easily observe the image.Working and constructionFigure 5: Working of a night vision deviceSource: www.howstuffworks.comAn NVD works on the principle of focusing ambient light (photons) into a tube, convertingthem into electrons, accelerating them and then projecting them onto a phosphor screen toconvert them to photons and produce an image. The following table details out the processand functions of each component:Eye on defense | 14
  15. 15. Table: Night Vision Device parts and their functionsComponent Construction Function Remarks Manufacturing Manufacturing capability available capability available in internationally IndiaSwitch and Infra Red It is a military grade Rotary An external switch is used to switch These switches are Manufacturing andLED Micro Switch. on the NVD and spray the object available off the shelf with integrating capability to be viewed with infra red light to multiple vendors. available locally make it easier to detect.Front lenses/ A conventional lens coated Used to capture ambient as well as Generally, major vendors Manufacturing andobjective lens with Germanium is fitted into some infra red light such as Fuji and Carl Zeiss integrating capability for the housing, which is made out are preferred; machining lenses available locally; of aerospace alloy. of housing is likely to machining capability likely be done by a five-axis to be developed on a build machine to print basisImage intensifier It contains a photocathode Incoming light particles (Photons) Worldwide, there is only There is hardly any local(constitutes almost followed by a microchannel are converted to electrons by the a limited number of capability to manufacture50% of the cost of plate (tiny glass disc that has photocathode and accelerated manufacturers of image image intensifier tubes.manufacturing an millions of microscopic holes by the high voltage generated intensifier tubes areNVD) in it, which is made using by batteries. On passing through available. Outside of the fiber-optic technology) covered the Microchannel Plate they are US1 Photonis of France is on both sides by cathodes multiplied many times over before the only available vendor. and in the end is a phosphor finally colliding with the Phosphor screen. All of this is contained screen to produce increased within a housing connected to intensity of image. batteries.Battery They use conventional AA The batteries are used to generate It is available off the shelf Manufacturing and lithium batteries. high voltage to accelerate electrons. with multiple vendors. integrating capability of these batteries are available locally.Eye lenses/ocular lens It is same as front lenses/ These are used to magnify and It is same as front lenses/ It is same as front lenses/ objective lens. focus the image. objective lens. objective lens. Above table is based on a military–grade, hand-held monocular device and on Ernst & Young research. 1 US has restrictive technology regimes which do not allow export of critical technologies like Image Intensifiers NVDs are being manufactured for more than 40 years now. Subsequent advancements in technology have resulted in dramatic improvements in resolution and sensitivity. These advancements in technology were reflected in changing terminology and categorization by “generation.” Each significant advancement in NVD technology is denoted by a new generation. After begining with Generation 0 or Gen 0, today countries are using products of classification Gen 3 and working on improving it to Gen 4. “Gen x” is the terminology used for Night Vision Equipment manufactured in the US; for the same kind of equipment, corresponding terminology used in Europe is “XD x” (Product characteristics and performance of a Gen 3 product are similar to an XD 4 Product). Applications and uses Night Vision devices are most often used by the military and law enforcement agencies as force multipliers against enemy targets at night. It is also used extensively by the military for navigation, surveillance and targeting. Commercial grade NVDs are also available to civilians for various applications. They are available as monocular, binocular or goggles. Eye on defense | 15
  16. 16. They can be hand held, helmet mounted, head mounted, gun mounted, hand held weaponmounted, or any other form as the platform desires. They are also likely to come with apicatinny rail, IR laser illuminator, IR LED illuminator and magnification lenses. Following arethe various uses that an NVD can be put to:1. Night vision products for police, military, border patrol and security • Night aiming devices for hand-held weapons • Night aiming device for artillery guns • Night aiming devices for armored vehicles (tanks, infantry fighting vehicles etc.) • Night aiming devices for snipers • Night vision devices for drones (UAV) • Night vision single/dual lens goggle with head mount for drivers • Goggles for pilots • Night vision binoculars for long range observation • Night vision for night photography (professional grade)2. Night vision for commercial market • Night vision for hunters • Night vision for commercial marine • Night vision for night photography (Commercial grade) • Night vision for astronomy • Night vision for TV journalists (TV-News Teams) • Night vision for private investigatorsEye on defense | 16
  17. 17. Indian market for night vision equipmentIndia has entered one of the most sustained and intensive cycles of defense equipmentprocurement and upgrade. According to the Report of Working Group on DefenseEquipment in India, enhancing its night fighting capability has emerged as one of the mostcritical areas of focus with its potency and derivative demand arising out of applicationacross platforms.Until a short while ago, Indian forces had been using Night Vision products of secondgeneration, which are operationally much inferior to the latest third generation equipmentavailable in the global market. In early 2010, the Army reported that it was short by around30,000 third-generation NVDs. As part of its modernization and upgrading weaponry, theIndian Army has planned to equip all its battalions with night vision equipment. In additionto this, stand alone projects for equipping platforms ranging from armored vehicles tohelicopters with night fighting capability have made this opportunity one of the mostexciting opportunities available in the Indian Defense procurement plan. A considerablepart of demand in NVDs has also been originating out of the modernization of forces thatMHA is undertaking for the Central and the state police forces.So far, India is only able to satisfy its demand through imports. There have been attemptsto import devices in parts to India in order to assemble them on location. Apart from thisno Indian company has been able to indigenously manufacture a Third Gen Night VisionDevice. Technical tie-ups and outright import have served to fulfill the rising demand. Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) has won around 80% of contracts from the Ministry ofHome Affairs for night vision devices over the last three years. It was chosen as a singlevendor to supply the Paramilitary Forces with 32,766 telescopic night vision devices. BELstarted supplying the NVDs in September 2010. Kits were supplied from SDS in Israel andBEL performed assembly in India. In 2011 BEL received another order to manufacture30,634 NVDs for rifles, rocket launchers, light machine guns and binoculars from theIndian Army. There were incidents of irregularities in supplies due to which deliveries had tobe stopped. The status of these projects is uncertain.Thus the night vision market has opened for other private players indicating bettercompetitive environment in the near future. It provides a unique opportunity for the Indianindustry to become key partners in system integration for global OEMs and address theestimated US$1 billion night vision equipment opportunity arising out of the Indian marketin the next seven year horizon.Market potentialGlobally, demand for night vision devices has gone up dramatically in the last couple ofyears as a large number of countries are embarking upon soldier modernization programs(most noteworthy of them being Land Warrior of USA, FIST of UK, Felin of France, COBRAof Brazil and ldZ of Germany). These are expected to standardize NVD as part of standardkit for soldiers thereby creating a large demand in the next two to eight years time.Market potential of night vision devices is likely to be better understood by trying to analyzeit against the backdrop of recently awarded contract and then projecting the future demandarising out of both the Ministry of Defense and Ministry of Home Affairs.Eye on defense | 17
  18. 18. Recent contracts Following noteworthy contracts have been awarded since January 2010:Buyer Seller Product No. of Units Size of Order Central Police Forces (Ministry of Home Affairs) Passive Night Vision TelescopicBorder Security Force BEL INR81,63,71,919/- Sights for 5.56 mm INSAS Rifle Passive Night Vision TelescopicBorder Security Force BEL INR234,04,42,196/- Sights for 5.56 mm INSAS RifleITBP BEL Night Vision Binocular 25 INR61,49,385/-NSG BEL PNV Goggles 100 INR1,30,87, 300/-NSG BEL PNV Goggles 103 INR1,34,79,919NSG BEL PNV Binocular INR27,19,541/-NSG BEL PNV Goggles for drivers 20 INR67,19,360 M/s Aligator Designs Night Sight for SIG (SWAT) AssaultNSG 128 INR2,86,96,648/- Pvt. Ltd RiflesSehestra Seva Bal - PNV Monocular 75 INR1,47,00,000/-Sehestra Seva Bal - PNV Binocular 98 INR2,63,00,000CRPF - Passive Night Vision Binocular 3240 Approx. INR100,00,00,000CRPF - Passive Night Vision Monocular 3804 Approx. INR100,00,00,000 Armed Forces (Ministry of Defense)Army Commander SpecialFinancial Power Cell Northern - Passive Night Sight for INSAS 100 INR3,20,00,000CommandArmy Commander Special - Passive Night Vision Binocular 150 INR4,50,00,000Financial Power Cell Northern Placed orders for NIS 153 million; previous orders Star Defense include a NIS 40 million order in February, a NIS 13MoD Night Vision Equipment Systems of Israel million order in September 2010, and a NIS 130 million order in August 2010 Future opportunity Including the two yet unfulfilled orders placed upon BEL by the Paramilitary Forces (32,766 NVDs) and the Armed Forces (30,634 NVDs), following programs constitute a majority of future opportunity arising out of the market for NVDs in India. Whereas the program and nature of procurement opportunity is likely to be identified, the quantum of procurement remains a matter of analysis. Thus the numbers are only indicative. Eye on defense | 18
  19. 19. Ministry of Defense1. Helicopter Pilot Sights: The Army Aviaton branch is procuring advanced night-vision goggles (NVGs) for its pilots flying helicopters such as Cheetahs, Chetaks and Dhruv advanced light helicopters to enable them to operate effectively after sunset. An RFI for aircrew advanced night vision goggles for Indian army aviation was released during the first half of 2010. Procurement and induction will be carried out in phases. The program is expected to be extended to include inductions of new helicopters in the armed forces, which is slated to be to the tune of 1,100 helicopters in the next ten years.2. F-INSAS: The Future Infantry Soldier as a System has been taken up to equip the Indian infantry with advanced weaponry, communication network and instant access to information on the battlefield. The F-INSAS roadmap, laid out by Indian defense officials at the projects outset, states that the new system will be supplied to eight to ten infantry battalions (up to 10,000 soldiers) by 2015, with all 325 battalions (each with 800–1,000 soldiers) fully upgraded by 2020. • As part of the program, RFPs for 44,000 Close Quarter Carbines and 66,000 Assault Rifles, along with holographic weapon sights and mounted “3rd Gen” Night Vision device, have already been issued and are in various stages of finalization. This will be followed by indigenous manufacture of a large number of similar modular carbines by the Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) under transfer of technology. • Night vision devices, as part of this program, will also be helmet mounted and the total quantum of order could be in the range of 300,000 units.3. Land systems: Armored vehicles and tanks require night vision equipment for driver, gunners and commander sight. Proposals to equip the army’s land systems are in various stages of implementation/procurement. • BMP upgrade program — Around 2,200 Soviet-designed “Sarath” BMP-II infantry combat vehicles (ICVs) lack night-fighting capability. A considerable portion of these will be upgraded in phases. • Tank driver sights — These will be supplied to around 2,000–2,200 Russian and locally built T-72 and T-72M1s “Ajeya” main battle tanks (MBTs), which form the backbone of its 59-odd armor regiments, • Future Infantry Combat Vehicle “make” program will take off soon, under which, vehicles will be manufactured by Indian companies in India. This will involve mounting of around 2,600 vehicles with night sights. • Overall a composite opportunity of around 6,000 sights is likely to be on the horizon from this section of platforms.4. Field Artillery Rationalization Plan • As part of the FARP, Indian MoD plans to induct around 3,800 artillery guns in the next 10-year horizon. Out of these, around 1,700 guns will be manufactured indigenously. Artillery guns will require night vision sights to be integrated onto the platform. • Apart from these, there is an upgrade program in the pipeline for light field gun (105mm) and Russian M146 gun (130mm). The quantum arising out of this will be to the tune of 1,200 guns.5. Other platforms • Night vision devices are planned to be mounted on rocket launchers, air defense systems (such as VSHORAD) and anti-tank manpads.Eye on defense | 19
  20. 20. Ministry of Home Affairs 1. Strengthening of Central Police Forces: Ministry of Home Affairs has sanctioned 2,671 passive NVDs (monocular), 8,052 passive NVDs (binocular), 8,109 passive weapon sights and 203 night-vision goggles to be procured for forces such as Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Border Security Force (BSF), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) and the elite “black cat” commando National Security Guard (NSG). 2. Modernization of Police Forces: Conceived by the Bureau of Police Research and Development, police modernization plan is the flagship program of MHA to modernize and increase effectiveness of state police forces. Enhancement of night surveillance capability is also a focus area. Currently tenders have been opened for Gadchiroli Police, Maharashtra Police for both nght vision binocular and monocular, Bihar Police for binoculars (50 Units), Tamil Nadu Police for night vision binoculars (90 Units), and Kerala Police for binoculars. Recently concluded contracts have been with Andhra Police (25 Units), Uttrakhand Police and Kerala Police (20 Units), Assam Police (14 Units), Jharkhand Police (100 Units), Karnataka Police (12 Units) and Puducherry Police (5 Units). Other agencies 1. Critical infrastructure protection: Night vision equipment also finds application in surveillance and protection of critical infrastructure. An indicative list of institutions which have procured Night Vision Devices lately consists of Rajiv Gandhi Thermal Power Plant, Hisar, Haryana, Chidambaranar Port Trust, Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu, Northern Railway (100 Units), Eastern Railways (209 units binocular devices), South East Central Railway, ECIL, Chief Conservator Of Forest, Haldwani, Uttarakhand, Department Of Forest, Tadong, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh Forest Department, Shimla. Also Airport Authority of India has approved proposals for equipping 50 airports with night vision devices, which have already been done it on four airports.Companies in IndiaCompany Details of operationBELOP - BEL of • BE-DELFT Electronics, a joint venture between Bengaluru-based Bharat Electronics (BE) and Delft Instruments, Holland wasIndia with Delft renamed as BEL Optronic Devices in 2002.Instruments of • The company provides research, development and manufacture of Image Intensifier Tubes and associated high voltage powerHolland supply units for use in military, security and commercial systems. • In 2011 BELOP announced that it has an order from the Indian Army for 30,000-plus pieces. The three-year contract is learnt to be worth INR9 billion.Rolta of India with • Rolta plans to manufacture night vision goggles through its JV with Thales.Thales of France • The company has planned to set up a facility in Mumbai, and obtained industrial license for the same. • Core technology is expected to be provided by Thales and Rolta is likely to assemble in India. • Rolta has displayed famous products from the stables of Thales such as LUCIE, MONIE at various forums and exhibitions.Tata Advanced • Under an MoU, the companies will partner to supply manufacturing capabilities in India, for maintenance and life-cycle supportSystems Ltd. of for Gen 3 night vision products.India with ITT Exelis • ITT plans to provide TASL with the latest Gen 3 night vision image intensifier tubes and kits. Thereafter, manufacture of highof the US precision components and sub-assemblies of the devices will be undertaken by TASL. • Since intensifier tubes of Gen 3 is a restricted technology in the US, the outlook of conversion of this support agreement into a manufacturing subcontract agreement remains circumspect.MKU of India with • The company plans to provide latest and indigenously developed advanced range of NVDs with a total investment of INR1billion.an undisclosed • The range of NVDs will include three night vision devices, i.e., monocular, binoculars (single tube), and binoculars (twin tube, forForeign partner 3D vision at night). In addition, they will also manufacture night sights, which can be attached to carbines, assault rifles, sniper rifles, and machine guns. Eye on defense | 20
  21. 21. Opto Electronic • Night vision equipment is assembled at this facility.Factory Dehradun • Thermal Imaging Night Sight for T-72 (CTI T-72) has been developed by OLF in association with IRDE, Dehradun.of India • The company has supplied night vision devices to the CRPF in 2000, to Assam Rifles in 2002 and to the ITBP in 2007.General Optics Asia • The company has applied for a industrial license for guidance and navigation equipment, imaging equipment and night vision devices, sensors, surveillance equipment and parts thereof. • It plans to invest around INR250 million for the above.Alpha Design • Alpha-ITL Electro-Optics has been accorded DGS&D (QA) Certification for bulk manufacture of more than 15,000 NVDs perTechnology of India year.with ITL Optronics • It does so under a License Agreement from M/s ITL Optronics Ltd., Israel.Ltd. of IsraelBEL of India with • BEL is expected to set up their first Image intensifier Tube XD4 (equivalent to “Gen 3“ of the US) production facility outsidePhotonis of France Europe in India (at BEL’s facility in Pune).BECIL with a • In 2010 Assam Rifles procured 2,000 night vision devices from BECILRussian Firm • BECIL developed the NVD in collaboration with a Russian firm.Defsys of India • Defsys applied for an industrial license for simulators, rifle sights, night vision sights (5000 units at an investment of INR120 million). • The company is looking at a possible collaboration with New Nogalight under SDS Group of Israel.ITI of India • India’s oldest PSU, ITI, is searching for a partner to provide ToT to manufacture night vision equipment. They released an RFP to this effect in July 2011. • They intend to participate in the contracts floated by CRPF for 3241 binoculars and 3804 monoculars. Among the other companies that have shown interest in the Indian market are SDS of Israel (which has already won contracts in India) and Meopta Systems, Czech Republic and OIP Sensor Systems, Belgium who have bid on India contracts for NVDs. Other international companies that are looking to target the Indian market are strategic conglomerates such as Zeiss in Germany, ITT in the US, Thales Angenieux in France and Simrad in Norway. Challenges • Technology transfer restrictions: Internationally, sensitive technologies such as night vision are characterized by restrictive technology regimes. Majority of the defense contractors, who possess these technologies, are either government owned or funded. Hence, they have sovereign sensitivities and concerns in establishing operations outside their countries. • Export restrictions: The item code 9004 90 10 under the Definition - Passive Night Vision goggles is restricted under the ITC (HS) Classification as ITC(HS). As the item is listed as restricted for export purposes, an export license has to be applied from DGFT (Director General of Foreign Trade) by the exporting entity. • Manufacturing restrictions: According to exhibit no.7 (contd.), press note no. 9(1991 series) of the National Industrial Policy 1991, night vision devices come under the category of compulsory licensing in accordance with the DIPP. • Single vendor risk: India has not been able to develop technical capability to manufacture image intensifier tubes indigenously. These are manufactured by Photonis of France (apart from US companies). This is a potential single vendor situation, which will affect scalability and continuity of the business in the absence of indigenous manufacturing technology. Eye on defense | 21
  22. 22. ConclusionThere is a significant opportunity for NVDs in the Indian market. It is expected to crossUS$1 billion in the next five years. The demand for night vision equipment is direct(hand-held systems) as well as derivative (mounting on platforms). The dramatic increasein interest in this market is being generated as all the armed forces (the Army, the AirForce, and the Navy), Central Police Forces, Paramilitary Forces and state police forceshave announced big ticket projects, which emphasizes on enhancement of night fightingcapability. Not only this, critical infrastructure protection and its commercial applicationsalso make it an interesting opportunity.India has not been able to develop manufacturing capability for third generation NVDs,mostly due to technical difficulties in not being able to manufacture and assembleimage intensifier tubes. Further critical technology export restrictions of various nationshave prevented India to achieve complete indigenization in night vision technology andconsequently India has relied mostly on import from other nations.Despite this, all major manufacturers of NVDs in the world are now eyeing the attractiveopportunity that Indian procurement scenario presents. This is evident from the latest jointventures formed by ITT Exelis of the US with Tata Advanced Systems to manufacture thirdgeneration NVDs in India and BEL and Photonis of France tying up to manufacture XD4image intensifier tubes at Pune. More such arrangements are expected to be finalized,resulting in various joint ventures (JVs), co production arrangements, and marketingarrangement with Indian companies becoming primes on “Global Buy” programs andtransfer of technology with production in India.ReferencesAjai Shukla, “Deep deficiencies abound in defence procurement,” Business Standard, 31March 2012, via Factiva, © 2012 Business Standard Ltd.“Track Your IL Application,” Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion website, http://dipp.nic.in/English/policy/Appli_Status.aspx, accessed 15 September 2012.“Open Tenders,” Indian Tenders website, http://tenders.gov.in/, accessed 30 September2012.“Inside story of India’s biggest night vision device scam,” Syed Nazakat world press.comwebsite, http://syednazakat.wordpress.com/2011/06/04/inside-story-of-indias-biggest-night-vision-device-scam/, accessed 15 September 2012.“Fight tonight! night vision programmes in Asia,” Defense Review Asia website, http://www.defencereviewasia.com/articles/172/FIGHT-TONIGHT-NIGHT-VISION-PROGRAMMES-IN-ASIA, accessed 20 September 2012.“Portfolio: Night vision devices,” Rolta Thales website, http://www.rolta.com/rolta-thales/portfolio/night-vision.html, accessed 20 September 2012.Ministry of Defense 2010-112 annual report.Rajat Pandit, “Indian Army’s modernization drive gathers steam,” The Times of India, 24December 2011, via Factiva, © 2011 The Times of India Group.“ITT Exelis and Tata Advanced Systems Limited Partner to Manufacture Generation 3 NightVision Devices in India,” Business Wire, 29 March 2012, via Factiva.Ministry of Home Affairs 2010-11 annual report.Eye on defense | 22
  23. 23. Request for Information (RFIs)(June 2012–September 2012)Date of Issue RFI Details Response Date Issued By Service26 Jun 2012 Terrestrial Trunked Radio 31 July 2012 Directorate General Of Weapons And Equipment (WE-9) Indian Army (TETRA) Handheld Radio2 July 2012 Driving Simulator with Motion 30 July 2012 Directorate General of Supplies and Transport (ST-11) Indian Army Platform10 July 2012 Anti Material Rifle 5 Aug 2012 Directorate General of Infantry / Infantry – 5 Indian Army12 July 2012 Tracked Excavator 8 Ton 16 Aug 2012 Combat Engineers Directorate, Comb Indian Army Engrs - 613 July 2012 Breaching Munition 5 Aug 2012 Directorate General of Infantry / Infantry – 5 Indian Army General Staff Branch16 July 2012 CBRN Mobile Decontamination 23 Aug 2012 Combat Engineers Directorate, Comb Engrs-6 Indian Army System(Personnel and Equipment)16 July 2012 CBRN Mobile Decontamination 23 Aug 2012 Combat Engineers Directorate, Indian Army System (Vehicle and Comb Engrs-6, Infrastructure)26 July 2012 Bore Pump Action Shot Gun 15 Aug 2012 Directorate General of Infantry / Infantry – 5 Indian Army (PASG)16 Aug 2012 ELINT Intercept Receiver for 25 Nov 2012 Directorate General of Indian Army Mountainous Terrain Military Intelligence16 Aug 2012 Internet Protocol (IP) Radio 1 Oct 2012 DGWE-9 , Working Group CDNS Indian Army23 Aug 2012 155mm Wheeled (Self Propelled) 20 Sep 2012 Directorate General of Artillery, Artillery-14 Indian Army Gun31 Aug 2012 Precision Approach Radar (PAR) 27 Sep 2012 Directorate of Naval Air Staff Integrated Headquarters Indian Navy4 Sep 2012 Modular Individual Load Carrying 5 Oct 2012 Directorate general of Infantry / PMO FINSAS Indian Army Equipment (MILE)5 Sep 2012 Igla 1M Missile 30 Sep 2012 Dte General of Army AD, Room No-606 Indian Army6 Sep 2012 Mobile Electromagnetic 30 Sep 2012 Army Centre for Electromagnetics Indian Army Interference (EMI) / Electromagnetic Susceptibility (EMS) Lab7 Sep 2012 Strela 10M Missile 20 Sep 2012 DIR (PROC) Army Air Defence General Staff Branch Indian Army25 July 2012 Airport Surveillance Radar 23 Aug 2012 Directorate of Naval Air Staff Integrated Headquarters Indian Navy25 July 2012 Fibre Optics Test and 28 Aug 2012 Principle Director Weapon Equipment Indian Navy Measurement Facilities4 Sep 2012 Submarine Rescue Bell System 20 Sep 2012 Directorate of Special Operations and Diving Indian Navy18 Sep 2012 1 KW HF Transmitter/ 19 Oct 2012 Directorate of Naval Signals Room No 6, Sena Bhawan ‘C’ Indian Navy Transreceiver Set Wing20 Sep 2012 High Speed Expendable Aerial 30 Nov 2012 Directorate of Staff Requirements Indian Navy Target Integrated Headquarters of MoD (Navy)24 July 2012 HF RT Sets for communication 24 Aug 2012 PD C4ISR Indian Air Force24 July 2012 Spatial disorientation training 24 Aug 2012 PD ASR Indian Air simulator Force7 Sep 2012 Expression of Interest: QR/ 22 Sep 2012 Commn Branch, Dte. Gen., CRPF CRPF Specification of Mini UAV18 Sep 2012 Expression of Interest: Hand 30 Sep 2012 Commn Branch, Dte. Gen., CRPF CRPF Held Satellite Phone18 Sep 2012 Expression of Interest: Satellite 30 Sep 2012 Commn Branch, Dte. Gen., CRPF CRPF Personal Tracker System Eye on defense | 23
  24. 24. Request for Proposal (RFPs)(June 2012 - September 2012)Date of Issue RFI Details/Equipments Response Date Issued By Remarks18 July 2012 IP Based CCTV Surveillance 13 Aug 2012 OC IT, IT Cell, Officers Training For IA Academy, Gaya6 Aug 2012 Carts SA 7.62 mm Sniper ammunition 8 Oct 2012 DDG PPO For Army7 Aug 2012 Mini UAVs 5 Sep 2012 Director ACSFP Cell For Army Commander; Qty: 209 Aug 2012 Vibration Insulator 30 Aug 2012 Central Ordnance Depot- For Indian Army Kandivli (E), Mumbai23 Aug 2012 Counter Terrorism Operations Planning 27 Nov 2012 Counter Terrorism Operations For IA Tool and Wargaming System Planning Tool and Wargaming System27 Aug 2012 Engineer Recee Equipment for BMP-II 19 Sep 2012 OIC ACSFP, HQ Western For IA; Qty: 08 Units Command, GS (Jt Ops) Branch4 Sep 2012 Holographic Weapon Sight For Rifle AK 15 Oct 2012 GOC-in-C, For IA (Commander) 47 HQ Northern Command Qty 520 Nos.7 Sep 2012 Vehicles Modification of Network 20 Sep 2012 Headquarters Western For IA Operational Centres (NOC) Tactical Data Command Network (TDN)18 Sep 2012 Interactive Fire Arm Training Model and 16 Oct 2012 GSO -1(Trg) HQ Infantry For IA Simulation of Small Arms Fire School, Mhow (MP)28 Jun 2012 CCTV Surveillance System 6 Aug 2012 Unit Logistics Section, JC For IAF ; Qty: 25 Nagar Post, Hebbal. Bangalore28 Jun 2012 Reconditioning of 9kl refuellers 10 July 2012 Dte of MT, Air HQ, West Block For IAF – VI28 Jun 2012 Reconditioning of 11 kl refuellers 10 July 2012 Dte of MT, Air HQ, West Block For IAF – VI29 Jun 2012 Under Vehicle Scanning System 30 July 2012 Headquarter For IAF Central Air Command29 Jun 2012 Spikes Barrier 30 July 2012 Headquarter For IAF Central Air Command29 Jun 2012 CCTV 30 July 2012 Headquarter For IAF Central Air Command28 Jun 2012 Jackal Armour Plates 6 mm Thick 30 July 2012 General Manager For OFB Vehicle Factory, Jabalpur28 Jun 2012 Jackal Armour Plates 4 mm Thick 30 July 2012 General Manager For OFB Vehicle Factory, Jabalpur10 July 2012 Mine Sweeping Plough to Drg KMT-6 26 Sep 2012 Sr. General Manager, Heavy For OFB Vehicles Factory, Avadi Qty:2713 July 2012 RDX TNT 80 20 Hexolite Type B 16 Aug 2012 Dy. General Manager For OFB For General Manager Qty:400 MT Ordnance Factory Khamaria29 July 2012 Supply, erection and commissioning of 30 Aug 2012 Ordnance Factory, Itarsi For OFB Closed vessel Firing Unit2 Aug 2012 Safety Fuze No.11 MK2/LA 30 Aug 2012 The General Manager, For OFB Ordnance Factory Chanda3 Aug 2012 Integrated Line of Plant and Machinery 30 Sep 2012 Joint General Manager For OFB for Manufacture of 5.56 x 45mm Small Ammunition factory Kirkee , Arm Ammunition Cargt. Cases6 Aug 2012 Plant and machinery for manufacture of 30 Sep 2012 Joint General Manager For OFB 9 x19 mm Small Arm Ammunition Cargt. Ammunition factory Kirkee , cases Eye on defense | 24
  25. 25. 6 Aug 2012 Plant for manufacture of closed type 30 Sep 2012 Ammunition factory Kirkee , For OFB Detonator 356mg6 Aug 2012 Plant and Machinery for Filling Plant for 30 Sep 2012 Indian Ordnance Factories For OFB Manufacture of Closed Type Detonator Ammunition Factory, Khadki, 356Mg Pune17 Aug 2012 Electric Fuze Uncharged 7 Sep 2012 Ordnance Factory, Badamal, For OFB Bolangir Qty: 91500 Units25 Aug 2012 Fuze Percussion DA 5A (Empty) 28 Sep 2012 Ammunition Factory, Khadki For OFB – Pune Qty: 214117 Nos.25 Aug 2012 Mine APM 11 Sep 2012 Dy. General Manager For OFB For General Manager/AFK Qty: 5870 Sets.31 Aug 2012 Bomb Body 51 mm 5 Oct 2012 Dy. General Manager For OFB /Ammunition factory Kirkee3 Sep 2012 105mm Long Range Chaff Rocket (LRCR) 30 Oct 2012 Ammunition Factory, Khadki For OFB (Assembled Empty) – Pune Qty: 1000 set17 Sep 2012 Turnkey execution of DENSAC Plant 6 Nov 2012 High Explosives Factory, Khadki For OFB , Pune28 Jun 2012 Life Jackets and Life Buoys 23 July 2012 Officer Commanding HQ Water For BSF wing, Pathankot3 July 2012 Arms 14 Aug 2012 The DIG/ Commandant, For BSF CSWT BSF Indore30 Aug 2012 Hand Held Thermal Imager (Biocular) 4 Oct 2012 Directorate General, Border For BSF Security Force Qty: 355 Nos.4 Sep 2012 Bicat Strip and Grenade No 90 ( MK-III) 9 Oct 2012 Provisioning Directorate For BSF (Procurement Cell) HQ, DG, Qty: 8,497 Nos. BSF8 Aug 2012 Interactive Fire Arms Training Simulator 4 Sep 2012 Deputy Comdt (Quarter For CRPF Master)13 Aug 2012 CCTV Cameras 7 Sep 2012 Office Of The Inspector General For CRPF Of Police, North West Sector, CRPF, Chandigarh ( UT)16 Aug 2012 Self Illuminating Microscope Complete ( 11 Sep 2012 DC (Proc), LSC, CoBRA Sector For CRPF Binocular) Qty: 08 Units22 Aug 2012 Automatic Grenade Launchers (AGLs) 19 Oct 2012 Directorate General, CRPF For CRPF (along with its matching Grenades) Provisioning Dte. (Procurement Qty: AGL: 110 & Cell) Grenades: 31900 No23 Aug 2012 Integrated Communication System 10 Sep 2012 Directorate General For CRPF CRPF, CGO Complex, New Delhi Qty: 12 Nos. Eye on defense | 25
  26. 26. List of Industrial Licenses (ILs) filed for themonth of July 2012-August 2012Appl no. and date Name of the applicant Item of46 Hindustan Aerosystems Pvt. Ltd. Manufacturing of Orecusuib Necgabucak Cinoibebts YSE for Aerospace, Defence, 03/07/2012 Railways and other high and medium industry applications47 Dewsoft Fabrication Pvt. Ltd. Silicon carbide ceramic plates 03/07/2012 48 Vipul Enterprises Bullet proof jackets bullet proof vehicle fire fighting vehicle 03/07/2012 49 Reliance Aerospace Technologies Manufacture of parts and accessory for aircraft 03/07/2012 Pvt. Ltd. SGS Tekniks Manufacturing Pvt. Ltd. Manufacture of electronic printed circuit board assemblies, sub-assemblies, modules, box50 build, power supplies, DC to DC converters, control systems for defense and aerospace applications.09/07/2012 51 River Engineering Pvt. Ltd. Manufacture of magnetic parts, mechanical and electro-mechanical assemblies (such as12/07/2012 valves, junction boxes, connectors, pumps etc.) and machined components for defense and aerospace application52 Asia Motorworks Holdings Ltd. Light armored high mobility vehicle, infantry mobility vehicles, light specialist vehicles,18/07/2012 light bullet proof vehicles, armored engineer vehicles, armored logistics carriers, armored recovery vehicles53 Prakash Arms Corporation Arms and ammunition 18/07/2012 54 Piramal System & Technologies Pvt. Non-explosive components, assemblies, sub-assemblies such as canisters, containers;31/07/2012 Ltd. stands sensors; seekers; firing systems for ground-based air defense system 55 Piramal Systems & Technologies Manufacture and assembly of unmanned aerial vehicles and its parts 07/08/2012 Pvt. Ltd. 56 Shoft Shipyard Pvt. Ltd. Warship 14/08/201257 Piramal Systems & Technologies Manufacture and supply of machined metal and composite components, sub-14/08/2012 Pvt. Ltd. assemblies and assemblies for defense and aerospace application 58 Deftech Services Airborne avionic system mechanical components of aircrafts, ground support and test16/08/2012 equipment for repair of aircraft components 59 Keltech Energies Ltd. Detonating fuse 16/08/2012 60 Sterling and Wilson Ltd. S&W plans to design the air conditioning systems required for radar cooling, such radars21/08/2012 are used in sectors such as civil aviation, homeland security and defense 61 Lakshmi Technology and Aircraft parts 21/08/2012 Engineering Industries Ltd.62 Sasmos Het Technologies Pvt. Ltd. Electronic warfare sub-systems, parts and accessories for airborne, ground naval28/08/2012 applications, their upgrade and component 63 Swallow Systems Pvt. Ltd. Manufacturing mini and micro UAV and parts thereof with ground support systems,28/08/2012 composite aerospace components, auto-pilot, UAV training simulators and avionics 64 Einfochips Ltd., Software development and electronic design services for aerospace and defense systems 29/08/2012 Eye on defense | 26

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