Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia: Project Overview

Alwin Keil

Africa RISING–CSISA Joint Monitoring and Evaluatio...
Project Goal…

To increase food, nutrition, and
income security in South Asia
through sustainable intensification
of cerea...
CSISA’s geography
Innovation ‘hubs’ across South Asia

Focus on the IGP: soils
and water resources
to feed South Asia
Converging Challenges
Climate Change

heat, drought, extreme events

Water

Nutrients-Soils

groundwater
surface water

fe...
CSISA: A ‘big tent’ initiative
Integrates disciplines and organizations
• Development of agricultural technologies + suppo...
Implementing Partners
● International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center
(CIMMYT)
● International Rice Research Institute ...
CSISA’s Objectives
● Objective 1: Widespread dissemination of
production and postharvest technologies to increase
cereal p...
CSISA’s Objectives (cont.)
● Objective 4: High-yielding, heat- and water-stress
tolerant, and disease-resistant wheat vari...
Phase I vs. Phase II
● Phase I: 2009-2011
 India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan
 Lead centre was IRRI

● Phase II: 2012-20...
What distinguishes CSISA:
‘Messy middle’ btw science-led + outcomes oriented
Top-down focus on research + technologies
( ...
Achieving impact at scale
● Research-for-development
 Led by research organizations, but still accountable for
achieving ...
Operational Model for Going to Scale
in CSISA Phase II

NOVATION + DURABLE PRODUCTS + SUPPORT TO CHANGE AGEN
Underlying the CSISA approach is the ‘Hub’
• Areas united by similar agricultural systems, production opportunities and
ch...
Axioms for success with innovation hubs
•There is no universal template for agricultural
development
•Blending scientific ...
CSISA technical
entry points

Water
productivity

Labor
productivity

Soil
fertility

Climate
resilience

Yield

Profitabi...
Bihar and Eastern UP
● Early wheat sowing
● Zero-till wheat
● Direct-seeded rice

● Mechanical rice transplanting
● Rice n...
Research Platforms
● Karnal, Haryana: Central Soil Salinity Research Institute
(CSSRI)
● Patna, Bihar: Indian Council for ...
Cereal systems initiative for South Asia: Project overview
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Cereal systems initiative for South Asia: Project overview

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Presented by Alwin Keil, CIMMYT at the Africa RISING–CSISA Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Meeting, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 11-13 November 2013

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  • Technology in context, participatory, multi-discliplinary testing. Engagement with the private sector. Opportunistic, demand-driven.
  • Cereal systems initiative for South Asia: Project overview

    1. 1. Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia: Project Overview Alwin Keil Africa RISING–CSISA Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Meeting, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 11-13 November 2013
    2. 2. Project Goal… To increase food, nutrition, and income security in South Asia through sustainable intensification of cereal-based systems
    3. 3. CSISA’s geography Innovation ‘hubs’ across South Asia Focus on the IGP: soils and water resources to feed South Asia
    4. 4. Converging Challenges Climate Change heat, drought, extreme events Water Nutrients-Soils groundwater surface water fertilizer cost depleted soils Insects-Diseases Energy diesel cost biofuels Demand population growth changing diets Yellow/ Stem rusts Aphids and Stem borers
    5. 5. CSISA: A ‘big tent’ initiative Integrates disciplines and organizations • Development of agricultural technologies + support services • Future-oriented cropping systems research • Breeding for high-yielding and stress-tolerant cereal varieties • Relevant policy analysis • Strategic partnerships (public + private sectors) to increase the scale and longevity of interventions • Strengthen markets and enterprise development • Capacity development through trainings and demonstrations
    6. 6. Implementing Partners ● International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) ● International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) ● International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ● International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) ● World Fish (involved in Bangladesh only)
    7. 7. CSISA’s Objectives ● Objective 1: Widespread dissemination of production and postharvest technologies to increase cereal production, resource efficiency, and income.  Innovation hubs ● Objective 2: Crop and resource management practices for future cereal-based systems.  Research platforms ● Objective 3: High-yielding, heat- and water-stresstolerant rice varieties for current and future cereal and mixed crop-livestock systems.  Rice breeding led by IRRI
    8. 8. CSISA’s Objectives (cont.) ● Objective 4: High-yielding, heat- and water-stress tolerant, and disease-resistant wheat varieties for current and future cereal and mixed crop-livestock systems.  Wheat breeding led by CIMMYT ● Objective 5: Improved policies and institutions for inclusive agricultural growth.  Policy research led by IFPRI ● Objective 6: Project management, data management, communication, and monitoring & evaluation.
    9. 9. Phase I vs. Phase II ● Phase I: 2009-2011  India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan  Lead centre was IRRI ● Phase II: 2012-2015  India, Bangladesh, Nepal  Lead centre is CIMMYT ● Transition from Phase I to Phase II:  Donor-driven shift in priorities in India to Bihar/EUP and Odisha, and in Bangladesh from the North to the South  Transition support for Phase I hubs in Punjab, Haryana, and Tamil Nadu
    10. 10. What distinguishes CSISA: ‘Messy middle’ btw science-led + outcomes oriented Top-down focus on research + technologies ( little impact) CSISA works to bridge the best of both approaches Bottom-up focus on community engagement ( don’t scale + often inappropriate tech.)
    11. 11. Achieving impact at scale ● Research-for-development  Led by research organizations, but still accountable for achieving impact on the ground  CIMMYT acts as lead convening centre of a consortium of research institutions and public and private partner organizations ● CSISA endeavors to reach 2 million farm hhs by the end of Phase II (Sept 30, 2015) ● Works through partners and change agents, not only directly with farmers
    12. 12. Operational Model for Going to Scale in CSISA Phase II NOVATION + DURABLE PRODUCTS + SUPPORT TO CHANGE AGEN
    13. 13. Underlying the CSISA approach is the ‘Hub’ • Areas united by similar agricultural systems, production opportunities and challenges • Provide a geographic focus for collaborative innovation, learning, and dissemination • Brings together regional partners – private sector, GOs & NGOs, universities, farmer groups • Provide a basis for local identification and participatory testing of improved seed and appropriate management technologies
    14. 14. Axioms for success with innovation hubs •There is no universal template for agricultural development •Blending scientific rigor with participatory, demand-led approaches to technology development is a must •Technologies alone are typically insufficient (markets, capital, risk, communications …)
    15. 15. CSISA technical entry points Water productivity Labor productivity Soil fertility Climate resilience Yield Profitability Conservation agriculture (CA) *** ** *** *** * *** ** ** ** *** ** ** ** *** * *** Site-specific nutrient management *** Scale-appropriate mechanization Laser land leveling *** * Elite germplasm ** ** *** ** System intensification (more crops/yr) * ** *** *** *** Post-harvest storage ** Improved livestock feeding Strengthened seed systems * * *** *** ** ** **
    16. 16. Bihar and Eastern UP ● Early wheat sowing ● Zero-till wheat ● Direct-seeded rice ● Mechanical rice transplanting ● Rice nurseries ● Maize seeding techniques Odisha ● Site-specific nutrient mgmt ● Integrated weed mgmt ● Varietal demonstrations ● Maize intensification ● Laser land levelling ● Zero-till pulse sowing All hubs are working in conjunction with national partners, such as the State Departments and Bringing the Green Revolution to Eastern India
    17. 17. Research Platforms ● Karnal, Haryana: Central Soil Salinity Research Institute (CSSRI) ● Patna, Bihar: Indian Council for Agricultural Research – Research Complex for the Eastern Region (ICAR-RCER) ● Aduthurai, Tamil Nadu: Tamil Nadu Rice Research Institute ● Gazipur, Bangladesh All conduct research on crop establishment methods, alternative cropping systems, economics of production, environmental impacts, etc.

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