Kenneth Odero: The role of indigenous knowledge in responding to climate change: local-global perspectives

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Kenneth Odero: The role of indigenous knowledge in responding to climate change: local-global perspectives

  1. 1. The Role of Traditional-, Local- and Indigenous-Knowledge in Responding to Climate Change: Local-Global Perspectives<br />Dr. Kenneth Odero, Climate XL<br />AfricaAdapt Climate Change Symposium<br />9-11 March, Addis Ababa<br />
  2. 2. Content<br />Research problem<br />Research objectives<br />Approach<br />Findings<br />Policy implications<br />
  3. 3. Research Problem (1/2)<br />A<br />B<br />Photography: Courtesy of The Standard<br />
  4. 4. Research Problem (2/2)<br />Source: FEWSNET (2010) "A Climate Trend Analysis of Kenya" <br />
  5. 5. Research Objectives<br />To review relevant risk management strategies employed by Kenyan communities to prepare for, avoid or moderate, and recover from the effects of exposure to anthropogenic and or negative climate change<br />Draw policy implications.<br />
  6. 6. Approach<br />Case studies and<br />Documentary analyses of:<br />range management based system in Kibwezi;<br />tree fodder for livestock system and conservation based agro-forestry system in Embu;<br />high value tree crops system in the coastal humid zones;<br />soil fertility based agro-forestry system in Maseno; <br />species preference among the Olma and Mboni communities of Mpeketoni;<br />use of indigenous techniques in the management of pests and diseases among the Tugen; and<br />cattle/animal husbandry practices of the Borana community in northern Kenya.<br />
  7. 7. Findings (1/3)<br />To help cope with the negative impacts of anthropogenic climate change, communities employ traditional-, local- and indigenous-knowledge (TLIK) based practices.<br />TLIK includes:<br />gender defined knowledge of indigenous plant and animal species, especially drought-tolerant and pest-resistant varieties;<br />water harvesting technologies; <br />water conservation techniques to improve water retention in fragile soils;<br />food preservation techniques such as fermentation, sun drying, use of herbal plants, ash, honey, and smoke to ensure food security;<br />seed selection to avoid the risks of drought;<br />
  8. 8. Findings (2/3)<br />mixed- and or intercropping and diversification;<br />soil conservation through no tillage and other techniques;<br />use of early warning systems to predict short, medium and long term climate changes;<br />transhumance to avoid draught and risk loss of livestock;<br />herd accumulation;<br />use of supplementary feed for livestock;<br />reserving pasture for use by young, sick and lactating animals in case of drought;<br />disease control in livestock and grain preservation;<br />reserving pasture for use by young, sick and lactating animals in case of drought;<br />disease control in livestock and grain preservation;<br />
  9. 9. Findings (3/3)<br />use of indigenous techniques in the management of pests and diseases;<br />culling of weak livestock for food; and<br />multi-species composition of herds to survive climate extremes.<br />TLIK is the resource that is most readily available to smallholder farmers, pastoralists, fishing communities and forest dwellers to deal with the negative impacts of climate change<br />This gender-based knowledge, which has evolved over the last 10,000 years with the domestication of plants and animals is critical for responding to climate change related risks at the local level.<br />
  10. 10. Policy Implications<br />Adaptation<br />Financing -> ODA↓ ↔ Africa’s negotiation position in the UNFCCC<br />Technology transfer/technology development, including IPR issues, green economy, etc<br />Mitigation – by definition TLIK is sustainable and climate smart<br />STI<br />Transport, Energy & Housing<br />Rural/Agriculture, Land, Water, Forestry<br />Gender, Education, Health, etc.<br />

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