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Schlaepfer-Miller:Communication of coping and adaptation strategies for climate change in tropical regions in East Africa

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Schlaepfer-Miller:Communication of coping and adaptation strategies for climate change in tropical regions in East Africa

  1. 1. Using participatory media in communication of adaptation strategies for climate change in Tanzania Dr. Angelika Hilbeck, Juanita Schlaepfer-Miller, Eugenio Tisselli, ETHZ; Dr. Flora Ismail, University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM)
  2. 2. This project investigates how participatory media, such as rich drawings and a custom mobile phone application, can be used by farmers to communicate climate change adaptation methods to policy makers, climate scientists and other farmers. Institute for Integrative Biology Tuesday, March 8, 2011
  3. 3. Visitor center, Swiss National Research Institute (PSI) Institute for Integrative Biology Tuesday, March 8, 2011
  4. 4. canal*SAHARAUI Institute for Integrative Biology Tuesday, March 8, 2011
  5. 5. Introduction to project <ul><li>Internet usage is still low in Africa, reaching about 10.9% of the population; yet it has grown 2,357.3% over the last 10 years, almost five times more than the rest of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>More than a third of the population in Africa are cell phone owners, and this rate is growing fast. </li></ul><ul><li>Beyond their standard modes of operation, such technologies can be used to empower communities, by giving them an unfiltered medium through which their voices can be heard. </li></ul>Institute for Integrative Biology Tuesday, March 8, 2011
  6. 6. Introduction to project <ul><li>'Farmer led research', see the work of Fetien Abay from Mekelle University, Ethopia </li></ul><ul><li>Climate scientists also recognize need for participatory research that not only values indigenous knowledge, but uses knowledge which is locally based. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore a holistic, participatory approach is necessary and recommendations “cannot be made at regional or national level but must be essentially local”. </li></ul>Institute for Integrative Biology Tuesday, March 8, 2011
  7. 7. Rural farmers project <ul><li>Farmers in the Bagamoyo district of Tanzania share multimedia cell phones </li></ul><ul><li>With a special mobile application they can send tagged images and audio recordings direct to a web-page </li></ul><ul><li>This creates a participative body of evidence </li></ul>Institute for Integrative Biology Tuesday, March 8, 2011
  8. 8. Institute for Integrative Biology Tuesday, March 8, 2011
  9. 9. Why Rich Pictures – Soft systems methodology <ul><li>A mechanism for learning about complex problems by drawing detailed (&quot;rich&quot;) representations of them. </li></ul><ul><li>Consist of symbols, sketches or &quot;doodles” </li></ul><ul><li>Of more value to the creator than to other stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>A process known as Action Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Can be done as a group </li></ul>Tuesday, March 8, 2011 Institute for Integrative Biology
  10. 10. Institute for Integrative Biology Tuesday, March 8, 2011
  11. 11. Institute for Integrative Biology Tuesday, March 8, 2011
  12. 12. Institute for Integrative Biology Tuesday, March 8, 2011
  13. 13. Institute for Integrative Biology Tuesday, March 8, 2011
  14. 14. Key benefits of project <ul><li>Realtively simple technology </li></ul><ul><li>Project should be long running </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment remains property of farmer group </li></ul><ul><li>Community building </li></ul><ul><li>Enables them to collect body of evidence to present to policy makers </li></ul><ul><li>Enables the farmers to become active participants in networked environments. </li></ul>Institute for Integrative Biology Tuesday, March 8, 2011
  15. 15. Examples of images from farmers Tuesday, March 8, 2011 Institute for Integrative Biology
  16. 16. Folksonomies Institute for Integrative Biology Tuesday, March 8, 2011 <ul><li>Bottom-up categorization </li></ul><ul><li>Allows the discovery of emergent topics </li></ul><ul><li>Can be a model for a community's issues </li></ul>
  17. 17. Folksonomies and Africa-Adapt <ul><li>A question that arose in researching this project was how we could digitally link to other media/climate change adaptation projects in the Africa-Adapt network. </li></ul><ul><li>considerable colloquial knowledge already recorded in many videos and other recordings which are posted on the network. </li></ul><ul><li>Yet this information is not readily available or categorized other than with a keyword or full-text search which does not find information in the interviews. </li></ul>Institute for Integrative Biology Tuesday, March 8, 2011
  18. 18. Folksonomies and Africa-Adapt <ul><li>if these videos or radio recordings were tagged as they were uploaded (or retrospectively) then a wealth of information could form a clickable folksonomy, adding value to existing projects and extending their impact. </li></ul>Institute for Integrative Biology Tuesday, March 8, 2011

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