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Types of door

in this slide u will find details about door. u can find different types of doors...
now you can find me on youtube also...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pwlm9Yb3fWk

Types of door

  1. 1. INTERIOR DESIGN TOPIC –TYPES OF DOORS TYPES OF DOOR BY MADHVI SHARMA
  2. 2. CONTENT  Factors To Consider  Dimension Of Door  Technical Terms  Types Of Door Movement  Material Of Door Construction  Location Of Door  Door Frame  Types Of Door
  3. 3. FACTORS TO CONSIDER  Strength And Stability  Durability  Cost  Weather Resistance  Fire Resistance  Easy For The Maintenance  Sound Proof Ability  Thermal Comfort  Excellent Appearance  Environmental Friendly Materials
  4. 4. DIMENSION OF DOORS  Should Have Sufficient Space To Take Required Large Objects To The Room.  Minimum Widths Recommended For Public Building, External (Boundary Wall). • 8 Feet To 13 Feet  Minimum Widths Recommended For Public Building, External (Main Door). • 4 Feet  Minimum Widths Recommended For Public Building, Internal Doors. • 3 Feet  The Width Of Door Leading To Bath Rooms Should Be Around . • 2’6”  Height Of The Door Should Be . • Height = 7 Feet
  5. 5. 1. Frame - It Is A Combination Of Several Wooden Members To Support The Door 2. Style - Style Is An External Vertical Member Of The Shutter. 3. Top Rail - It Is The Topmost Horizontal Member Of The Shutter 4. Lock Rail - It Is The Central Horizontal Member Of The Shutter Where Locking Attachments Are Fixed. 5. Bottom Rail - It Is The Lowest Horizontal Member Of The Shutter. 6. Shutter - The Complete Assembly Of The Styles Panels And Rails Is Known As A Shutter. 7. Panel - It Is The Enclosed Area Between The Rails. TECHNICAL TERMS
  6. 6. 8. Sash - It Is A Frame Made Of Light Sections And Is Used Iron Fixing The Glass In The Panels. 9. Mullion - It Is A Vertical Member Running Through A Shutter Or Frame. 10. Louver - Louver Is A Timber Piece Which Is Attached In Inclined Position Within A Frame. 11.Horn - It Is A Horizontal Projection Of Head Or Sill Beyond The Face Of The Door Or Window Frame. Generally Horn Is 15 Cm Long. 12.Hold-fasts - These Are Provided On Vertical Sides Of The Vertical Door Frames To Keep The Frame In Required Position. They Are Made Of Mild Steel Flat Bars About 3 Cm Wide, 6 Cm Thick And 20 To 25 Cm Long. TECHNICAL TERMS
  7. 7. 13. Sill - It Is The Bottom Most Horizontal Member Forming The Frame. 14. Jamb - It Is The Vertical Face Of A Door Or Windows Opening Which Supports The Frame. 15. Transom - It Is A Horizontal Member Which Divides The Door Or Window Frame Into Several Panels. 16. Rebate - It Is A Depression Cut In The Frame To Accommodate Door. TECHNICAL TERMS
  8. 8. SWINGING DOORS- This Type Of Doors Is Very Popular In Residential Buildings. There Are Two Types. - Single Swinging - Double Swinging Single Swinging Double Swinging TYPES OF DOOR MOVEMENT
  9. 9. REVOLVING DOORS- This Type Of Door Hangs On A Central Pivot And Can Rotate. It Is Useful At Places Where Frequent Opening And Closing Of A Door Is To Be Avoided. TYPES OF DOOR MOVEMENT
  10. 10. SLIDING DOORS- In Case Of Such Doors, The Shutters Can Slide Either Sideways, Or Upwards Or Downwards. It Provides More Clear Space For Movement. It Is More Suitable For Shops, Garages Workshops, Go Down, Etc. TYPES OF DOOR MOVEMENT
  11. 11. FOLDING DOORS- These Doors Are Made Of Steel And Timber. A Door With Vertical Jointed Sections That Can Be Folded Together To One Side To Allow Access To A Room Or Building. TYPES OF DOOR MOVEMENT
  12. 12. ROLLING SHUTTER DOORS- A Roller Shutter, Roller Door Or Sectional Overhead Door Is A Type Of Door Or Window Shutter Consisting Of Many Horizontal Slats (Or Sometimes Bars Or Web Systems) Hinged Together. TYPES OF DOOR MOVEMENT
  13. 13. MATERIALS OF DOOR CONSTRUCTION Timber  Widely Used For The Construction Of Doors  Most Of The People Prefer Timber Because Of Its Appearance.  Doors Can Be Constructed With Solid Planks Or Timber Pieces.  To Increase The Lifetime Of Doors  Various Preservatives Are Added  Timber Is Seasoned
  14. 14. MATERIALS OF DOOR CONSTRUCTION Plywood  Plywood Is Very Useful For Flush Doors.  It Takes Good Polish And Provides Smooth And Plain Appearance
  15. 15. Glass  Glass Pieces Are Fixed In Door Panels To Admit Light Inside The Room.  Large Openings Fitted In Doors With Thick Glass Panels Impart A Beautiful Appearance  The Glass May Be Of Various Types Frosted Glass Beaded Glass Ribbed Glass MATERIALS OF DOOR CONSTRUCTION
  16. 16. Metal  Steel And Aluminum Framed Doors Are Widely Used Due To The Pleasing Appearance  If Properly Maintained, Their Life Is Very Long.  Hollow Metal Doors Fabricated Of A Metal Frame, Covered With Metal Sheet Are Selected For Greater Strength, Life And Fire-resistance. Concrete  Reinforced Cement Concrete Frames Are Used In Areas Where Doors Are Exposed To Vermin, Fungus, White Ants Etc. MATERIALS OF DOOR CONSTRUCTION
  17. 17. 1. From Consideration Of Adequate Air Circulation Within The Room, The Doors Should Be Provided In Opposite Walls Facing Each Other. 2.From Consideration Of Proper Space Utilization And Privacy, Doors Should Be As For As Possible Be Located Near The Corner Of A Room 3.The Location Of The Door Should Meet The Functional Requirements Of The Room. 4.The Number Of Doors In A Room Should Be Kept Minimum To Achieve Optimum Utilization Of Space. Large Number Of Doors Besides Causing Obstruction, Consume More Area In Circulation. LOCATION OF DOOR
  18. 18. Door Frame Is Made Up Of Two Vertical Members Known As Jambs Or Posts And A Flat Member Connecting The Jambs At Top Called Head. The Cross-sectional Dimensions Of The Jamb And The Head Are Normally Kept Same. The Size Of Door Frame Is Worked Out After Allowing A Clearance Of 5mm. Around For Convenience Of Fixing The Frame In The Opening. Post Head Finished Door 10 mm Rebate DOOR FRAME
  19. 19. DOOR FRAME
  20. 20. Hinge Stile Lock Stile Top Rail Bottom Rail Lock Rail DOOR FRAME
  21. 21. Hinge Casing Casing Threshold Panels DOOR FRAME
  22. 22. TYPES OF DOOR  Battened And Ledged Door  Battened And Ledged, Braced Door  Battened And Ledged, Braced, Framed Door  Panel Door  Six Panel Door  Panel And Glazed Door  Solid Core Type Flush Door  Fly Proof Door  Swing Door
  23. 23. BATTENED AND LEDGED DOOR Frame 75x100 Top ledge 30x100 30mm Thick batten Middle ledge 200x30 Bottom ledge 30x100 Elevation Definition Battened And Ledged Door Picture This is the simplest form of door commonly used for openings. The door consist of a series of vertical battens usually tongued and grooved and fixed together with horizontal battens known as ledges. There are three ledges one each is fixed near the top and bottom and the third one is ledge. The door is hung on the frame by iron hinges. Section
  24. 24. Elevation Definition This Is An Improved Form Of Battened And Ledged Door. In This Type Of Door Additional Members Are Provided In The Form Of Inclined Braces Between The Ledges. The Braces Are Normally Housed And Not Tenoned Into The Ledges. In This Position They Act As Struts And Provide Increased Rigidity And Strength To The Door. Section BATTENED, LEDGED, BRACED DOOR Bottom ledge 30x100 middle ledge 200x30 Frame 75x100 Top ledge 30x100 30mm Thick batten
  25. 25. Elevation Definition This Type Of Door Is Considered To The Superior In Strength, Durability And Appearance To Other Two Type Of Doors Above. The Frame Work Of This Type Of Door Consists Stiles, Ledges And Braces. The Rails Positioned Near The Top, Middle And The Bottom Of The Shutter Are Morticed And Tenoned Into The Stiles. Section Frame 75x100 BATTENED, LEDGED, BRACED,FRAMED DOOR Bottom Rail 200x35 Lock Rail 150x35 20mm Thick batten
  26. 26. Top Rail Stile Bottom Rail Panel Top Rail Stile Bottom Rail Panel Lock Rail Top Rail Mullion Bottom Rail Panel Lock Rail Top Rail Bottom Rail Panel Mullion Top Rail Stile Bottom Rail Intermediate Rail Frieze rail 1. One Panel Door Panel 2. Two Panel Door 3. Three Panel Door Top Rail 4. Four Panel Door 5. Five Panel Door 6. Six Panel Door PANEL DOORS
  27. 27. Definition This Type Of Door Is Commonly Provided In All Types Of Buildings. This Door Consists Of Timber Frame Work Of Stiles And Rails Which Are Grooved On The Inside To Receive One Or More Panels. Framed And Panelled Doors Are Made In Several Designs To Suit The Functional As Well As Architectural Requirements. Also Have 1,2,3,4 Panels. Frame 75x100 Panel 15mm Frieze Rail 100x35 Bottom Rail 200x35 Lock Rail 150x35 Elevation Section SIX PANEL DOOR
  28. 28. Definition This Type Of Door Is Used In Residential As Well As Public Buildings Like Hospitals, Schools Or Colleges Etc. With A View To Supplement The Natural Lighting Provided By Windows Or To Make The Interior Of One Room Visible From The Adjacent Room. Glazed Or Sash Doors Are Made In Several Designs. They Can Be Glazed Fully Or Partly. Elevation Section Panelled And Glazed Door Frame 75x100 Bottom Rail 200x35 Lock Rail 150x35 Wooden Panel Glass Panel
  29. 29. Definition Elevation Section SOLID CORE TYPE FLUSH DOOR Soft wood strips or Laminated Core Pieces Cross band Face veneer Or plywood Bottom Rail Top Rail In This Type, The Wooden Frame Used For Holding The Core Consists Of Stiles, Top Rail And Bottom Rail, Width Of Each Member Being Not Less Than 5cm. The Frame Is Made Out Of Selected Species Of Timber. The Width Of The Lipping Should Be Equal To The Thickness Of The Core And Its Depth Should Not Be Less Than 25mm.
  30. 30. Definition In This Type, The Wooden Frame Used For Holding The Core Consists Of Stiles, Top Rail And Bottom Rail, Width Of Each Member Being Not Less Than 5cm. The Frame Is Made Out Of Selected Species Of Timber. The Width Of The Lipping Should Be Equal To The Thickness Of The Core And Its Depth Should Not Be Less Than 25mm. Elevation Section SOLID CORE TYPE FLUSH DOOR Solid core of particle board Face veneer Or plywood Bottom Rail Top Rail
  31. 31. Definition This type of door is used to check the entry of flies, mosquitoes, insects etc. into the room and to allow free circulation of air at the same time. The door consists of vertical stiles and horizontal rails and the opening of the panels are fitted with fine-mesh gauge. The G>I> wire is fixed by use of nails and timber beading. Elevation Section FLY PROOF DOOR Frame 75x100 Bottom Rail 200x35 Lock Rail 150x35 Top Rail 200x35 Wire- mesh
  32. 32. Definition This Type Of Door Is Generally Used In Passages Of Public Buildings Like Offices, Banks Etc. The Door May Have Single Shutter Or Two Shutters. The Shutters Are Fixed With Special Hinges Which Hold The Shutter In Closed Position When Not In Use. Since These Doors Are Pushed Open, They Should Have Glazed Shutters And Avoid Accidents. Elevation Section SWING DOOR Frame 75x100 Peep hole with glass
  33. 33. THANK-YOU FOR YOUR TIME……… INTERIOR DESIGN TOPIC –TYPES OF DOORS

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in this slide u will find details about door. u can find different types of doors... now you can find me on youtube also... https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pwlm9Yb3fWk

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