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Agricultural Innovation Systems: ‘Introduction 100,001’

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Presented by Jens A. Andersson (CIMMYT), Elias Damtew (ILRI) and Zelalem Lema (ILRI) at the Africa RISING Learning Event, Arusha, Tanzania, 11-12 November 2014

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Agricultural Innovation Systems: ‘Introduction 100,001’

  1. 1. Agricultural Innovation Systems:! ‘Introduction 100,001’ Jens A. Andersson, CIMMYT! Elias Damtew, ILRI! Zelalem Lema, ILRI
  2. 2. An Agricultural Innovation System (AIS) is,! ! ‘…a network of organisations, enterprises, and individuals focused on bringing new products, new processes, and new forms of organisation into economic use, together with the institutions and policies that affect their behaviour and performance.’ (WorldBank, 2009)
  3. 3. An Agricultural Innovation System (AIS) is,! ! ‘…a network of organisations, enterprises, and individuals focused on bringing new products, new processes, and new forms of organisation into economic use, together with the institutions and policies that affect their behaviour and performance.’ (WorldBank, 2009) donors govt. policy makers research ! policies rules processors marketing agents regulations subsidies Service Providers traders CBOs Extension NGOs district agr. office agro-dealers
  4. 4. Agricultural Innovation Systems thinking: Its origins… ToT (1960s-) FSR (1980s-) FPR (1990s-) Innovation systems researchers researchers (+ farmers) researchers with farmers multiple Technology packages Adjusted! Packages! (diagnosis) joint knowledge production Interactive, innovation, (co-)learning Model: Knowledge base: ‘products’: Technologies Actors / stakeholders
  5. 5. Innovation system Farm household system Crop-livestock system Rufino (2004) social processes! power, linkages,! (facilitation) livelihoods,! people ! technologies,! bio-physical laws !"!! Nested systems…
  6. 6. donors govt. policy makers research ! policies rules processors marketing agents regulations subsidies Service Providers traders CBOs Extension NGOs district agr. office agro-dealers
  7. 7. What is an R4D / MS / Innovation Platform (IP)? ! ‘a multi-actor configuration deliberately set up to facilitate and undertake various activities around identified agricultural innovation challenges and opportunities, at different levels in agricultural systems (e.g. village, country, sector or value chain).’ Kilelu et al (2013)! """""! • is a space for learning and change ! • group of individuals (who often represent organizations) with different backgrounds and interests: farmers, traders, food processors, researchers, government officials, etc. ! • members come together to diagnose problems, identify opportunities and find ways to achieve their goals. They may design and implement activities as a platform, or co-ordinate activities by individual members. (ILRI-IP practice briefs, 2013)
  8. 8. What is an R4D / MS / Innovation Platform (IP)? • is a space for learning and change ! • a group of individuals (who often represent organizations) with different backgrounds and interests: farmers, traders, food processors, researchers, government officials, etc. ! • members come together to diagnose problems, identify opportunities and find ways to achieve their goals. They may design and implement activities as a platform, or co-ordinate activities by individual members. (ILRI-IP practice briefs, 2013) """""!
  9. 9. Some functions of Innovation Platforms:! ! Demand articulation – Facilitating the identification of innovation challenges and opportunities as perceived by the different stakeholders! ! Institutional support – Facilitating and advocating institutional change (e.g. policy change, new business models, capacity building, etc.)! ! Network brokering – Identifying and linking different actors (for instance, for scaling-out)! ! Innovation process management – Coordinating interaction and facilitating negotiation and learning among different actors. ! ! Feedback mechanism – providing platform for evaluation and reflection (for research interventions) adapted from: Kilelu et al (2013)
  10. 10. Everything is a ‘platform’… What level of operation? – local / district Who is (not) involved? – organisational landscape, who’s interests What is the purpose? What is being done? – action
  11. 11. Impact of innovation platforms Definitions An innovation platform is a space for learning and change. It is a group of individuals (who often represent organiza-tions) with different backgrounds and interests: farm-ers, traders, food processors, researchers, government officials etc. The members come together to diagnose problems, identify opportunities and find ways to achieve their goals. They may design and implement activities as a platform, or coordinate activities by individual members. Key questions Innovation platforms have become a popular way to stimulate positive change in smallholder agriculture. In principle, they bring together a range of stakeholders to identify and solve common problems. They ensure that different interests are taken into account, that stakeholders together work out solutions (brief 1). In practice, we discover hard truths and difficult “Innovation platforms are the new way to do devel-opment. Bringing different people together to jointly deal with problems avoids scientists developing solu-tions to problems that don’t exist. Many bottlenecks to development are about people – unless we use people-centred approaches we won’t overcome the bottlenecks” “Not another innovation platform. Innovation platforms are a complete waste of time. All you guys do is end-lessly talk to one another. Where is the action? What have you achieved”? These are two perspectives familiar to people working with innovation platforms. In the complex web of relationships that surround agricultural development, innovation platforms are a good way to get to the root of problems and can bring about real, durable change for many people. 1"What"are"innova-on"pla0orms? 2"Innova-on"pla0orms"to"shape"na-onal"policy 3"Research"and"innova-on"pla0orms 4"Power"dynamics"and"representa-on"in"innova-5"Monitoring"innova-on"pla0orms 6"Innova-on"pla0orms"for"agricultural"value"chain"7"Communica-on"in"innova-on"pla0orms 8"Developing"innova-on"capacity"through"innova-9"Linking"ac-on"at"different"levels"through"innova-10"Facilita-ng"innova-on"pla0orms 11"Innova-on"pla0orms"to"support"natural"resource"12"Impact"of"innova-on"pla0orms" see:"hOps://cgspace.cgiar.org
  12. 12. Thank You Africa'Research'in'Sustainable'Intensification'for'the'Next'Generation' africaRrising.net The'presentation'has'a'Creative'Commons'licence.'You'are'free'to're>use'or'distribute'this'work,'provided'credit'is'given'to'ILRI.

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