Africa RISING in Mali: Concept note and work plans for 2013
AfricaRISING in Mali:Concept note and work plans for 2013 T.A. van Mourik with inputs from partners Africa RISING West Africa Stakeholder Meeting, Accra, Ghana, 23 January 2013
Presentation outline Introduction Objectives AfricaRISING for Southern Mali Description of Mali sites and “a system” Workplans: System components and activities Project implementation strategy
Introduction: AfricaRISING 20122012 “Quickwin” phase, initiate the project in onlarge scale (presented Eva Weltzien)Some activities proposed have already been realisedin Quickwin sitesSeveral review & planning meetings have led to thewriting of concept notes for system components andworkplans and budgets for 2013
Objectives for southern MaliProvide pathways of sustainable agro-ecologicalintensification for cereal-cotton-legume based systems andtheir components(livestock, pasture, vegetables and agroforestry trees)Develop integrated innovations for specific household typesthat are both productive and profitable and disseminatethrough farmer-to-farmer extension and commercializationAchieve intensification through combining integratedinnovations (technical and institutional) at the houshehold andlandscape level while conserving or improving the naturalresource base
Guinea Savanna and Sudanean zones of MaliAnnual rainfall between 900 and 1200 mmCotton-Maize-Sorghum/millet-legume rotationsCotton cash crop driver of access to inputsOpportunities for small scale irrigation for off-seasonvegetables, fruits, fruit-nut trees and riceHigh degree of crop livestock integration, but still alot of roaming cattle and transhumance
A system? “landscape or village territory”NPK NPK NPK FIELD FARM
Proposed system components for AfricaRISING in Mali2.1 Cereal-cotton-legume systems (ICRISAT lead)2.2 Vegetable systems (AVRDC lead)2.3 Agroforestry systems (ICRAF lead)2.4-5 Livestock, land and fodder systems(ILRI & CIAT lead)2.6 (Post)harvest technologies and markets(ICRISAT & AVRDC lead)2.7 Improved household nutrition (abandoned)
2.1 Cereal-cotton-legume systems Activities1.Establish R4D platforms with all partnes in Bougouni and Koutialadistrict2.Develop and test combinations of component technologies forintegrated innovations3.Test and model (ex-ante) options for crop-livestock integration andintensification options4.Test options for local seed production and marketing5. Build capacity of farmers, extension and research staff forR4D, testing INVs and seed production6. Develop and use media based tools for large scale dissemination andfarmer-to-farmer training
Ex-ante modeling of integration at farmscale using FARMSIM:What-if analysis NPK NPK NPK Zai MARKETS
Trade-offanalysis, sell cropresidues or feed toanimals?
Trade-offTrade-off analysis, sell cropanalysis, sell crop residues or feedresidues or feed to to animalsanimals?
2.2 Vegetable systems: Activities1. Organise household, cropping system and market surveysfocusing on production, consumption and sales of vegetables2. Promote and disseminate new improved vegetable varieties3. Develop best production practices for cereal-legume-vegetablecrop integration4. Strengthen the capacities of farmers, extension and researchstaff for vegetable production and seed multiplication
Vegetable-legume intercrops (hibiscus-groundnut),vegetable-cereal intercrops (sorghum/maize-okra)Especially performed by women:Can we improve/optimize land/labour productivity??
2.3 Agro-forestry systems Activities1. Set up and monitor functional agricultural agricultural R4D platforms2. Identify factors affecting adoption or dis-adoption of componentoptions for integrated agro-forestry management3. Adapt, test and disseminate best-bet propagation techniques foragro-forestry species4. Development of decision support tools for selection of best-fit andappropriate livestock-tree-crop management options5. Development and promotion of rural seeds/seedlingsentrepreneurships6. Develop guidelines and policy briefs related to on-farm tree and landmanagement, institutional innovations to reduce vulnerability of ruralpoor and conflicts (from 2015 onwards)
Best-bet/fit options:Selecting/Grafting fruit trees, farmer managed natural regeneration (FMNR) etc.
2.4-5 Livestock, land and fodder Activities1. Analyze strengths and weaknesses of existing local conventions(starts 2014)2. Test the introduction of very high resolution (VHR) imageries insupport of local land use planning3. Monitor biomass production and destruction at landscapescale with in situ and remote sensing measurements4. Integrated assessment of soil and ecosystem health, identifypriority areas for land management interventions
Monitor biomass production and destruction by regular assessments within and outside exclosures
2.4-5 Livestock, land and fodder Activities5. Assessment of dairy and small ruminant value chains toidentify constraints and opportunities6. Evaluation of existing and potential feed resources, current useand costs and assess gaps7. Test and design technical, institutional and organizationalinnovations for the upgrading of cattle and small value chains
2.6 Harvest, postharvest & markets activities1. Synthesize information on harvesting, processing and storagemethods at project sites2. Test best-bet harvesting, handling, storage and pest and aflatoxincontrol methods3. Train farmers in improved harvest, storage and processing ofselected local crops to increase value and food safety4. Inventory current markets and expand markets through marketprospecting research and link farmers to identified markets (starting2015)5. Train farmers, processors and traders on agribusiness andentrepreneurial skills, aggregated by gender
Project implementation steps (1)Build R4D platforms with all stakeholders and partners in thesites(regroup villages from 1-2 strata in Koutiala / Bougouni)Determine farm type & gender specific demand for technologiesfor each of the system components(Farm typology performed for Koutiala and planned forBougouni)Plan activities and participatory research in each of the actionvillages and identify volunteer test farmers (gender, farm typespecific)Implement activities of at least 2, but preferably 3 or morecomponents in any action village
Project implementation steps (2)Organize meetings with test farmers to plan for tests, trials andtraining related to components and combine betweencomponents where possible(fodder cropslivestock feeding, stable feedingcomposting)Involve IITA in Mali for obtaining seeds of new varieties/hybridsof maize, cowpea and soyabean and developing protocolsPlan village and R4D platform level evaluations of trials andactivities at appropriate times (before, at and after harvest)Take into account labor and economic aspects in the evaluationof component technologies and integrated innovations at farmlevel
Project implementation steps (3)Develop for each component, a calendar explaining the keymoments in and –off season for each activity and coordinateresearch activities accordinglyStudy different workplans, identify the synergies between theseand integrate planning accordingly
Adaptive research & extension can lead to“unsupervised experimentation by farmers” a good result (adoption)! How to measure?