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  2. 2. Comparison biochemical analysis (RP, LFT, FLP and FBS) Diabetic Patients in haemodialysis and non-haemodialysis
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF STUDY  In haemodialysis, a machine filters wastes, salts and fluid from your blood when your kidneys are no longer healthy enough to do this work adequately.  Haemodialysis is the most common way to treat advanced kidney failure.  Haemodialysis requires you to follow a strict treatment schedule, take medications regularly and, usually, make changes in your diet.  There are relationship between laboratory values of dialysis patients. (Ayoub 2013)
  4. 4. PROBLEM STATEMENT  Comparative blood test prove diabetic patients undergoing haemodialysis test.  To know the effect of haemodialysis on liver, sugar and lipids by comparing laboratory results.
  5. 5. OBJECTIVE  General : To distinguish between the blood results diabetic patients in haemodialysis with non-haemodialysis.  Specific : To compare biochemical test RP, LFT, FLP and FBS results for diabetic patients in haemodialysis and non-haemodialysis between gender.
  6. 6. HYPOTHESIS  Diabetic patients in haemodialysis have abnormal blood results compare to non-haemodialysis patients.  Null-hypothesis: diabetic patients in haemodialysis and non- haemodialysis patients have no different of biochemical results.
  7. 7. STUDY JUSTIFICATION Blood result for diabetic patients in haemodialysis are abnormal especially at creatinine and urea because of kidney failure. Besides that, others biochemical results also may change for haemodialysis patients compare to non-haemodialysis patients. Reviewing the results of liver, blood sugar and lipids for patients with diabetes who exercise haemodialysis compare with non- haemodialysis patients. Reviewing the changes of biochemistry parameters. (M. Oguzhan 2013)
  8. 8. LITERATURE REVIEW  Theoretical perspectives (conceptual or theoretical framework)  Diabetic patients that were dialysed have high incidence of blindness, neurophathy and vascular disease.  Differences between diabetic patients in haemodialysis and non-haemodialysis changes in patient's blood results.(RF Slifkin)
  9. 9. METHODOLOGY  OVERALL APPROACH AND RATIONALE  Review blood results at Klinik Kesihatan Seremban to determine diabetic patients that on haemodialysis treatment and non- haemodialysis patients.
  10. 10. SITE POPULATION SELECTION  Data collected at Klinik Kesihatan Seremban for certain period.
  11. 11. DATA COLLECTION METHOD Diabetic Patient’s Blood Results ________________________|_____________________ | | | Haemodialysis Non-haemodialysis Control |_______________________|_____________________| Male / Female | Biochemical blood results | RP , LFT , FLP , FBS | COMPARISON
  12. 12. METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS  T- test  ANOVA test
  13. 13. GANTT CHART MONTH WEEK 1 2 3 4 SEPTEMBER 14 Proposal’s title decide OCTOBER 14 Discuss project scheduling NOVEMBER 14 DECEMBER 14 JANUARY 15 Proposal discussion FEBRUARY 15 Proposal discussion Discussion proposal presentation MARCH 15 Proposal presentation APRIL 15 Written proposal discussion MAY 15 Written proposal submitted -
  14. 14. REFERENCES  M. Oguzhan1, I. Kocyigit2, A. Unal2, M.H. Sipahioglu2, B. Tokgoz2, O. Oymak2. 1Nutrition and Dietetic, 2Nephrology, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey , 2013  Giuseppe Lippi a,⁎, Nicola Tessitore b, Gian Luca Salvagno a, Valeria Bedogna b, Antonella Bassi a,Martina Montagnana a, Antonio Lupo b, Gian Cesare Guidi a, 2007  Y. Asamiya a,*, A. Yajima b, Y. Tsuruta a, S. Otsubo c, K. Nitta , Department of Medicine, Kidney Center, Tokyo Women’s Medical University, 8-1, Kawada-chou, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo,2012  Ayoub, A., Nelson, K., Wood, P. & Hijjazi, K. H. (2014). The relationship between laboratory values and quality of life of dialysis patients in the United Arab Emirates. Renal Society of Australasia Journal, 10(1), 12-20. (2013)