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Ibrahim: Les Connaissances traditionnelles des Peuples autochtones face aux changements climatiques

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Indigenous knowledge and climate change: adaptation of nomadic pastoralists in Chad

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  • Very good document on climate change!
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Ibrahim: Les Connaissances traditionnelles des Peuples autochtones face aux changements climatiques

  1. 1. Les Connaissances traditionnelles des Peuples autochtones face aux changements climatiques : l’adaptation des pasteurs nomades au Tchad AfricaAdapt Mercredi 9 Mars 2011 Hindou Oumarou Ibrahim Coordinatrice d’AFPAT [email_address] [email_address] 66292519/99945550
  2. 2. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Impact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environnemental </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Productif </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Humaine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Expériences des Peuls Mbororos </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>Contenue
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Le changement climatique est un problème mondial </li></ul><ul><li>L’Afrique est le plus touché avec des impacts importantes </li></ul><ul><li>Les communautés autochtones sont les plus touchées </li></ul>
  4. 4. Impact <ul><li>Les impacts du changement climatique sont presque sévères a cause des effets directs sur l’environnement, la production et l’homme </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Le changement des saisons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sècheresse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inondation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>La dégradation des terres </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Erosion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>La désertification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Déforestation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perte de la biodiversité (mitigation +&-) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Réduction de l’eau (Lac Tchad) </li></ul></ul>Impact environnemental
  6. 6. <ul><li>Le changement le plus évident au Tchad </li></ul><ul><li>En 1963, 25000 km² </li></ul><ul><li>Actuellement moins de 2500 km² </li></ul>Impact environnemental
  7. 7. Lac Tchad de 1963 – 2001
  8. 8. <ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Réduction de la production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modification de semences </li></ul></ul>Impact sur la production <ul><li>Eau </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diminution des Poissons (Lac Tchad) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diminution d’élevage </li></ul>
  9. 9. Impact humain <ul><li>le gens devient de plus en plus vulnerable </li></ul>Paysage transhumance: yaeré <ul><li>Malnutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Migration </li></ul><ul><li>Conflits </li></ul><ul><li>Plus de travail pour les femmes </li></ul><ul><li>(recherche de l’eau) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Les connaissances traditionnelles <ul><li>Adaptation des Mbororos </li></ul><ul><li>Transhumance + 700 km </li></ul><ul><li>Transhumance – 700 km </li></ul><ul><li>Transhumance – 100 km </li></ul><ul><li>( film & atelier Financement AfricaAdapt ) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Les connaissances traditionnelles <ul><li>La cartographie participative </li></ul><ul><li>Le super tracer relatif aux nouvelles technologies </li></ul>Web 2 Google earth
  12. 12. Conclusion <ul><ul><li>Les défies sur le changement climatiques sont énormes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Les opportunités existent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prendre en compte les connaissances des peuples autochtones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prendre les peuples autochtones comme des experts dans les recherches des solutions </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Questions ou commentaires?
  14. 14. MIYETTI MERCI

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