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Denis Sonwa:


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Denis Sonwa:

  1. 1. Climate Change Adaptation in Mitigation-driven arena: experience from Congo Basin <ul><li>Denis J. Sonwa 1 , Youssoufa M. Bele 1 , Olufunso A. Somorin 1,2 , and Johnson Nkem 3 </li></ul><ul><li>1. Center for International Forestry Research, Yaoundé Cameroon. </li></ul><ul><li>P. O. Box 2008, Yaoundé Cameroon </li></ul><ul><li>2.Wageningen University, the Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>3. United Nations Development Programme, Nairobi Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>Africa Adapt, Adis Abeba, Ethiopia, 9-11 March 2011 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Background: Context & importance of forest </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigation efforts (focus on Land use land covers change & REDD) </li></ul><ul><li>CoFCCA (Congo Basin Forest & Climate Change Adaptation) </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges & conclusions </li></ul>
  3. 3. Background: Context * EDF 2008 For the strategies to fight climate change in the Congo Basin, emphasis is mainly put on REDD+ with the perspective of promoting sustainable forest management
  4. 4. Background: logging & protected Area <ul><li>Logging Sector </li></ul><ul><li>41% of export revenues in CAR </li></ul><ul><li>Second employer in CAR & Gabon </li></ul><ul><li>13 000 formal &150 000 Informal jobs in Cameroon </li></ul>Protected Area, IUCN Cat 1-6, (Ha) Percentage of Protected area Vs National Territory (%) Cameroon 10 437 336 22 CAR 17 330 015 28 Congo 3 513 438 10 Gabon 2 431 367 9 DRC 26 314 330 11 Equatorial Guinea 590 955 21
  5. 5. Background: Forest & livelihood * ASB, Cameroon report, 2002 Animal protein, NTFP, Fuelwood, Agriculture lands, etc & related chain values Production cyle at the forest fringe in Southern Cameroon*
  6. 6. Changes between 1990 and 2000 in Central Africa* Land use land cover change & REDD *EDF 2008 Pays Annual Deforestation(%) Annual net degradation(%) Cameroun 0,14 0,02 Gabon 0,09 0,07 Congo 0,02 0,01 RCA 0,06 0,02 DRC 0,20 0,12 Central Africa 0,16 0,09
  7. 7. Dynamics of above ground biomass* Land use land cover change & REDD * EDF 2008
  8. 8. <ul><li>Submission of Readiness Plan Idea Note (R-PIN) to funding bodies[ World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) & UN-REDD] </li></ul><ul><li>Constant debate on different social, technical, economical and methodological issues related to design and implementation of REDD+ </li></ul><ul><li>vulnerability of local poor communities is an important issue!!!!! </li></ul>Currents Efforts in the Region Land use land cover change & REDD
  9. 9. <ul><li>Perceived as less impacted by climate change, compared to another geographical area (Saharan, Wes Africa, etc…) </li></ul><ul><li>Close observation show gradual change of temperature & rainfall, with potential effect on livelihood activities </li></ul><ul><li>Thus it will be difficult to keep the region out of the efforts related to adaptation. </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon stock may be vulnerable because of vulnerable farmers </li></ul>Global perception & realities Congo Basin Forest & Climate Change Adaptation
  10. 10. Main objective: Contribute to national processes of adaptation to climate change through the development of policy-oriented adaptation strategies that also ensure sustainable use of forest resources in the Congo Basin Forests. <ul><li>O bjectifs spécifiques: </li></ul><ul><li> Identify and prioritize regional development issues as climate impacts forests and society; </li></ul><ul><li> Establish regional science-policy dialogue that engages the community and its participation in the planning and policy process for adaptation; </li></ul><ul><li> Assess the vulnerability of gender, minority and indigenous communities in identifying their special needs for adaptation; </li></ul><ul><li> Build the capacities of communities and stakeholders and facilitating knowledge sharing </li></ul>Countries covered: Cameroon, Central African Republic (RCA), & Democratic republic of Congo (DRC) Congo Basin Forest & Climate Change Adaptation
  11. 11. Forest policies Adaptation policies The challenge Congo Basin Forest & Climate Change Adaptation Mainstream Forest into adaptation & development policies Mainstream climate change adaptation into forest policies
  12. 12. Main Activities <ul><li>Policy dialogue within countries & regions </li></ul><ul><li>Development of methodologies </li></ul><ul><li>Research study (policy, prioritised sectors, etc..) </li></ul><ul><li>Modelisation </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Working with Consultants, national partners etc </li></ul><ul><li>graduate students fellowship program </li></ul><ul><li>Training of stakeholders (journalists, teachers, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration of pilot activities on Adaptation </li></ul>Congo Basin Forest & Climate Change Adaptation
  13. 13. Conclusion & Challenges for Adaptation in Central African Forest <ul><li>Take in consideration the dynamic not only at the regional level, but also in the field </li></ul><ul><li>Take in consideration some of the key sectors sensible to CC </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(ex Water, food security, energy, health) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Look for synergy with the current hot issues in the region (Biodiversity conservation, REDD, etc…), but always present the specificity of adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Take into consideration the will of the vulnerable communities </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate & document pilot examples of adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Mainstream adaptation in the formal & non-graduate training </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li> </li></ul>