Africa RISING achievements with demonstration / on farm
trials in Ethiopia
Solomon Gebreselassie, Gebrehiwot Biru, Abiyot ...
Africa RISING – Partners for demonstration trials
Amhara Region
Debre Birhan University
Debre Birhan Agricultural Research...
Africa RISING –demonstration trials
• Crops: Potato, Wheat, Faba bean: 3 farmers percrop per kebele
• Sites: Goshe Bado an...
Evaluations
• Mid season field day
• End season field day
Participatory evaluations
Farmers Selection Criteria Midseason and end season field Evaluation
Men
No.
1.
2.
3.
4.
1.
2.
3...
Potato- Mid season field evaluation
The main objectives of the mid-season evaluation were to:
• demonstrate growth of each...
Potato - End season field evaluation
The main objectives of the mid-season evaluation were to:
• demonstrate the performan...
Potato – End of Season Field day in Lemo
Potato - Results
No.

Farmers Selection Mid and End season field evaluation
Men
Women
Youth
Mid-season
End-season Mid-seas...
Potato - Results
Yield and yield related parameters of each variety at Goshe Bado.

TY (t ha-1)

MY (t ha-1)

UMY (t ha-1)...
Potato - Results
No.

Farmers Selection Mid and End season field evaluation
Men
Women

Youth

Jewe (SNNPR, Lemo)
1.

Guden...
Potato demonstration trials – Diffused Light Stores

DLS were constructed with farmers who participated in the potato demo...
Farmers’ feedback on potato field demonstrations in Amhara
- Among the three varieties tested, Gudene was most affected by...
Farmers’ feedback on wheat field demonstrations in Amhara
- Some farmers were interested to get the wheat varieties, espec...
Farmers’ feedback on faba bean field demonstrations in Amhara
- infestation with unknown disease. Application of fungicide...
Potato

Research questions

- will combining B3 late blight tolerance and spray regime reduce farmers’ risk sufficiently
f...
Project partners in Ethiopia
Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation

africa-rising.net
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Africa RISING achievements with demonstration / on farm trials in Ethiopia

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Presented by Solomon Gebreselassie, Gebrehiwot Biru, Abiyot Aragaw, Steffen Schulz and Britta Kowalski at the Africa RISING Training Workshop on Innovation Platforms, Addis Ababa, 23-24 January 2014

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  • Ethiopia
  • Africa RISING achievements with demonstration / on farm trials in Ethiopia

    1. 1. Africa RISING achievements with demonstration / on farm trials in Ethiopia Solomon Gebreselassie, Gebrehiwot Biru, Abiyot Aragaw, Steffen Schulz and Britta Kowalski International Potato Center (CIP) Africa RISING Training Workshop on Innovation Platforms Addis Ababa, 23-24 January 2014
    2. 2. Africa RISING – Partners for demonstration trials Amhara Region Debre Birhan University Debre Birhan Agricultural Research Centre Basona Worana Woreda Office of Agriculture Oromiya Region Sinana Agricultural Research Centre Medawolabu University Sinana Woreda Livestock Agency Sinana Woreda Office of Agriculture SNNP Region Areka Agricultural Research Centre Lemo Woreda Agricultural Office Hadiya Zone Agricultural Office Worabe Agricultural Research Centre Wachamo University Tigray Region Tigray Agricultural Research Institute (TARI) Alamata Agricultural Research Centre Mekelle University Endamehoni Woreda Office of Agriculture
    3. 3. Africa RISING –demonstration trials • Crops: Potato, Wheat, Faba bean: 3 farmers percrop per kebele • Sites: Goshe Bado and Gudo Beret kebele, Basona Wora na , Amhara Upper Gana and Jewe, Lemo, SNNPR Ilu Sanbitu and Selka, Sinana, SNNPR Emba-Hasti and Tsibet, Endamekoni, Tigray • Participants: Men’s group Women's group Youth group
    4. 4. Evaluations • Mid season field day • End season field day
    5. 5. Participatory evaluations Farmers Selection Criteria Midseason and end season field Evaluation Men No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Resistance to diseases Early maturity Crop stand (erect) Adaptation to the area Total yield Tuber size Number of small sized tubers Taste Appearance Women Youth Goshe Bado (Basona Worana , Amhara) Crop stand (erect) Resistance to diseases Early maturity Number of stems Total yield Taste Tuber size Resistance to diseases Number of stems Adaptation to the area Crop stand (erect) Total yield Tuber size Appearance Shape Taste Gudo Beret Kebele (Basona Worana, Amhara) 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Resistance to diseases Early maturity Crop stand (erect) Adaptation to the area Total tuber number Total yield Tuber size Appearance Taste Crop stand (erect) Resistance to diseases Early maturity Number of stems Resistance to diseases Number of stems Adaptation to the area Crop stand (erect) Total tuber number Total yield Tuber size Appearance Taste
    6. 6. Potato- Mid season field evaluation The main objectives of the mid-season evaluation were to: • demonstrate growth of each potato variety under local conditions • evaluate each potato variety using farmer selection criteria. • compare and rank the potato varieties against farmers’ selection criteria Ranking of potato varieties by men group at Goshe Bado. 1= Worst, 2= Moderate, 3= Good , 4= Best; Score of each variety was calculated by multiplying its value given by the number of peoples who voted (12) Variety 1= Gudene 1 2 3 4 12 - 1. Farmers selection Criteria Resistance to diseases 2. 3. 4. Early maturity crop stand 12 Adaptation to the area 12 No. Total Rank - 12 80 3rd 32 - Variety 2= Gera 1 2 3 4 24 - Variety 3= Shenkola 1 2 3 4 48 12 - - 24 36 96 2nd - - 36 36 168 1st 48 -
    7. 7. Potato - End season field evaluation The main objectives of the mid-season evaluation were to: • demonstrate the performance (yield and related parameters) of each potato variety • evaluate each potato variety using farmer selection criteria including taste • compare and rank the potato varieties against farmers’ selection criteria - Farmer feedback: to avoid confusion the ranking values should only be 3 levels Ranking of potato varieties by women group at Goshe Bado. 1= Poor, 2= Medium, 3= Good; Score of each variety was calculated by multiplying its value given by the number of peoples who voted (9) Variety 3= Gudene Variety 1= Shenkola Variety 2= Gera Farmers selection No. Criteria 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1. Total yield - - 27 - 18 - 9 - - 2. Taste of the variety - 2 18 - 8 15 3 10 - 3. Size of the tuber - - 27 - 18 - 9 - - Total 74 59 31 Rank 1st 2nd 3rd
    8. 8. Potato – End of Season Field day in Lemo
    9. 9. Potato - Results No. Farmers Selection Mid and End season field evaluation Men Women Youth Mid-season End-season Mid-season End-season Mid-season End-season Goshe Bado (Debre Birhan, Amhara) 1. 2. 3. Shenkola Gera Gudene Shenkola Gera Gudene Shenkola Gera Gudene Shenkola Gera Gudene Shenkola Gera Gudene Shenkola Gera Gudene Gudo Beret Kebele (Debre Birhan, Amhara) 1. 2. 3. Shenkola Gera Gudene Gera Shenkola Gudene - - Shenkola Gera Gudene Gera Gudene Shenkola
    10. 10. Potato - Results Yield and yield related parameters of each variety at Goshe Bado. TY (t ha-1) MY (t ha-1) UMY (t ha-1) TNT NMT % NUMT % Shenkola 44 40 4 680000 67,3 32,7 Gera 30 27 3 825555 73,2 26,8 Gudene 36 30 6 836444 62,2 37,8 Variety Yield and yield related parameters of each variety tested at Gudo Beret Variety TY (t ha-1) MY (t ha-1) UMY (t ha-1) TNT NMT NUMT Shenkola 44 42 2 502222 77,0 23,0 Gera 48 46 2 557037 77,1 22,9 Gudene 32 27 6 779259 50,2 49,8 TY= Total yield, MY= Marketable yield, UMY= Unmarketable yield, TNT= Total number of tubers, NMT= Number of marketable tubers, NUMT= Number of unmarketable tubers and t ha -1= tone per hectare.
    11. 11. Potato - Results No. Farmers Selection Mid and End season field evaluation Men Women Youth Jewe (SNNPR, Lemo) 1. Gudene 3 sprays Gudene 3 sprays 2. Gudene 2 sprays Gudene 2 sprays 3. Gera Gera - - - - Upper Gana (SNNPR, Lemo) 1. Gudene 3 sprays Gudene 3 sprays Gudene 3 sprays 2. Gudene 2 sprays Gudene 2 sprays 3. Gera Gudene 2 sprays and Gera Gera
    12. 12. Potato demonstration trials – Diffused Light Stores DLS were constructed with farmers who participated in the potato demonstration trials
    13. 13. Farmers’ feedback on potato field demonstrations in Amhara - Among the three varieties tested, Gudene was most affected by late blight - The field day participant farmers appreciate the effort made by the Africa RISING project, particularly demonstration of new varieties that were not known in the area. Most of the farmers had been dependent on only on two varieties (Gera & Gorebella) for long time. They observed decrease of yield over time. - Farmers reflect that the lessons learn from the demonstration plots will help them to adopt the technology next season. They appreciated the experience they have acquired and the confidence they built through field day and variety selection exercise. - Some farmers reported that they used to grow potato without fertilizer, obtaining only low yields. They recognized the importance of applying fertilizer.
    14. 14. Farmers’ feedback on wheat field demonstrations in Amhara - Some farmers were interested to get the wheat varieties, especially cv. Tsehay and asked how they can find the seed. - Some suggested the need for practical support from experts on row planting during planting time. - Farmers also suggested future introduction of bread wheat varieties which have double advantage use as food and feed.
    15. 15. Farmers’ feedback on faba bean field demonstrations in Amhara - infestation with unknown disease. Application of fungicides couldn’t protect the crop from damage. (viral?) - Some of the farmers noted that row planting used in faba bean demonstration is very labor intensive. They pointed the need for a row planter. - Some farmers urge if the project can do some work on field pea.
    16. 16. Potato Research questions - will combining B3 late blight tolerance and spray regime reduce farmers’ risk sufficiently for them to adopt technology? Wheat - Does the increase in labour for row planting increase yield proportionally? Faba bean - Identify disease affecting faba bean in the field demonstrations - Does the increase in labour for row planting increase yield proportionally? Enset - Which farmers’ practices further bacterial wilt spread in Enset cultures? - To what extent can potato replace Enset in rural communities?
    17. 17. Project partners in Ethiopia
    18. 18. Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation africa-rising.net

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