Fi Group Project[1]


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Fi Group Project[1]

  1. 1. Fitting in With Men
  2. 2. The WAC (Women’s Army Corps) <ul><li>During WWII about 150,000 women served in the WAC. </li></ul><ul><li>They were the first women to serve in the army, other than nurses. </li></ul><ul><li>General Douglas Macarthur said women were “my best soldiers.” They worked harder, complained less, and were better disciplined than men. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Although the percentage of women in the military is at a rise, still only 20% of the military is female. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Treated Differently? <ul><li>Up until 1977, if a woman had a family, she was discharged as unsuitable for military service. </li></ul><ul><li>Even today, women in the military are less likely to have a family or get married. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2002, 36% of military women were single compared to only 2% of men, and 21% of women had children as compared to 59% of men. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Physical Concerns -Men have more testosterone, which allows them to build muscles faster than women. -Females have less dense bones than males. -During aviation, the female body isn’t as adept to handling the increased g-force as well as men.
  6. 6. Marine Corps Initial Strength Test (IST) <ul><li>Men </li></ul><ul><li>-2 pull ups </li></ul><ul><li>-35 sit ups </li></ul><ul><li>-1.5 mile run (under 13:30) </li></ul>Women -12 sec flexed arm hang -35 sit ups -1 mile run (10:30)
  7. 8. How do they live with these men? <ul><li>Women have their own bathrooms </li></ul><ul><li>They have their own showers </li></ul><ul><li>The clinic has gynecology, trauma, and ultrasound services </li></ul>
  8. 9. Women on the Front Line? <ul><li>One of the biggest concerns is putting women on the front line. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2003, only 2 years since the start of the war, more than 30 had died in Afghanistan and Iraq. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people argue whether women can handle that kind of pressure and violence. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Social Concerns <ul><li>Female POW’s are more inclined to become victims of sexual assault. </li></ul><ul><li>Many women have used “being pregnant” as an escape from combat duty. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Retired Lt. Gen. Claudia J. Kennedy is the highest ranking woman to ever serve in the Army. </li></ul><ul><li>She says, “Regardless of whether the military changes its policy on women in combat, we need to honor the women who are serving in this conflict, willing to step outside traditional roles and answer their country's call, they are vital to this mission and should not be segregated. Women soldiers deserve to be treated just as all soldiers should be treated – properly trained, properly equipped and given the proper respect.&quot; </li></ul>
  11. 12. WASPS- Women Air force Service Pilots <ul><li> </li></ul>
  12. 13. Sexual Abuse of Women in the Forces
  13. 15. Capt. Margaret H. White <ul><li>Captain Margaret White began a relationship with a warrant officer but broke it off when she got a bad feeling about him </li></ul><ul><li>He stalked her and forced her to have sex with him </li></ul><ul><li>She was afraid to come forward </li></ul><ul><li>“ It got to the point that I felt safer outside the wire than taking a shower” </li></ul>
  14. 16. Fears of Reporting <ul><li>Fear of being killed with all the weapons around </li></ul><ul><li>Not being believed </li></ul><ul><li>High hierarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Focus of the mission will over shadow other concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of harming the mission </li></ul><ul><li>Negatively impacting their careers </li></ul><ul><li>Embarrassment </li></ul>
  15. 17. Tracey R. Phillips <ul><li>She reported that a private made an unwanted advance towards her </li></ul><ul><li>Tracey told a superior and in return she herself had charges brought against her for such things as adultery </li></ul><ul><li>In the end she was kicked out of Iraq and the Army as a whole while the private remained on duty </li></ul><ul><li>“ If I would have never, ever, ever said anything I wouldn’t be sitting here, I’d still be in Iraq.” </li></ul>
  16. 18. Safety <ul><li>The military has a ranking system which is needed to be effective and successful, is Tracy Phillips wrong for going over a superior and committing a crime to report one? </li></ul><ul><li>Should the issue be overlooked because of the severity of the war? </li></ul><ul><li>Can we feel safe knowing that the people who are supposed to be protecting the nation are committing such acts? </li></ul>
  17. 19. Statistically <ul><li>Every year there are thousands of women who are sexually abused by the men they stand with </li></ul><ul><li>A women is more likely to be traumatized by sexual abuse than the violence in the warzone </li></ul><ul><li>A majority of sexual abuse goes without any prosecution AT ALL </li></ul>
  18. 20. Risks for the U.S. Forces <ul><li>Negatively affect the readiness of the mission </li></ul><ul><li>Other nations could potentially see the U.S. as a weak target </li></ul><ul><li>One false move can destroy units in the military </li></ul>
  19. 21. Explanations made on behalf of the men <ul><li>Emotional stress from war </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of women coming in and taking over their positions </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme pressure making them react in insane ways </li></ul><ul><li>Wanting to feel powerful </li></ul>
  20. 22. Psychological Aspects <ul><li>Lets say the military is like the “mother” of the U.S. because it is a protector, what kind of effect do you think it will have on women in society if women in the most powerful positions cannot come forward? </li></ul><ul><li>Take a male figure that is known for being a positive person and would not hurt anymore and place them in a warlike environment. Can us (society), see them doing things that they would not normally do? </li></ul>
  21. 23. Efforts to Make Changes <ul><li>The military has increased the aid of treatment and has gotten more strict standards of prosecution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase d amount of lawyers and investigators </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More organizations are being of assistance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DOD SAPRO (Department of Defense) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MCSR (Men Can Stop Rape) </li></ul></ul>
  22. 24. Questions <ul><li>Should more be done to protect women form this abuse? </li></ul><ul><li>Can we say women should be defending a country that is not defending them? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is to blame? </li></ul>
  23. 25. Motherhood
  24. 26. Children <ul><li>Separation and anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Sadness and worry </li></ul><ul><li>Grades and behaviors suffer </li></ul><ul><li>Cause psychological problems </li></ul>
  25. 27. Mothers <ul><li>Having to choose between family and military </li></ul><ul><li>Leaving children behind </li></ul><ul><li>Especially difficult for single mothers </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of valuable time together </li></ul><ul><li>Suffer psychological wounds </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in transition </li></ul>
  26. 28. Alexis Hutchinson <ul><li>She was arrested for refusing to be deployed to Afghanistan </li></ul><ul><li>When her mother was not able to take care of her son, she had no one to turn to and she refused to put him in a foster home </li></ul><ul><li>She was later discharged from the army </li></ul>
  27. 29. Video <ul><li> </li></ul>
  28. 30. A Combat Role, and Anguish, Too
  29. 31. Being a Combat Veteran w/ Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder… <ul><li>Women are more prone to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder than men </li></ul><ul><li>Avoiding phone calls, family dinners, and other things that are important </li></ul><ul><li>Hiding </li></ul><ul><li>Distorts personality </li></ul><ul><li>Some fight in sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Paranoid around children </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation over embarrassment </li></ul><ul><li>Guilty of who they’ve become </li></ul><ul><li>Paralyzed by the psychological scars of combat </li></ul>
  30. 32. Concerns <ul><li>Military life and the way women are treated when they return home have an impact on the way they cope </li></ul><ul><li>Women are more likely to suffer alone </li></ul><ul><li>Women do better in therapy because they’re more comfortable talking about their emotions, but it typically takes years for them to seek help </li></ul><ul><li>“ Female veterans w/ P.T.S.D. said they did not always feel their problems were justified, or would be treated as valid by a military system that defines combat as an all-male activity”(NY Times) </li></ul>
  31. 33. Concerns continued… <ul><li>Some issues develop because they are not given the combat title </li></ul><ul><li>Many people underestimate what these women have been through </li></ul><ul><li>Not seen as “real soldiers” </li></ul><ul><li>Women are seen as weak and whiny </li></ul><ul><li>When a woman went on sick call, it was a big deal </li></ul>
  32. 34. Symptoms <ul><li>Fits of rage </li></ul><ul><li>Insomnia </li></ul><ul><li>Nightmares </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Survivors guilt </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of crowds </li></ul>
  33. 35. The worst part… <ul><li>Lose the ability to trust the Iraq soldiers they serve with </li></ul><ul><li>At home, fall out of touch w/ loved ones </li></ul><ul><li>Feel ashamed and guilty because “they’re not suppose to punch a wall, they’re not suppose to get aggressive w/ their spouse” (NY Times) </li></ul>
  34. 36. <ul><li>For men, rage, paranoia and aggression are more accepted, while women are typically expected to snap back into domestic routines w/out any trouble </li></ul><ul><li>Women live w/ that inner feeling of anger </li></ul><ul><li>They see more events happening at home than actually out in public </li></ul><ul><li>Women may withdraw more because they are not surrounded by other women </li></ul>
  35. 37. Homefront Isolation <ul><li>Many women traumatized by combat stress described lives of quiet desperation, alone, in just a few rooms with drawn shades </li></ul><ul><li>Finding a social equilibrium is especially difficult when you have a family </li></ul><ul><li>Constantly struggle to balance their own urge to hide with demands from loved ones to interact </li></ul><ul><li>Get used to pushing people away </li></ul><ul><li>Fear their own temper more than anything else </li></ul>
  36. 38. Solutions…What has been done <ul><li>The military and the Department of Veterans Affairs have made the public more aware of women’s roles </li></ul><ul><li>There are now army recruiting advertisements featuring women in war zones </li></ul><ul><li>The V.A. has bought hundreds of copies of the documentary “Lioness,” which profiles female veterans in Ramadi, while producing a video that shows the history of military women </li></ul><ul><li>The veterans’ agency also began a systemwide effort to make primary care for female veterans available at every V.A. medical facility nationwide </li></ul>
  37. 39. <ul><li>There is a children’s book out for military families that illustrates what the effects of war mean for society…. “Why is Mommy Like She Is? A Book For Kids about PTSD” </li></ul>
  38. 40. <ul><li>“ Data indicate that female military personnel are far more likely than their male counterparts to have been exposed to some kind of trauma or multiple traumas before joining the military or being deployed in combat. That may include physical assault, sexual abuse or rape” (Scharnberg). </li></ul>
  39. 41. Treatment <ul><li>Prolonged exposure therapy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vivid remembering of the traumatic event </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most effective </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Present-Centered therapy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on current life challenges rather that memory of past traumas </li></ul></ul>
  40. 42. Bibliography <ul><li>Cave, Damien. &quot;A Combat Role, and Anguish, Too.&quot; The New York Times . 31 Oct. 2009. Web. 2 Mar. 2010. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Scharnberg, Kristen. &quot;Women GIs and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.&quot; . 28 Mar. 2005. Web. 3 Mar. 2010. <,13190,Defensewatch_032805_Scharnberg, 00.html>. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>“ Alexis Hutchinson, Army Mom Arrested for Refusing to Deploy, Says There’s No one to Care for Baby”. Ed. Edecio Martinez.Nov. 17, </li></ul><ul><li>“ Wartime Soldier, Conflicted Mom”. Sep. 26 2009. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>