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Seattle 2011 AFS Program


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New Frontiers in Fisheries Management and Ecology:
Leading the Way in a Changing World

I am pleased to extend a heartfelt, personal welcome to all attending the 141st Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society. It was 58 years ago in 1954 when the Society last met in Seattle and that is way too long. The Pacific Northwest offers a beautiful setting with tremendous opportunities for touring, sightseeing, and many fishing opportunities. The City of Seattle is extremely attractive and the people are quite friendly. The Seattle Convention Center is a large, modern facility that can easily accommodate the record number of attendees, probably the largest number ever to attend an AFS meeting. What a place to spend a few days, learn the latest developments in our profession, do the business of our Society, and have a good time!

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Seattle 2011 AFS Program

  1. 1. Welcome to theAmerican Fisheries Society 141st Annual Meeting Hosted by:
  2. 2. Table of ContentsWelcome Mayor, Director and Governor’s Welcome �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 1 President’s Welcome ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 2 Division and Chapter Welcome ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 3 Co-chairs’ Welcome�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 4 About AFS ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 5 AFS 2011 Planning Team ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 6 Getting Started Registration Hours ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 8 Information Booth ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 8 International Guests �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 8 Internet Access, Internet Lounge ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 9 AFS 2011 on the Web, Online Resources ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 9 Social Responsibility ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 9 In and Around Seattle ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 10 Childcare and Family Services �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 12 Instructions for Presenters and Conveners �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 14 AFS 2012 Twin Cities, Minnesota������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 15Maps and Area Information Downtown Seattle ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 17 Washington State Convention Center Parking and Vicinity ������������������������������������������������������������������������ 18 Washington State Convention Center 1st Floor �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 19 Washington State Convention Center 3rd Floor �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 20 Washington State Convention Center 4th Floor �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 21 Washington State Convention Center 6th Floor �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 22 The Conference Center ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 23 The Sheraton Hotel ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 24 Local Transportation, Seattle Transit System ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 25Schedule at a Glance Listing �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 27Events and Activities Plenary Session ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 31 Social Events Welcome to Seattle Social �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 33 Trade Show and Poster Social �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 33 Student Career Fair and Social ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 33 HTI’s Fish Fest! Social ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 34 Grand ‘Space Needle’ Progressive Social ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 34 Good-Bye Seattle, Hello Twin Cities Social ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 34 Student Events Best Student Paper Symposium and Poster Session ������������������������������������������������������������������������� 35 Student-Mentor Happy Hour ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 35
  3. 3. Events and Activities (continued) Student Colloquium and Student-Mentor Lunch ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 35 Career Fair and Student Social ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 36 Student Workers ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 36 Live and Silent Auctions and Raffle �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 37 5K Spawning Fun Run ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 37 AFS Business Meetings Parent Society ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 38 Western Division ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 38 Washington-British Columbia Chapter ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 38 Scientific Tours ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 39 Continuing Education Program ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 42Trade Show Listing ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 47Symposia Abstracts Abstracts ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 59 Contributed Paper Sessions �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 88Oral Presentations Monday, September 5 ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 89 Tuesday, September 6 ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 97 Wednesday, September 7 ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 113 Thursday, September 8 ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 129Posters Room Maps �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 143 Poster List ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 147Author Index Listing ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 167
  4. 4. We Sincerely Thank Our Supporters ASF 2011 SponsorsGray Whale - $25,000 to $50,000 Lingcod - $2,500 +US Fish and Wildlife Service SonotronicsSmith-Root, Inc� Anchor QEAUS Geological Survey R2 Resources, Inc�NOAA, National Marine Fisheries Service Northwest Hydraulics ConsultantsWashington Department of Fish and Wildlife Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority Trout UnlimitedWhale Shark - $15,000 + Washington Forest Protection AssociationAMEC Earth & Environmental, Inc� Miller Ecological Consultants, Inc�U�S� Forest Service Great Lakes Fisheries Commission Hart Crowser, Inc�Pacific Halibut - $10,000 + Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fisheries CommissionNorthwest Marine Technology Pacific SeafoodAlaska Department of Fish and Game Wildlife ComputersUS Bureau of Land Management Oregon Department of Fish and WildlifeHTI – Hydroacoustic Technology, Inc� State of the SalmonAlaska Seafood Marketing InstituteGolder Associates Yelloweye Rockfish - $1,000 +Bristol Bay Processors and Promoters Oregon Chapter AFSAlaska Airlines Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Colorado Division of WildlifeChinook Salmon - $5,000 + Shoshone Bannock TribesCardno Entrix Plum Creek Timber Company, Inc�Floy Tag & Mfg�, Inc� Seattle Public UtilitiesICF International EPRI – Electric Power Research InstituteWeyerhaeuser Oregon State UniversityHDR, Inc�Sound Metrics Cutthroat Trout - $500 +Pebble Partnership Alaska Chapter AFSMeacham Foundation Idaho Chapter AFSTrident Seafoods Utah Chapter AFSBiosonics ParametrixVemco Potlatch CorporationMarine Stewardship Council Arizona/New Mexico Chapter AFSBlue Mountain Cider Company Cal/Neva Chapter AFSSalmon Recovery Funding Board Forest & Channel Metrics, Inc�North Pacific Research Board University of Washington – School of Aquatic and FisheriesTaylor Shellfish SciencesWiley-Blackwell Deschutes Brewery Norwegian Commercial Club 7 Seas Brewery GeoEngineers Organizations Contributing Their Employees’ TimeAMEC Earth & Environmental, Inc� HTI– Hydroacoustic Technology, Inc�Cramer Fish Sciences Margenex InternationalTacoma City Light Northwest Marine TechnologySmith-Root, Inc� Pacific Northwest National LaboratoriesNOAA Fisheries U�S� Geological SurveyWashington Department of Fish and Wildlife Biosonics, Inc�U�S� Fish and Wildlife Service Anchor QEALandau Associates U�S� Forest ServiceOregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Meacham FoundationHart-Crowser, Inc� Keith Wolf AssociatesSkillings – Connelly Marine Stewardship CouncilUniversity of Washington Kintama ResearchColumbia Basin Fish & Wildlife Authority Eric Knudsen, Consulting Fisheries ScientistWayne Hubert Consulting Fishhead GraphicsColorado Division of Wildlife
  6. 6. Welcome to the Emerald City in the great State of WashingtonOn behalf of the City of Seattle, the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, and the State of Washington,we are proud to welcome you to the 141st Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society (AFS). It has beenmore than 50 years since we have had this honor. We believe Puget Sound, Lake Washington, the HiramM. Chittenden Locks, and its friendly citizens make Seattle a unique and beautiful city, a perfect setting forthis meeting.Our respective agencies have many programs with hundreds of dedicated staff involved with protecting/restoringurban and rural habitats, restoring salmon runs, and preserving, protecting, and perpetuating our state’s fish,shellfish and other marine and freshwater resources.You have an exciting and engaging conference program planned during your stay. We hope that you take sometime to enjoy Seattle and the surrounding Puget Sound-Cascade-Olympic landscapes and the many attractions,including outdoor adventure and fishing opportunities and several educational field trips. The Greater Seattleenvironment is a perfect setting to discuss your conference theme: “New Frontiers in Fisheries Managementand Ecology: Leading the Way in a Changing World”.When you have completed your regional sight-seeing and taken advantage of the many social venuesplanned through the city, we hope you enjoy some of the renowned entertainment and art attractions. Wehave fabulous dining, world-class museums and innovative art galleries. Seattle is one of the favorite traveldestinations in the western U.S.During your stay, please join us in thanking the AFS leaders, and host chapter (Washington-British Columbia)whose hard work has provided an opportunity for the nation’s top researchers, aquatic science field practi-tioners, and managers to engage others from around the world in presenting the state of fishery and aquaticscience through the largest and best Annual Meeting in AFS history.Best Regards,Mike McGinn Phil Anderson Christine GregoireMayor Director GovernorCity of Seattle WA Dept. Fish and Wildlife State of Washington 1
  7. 7. Presidents WelcomeNew Frontiers in Fisheries Management and Ecology:Leading the Way in a Changing WorldI am pleased to extend a heartfelt, personal welcome to allattending the 141st Annual Meeting of the American FisheriesSociety. It was 58 years ago in 1954 when the Society lastmet in Seattle and that is way too long. The Pacific Northwestoffers a beautiful setting with tremendous opportunities fortouring, sightseeing, and many fishing opportunities. The Cityof Seattle is extremely attractive and the people are quitefriendly. The Seattle Convention Center is a large, modernfacility that can easily accommodate the record number ofattendees, probably the largest number ever to attend anAFS meeting. What a place to spend a few days, learn thelatest developments in our profession, do the business of ourSociety, and have a good time!We will begin the meeting with the plenary session and aninvocation by the Muckleshoot Tribe, tying us to the naturaland spiritual realms of this region. The invocation will be Wayne Hubertfollowed with welcoming comments by the King County Executive andpresentations of the Society’s most prestigious awards. Then, the principal feature, talks by four honoredspeakers challenging us as we think about the frontiers of fisheries management and ecology.This is a plenarysession you dont want to miss!I am extremely excited about the program, the diverse array of topics and the sheer size. Because of ourlocation in a coastal city of the Pacific Northwest, much of the program focuses on regional leadership ontopics, such as the ecology and management of Puget Sound, the Columbia River, and Pacific salmon, but thetotality of the program addresses the big issues and emerging knowledge in fisheries science and managementin both marine and freshwater systems. The program includes an unprecedented 94 symposia of 1/4 to 2days in length and over 700 contributed papers resulting in over 1,700 platform presentations with 24-29concurrent sessions each day. On top of this, there are 450 posters that can be enjoyed and absorbed atleisure. This is beyond a doubt the largest and most diverse program ever at an annual meeting of the Societyand the Program Committee worked above and beyond the call of duty to organize it.Do not miss the socials. The Local Arrangements Committee has some tremendous evening gatheringsplanned for us, especially the Wednesday evening social at the site of the Space Needle and the ExperienceMusic Project. I look forward to seeing you at these gatherings.So, lets learn as much as we can about the emerging frontiers of fisheries management and ecology, catch upwith old friends, make new friends, and do a little to make the world a better place for all. The AFS is a Societyof unbelievably friendly people and Seattle cant be beat. Have a great time.Wayne HubertPresidentAmerican Fisheries Society2
  8. 8. Division and Chapter WelcomeWelcome to Seattle and AFS 2011Welcome, all, to the Pacific Northwest! On behalf of the entire AFS 2011 Planning Committee and manyvolunteers who are making this record-breaking annual meeting the best ever, we thank you for visiting Seattle.The opportunities abound, as you share your work and life with others, see old friends and make new ones,and spend this week enriching yourself and your profession. We know you will not be disappointed with youradventures in the Pacific Northwest.Four years ago, many individuals began planning an outstanding conference that folks would not forget.General meeting chairs, Cleve Steward and Larry Dominguez, along with Eric Knudsen, Dave Ward, CraigBusack, and other members of our Planning Committee have worked extremely hard over this time frameto develop an exciting, diverse, and timely conference program for you to engage in during your stay in theEmerald City. Please join us in thanking the many individuals that have invested countless hours to make yourexperience in Seattle a memorable one.The highlights of this week will occur in downtown Seattle, with multiple opportunities to explore other parts ofPuget Sound County. Our conference, “New Frontiers in Fisheries Management and Ecology: Leading the Way ina Changing World”, will be held at the Washington State Convention Center (WSCC) in the heart of the city. TheWSCC is close to several Seattle landmarks, great restaurants, and tourist and educational facilities. We lookforward to seeing and visiting with you during the conference.On behalf of AFS President Wayne Hubert, the Western Division of AFS, and the members of the Washington-British Columbia AFS Chapter, we bid you a most sincere welcome to Seattle for AFS 2011! Mark Pedersen Lori M. Martin President President Washington-British Columbia AFS Chapter Western Division AFS 3
  9. 9. Co-chairs’ WelcomeA Most Heartfelt Welcome!By now, you have been bombarded with “This isthe biggest and best AFS meeting ever!” so wewill not belabor the point further. The conferencespeaks for itself. It showcases, as in years past,the best AFS has to offer. We hope that you willimmerse yourself in the meeting, enjoy its manyaspects, and find fulfillment in the company ofyour peers.We would like to pay tribute to members of theLocal Arrangements and Program committees forthis year’s meeting, identified on page 6 of thisprogram, by paraphrasing Winston Churchill: Larry Dominguez & Cleve Steward“Never in the history of AFS was so much owed byso many to so few…” Ok, so maybe this is not theperfect quote, but in truth this year’s meeting organizers battled long odds (read “the economy”) in pulling thisannual meeting together. Several factors contributed to our success. President Wayne Hubert’s leadershipand the direction and capable assistance provided by AFS Executive Director Gus Rassam and his staff werecritical factors, as was the outpouring of financial support by our many sponsors. But above all, it was the dedi-cation and outstanding effort of the people who served on the Local Arrangements and Program committees,and the unprecedented number of you who submitted abstracts and registered for the annual meeting, thatenabled us to persevere. Everyone here; indeed, each and every AFS member, should be immensely proud ofthe outcome. The success of this annual meeting is evident not only in the number and quality of its many sym-posia, oral presentations, and posters, but also in the opportunities offered by the special meetings, trade showexhibits, continuing education courses and workshops, fieldtrips, student activities, and evening socials.There is no doubt that annual meetings of the AFS have an energizing effect on those who participate in them.They disseminate information, foster camaraderie, and – irrespective of our age, status, or background – reju-venate us and strengthen our commitment to our profession, to each other, and to society. New relationshipsare forged, old acquaintances are renewed, and the ties that bind us, strengthened. Given the current malaiseof the global economy and the inordinate pressure it puts on our jobs and the environment, it is all the moreimportant that we remain focused, articulate, and effective as professionals. We would do well to emulateChurchill, who famously offered “blood, toil, tears and sweat” in the service of his country. We ask you to joinus in rededicating ourselves to managing our fisheries and aquatic resources for the betterment of all.Thank you,Cleve Steward and Larry DominguezLocal Arrangements Committee Co-Chairs4
  10. 10. About the American Fisheries SocietyThe mission of the American Fisheries Society is to advance sound science, promote professional development,and disseminate science-based fisheries information for the global protection, conservation, and sustainabilityof fishery resources and aquatic ecosystems.The American Fisheries Society (AFS), founded in 1870, is the oldest and largest professional societyrepresenting fisheries scientists and managers. AFS promotes scientific research and scientifically-informedmanagement of fisheries resources and aquatic ecosystems that leads to their preservation, conservation, andsustainability, as well as optimum use and enjoyment by the public. It encourages a comprehensive educationfor fisheries scientists and carries out a continuing education program for practicing scientists and managers.AFS publishes some of the world’s leading fisheries research journals and books. AFS organizes scientificmeetings where research findings are reported and discussed. In addition to these primary functions, theSociety has many other programs in areas such as professional certification, public affairs, and publicinformation. Four geographic divisions and well over 100 chapters, student subunits, and sections carry outthe mission of the Society at regional, local, and special interest levels.Wayne HubertPresidentWilliam FisherPresident ElectJohn BoremanFirst Vice-PresidentRobert HughesSecond Vice-PresidentDon JacksonPast PresidentAmerican Fisheries Society Staff:Gus RassamExecutive DirectorJuanita Flick, Sarah Gilbert-Fox, Gail Goldberg, Elden Hawkes, Jr., Laura Hendee, Tia Hollis,Shawn Johnston, Debby Lehman, Aaron Lerner, Jackie Machado, Tanya Nading, Eva Przygodzki,Denise Spencer, Kurt West, Howard Williams, Kathryn Winkler 5
  11. 11. Planning Team AFS 2011 Planning Team 141st Annual Meeting, Seattle Washington General Meeting Cleve Steward and Larry Dominguez, Co-chairs The Planning Committee wishes to extend their utmost appreciation for hundreds of volunteers that contributed to the planning and operation of this conference. No such event is possible without the combined energy of these exceptional individuals. Program Committee Craig Busack and Dave Ward, Co-chairsDave Ward Contributed Papers Kurt Fresh Abstract ManagementPete Bisson Symposia Kim Hyatt Scheduling, ProofingSteve Schroder Posters Charles Anderson 2012 Program ChairContinuing Education Kathryn Winkler, Dan Dauwalter Bob McClure, LiasonAccommodations/Convention Center Mark LaRiviere, Chair Master Scheduler Mark Celedonia Room Arrangements Amy Mai Hospitality Tammy Mackey Child Care Aimee Fullerton International Guests Lourdes RuggeSocials and Entertainment Mike Holliman, Chair Kevin Scribner, Eric Knudsen, Scott Blankenship, Caroline Mercado, Katy Doctor, Rob PastorekSpawning Run Jim Shannon, Chair Brian Bellgraph, Miranda PlumbTours and Transportation Jeff Duda, Carl Ostberg, Co-chairsBudget and Finance Norma Jean Sands, Chair Mary Buckman, Dave Ward, Mark Pedersen, Eric KnudsenInformation Management Shivonne Nesbit, Chair Information Team Evan Arntzen, Brian Burke, Brad Thompson, John Stephenson Registration Eva Przygodzki, Brian Burke6
  12. 12. Fundraising Eric Knudsen, Chair Carl Burger, Bob Danehy, Mark Pedersen, Jim Humphreys, Yvonne Muirhead, Chuck Meacham, Brad Thompson, Western Division and WA-BC Chapter Skinner Auction and Raffle Megan Moore, Greg Blair, Co-chairs Mike Wert, Kevin Scribner, Dan Avervill, Dustin Hinson, Terry Baltzell T-Shirts Chez Tuniclilffe, Chair Lori H. Barrett, Iris Kemp, Morgan Bond, Miranda PlumbStudent Activities Neala Kendall, Chair Eric Larson, Meryl Mims, Rachel Hovel, Laura Twardochleb, Jesse Fischer, Thomas Pool, Megan Stachura, Justin Huff, Jim Shannon, Morgan Bond, Iris Kemp, Emily PizzichemiVolunteer/Student Workers Todd Kassler, ChairPromotions Jessica Hayden-Spear, Chair Lori H. Barrett, Rich Grost, Mark Pedersen, John Lombard, Lori Martin, Wayne and Cynthia RankinFisheries Magazine Amanda CroninProgram Guide Mary Buckman, Chair Lori H. Barrett (Fishhead Graphics), Committee member writersSignage Michelle Havey, Katy Doctor, Kathleen Neely, Brandon Jensen, Hans Hurn, Lori H. BarrettSocial and Environ. Responsibility Brian Missildine, Chair Lisa Harlan, Miranda Plumb, Ann Stephenson, Megan MooreTrade Show Shawn Johnston, Geraldine Vander Haegen, Sean Janson, Eric Knudsen, Eric Munday, Ed BelcherWebsite Lori Martin, Chair Bryan Bougher, Web MasterAdministrative Assistant Christina Iverson 7
  13. 13. Getting StartedRegistrationThe Registration Desk is located at the Skybridge Room 4D on the 4th floor of the Washington State ConventionCenter. Hours for the Registration Desk are:Saturday, September 3 12:00 PM – 6:00 PMSunday, September 4 8:00 AM – 7:00 PMMonday, September 5 7:30 AM – 6:00 PMTuesday, September 6 7:30 AM – 5:00 PMWednesday, September 7 8:00 AM – 5:00 PMThursday, September 8 8:00 AM – 12:00 PMRegistered participants are required to wear their badges for all conference events. Please go to the Registra-tion Desk if you lose your badge.Information BoothIf you have questions about the meeting, the Information Booth is your source. Located near the RegistrationDesk and also on the 6th floor East Lobby, the hours are:Sunday, September 4 8:00 AM – 6:00 PMMonday, September 5 8:00 AM – 6:00 PMTuesday, September 6 8:00 AM – 6:00 PMWednesday, September 7 8:00 AM – 6:00 PMThursday, September 8 8:00 AM – 6:00 PMInternational GuestsThe International Guests Subcommittee and the International Fisheries Section(IFS) of the American Fisheries Society extend a warm welcome to all interna-tional guests attending the 141st Annual Meeting of the American FisheriesSociety. We hope you enjoy your time in Seattle and that it is filled with inter-esting technical presentations and engaging workshops; exciting socials; andmaybe even a 5-kilometer run along the shoreline of Puget Sound.The International Fisheries Section of the American Fisheries Society will holdtheir annual business meeting and social on Tuesday September 6th from 6:30PM – 10:00 PM in Room 305 and 608, respectively, of the Washington StateConvention Center. The business meeting will be from 6:30 PM – 7:30 PM and willinclude updates on the activities of the section in 2010/11. We invite all international guests to attend and learnabout present and future international AFS activities. The social will immediately follow with complimentary horsd’oeuvres and beverages.All guests, both international and non-international, are welcome to attend the IFS business meeting and socialand learn about the international activities of AFS. We look forward to your involvement and participation!For more information about the IFS or any last-minute-planned international activities in Seattle, please contactLourdes Rugge at or Brian Bellgraph at
  14. 14. Internet AccessFor the convenience of meeting attendees, wireless internet service is available near the Registration Desk inthe Washington State Convention Center’s Skybridge (Room 4D) and in the AFS Tradeshow area (Rooms 4Eand 4F). Additionally, an Internet Lounge with eight kiosks is available Monday through Wednesday:Internet Lounge Hours and LocationsMonday, September 5th 11:30 AM – 8:30 PM WSCC 4ETuesday, September 6th 9:00 AM – 5:00 PM WSCC 4EWednesday, September 7th 9:00 AM – 2:00 PM WSCC 4EWednesday, September 7th 2:00 PM – 5:00 PM WSCC 4DA limited number of printers are available for reasonably small print jobs. Substantial print jobs can be handledat a FedEx Kinkos commercial print shop on the street level within the Washington State Convention Centercomplex.Look on the Web for ALL the Program Details! Online ResourcesFor this meeting AFS has contracted with Conference Exchange™ (CONFEX) for program and scheduling sup-port. If you are a presenter or symposium organizer, you have already submitted a proposal and/or abstractthrough CONFEX via links on the meeting website ( The online presentation submissionprocess has been through CONFEX links on the site.You probably have noticed the complete searchable program listing on the site, provided and maintained byCONFEX. If you haven’t seen this online program listing, we encourage you to take a look as soon as possible.Because of the size of the program, and in an effort to minimize our environmental impact, the information inthis program guide is limited. The program grid, for example, lists only presenting authors and in some caseslists abbreviated rather than full titles. Similarly, only presenting authors are listed in the author index, and onlysymposium abstracts are included. However, abstracts for all oral presentations and posters and the full list ofauthors is included in the online program listing. The Program Committee updates the program listing through-out the meeting as changes occur.In addition, another CONFEX product called Personal Scheduler is available through the program listing link onthe site ( Personal Scheduler allows you to browse throughthe program and select talks, meetings, events and socials that you would like to attend. The Personal Sched-uler will highlight conflicts and then you can either print your personal schedule or download it to your favoriteelectronic device.Social Responsibility: Holding Ourselves AccountableWhat is social responsibility and how does it apply to this AFS meeting? When large groups of people cometogether in one place for a short duration of time, they can use vast amounts of resources while travelling tothe location; eating, sleeping and traveling at the location; and producing materials for the event. Along with ourPlanning Team and venues – take this week to “Go Green”. Major green initiatives include:• Well-planned, current and information rich web site to reduce the need for printed material.• Program printed on recycled paper with minimal colored ink.• Electronic abstract availability.• Completely biodegradable badges and lanyards that can be reused. 9
  15. 15. • Meeting bags composed of 51-100% recycled material.• BPA-free stainless steel water bottles for meeting participants to use at the meeting and as a conference souvenir.• Carpool-rideshare program on the web and other publicity about transportation options to get to Seattle and the Washington State Convention Center.• Nearby social events for light footprint transportation.• Awareness of the many alternate modes of transportation in Seattle, including walking, cycling and public transportation routes.• Use of locally produced food and beverages, including donated products from regional fish companies.The Washington State Convention Center is dedicated to operating in an eco-friendly manner. They routinely RE-CYCLE cardboard, plastic, metal and glass and compost food-waste. Their facilities were recently upgraded withenergy efficient lighting to REDUCE energy consumption. Seattle was able to REUSE already disturbed land andcreate this community asset by building the Center over an existing 12-lane freeway and adding over 3 acres ofindoor and outdoor gardens. The recently-built Conference Center exceeds LEED Silver Certification.The Seattle Sheraton is also proud of its eco-friendly commitment. Implemented in 1993, Sheraton Seattle’srecycling program is designed to collect plastic, paper, cardboard, aluminum, fluorescent light bulbs, tonercartridges, oil, batteries, and pallets. Composting bins are located in all food service areas. The Sheraton useslow-flow faucets, showerheads and toilets and a highly efficient energy management system to reduce theircarbon footprint.The venues selected for offsite events have taken steps to minimize their environmental impact and be informa-tion resources for the public. The Seattle Center, home of the Space Needle and Experience Music Project, hasa Master Plan in place that emphasizes ecological systems in all landscape features, employs green buildingtechnology, reduces their carbon footprint through energy conservation and establishes the Center as the placefor green education and demonstration projects. The Seattle Aquarium incorporates green practices in all newconstruction and remodeling, upgraded their lighting to conserve electricity, recycles extensively and uses greencleaning products. The Aquarium was awarded the highest “Five Star” rating from the King County Envirostarprogram for superior management of toxic wastes. Additionally, the Aquarium participates in several programsto help raise consumer awareness about ocean conservation issues and to direct consumers toward sustain-able seafood choices.Visit the 2011 AFS Social Responsibility committee’s “Green Booth” for more information about being sustain-able in Seattle. Look for the AFS meeting symbol integrated with the recycle symbol throughout the meeting.This symbol is an indication of a specific effort to have a socially responsible meeting.Finally, social responsibility also includes how we interact with other conference attendees, such our interna-tional guests and attendees with special physical needs or dietary restrictions. Please let us know if there isanything we can do to make your experience more comfortable, enjoyable and meaningful.In and Around SeattleThe Washington State Convention Center is centrally located in downtown Seattle and the hotels are all locatedwithin blocks of the Convention Center. To help plan your activities, the Convention Center has a myriad of bro-chures, maps, and transit and ferry schedules in their first floor lobby.When you have time, lace up your walking shoes and head out for a self-guided tour! Start with the world fa-mous Pike Place Market, home to great ethnic food, fresh local produce, dazzling flower stalls, arts and craftsbooths and stores, and, of course, the boisterous salmon-tossin’ fish mongers. Just down the street from themarket you’ll find the Seattle Art Museum, featuring Chinese terracotta soldiers, Picasso cubist paintings, and10
  16. 16. the three-story-high “Hammering Man”, who never stops…well…hammering. Walk a few blocks south to historicPioneer Square, where downtown Seattle got its start (tip: take the underground tour). Go one block west, turnnorth and stroll along the Seattle Waterfront, past the ferry terminal, Seattle Aquarium, and jumble of curiosi-ty shops, eateries, galleries, and street performers that make up the vibrant Seattle “scene”. Keep walking pastthe moored luxury yachts and sight-seeing boats to the Olympic Sculpture Park, a nine-acre waterfront greenspace dotted by exquisite outdoor sculptures. Go east a few blocks and you’ll find yourself at the base of grace-ful Space Needle. Take the elevator up to the “UFO deck”, where you’ll be treated to a 360-degree panoramicview of the Seattle skyline, the many islands and passages of Puget Sound, and the mountain ranges andvolcanoes that tower over the region. Nearby you’ll find the Experience Music Project, with its unique FrankGehry-designed architecture and trove of rock-and-roll and science fiction memorabilia that Microsoft founderPaul Allen has donated to the public.Seattle has an excellent transit system. There is free bus service within the downtown “Ride Free Area”between 6 AM and 7 PM. Bus fares to the outlying areas cost less than $2.50; you can find route maps andschedule at Why not try the Seattle Monorail? You can ride it back and forth betweenthe Space Needle and Westlake Center, just a few short blocks from the Convention Center. If you prefer astreet-level guided tour of the downtown sites previously mentioned, and you don’t mind the occasional look ofdisbelief as you tootle around Seattle in a World War II era amphibious landing craft, take the 90-minute long“Ride the Duck’s Tour”. No kidding, this is a popular tour!Here are some of our favorite places. The Museum of Flight, one of the most impressive air and space mu-seums in the world, celebrates a century of aviation and aerospace exploration.Tillicum Village is a four hourevent that includes a narrated sight-seeing cruise to Blake Island, a northwest Native American-inspired mealand dance show, and time to explore Blake Island before a return cruise to Seattle. The Burke Museum ofNatural History and Culture, located on the campus of the University of Washington, holds large collectionsthat reflect the cultural and natural wonders of Washington State, the Pacific Northwest, and the Pacific Rim.Hiram M. Chittenden (Ballard) Locks connect Puget Sound with Lake Union and Lake Washington. This popu-lar attraction is in a beautiful park setting and features a plexiglas-lined fish ladder that allows close-up viewingof adult salmon returning to local tributaries to spawn. And yes, September is a prime time for viewing Chinookand coho salmon as they ascend the ladder. Spawning sockeye and pink salmon will also be conspicuous inarea streams and rivers.Professional baseball and soccer seasons are in full swing. The Seattle Mariners play at Safeco Field, and theSeattle Sounders FC play at Quest Field, both stadiums are close to downtown. The Mariners begin a 3-dayhome stand against Kansas City on September 8.Fish, sleep, eat …and…repeat! Washington State offers an abundance of outdoor recreational opportuni-ties, but let’s get serious, we’re talking about salmon fishing. If you want to scratch your fishing “itch”, this isthe place and early September is the time to do it. The four primary options are the Washington coast, PugetSound, the Columbia River, and east of the Cascade Mountains ( Each of these areas is worth considering, but if you only have a couple of days to fish while you’reout here this fall, we suggest you stick with Puget Sound ( Allreturning salmon must pass through the north sound en route to their freshwater spawning grounds, and at thistime of year, the nearshore areas, estuaries, and rivers will be busting with salmon. You will find fishing to beexcellent for pinks and silvers, with a few late run king salmon thrown in for good measure. A strong run of pinksalmon, in particular, is predicted in 2011; pinks can be readily caught in marine and freshwater areas (try theSnohomish and Skagit rivers, where pinks can be easily hooked and landed as they surge upstream in earlySeptember). You’ll also have a shot at early arriving silvers - some in the 15-20 pound range – as they maketheir way back from the ocean.Anglers can fish from boats – river and ocean guided charters are available – or shore. In downtown Seattle,the Elliott Bay Pier is a popular fishing spot. Visit the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife website ( to purchase a fishing license and obtain information on fishing regulations, etc. 11
  17. 17. One, two, three…hike! Washington’s hiking trail system enables visitors to access scenic natural areas on footthroughout the state. The vast network of trails in wilderness areas, national parks, national forests, and otherpublic lands accommodates both short- and long-distance hikers. If you enjoy national parks and alpine areas,you’ll want to visit Mount Rainier National Park. A 2-hour drive south from Seattle, the 235,625-acre park isdominated by Mount Rainier, an active volcano and, at 14,410 feet, the highest peak in Washington State (littleknown fact: Mount Rainier has more glaciers than any other peak in the contiguous US). And yes, it is possibleto hire a guide who will take you up the mountain; but be warned, it is a physically grueling climb.There are a slew of lower elevation hiking trails in the Puget Sound region, but three other national parks areworthy of mention. Rugged North Cascades National Park is located about 2 hours north of Seattle. The high-way leading up to and over the pass is one of the most scenic drives in the Pacific Northwest. On the OlympicPeninsula, accessible by a 2-hour ferry ride and drive from Seattle, Olympic National Park encompasses over922,000 acres of glacier-capped peaks, lush rain forest valleys, and stunning Pacific Ocean beaches.Now on tour!..In September 2011, the nation’s largest dam removal project will begin on the Elwha River;once fish passage is restored, salmon and steelhead will once again be able to access more than 140 milesof ancestral tributary habitat in the upper basin. A tour of the Elwha River basin and dam removal project siteis planned and will be offered to 2011 AFS meeting attendees. Look for information on this and many othergreat tours under Conference Events in this Program Guide and on the conference website ( and Family ServicesThe AFS Childcare Subcommittee can help you find resources for keeping the kids busy while you are givingyour talk or attending a symposium. In addition to the family-friendly activities around the city, we offer: (1) alist of for-hire childcare services that can accommodate drop-ins (best to contact them early); and (2) limitedchildcare in room 303 at the Washington State Convention Center. Please visit room 303, consult the website,or contact if you would like additional information.On-Site ChildcareThe on-site childcare is available on a first-come, first-served basis from 8:00 AM -Noon and from 1:00 PM –5:00 PM on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday during the conference. We can accommodate up to25 children at a time, aged 2 months to 12 years (the more young kids we get, the less we will admit). Eachchild can stay for up to 4 hours (either all at once or in shorter blocks of time throughout the conference);those wishing to use the room for longer than 4 hours will need to volunteer a matching amount of time in thechildcare room. With the exception of bottles for infants, please note that we do not offer, nor allow, food in thechildcare room to avoid potential allergy issues. Similarly, for safety reasons, we do not allow toys from homewith the exception of one soft comfort item like a blanket or stuffed animal. We provide age-appropriate toysand sleeping mats but parents need to supply diapers and a change of clothes. This room is staffed by two leadcaretakers qualified to work in a daycare facility, and at least two volunteers at all times. You will be required tosign a liability waiver.For-Hire ChildcareWalkable Drop-in Childcare Whirlwinds downtown: 206-623-6666 Seattle KinderCare: 206-903-1103 WeeWacs Athletic Club (must be a member): 206-464-3094 YMCA: 206-340-120112
  18. 18. Drivable Drop-in Childcare Trettin Drop In Preschool & Kids Club: 206-729-3723 Whirlwinds University Village: 206-729-9463 Blossoming Buds Cottage: 206-525-0795Babysitting Services www.sittercafe.comSeattle also offers a number of nearby activities that are fun for all ages. Many are easily accessible on foot orby local transit. In addition to the web sites below, the Information Booth in the first floor lobby of the WSCC hastransit maps and brochures to help decide where to go and the best way to get there.Family-Friendly Area ActivitiesIndoors Seattle Aquarium: Pacific Science Center: Seattle Children’s Museum: Experience Music Project: Imagine Children’s Museum, Everett: GameWorks: www.gameworks.comOutdoors Woodland Park Zoo: Fun Forest Amusement Park: Washington Park Arboretum: Seattle Parks: General: Children: Children’s Play Areas: Suggestions: Alki Beach, Green Lake, Carkeek, MagnusonMore ideas: ContactsYour hotel has a concierge, brochures and can provide additional information: Seattle Sheraton: 206-621-9000 Grand Hyatt Seattle: 206-774-1234 Hyatt at Olive 8: 206-695-1234 Hyatt’s Babies Travel Lite Program:’s Hospital 4800 Sand Point Way NE Seattle, WA 98105 206-987-2000, 866-987-2000 13
  19. 19. Instructions for Presenters and ConvenersComputers (PCs) and projectors are provided in each presentation room. Each room is equipped with a podium,microphone, remote control and laser pointer.Presentations are loaded onto computers that go to each presentation room in the early morning for the entireday so all presentations must be loaded no later than the day before your talk. No personal computers are al-lowed to be used for the presentations.Loading PresentationsWe hope that you have already uploaded your presentation to the meeting website. If you have done this, thereis nothing else you need to do to make sure your presentation is ready. If you have not uploaded your presenta-tion before you arrive at the meeting, or if you need to upload a revised version, you can upload in the A/V load-ing room (Washington State Convention Center, Room 302) during the hours:Sunday, September 4 2:00 PM – 8:00 PMMonday, September 5 7:00 AM – 6:00 PMTuesday, September 6 7:00 AM – 6:00 PMWednesday, September 7 7:00 AM – 6:00 PMBecause of the size of the meeting and our limited capability for uploading at the meeting, you must upload nolater than the day before the presentation.Presentations must be Microsoft PowerPoint (*.pptx) or Adobe Acrobat (*.pdf) files, and should be named usingthe following conventions: Day_Room_Time_FirstName_LastName.pptx Day_Room_Time_FirstName_LastName.pdfTime should be in 24-hour format. Conference Center rooms require a “C” before the room number, other roomnumbers need no prefix. Example: Monday_C304_1415_Bob_Billfish.pptxNo loading will be allowed in the presentation rooms, except in case of emergency. You should carry a copy ofyour presentation on a thumb drive to the presentation room as a back-up.14
  20. 20. AFS 2012 - Twin Cities, Minnesota 15
  21. 21. MAPS MAPS Come Join Us!The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is a proud sponsor of the 141st Annual Meeting of theAmerican Fisheries Society. Come help us celebrate the 140th Anniversary of our FisheriesProgram by attending these events sponsored by the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service:• Frontiers in Fisheries Science Leadership Symposium• Managing Diversity in a Changing World Symposium• Fish Passage Restoration on Rivers and Stream Symposium• Incorporating Genetic Data into Population Introduction Programs Symposium• Hatchery Nutrition: Feeding Fish for Tomorrow’s Changing World Symposium• Conservation and Management of Kokanee in an Altered and Changing Landscape Symposium• Aquatic Education & Outreach: Innovative Programs and Evaluative Techniques Symposium• New Frontiers in Management, Status, and Biology of Western Native Freshwater Fishes Symposium• Cognitive, Sensory, and Behavioral Frontiers Exploring Fish Movement and Habitat Use Symposium• The National Fish Habitat Action Plan: Progress Partnerships and Next Steps Symposium• Equal Opportunity Section Members Luncheon• Native Youth Travel Awards• USFWS Employee Open House• Fisheries Program Trade Show Display Attention U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Employees! Please join us for the USFWS Employee Open House on Tuesday at 5:30 p.m. in Convention Center Room 612. Your national leaders will be available to discuss current Fisheries Program issues, emerging opportunitiessuch as LCC’s and tribal partnerships, and how best to ensure a bright future for the Fisheries Program.
  22. 22. MAPSNegotiating the Washington State Convention Center,the Sheraton and surroundings.Most events for the 2011 AFS meeting are held at the Washington State Convention Center (WSCC) and theneighboring Sheraton Hotel, just off of I-5 in downtown Seattle. And we have many exciting events off-site aswell. The following maps should help you find your way around. Check on the Web, at the Registration Desk,Information Booths or ask one or our volunteers in their distinctive Volunteer Shirts for assistance. The WSCChas a myriad of brochures, maps, and transit and ferry schedules in their first floor lobby.Downtown Seattle 17