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LIVESTOCK FEED and VEGETABLE 
IMPROVEMENT STRATEGIES 
Ben Lukuyu (ILRI); Leonard Marwa, Gregory Sikumba 
and Victor Afari-...
…from the Livestock angle! 
 Exploiting the use of FORAGES as a LAND 
MANAGEMENT strategy (addressed elsewhere) 
 Exploi...
Why livestock feed and vegetable 
improvement? 
 To enhance productivity of livestock and vegetables in 
crop livestock s...
Technology development….forages, 
vegetables and crop residues 
Fodder Trees (Leucaena 
leucocephala) established on demo ...
Improved forages… 
 Forages varieties screened on station; moved on farm 
along with bulking and introduced on a few sele...
Performance of new technologies
Farmers benefiting from technology 
 Out of 96 villages (30-40,000 
farmers) – targeting 5 villages 
with 1,500 farmers 
...
Emerging issues…. 
 Due to a diversity of AEZ conditions and niches there is 
need for 
 More forage options and differe...
Integrating vegetables …… 
Vegetables as nutritious food and feed for livestock
What has been done so far? 
 Baseline socioeconomic survey: 
 300 households from 10 villages in the 3 districts (Babati...
Yield estimates for Tomato in Matufa 
Treatment description Demo plot 
area 
cultivated 
ha) 
Harvested yield 
(kg) 
% yie...
Further work… 
 Detailed data collection on yield estimates - 12 demo plots and 
replicated farmer plots 
 Profitability...
Crop residue utilization 
 Characterized 
different potential 
feed resources 
available in the study 
sites 
 Quality d...
Key findings 
• There exist plenty of 
cereal and legume by 
products on farms 
• There is plenty of un 
utilized vegetabl...
Pending issues…. 
 Adapt and refine proven feed processing technology 
 Produce and test with farmers locally and make 
...
Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation 
africa-rising.net
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Livestock feed and vegetable improvement strategies

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Presented by Ben Lukuyu (ILRI), Leonard Marwa, Gregory Sikumba and Victor Afari-sefa at the Africa RISING ESA Review and Planning Meeting, Arusha, Tanzania, 9-11 September 2014

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Livestock feed and vegetable improvement strategies

  1. 1. LIVESTOCK FEED and VEGETABLE IMPROVEMENT STRATEGIES Ben Lukuyu (ILRI); Leonard Marwa, Gregory Sikumba and Victor Afari-sefa Africa RISING ESA Review and Planning Meeting, Arusha, Tanzania, 9-11 September 2014
  2. 2. …from the Livestock angle!  Exploiting the use of FORAGES as a LAND MANAGEMENT strategy (addressed elsewhere)  Exploiting potential of FORAGES as animal FEED  Enhancing use of CROP RESIDUES (cereals, legumes and vegetable waste) as animal FEED  Cattle  Indigenous poultry
  3. 3. Why livestock feed and vegetable improvement?  To enhance productivity of livestock and vegetables in crop livestock systems  To optimize utilization of scarce resource (land, feed, vegetables interactions)  Land management  Vegetable production and utilisation  Feed quantity  Feed quality
  4. 4. Technology development….forages, vegetables and crop residues Fodder Trees (Leucaena leucocephala) established on demo plots in Babati Crop residues on farm in Babati
  5. 5. Improved forages…  Forages varieties screened on station; moved on farm along with bulking and introduced on a few selected farms in Babati.
  6. 6. Performance of new technologies
  7. 7. Farmers benefiting from technology  Out of 96 villages (30-40,000 farmers) – targeting 5 villages with 1,500 farmers  So far focusing on 3 villages with 1,000 farmers  Next rain season’s target:  Planting materials will be distributed to 245 farms in 3 villages  Establish 6 demo and bulking plots in three (3) new villages – Matufa, Shauri Moyo and Hallu Farmers attending one of our activities in Babati
  8. 8. Emerging issues….  Due to a diversity of AEZ conditions and niches there is need for  More forage options and different treatments(monocrop, intercrop, different input levels etc.)  Model potential impacts of improved forages on farms and landscapes  Monitor environmental impacts (incl. soil, water, GHGe)  Participatory evaluation, i.e. feeding results of above analysis in the participatory processes
  9. 9. Integrating vegetables …… Vegetables as nutritious food and feed for livestock
  10. 10. What has been done so far?  Baseline socioeconomic survey:  300 households from 10 villages in the 3 districts (Babati, Kiteto and Kongwa)  Pest and disease survey of 20 farms per district, including a questionnaire on pesticide application regimes conducted (July-Aug., 2013)  Community sensitization on nutritional importance of vegetables (Sept.-Oct., 2013)  Training (Theory and practical learning): 71 farmers were trained on good vegetable production practices with complementary start-up seed kits (Sept.- Oct., 2013)  Follow up visit to observe farmer adoption of preferred varieties & performance of seeds and trickle down. Adoption increased from 71 farmers to 140 farmers (Dec., 2013)  Farmers selected 3 preferred varieties for integration: tomato (Tengeru 2010), amaranth (Madiira II) and African eggplant (Tengeru white) (Dec., 2013)  Site selection and setting of layout of experimental demos (Feb., 2014)
  11. 11. Yield estimates for Tomato in Matufa Treatment description Demo plot area cultivated ha) Harvested yield (kg) % yield increase over base (farmer seeds & practice) Elite variety (Tengeru 2010) + Healthy seedling treatment + ICPM 0.0012 510 1,360 Elite variety (Tengeru 2010) + Healthy seedling treatment + Farmer practice 0.0012 270 771 Elite variety + Farmer managed seedlings + Farmer practice 0.0012 37.5 0
  12. 12. Further work…  Detailed data collection on yield estimates - 12 demo plots and replicated farmer plots  Profitability analysis of demo trials  Validate identified pest and disease findings  Develop ICPM recommendations for farmers  Training in postharvest handling and vegetable utilization for improving shelf-life and enhanced produce utilization for improved nutrition and potential for vegetables as poultry feed  On-farm evaluation of preferred elite vegetable varieties for optimal agronomic adaptability into maize-based systems.  Cost-benefits analyses on best-bet vegetable integrated systems & promotion
  13. 13. Crop residue utilization  Characterized different potential feed resources available in the study sites  Quality determination is underway PRA in Hallu village
  14. 14. Key findings • There exist plenty of cereal and legume by products on farms • There is plenty of un utilized vegetable waste • Poorly processed crop residues (a lack of technology) • Poorly stored resources
  15. 15. Pending issues….  Adapt and refine proven feed processing technology  Produce and test with farmers locally and make improvements  Formulation of feed rations based on locally available resources  Cattle  Indigenous chickens  Test rations with farmers  Upscale the rations
  16. 16. Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation africa-rising.net

Presented by Ben Lukuyu (ILRI), Leonard Marwa, Gregory Sikumba and Victor Afari-sefa at the Africa RISING ESA Review and Planning Meeting, Arusha, Tanzania, 9-11 September 2014

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