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DesignBuildBLUFF: A Concern for Usefulness

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These are the slides from a recent webinar produced by the OAC and the AIA Housing Knowledge Community. This presentation was created by Jose Galarza of University of Utah.

We learned how a group of graduate architecture students and faculty have engaged with the Navajo communities of the Utah Four Corners region to build capacity through full scale architectural projects.

To view the full webinar visit our youtube channel here - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qg5IYhA3Nh4&feature=youtu.be

Published in: Design
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DesignBuildBLUFF: A Concern for Usefulness

  1. 1. The Future of Community Engagement: Renewing the Capacity of Indigenous Communities to Serve Themselves
  2. 2. What is DesignBuildBLUFF? Our Mission & VisionThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  3. 3. Community Engaged Learning
  4. 4. Developing Resilient Practices
  5. 5. Authentic Learning Experiences
  6. 6. Landscape as Teaching Tool
  7. 7. Our Mission & Vision Our Mission: DesignBuildBLUFF is a non-profit administered out of the University of Utah that exists to promote applied research in contemporary rural architecture, regenerative design, and appropriate technology; while building capacity in collaboration with the Navajo and the Utah Four Corners region. Our Vision: DesignBuildBLUFF aims to create the best generation of applied thinkers -- design-minded collaborative advocates for social good who take a hands-on approach to problem solving. The University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  8. 8. What is applied thinking? Our Mission & VisionThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  9. 9. Our Teaching Philosophy - Conceptual v.s. TechnicalThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  10. 10. The University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF Our Teaching Philosophy - Conceptual v.s. Technical
  11. 11. The University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF Our Teaching Philosophy - Conceptual v.s. Technical
  12. 12. The University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF Our Teaching Philosophy - Conceptual v.s. Technical
  13. 13. Current Trends - Conceptual v.s. TechnicalThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  14. 14. Current Trends - Conceptual v.s. TechnicalThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  15. 15. Building Better Architects w/Native CommunitiesThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  16. 16. Where is it? Where We WorkThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  17. 17. - Founded in Y2K by Hank Louis at the University of Utah in SLC and Park City - In 2003 program builds first ever straw bale house in SLC, UT - Moved to current home and namesake in 2004 (Bluff, UT) - In 2004 program builds first project on the Navajo Nation (Rosie Joe House) - In 2013 program becomes a formal program of the University of Utah, Hank retires, new administration - In 2015 program expands its mission to become more multi-disciplinary. A Quick HistoryThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  18. 18. Where We Work – Comb RidgeThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  19. 19. The Student Experience The Work: Student ExperienceThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  20. 20. Every fall, a graduate studio of up to sixteen students designs a building for a pre-identified beneficiary of the Navajo Nation in the southern Utah tribal area. They spend the better part of this semester converting drawings into habitable space. As the edifice rises, so does a community of cohorts, who can boast hands on experience of construction, teamwork, successful project delivery (in most cases), budget management, publication of their work and incredible amount of physical labor—all upon mere graduation. They come to appreciate the expertise of plumbers and electricians; the knowledge of vendors, and the importance of sunscreen. During the economically dark years from 2008 to 2013, should we be surprised if Bluff graduates got an edge with employers over peers who opted for the certainties of university environs and the comforts of home instead? The Work: Student ExperienceThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  21. 21. Our Projects The Student WorkThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  22. 22. $25k in Cash
  23. 23. $50k+ Total Value
  24. 24. Nakai House The Student WorkThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  25. 25. Nakai HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  26. 26. Nakai HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  27. 27. Nakai HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  28. 28. Nakai HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  29. 29. www.designbuildbluff.orgNakai HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  30. 30. Nakai HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  31. 31. Nakai HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  32. 32. Nakai HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  33. 33. Nakai HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  34. 34. Nakai HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  35. 35. Nakai HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  36. 36. Nakai HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  37. 37. Nakai HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  38. 38. Nakai HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  39. 39. Yenaldlooshi / Skin WalkersThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  40. 40. Studio 23The University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  41. 41. Exceeding Accessibility The Student WorkThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  42. 42. Sol Rose House The Student WorkThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  43. 43. Understanding Disabilities in American Indian and Alaska Native Communities – National Council on Disability Data from the 1997 Survey of Income and Program Participation found that 22 percent of the American Indian and Alaska Native population has one or more disabilities (McNeil, 2001). This is the highest rate of disability when compared with all other races in the United States.
  44. 44. Understanding Disabilities in American Indian and Alaska Native Communities – National Council on Disability What disabilities do we find in Indian communities? • Spinal cord injury • Diabetes complications • Blindness • Mobility disability • Traumatic brain injury • Deafness or hardness of hearing • Orthopedic conditions • Arthralgia • Emotional or mental health conditions • Learning disabilities • Alcoholism or drug dependence
  45. 45. Understanding Disabilities in American Indian and Alaska Native Communities – National Council on Disability Barriers to treatment? • Attitude • Lack of Awareness • Legal Enforcement Unclear • Rural Transportation • Rural Infrastructure • Public Access • Complex Federal Programs • State Relationships • Education System • Employment • Housing • Service Coordination and Advocacy • Alcoholism or drug dependence • Personal Care Assistance
  46. 46. The Sol Rose project was designed and executed to meet the needs of a client, who at our first encounter, was just barely adjusting to life in a wheelchair. At the time she was living in a very humble single-wide trailer that was in disrepair and impossible for her to access. Sol Rose HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  47. 47. Sol Rose HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  48. 48. Sol Rose HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  49. 49. Our students met with her to address her needs through the design and construction of an ADA wheelchair accessible house, which would exceed those standards and vastly improve her ability to once again take care of herself. The focus of the design became how to reconnect her with views and the outdoors. The site was uniquely suited to this task as it had 360 degree sweeping panoramas of important land formations, including Monument Valley, Bears Ears, and Blue Mountain. Sol Rose HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  50. 50. Sol Rose HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  51. 51. Sol Rose HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  52. 52. Sol Rose HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  53. 53. Sol Rose HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  54. 54. Sol Rose HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  55. 55. Sol Rose HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  56. 56. Sol Rose HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  57. 57. Sol Rose HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  58. 58. Sol Rose HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  59. 59. Sol Rose HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  60. 60. Sol Rose HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  61. 61. Sol Rose HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  62. 62. Sol Rose HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  63. 63. Sol Rose HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  64. 64. Sol Rose HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  65. 65. Sol Rose HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  66. 66. Adding to Lessons Learned Critical ReflectionThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  67. 67. The Future of Community Engagement: Renewing the Capacity of Indigenous Communities to Serve Themselves Critical ReflectionThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  68. 68. Much more can be said in praise of design build pedagogy and the fine institution that is Bluff. But if one goes on, one runs the risk of celebrating the asymmetries of power that underpin the successes of Bluff. This case study situates us at a prodigious vantage point. Here we see a struggle between the Navajo’s cosmocentric and our anthropocentric definition of architecture and the architect; and the balance is clearly titled in “our” favor. After all it is an interface between one of the poorest, most exploited, and discredited communities in the United States, and the representatives of American Academy, one of the most forceful cultural institutions of its day. Critical ReflectionThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  69. 69. We need to educate our students that this community is disadvantaged not because they don’t have architects. Till the middle of nineteenth century, building was an essential life skill, like cooking, stitching, weaving, storytelling and throwing pots. Men and women built their houses together. Instead, the Navajo are a disadvantaged community because the dominant culture of which we all are the beneficiaries and publicists, has robbed them of all their institutions, means of sustenance, and land. They are a disadvantaged people because we have subjugated their spiritual (cosmocentric) attitude of space and time to our modern (anthropocentric) attitude. If this were a problem unique to DesignBuildBLUFF, School of Architecture and the state of Utah, it would not have taken us a decade to see the glaring colonial and exploitative nature of this our most cherished public interest architectural program. Critical ReflectionThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  70. 70. Conical Forked Pole Hogan SymbolismThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  71. 71. Conical Forked Pole Hogan SymbolismThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  72. 72. Conical Forked Pole Hogan SymbolismThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  73. 73. Critical ReflectionThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  74. 74. Badger Springs House The Student WorkThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  75. 75. Badger Springs HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  76. 76. Badger Springs HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  77. 77. Badger Springs HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  78. 78. Badger Springs HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  79. 79. Badger Springs HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  80. 80. Badger Springs HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  81. 81. Badger Springs HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  82. 82. Badger Springs HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  83. 83. Badger Springs HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  84. 84. Badger Springs HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  85. 85. Badger Springs HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  86. 86. Badger Springs HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  87. 87. Badger Springs HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  88. 88. Badger Springs HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  89. 89. Badger Springs HouseThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  90. 90. What’s Next?The University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF Looking Towards the Future
  91. 91. The Influence of GlobalizationThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  92. 92. What’s Next?The University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF 1. Building the capacity of communities from within 2. Identify local accessible material and human resources 3. Translating the voices of the community 4. Emphasizing cultural identity
  93. 93. Partnerships: GRID Alternatives (Clean Energy)The University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  94. 94. Change Labs – Creative EntrepreneurshipThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  95. 95. Change Labs – Creative EntrepreneurshipThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  96. 96. Northern Cheyenne Basketball Clinic Summer 2014The University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  97. 97. After School Mentorship – Bluff ElementaryThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  98. 98. After School Mentorship – Bluff ElementaryThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  99. 99. After School Mentorship – Bluff ElementaryThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  100. 100. Land Use Planning, Dine BikeyahThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  101. 101. Land Use Planning, Dine BikeyahThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  102. 102. Land Use Planning, Dine BikeyahThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  103. 103. Community Development - Bluff, UTThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  104. 104. Community Development - Bluff, UTThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  105. 105. Pivot Towards Broad Impact Critical ReflectionThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  106. 106. Red Sand Cabins The Student WorkThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  107. 107. Red Sand CabinsThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  108. 108. Red Sand CabinsThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  109. 109. Red Sand CabinsThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  110. 110. Red Sand CabinsThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  111. 111. Red Sand CabinsThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  112. 112. Red Sand CabinsThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  113. 113. Red Sand CabinsThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  114. 114. Red Sand CabinsThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  115. 115. Red Sand CabinsThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  116. 116. Cedar Hall The Student WorkThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  117. 117. Cedar HallThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  118. 118. Cedar HallThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  119. 119. Cedar HallThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  120. 120. Cedar HallThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  121. 121. Cedar HallThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  122. 122. Cedar HallThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  123. 123. Cedar HallThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  124. 124. Cedar HallThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  125. 125. Cedar HallThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  126. 126. Cedar HallThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  127. 127. Cedar HallThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  128. 128. Cedar HallThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  129. 129. Cedar HallThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  130. 130. Cedar HallThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  131. 131. Dennehotso Sweat Equity Project The Student WorkThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  132. 132. Sweat EquityThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  133. 133. Sweat EquityThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  134. 134. Sweat EquityThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  135. 135. Sweat EquityThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  136. 136. Sweat EquityThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  137. 137. Sweat EquityThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  138. 138. Sweat EquityThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  139. 139. Sweat EquityThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  140. 140. Sweat EquityThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  141. 141. Sweat EquityThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  142. 142. Sweat EquityThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  143. 143. Sweat EquityThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  144. 144. Sweat EquityThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  145. 145. Sweat EquityThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  146. 146. Sweat EquityThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  147. 147. Sweat EquityThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  148. 148. Sweat EquityThe University of Utah| DesignBuildBLUFF
  149. 149. How to find us… The Student WorkThe University of Utah | DesignBuildBLUFF
  150. 150. www.designbuildbluff.org
  151. 151. www.designbuildbluff.org
  152. 152. www.designbuildbluff.org
  153. 153. The Future of Community Engagement: Renewing the Capacity of Indigenous Communities to Serve Themselves

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