Acg scsc689 s1_scotland

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Acg scsc689 s1_scotland

  1. 1. Natural Resources and Agricultural Sustainability in the UK<br />Scotland: Study Abroad, Summer 2010<br />
  2. 2. Background & purpose<br />Trip Goals:<br />Experiential Learning<br />Technology Transfer<br />partially funded by a travel grant from the Norman Borlaug Institute for International Agriculture<br />Who was Norman Borlaug?<br />An agronomist.<br /><ul><li>He won the Nobel Peace Prize
  3. 3. Congressional Gold Medal Winner
  4. 4. 50 honorary Doctorate Degrees
  5. 5. His work on high-yield, disease resistant grains helped save billions of lives from starvation in: Mexico, Asia, Afria, India, and Pakistan</li></ul>Inspired by: The Man Who Fed the World<br />“Reach for the stars. Although you will never touch them, you may get a little stardust on your hands.” <br /><ul><li> Norman Borlaug (1914 – 2009)- Agronomist & unsung hero
  6. 6. Father of the Green Revolution</li></li></ul><li>Mission<br />Scotland will serve as a comparative case study of U.S. and Scottish natural resources, land use, agricultural production, and management practices.<br />Students will observe how … geography, culture, history, and economics help define sustainable solutions.<br />Topics to be covered are:<br />• Conservation<br />• Energy production<br />• Farming<br />• Fisheries<br />• Forestry<br />• Manufacturing<br />• Sustainable land use<br />• Tourism<br />• and Soil Sampling<br />
  7. 7. Team Scotland<br />Inter Disciplinary<br /><ul><li>3 Grad Students
  8. 8. 4 Undergrads
  9. 9. 2 Professors</li></ul>Andrew Gayley<br />Jason McMillan<br />Brittany Bates<br />John Baddeley/SAC<br />Laura Bradt<br />Robin Walker/SAC<br />Rachel Brooks<br />Rachel Brauner<br />Ben Meritt<br />
  10. 10. Trip leaders<br />Led by Co-Facilitators from the:<br />Texas A&M College of Agriculture and Life Sciences<br />Dr. Jacqueline Aitkenhead-Peterson<br />Assistant Professor ofUrban Nutrient and Water ManagementDepartment of Soil and Crop Sciences<br />Dr. Cristine L. Morgan<br />Assistant Professor of Soil Science<br />Department of Soil and Crop Sciences<br />Miss Orie Varner (not pictured)<br />Trip Advisor<br />Study Abroad Programs Office (SAPO)<br />
  11. 11. Travel Route<br />Houston - London – Aberdeen<br /><ul><li> Distance: > 5,000 mi
  12. 12. Time: 23 hrs? w/ layovers, ash, taxis</li></li></ul><li>Travel Route<br />1,400 mi Road Trip<br /><ul><li>Two Cars
  13. 13. Figure 8 (Aberdeen to Aberdeen)
  14. 14. All geographic regions</li></li></ul><li>Academics & research<br />Overview:<br />Crash-course in the organization of Scottish technical higher education<br />Interacted with:<br />20 Administrators, Instructors, and Researchers from … <br />Academic and Research Institutes, and also visited …<br />Active Field Research Stations<br />Observed all geographic regions<br />
  15. 15. NE Grampian Region<br />Macaulay Land-Use Research Institute<br /><ul><li>Soil, environmental studies, and land-use
  16. 16. DOC in peatlands and upland watersheds</li></ul>SAC Craibstone Estate, Research Farms<br /><ul><li>Long-term crop hill and woodland plots
  17. 17. Intercropping; nutrient budgets (N, P, K); weed/pest/disease control; energy budgets; GHGs; biodiversity; economics
  18. 18. Also: herbs, oil seeds, pharms, vet srvcs</li></li></ul><li>Western Islands <br />
  19. 19. Western Islands<br />Isles of Mull, Staffa, Iona<br /><ul><li>Crofting, sheep, fishing, tourism
  20. 20. Threatened Corncrake habitat</li></ul>SAMS, Dunstaffnage<br /><ul><li>Salmon farms and benthic ecology
  21. 21. International consultation</li></ul>Ben Cruachan Reserve Power Scheme<br /><ul><li>440 MW 22hr Max (12hr Rsv), 28s
  22. 22. H2O pumped 360m from Loch Awe
  23. 23. Turbines are below sea level</li></li></ul><li>Lothians Region<br />SAC, Bush Estates, CEH<br /><ul><li>Cereal trials
  24. 24. Observe N levels, pest, & disease reaction to fertilizer / till treatments
  25. 25. DNA and molecular chemistry lab capabilities
  26. 26. EGENES: statistical pedigree recordkeeping & services for cattle, sheep, poultry, and fish</li></li></ul><li>Edinburgh – capital city<br />Edinburgh’s Royal Mile<br /><ul><li>Upper: Edinburgh Castle (c. 1093)</li></ul>Scottish Parliament (since 1999)<br /><ul><li>‘Holyrood’ completed in 2004</li></ul>St. Giles Cathedral<br /><ul><li>High Kirk of Edinburgh</li></ul>Palace of Holyroodhouse<br /><ul><li>Queen’s Residence while in Scotland</li></li></ul><li>Borders Region<br />Whim Moss Peat Bog Experiment Station<br /><ul><li>Effects of different forms of N on: lichen, sphagnum moss, peat moss, heather
  27. 27. Ammonia, ammonium, nitrate, etc.
  28. 28. Simulates fertilizers & poultry influence</li></ul>Auchencorth Moss Carbon Attachment<br /><ul><li>EU Air Quality Monitoring ‘Supersite’
  29. 29. PM10, radiation, temp, rainfall, deposition flux: of ammonia, NOX, SO2, O3, base ions
  30. 30. Analyzers / modems in skid-mount bldgs</li></li></ul><li>Dumfries & Galloway<br />SAC, Crighton Estate @ Dumfries<br /><ul><li>SAC Dairy Research Station (UofE)
  31. 31. Research focused on bovine health, dairy (milk) production, animal temperament, and food security
  32. 32. Experiments: forage, silage, loafing, furniture, slurry application</li></li></ul><li>Dumfries & Galloway<br />SAC, Crighton Estate<br /><ul><li>Support EGENES with X-ray and CT Scan services available to top sheep breeders
  33. 33. Interesting history and architecture
  34. 34. Emphasis on food security</li></li></ul><li>Argyll & Bute<br />New Lanark – World Heritage Site<br /><ul><li>Largest cotton mill in Great Britain on the Clyde Falls
  35. 35. Est. by Robert Owens (1800’s): industrial & social reformer
  36. 36. Peregrine Falcon Nesting/Birding Site</li></li></ul><li>Western Highlands<br />SAC Kirkton, Upland Sheep Research Station<br /><ul><li>Demonstration farm, providing: ecological, economic, ultrasound services
  37. 37. Climate stats & micro-renewables</li></ul>Loch Region (the Highland Lakes)<br /><ul><li>Lochs Etvie, Laggan, Lorn, Awe, Lomond, Clatteringshaw, and Tay
  38. 38. Drove through Trossachs National Park</li></li></ul><li>Western Highlands<br />Old Tyndrum Lead Mines - near Crianlarich<br /><ul><li>On the West Highland Way
  39. 39. Operational: 18th to early 20th century
  40. 40. Historic depiction: tools, life, hazards, diet, and compensation for a typical lead miner
  41. 41. Soil sampling: upstream, tailing and leachfieldnearcrusher, smelter, downstream floodplain</li></li></ul><li>Central and Tayside<br />Stirling / Falkirk – on River Forth<br /><ul><li>Falkirk Wheel: 13m elevation
  42. 42. Forth and Clyde Canal: tunnel, lock system
  43. 43. Old Stirling Bridge</li></li></ul><li>North sea & Aberdeenshire<br />Chaleton Fruit Farms<br /><ul><li>Production Farm: tabletop, drip irrigation
  44. 44. Climate: hoop houses, biodegradable plastic row cover</li></ul>Cairngorms National Park<br /><ul><li>Ecology, mature forests, stream geomorphology, land management, and DOC in streams</li></li></ul><li>Cultural exchange<br />
  45. 45. Cultural exchange<br />
  46. 46. Overarching Themes<br />Land Management:<br /><ul><li>Scotland: 1/9 size of Texas
  47. 47. Population: 1/5 Texas
  48. 48. 75% in less favored areas
  49. 49. Crop rotation and stewardship</li></ul>Water Quality:<br /><ul><li>3X rainfall of Texas
  50. 50. Peat bog leachate, fertilizer runoff, manure impacts, erosion, lochs</li></ul>Air Quality:<br /><ul><li>Agriculture is significant contributor
  51. 51. NO2 has 300X warming potential of CO2
  52. 52. 80% reduction mandated by Kyoto</li></li></ul><li>The Synthesis<br />Triple Point:<br /><ul><li>Stewardship – Water Quality – Air Quality
  53. 53. Falls within a range dictated by:</li></ul> - Market Price - System Health - Waste Minimization<br /> - Energy Conservation<br /> - Aesthetics of the land<br /><ul><li>The moving target is: Balance </li></ul>The ‘balance’ seemed to be confounded by another intangible factor:<br /><ul><li>Heightened nationwide Social Conscious
  54. 54. Regarding food production and consumption
  55. 55. Noticed ‘Fairtrade’ labels in almost every store</li></ul>What is Fairtrade?<br />
  56. 56. The Synthesis<br />Between 2004 to 2007:<br />Scotland and Wales strove to become the world’s first Fairtrade Nations<br />Mission:<br />Fairtrade is about better prices, decent working conditions, local sustainability, and fair terms of trade for farmers and workers in the developing world. By requiring companies to pay sustainable prices (which must never fall lower than the market price), Fairtrade addresses the injustices of conventional trade, which traditionally discriminates against the poorest, weakest producers. It enables them to improve their position and have more control over their lives.<br />Buy local – otherwise buy fair.<br />
  57. 57. The Message<br />Parting Thought:<br /><ul><li>Old Mediterranean proverb:“a triple braided rope is not easily broken”
  58. 58. In our case, those braids might be: Fair Trade - Stewardship – Education</li></ul>Finally:<br /><ul><li>Thanks to Dr. Peterson, Dr. Morgan, and Orie
  59. 59. They breathed life into an old quote by the German educator, Kurt Hahn: “Tell me, and I may forget. Show me, and I may remember. Involve me, and I'll understand” </li></ul>The group definitely has a better understanding of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sustainability in Scotland.<br />
  60. 60. The end<br />Big Thanks – <br />it was brilliant!<br />
  61. 61. Ode to A Haggis by rabbie burns<br />Excerpts from Original <br />Fair fa' your honest, sonsie face,Great chieftain o' the puddin-race!Aboon them a' ye tak your place,Painch, tripe, or thairm:Weel are ye wordy o' a graceAs lang's my arm.But mark the Rustic, haggis fed,The trembling earth resounds his tread.Clap in his walienieve a blade,He'll mak it whissle;An' legs an' arms, an' heads will sned,Like taps o' thrissle.<br />Ye Pow'rswhamak mankind your care,And dish them out their bill o' fare,Auld Scotland wants naeskinking wareThat jaups in luggies;But, if ye wish her gratefu' prayer,Gie her a haggis!<br />Translation<br />Fair is your honest happy faceGreat chieftain of the pudding raceAbove them all you take your placeStomach, tripe or gutsWell are you worthy of a graceAs long as my arm But take note of the strong haggis fed ScotThe trembling earth resounds his treadClasped in his large fist a bladeHe'll make it whistleAnd legs and arms and heads he will cut offLike the tops of thistles<br />You powers who make mankind your careAnd dish them out their mealsOld Scotland wants no watery foodThat splashes in dishesBut if you wish her grateful prayerGive her a haggis!<br />

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