mWater training package 1: Android Basics


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This deck is a tutorial for basic Android operating systems. It should be used as Deck 1 in an mWater training.

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mWater training package 1: Android Basics

  1. 1. mWater overview The mWater Explorer app is used for data collection on mobile smart phones and tablets. The data is uploaded to an online (cloud) database. The upload requires a Wi-Fi connection or mobile data (3G or 4G) connection. The mWater Portal is a website that allows mWater users to design survey forms for use in the Explorer app. In the Portal users can also review and analyse data uploaded from the app. This information is also stored in the online database. Both the app and the portal access information collected through the database.
  2. 2. Android Basics
  3. 3. Android Smartphone basics Damage prevention Liquids • Don’t carry the phone with liquids • Don’t use in the rain • Don’t carry it or use it in the toilet! If the phone gets wet, remove the cover and battery and place ALL parts in a bag of dry, uncooked rice for two days. Dropping • Don’t carry the phone whilst holding many other things • Dropping will likely cause the phone to stop functioning • Some parts may be replaced but this is costly • Consider buying a case and a screen protector
  4. 4. Android Smartphone basics Damage prevention Loss or theft • Immediately tell your supervisor • Account associated with the phone should be deleted to protect data that the phone contains Antivirus • Use antivirus to protect your device from files that others may share with you • Use Google PlayStore to download an anti-virus, e.g. Avast Mobile Security & Antivirus
  5. 5. Android Smartphone basics Basic skills • Turning phone on/off • Sleep/lock screen • Clicking, dragging and long pressing • Viewing apps • Opening apps and leaving them • Typing
  6. 6. Android Smartphone basics Power button – Turning on & off Volume button – Turning volume up & down External buttons
  7. 7. Android Smartphone basics Short press Power button to lock and sleep / wake Navigation buttons Sleep & wake Short pressing the power button will make the phone “sleep” – saving battery. It will also lock the screen. The screen will go off (go black). To start the screen again, short press the power button again and unlock it. Navigate (move) around the phone using the navigation buttons at the bottom of the screen.
  8. 8. Android Smartphone basics Types of touches Drag to unlock the screen Unlock the screen Use different touches to perform different actions on the phone. Drag from the centre to the edge of the screen to unlock the phone.
  9. 9. Viewing apps Getting around in Android Some apps are visible in the home screen Other apps can be found by pressing the menu button Click apps to open them
  10. 10. Opening apps and exiting them Getting around in Android Click app to open Click home screen to exit Back to home screen
  11. 11. Typing in Android Getting around in Android Current word is underlined Suggestions Keyboard Go to QuickOffice - open New document Practice typing and changing the keyboard to numbers and symbols Space Bar Enter button Selecting numbers key will bring numbers and symbols Selecting symbols key will bring more symbols Return back to numbers and letters keyboards
  12. 12. Android Smartphone basics Charging the phone • Keep your phone charged – check the battery regularly. • Use wall chargers, car chargers and block (portable battery) chargers. • Switch your phone off at the end of the work day / overnight. • Do NOT switch it off when you are in the field collecting data – if you are offline you cannot log back in to the mWater app when you switch the phone back on. You may lose data that you have collected with the app. • Keep your phone in a secure place when you are charging it. • Try only to charge your phone when the battery is low – charging it too often will cause the battery to wear out more quickly
  13. 13. Getting around in Android Notifications and Settings Notifications - shows emails, required system & app updates, missed calls etc. Quick Settings menu - easily view brightness, settings, Wi-Fi, Network signal, battery, Bluetooth and All Settings - see all settings for the phone and apps From top right hand corner, drag down the screen Clear notifications
  14. 14. Getting around in Android Wi-Fi connection Open quick settings Wi-Fi is connected if the Wi-Fi icon is white Select Wi-Fi networks by clicking the Wi-Fi icon Switch Wi-Fi on and off with the slider Wi-Fi connection is off with these icons Wi-Fi is on Switch Wi-Fi networks by clicking on options in the list Wi-Fi is off
  15. 15. Getting around in Android Mobile data connection Open quick settings Mobile data is on if there is a letter E, G or H next to the network signal icon Check mobile data by clicking the network signal icon Switch data on and off with the slider Mobile data is off with these icons Mobile data is on Check data usage in the graph Mobile data is off
  16. 16. Getting around in Android Force Closing Apps Click app list button to show list of open apps Swipe the app left or right, off the screen, to force close App no longer shows in app list Force closing apps may be useful when: • The app freezes • There is a different error with the app • The phone is very slow (there are many apps open and they are slowing the phone down) – in this case close all the apps in the app list
  17. 17. Getting around in Android Updating Apps Updating apps is important to know that you are using the most recent version of the app. App developers will always make small improvements and fixes to the app that become available through updates. Open the Google Play Store Click the profile icon at the top of the screen. Click My apps Click Update All. Apps which need updates will show “Update” next to them Apps that do not need update will show “Installed” next to them
  18. 18. Android Smartphone basics Saving the battery If you are at risk of losing power while working: Leaving GPS on can drain the phone’s battery more quickly. Turn GPS off by going to Quick Settings and clicking GPS to switch it off. Switch GPS back on before starting work with mWater. Be sure to turn GPS back on when you again need it. Ensure the GPS is in High Accuracy mode when it is switched back on.
  19. 19. Android Smartphone basics Using data: Organizations should provide enumerators with a data bundle allowance to complete their work. mWater encourages enumerators to play on Facebook in their own time. Data bundles should be adequate for this. If users consume all of this data, you must purchase extra data at your own expense. Some apps will use more data than others: • Apps like WhatsApp and Facebook Messenger will not use much data • Apps like YouTube and Facebook (watching videos) will use lots of data • Websites where you can watch videos will use lots of data (using the Google Chrome browser)
  20. 20. Android Smartphone basics Changing the SIM card (images from Moto E Android) For most Android mobiles, change the SIM card remove the cover from the back of the phone. At the side of the phone opposite the power button, lightly press the side of the SIM card – it will pop out. Gently push in the new SIM card, until you feel/hear the spring click and the SIM card is all the way in the phone, no longer visible from the outside. Try to avoid changing the SIM card too much as it can damage both the SIM card and the phone, and allows dirt and dust to enter.