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Value chain analysis of grain legumes in East and Southern Africa


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Presented by J. Rusike (IITA), C. Donovan (MSU-CRSP), A. Orr (ICRISAT), E. Birachi (CIAT), K. Mutabazi (Sokoine), S. Lyimo (Selian ARI), V. Kabambe (Bunda), K. Kanenga (ZARI) at the Africa RISING East and Southern Africa Research Review and Planning Meeting, Arusha, Tanzania, 1-5 October 2012

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Value chain analysis of grain legumes in East and Southern Africa

  1. 1. Africa RISING East and Southern Africa Research Review and Planning Meeting, Arusha, Tanzania, 1-5 October 2012Value chain analysis of grain legumes in East and Southern AfricaJ. Rusike (IITA), C. Donovan (MSU-CRSP), A. Orr (ICRISAT), E. Birachi (CIAT), K. Mutabazi (Sokoine), S. Lyimo (Selian ARI), V. Kabambe (Bunda), K. Kanenga (ZARI)
  2. 2. 1. The project • Build partnerships for impact through research on SI of farming systems through linking farmers to grain legume value chains • Mobilize stakeholders/conduct value chain analyses to identify opportunities for upgrading, constraints, entry points and leverage nodes • Catalogue best bet technologies • Map potential partners and networks to support the shift to sustainable intensification through grain legumes • Vet findings with stakeholders and areas for targeting Africa RISING research investments
  3. 3. 2. Outputs• Production and marketing of grain legumes mapped and quantified• End-use markets, structure and dynamics of grain legume value chains mapped; opportunities and constraints identified• Best-bet system components of intensification technologies catalogued• Key actors, networks and points of leverage to support sustainable intensification identified• Key stakeholders for innovation platforms galvanised and strategies developed to improve performance of value chains
  4. 4. 3. Lessons: Regions/Provinces
  5. 5. 3. Lessons: Mapping: Beans
  6. 6. 3. Lessons: Mapping:Cowpeas
  7. 7. 3. Lessons: Mapping:Groundnuts
  8. 8. 3. Lessons: Mapping: Pigeon
  9. 9. 3. Lessons: Mapping:Soybeans
  10. 10. ConsumptionDistributionProcessingTradeOn-farmproduction Inputs Channel 1 Channel 2 Channel 3 Channel 4 Channel 5 Subsistence production Fresh grains Dried grains Dried grains Dried grains & consumption unprocesse unprocessed export processed d
  11. 11. 3. Lessons: Opportunities• Deficit rural areas, urban markets, regional markets, international exports markets (import substitution eg poultry feed and meat and eggs)• Malawi exporting groundnuts/soybeans (Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Kenya)• Tanzania common beans (Kenya, Burundi, Rwanda, DRC, South Sudan, Somalia)• Zambia cowpeas Botswana, Namibia
  12. 12. 3. Lessons: Constraints• Lack of capabilities to supply end-products (volume, quality, timeliness, price, consistency) => technology• Low productivity/yields => production systems• Poor access to inputs, extension services and markets• Lack of post-harvest storage• Lack of market coordination/price volatility• Poor road and communication infrastructure• Unavailability of micro-credit/financing• Poor government market regulations and high transaction costs
  13. 13. 3. Lessons: Catalogue bestbets adapted to AEZs & traits (time to flowering and• Varieties maturity, disease or pest resistance, abiotic stress adaptation (eg soil acidity, drought and temperatures)• Official crop management (time of planting, plant spacing and density, seed treatments, fertilizer types, application rates and methods, weed management, pest & disease management, harvesting time and method, post harvest)• Unofficial research findings conducted in localized areas or zones such as student or research or NGO or private sector projects do not end up as approved recommendations; yet significant knowledge to the improvement of crop yields
  14. 14. 4. Lessons: Market analysis• Tanzania: Export Trade, Mohammed Enterprises, H.S. Imprex, Afrisian Ginning, J.M. Kambi, Praydsa, Hirago, Commodity United Alliance, Quality Pulse Exporters, Alia, Aklan Malk Mahsen, Edward Philip, Mt. Meru, WFP P4P, Seed firms (52 Seed Co, Monsanto, Eat African Seed, Tanssed, ASA, Pannar/Pioneer), fertilizer firms (Yara, Export Trading, Minjingu, Premium Agro-Chem, STACO, DRTC, Mohamed enterprises, TFC, Nyiombo, Chapa Meli, Mea)• Malawi: NASFAM, Agricultural Development and Marketing Corporation, Rab Processors, Transglobe, Export Trading, CP Feeds, Charles Stewart- Lenzie Mills, Seba Foods, Hugh Fen, Greenland Feeds, WFP P4P, Seed Firms (Seed Co, Demeter, Pannar/Pioneer, Peacock, Funwe, Seed Tech ), Fertilizer Firms (Farmers World, Omnia)• Zambia: Agricultural Commodity Exchange, Zamanita, Tiger Animal Feeds, Meadow/Quality Feeds, Yielding Tree Milling, Olympia Milling and Hi-pro feeds, WFP P4P, Seed firms (Seed Co, Pannar/Pioneer, Monsanto,ZamSeed, MRI, Kimano, Clay and Carol, Premier) Fertilizer firms (Omnia)
  15. 15. 4. What worked and didn’t• Hard work to get project running• Timely reporting• Delivery of project outputs by partners• Value delivered (targeting of research options/private sector/NGOs partners for implementation)• Not enough time for contracts/joint planning• Not much interaction among researchers• Limited involvement of private, farmer and policy makers’ stakeholder consultation
  16. 16. Thank you!