Session8.1 ejzenberg,goldberg

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"Surviving College: Promoting Numerical Literacy of English Language Learners and Minority Students."

Deficient numerical literacy (innumeracy) is a gate keeper to college success. It is an endemic problem among students, particularly for English Language Learners and minority students. The presenters will share successful strategies and activities to promote college-level numerical literacy and critical thinking. This new set of skills will empower students to "survive college" by being better prepared and more confident to overcome academic challenges in a variety of disciplines.
(Maryland Plan for Higher Education, Goal 3: Diversity, and Goal 4: Student-Centered Learning)

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Session8.1 ejzenberg,goldberg

  1. 1. Surviving College: Promoting Numerical Literacy in English Language Learners & Minority Students <ul><li>Dr. Roseli Ejzenberg, Professor </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Reading, ESL, and Linguistics </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Saul Goldberg, Instructional Assistant </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Computing Team </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Montgomery College, Rockville Campus . </li></ul>
  2. 2. Surviving College: Promoting Numerical Literacy <ul><li>Dr. Roseli Ejzenberg and Saul Goldberg </li></ul><ul><li>Montgomery College, Rockville Campus </li></ul><ul><li>Outline </li></ul><ul><li>I. SEEKING EQUITY IN ACADEMIC SUCCESS </li></ul><ul><li>A. The Role of Numeracy </li></ul><ul><li>II. STRATEGIES TO DEVELOP ACADEMIC NUMERACY </li></ul><ul><li>A. Student Survival Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>B. Instructional Sequencing and Activities </li></ul><ul><li>III. SOURCES, RESOURCES, AND LESSON PLANS </li></ul><ul><li>A. Teacher-Friendly Websites </li></ul><ul><li>  B. Textbooks and Related Literature </li></ul>
  3. 3. I. Equity in College Success <ul><li>The Role of Numeracy </li></ul><ul><li>1 . Definition: A continuum of math literacy leading to proficient academic skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Not just about numbers; a whole way of thinking </li></ul><ul><li>and approaching the world. (Kerka, 1995) </li></ul><ul><li>Culture, Country, & Language-Specific ( Ciancone, 1996) </li></ul><ul><li>English Proficiency & Numeracy are deeply connected. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Warning: Innumeracy is Endemic !! (Paulos,1989) </li></ul><ul><li>Innumeracy is a Gate-Keeper to College Success!! </li></ul>
  4. 4. II. Strategies to Develop Academic Numeracy <ul><li>A. Student Survival Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>1. General Lecture Note-Taking Skills : </li></ul><ul><li> a. Organizing Space (Cornell; Ejzenberg) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Self </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Material </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Graphic </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>b . Understanding Logical Structure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-> c . Predicting and Evaluating Information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visual </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aural </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Student Survival Strategies (cont.) <ul><li>2. Numeracy-Specific Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Note-taking first -> Understanding second </li></ul><ul><li>-> Producing -> Analyzing/Manipulating </li></ul><ul><li>a. Shorthand : US debt to China? </li></ul><ul><li> http://defeatthedebt.com/about-us </li></ul><ul><li>b. Scientific notation </li></ul><ul><li>c. Abbreviations </li></ul><ul><li>3. Oral Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>a. Clarification Questions & Problem-Solving </li></ul>
  6. 6. Instructional Sequencing <ul><li>From small, isolated to large numbers </li></ul><ul><li>From limited to comprehensive unit types </li></ul><ul><li>From isolated and “packaged” </li></ul><ul><li>to contextualized authentic material. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sequencing: Level One From small , isolated to large numbers <ul><li>From minimal pairs -> Large #s </li></ul><ul><li>Dates: Teens and Tens, IMF figures * </li></ul><ul><li>Fractions, US # Format </li></ul><ul><li>* IMF loans and aid given to developing countries http://www.imf.org/external/np/tre/activity/2009/122409.htm#tab1 </li></ul><ul><li>IMF Educational Activities and Videos http://www.imf.org/external/np/exr/center/econed/index.htm#interactives </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.imf.org/external/media/index.asp </li></ul>
  8. 8. Sequencing: Level Two From limited to complex numerical info Immigration: Collaborative Learning 1 . Data Gathering -> Search U.S. Census Bureau website: Foreign-Born data by Origin, Gender, Age, Income, and Citizenship status. http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/foreign/cps2008.html -> Compare Excel tables data with graphs/charts on Education, Income & Unemployment of Foreign-Born vs. Minority Citizens . http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/foreign/slides.html 2 . Exchanging and Analyzing Data -> Information Gap Activity
  9. 9. Sequencing: Level Three From “Packaged” to Authentic Info. From “Trip to a Space Center“ ( Mosaic 1 textbook) To NASA CONNECT video series + teacher’s guide Space station stats (flight altitude, speed, equipment size, orbit times, distances.) http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-4205698473092315306&q=nasa+statistics NASA Homepage http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/index.html Educational Materials http://search.nasa.gov/search/edFilterSearch.jsp?empty=true
  10. 10. Sources and Resources: Teacher-Friendly Websites <ul><li>British Broadcasting Channel (BBC) instructional resources: http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/weblinks/teachers.shtml http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldclass/teachers </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation : audio podcasts and video at http://invention.smithsonian.org/video </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Public Broadcasting Service www.PBS.org PBS teachers: lesson plans + programs. Frontline: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/teach </li></ul><ul><li>  WAMU-FM Radio in Washington: www.WAMU.org </li></ul><ul><li>  National Public Radio(NPR ): www.NPR.org NPR Podcast Directory: http://www.npr.org/rss/podcast/podcast_detail.php?siteId=94411890 </li></ul><ul><li>  http:// www.brainpop.com/educators Free e-subscription and lesson plans </li></ul><ul><li> http://literacynet.org/cnnsf/archives.html TV news segments with questions on vocabulary and content, as well as expansion activities </li></ul>
  11. 11. Bibliography <ul><li>Ciancone, T. Numeracy in the Adult ESL Classroom . ERIC Digest ED 392316. National Clearinghouse for ESL Literacy Education Washington D.C., 1996. </li></ul><ul><li>Coggins, D., Kravin, D., Coates, G.D., and Carroll, M.D. English Language Learners in the Mathematics Classroom . CA: Corwin Press, 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>Corasaniti, T. and Cuevas, G. J. Integrating Mathematics and Language Learning . In Richard-Amato, P.A. and Snow, A.M. (eds.) The Multicultural Classroom: Readings for Content-Area Teachers . New York: Longman, 1992. </li></ul><ul><li>Ejzenberg, R. and Berman, M. Surviving College. Strand C: Fostering Key Transitions to College and Careers . 3rd Annual Partners for Rigor through Relevancy Conference, Montgomery County Public Schools, MD, 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>Flowerdew, J., ed. Academic Listening . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. </li></ul><ul><li>Kerka, S. Not Just a Number: Critical Numeracy For Adults . Eric Digest no. 163. Center for Education and Training for Employment, ACVE, 1995. http://www.ericdigests.org/1996-2/numeracy.html </li></ul>
  12. 12. Bibliography (continued) <ul><li>Kersaint, G., Thompson, D. R. and Petkova, M. Teaching Mathematics to English Language Learners . New York: Routledge, 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Kroesbergen, E. Mathematics Education for Low Achieving Students : Effects of Different Instructional Principles on Multiplication Learning . Institute for the study of Education and human development. University of Utrecht. Netherlands, 2002 . Thesis. ISBN 90-75129-55-6 </li></ul><ul><li>Mercer, C.D. Students with Learning Disabilities . Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill Prentice Hall. </li></ul><ul><li>Montgomery College, custom-published textbook. Focus on Academic Reading , Longman, 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Nunan, D. and Miller, L., eds. New Ways in Teaching Listening . Alexandria: TESOL Publications, 1995. </li></ul><ul><li>Paulos, J. A. Innumeracy: Mathematical Illiteracy and its Consequences . New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1989 and 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  13. 13. ESL Textbooks w/ CDs, Cassettes, DVDs, or Videos <ul><li>  Hanreddy, J. and Whalley, E. Mosaic 1: Listening/Speaking . Fourth edition. New York: McGraw Hill, 2002. </li></ul><ul><li>Hartmann, P. and Blass, L. Quest. Listening and Speaking in the Academic World 1 . New York: McGraw-Hill, 2000. </li></ul><ul><li>Kendall, M.E. More of the Real Thing . Highland Publishing, 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>Kisslinger, E. Contemporary Topics 2 : Listening and Note-Taking Skills . New York: Longman, 2002. </li></ul><ul><li>Lebauer, R. S . Learn To Listen : Listen To Learn . Second edition, 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>Solomon, E.V. and Shelley, J. Key Concepts 2: Listening, Note Taking, and Speaking across the Disciplines . Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>-> For more lesson plans or information contact us at [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>saul.goldberg @montgomerycollege.edu </li></ul>

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