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Creating a Third Wave 

of Free/Open 

Source Software
Audrey Eschright / Open Source Bridge 2016
First wave: 1985
By Gah4 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=38604047
Four Software Freedoms
• The freedom to run the program as you wish, for any purpose
(freedom 0).
• The freedom to study h...
GPL
The license agreements of most software companies try to
keep users at the mercy of those companies. By contrast,
our ...
Meanwhile…
By Bundesarchiv, B 145 Bild-F077948-0006 / Engelbert Reineke / CC-BY-SA 3.0, CC BY-SA 3.0 de, https://
commons....
Second wave: 1998
1. Free Redistribution
2. Source Code
3. Derived Works
4. Integrity of The Author's Source Code
5. No Discrimination Again...
We build our industry 

on open source…
technically.
Now: 2016
computers are everywhere!
billions of people have
access to the internet!
we’re feeling the pain
of earlier choices
sustainability
burnout
“meritocracy” just isn’t
the diversity problem
We need to be paid
So how do we 

build software?
Active, intersectional
inclusion
Fair compensation 

of labor
Healthy people,
healthy communities
Effective business
structures
Participation
agreements
Licensing, maybe?
Does the source code
even matter?
What will we call this 

next wave? 

I have no idea. 

I know we can build it
together.
Thank you!
• contact me: audrey@lifeofaudrey.com
• read The Recompiler: recompilermag.com
Creating a Third Wave of Free/Open Source Software
Creating a Third Wave of Free/Open Source Software
Creating a Third Wave of Free/Open Source Software
Creating a Third Wave of Free/Open Source Software
Creating a Third Wave of Free/Open Source Software
Creating a Third Wave of Free/Open Source Software
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Creating a Third Wave of Free/Open Source Software

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Full notes and links: http://lifeofaudrey.com/2016/06/23/third-wave.html

In thirty years, free/open source software has gone from being an ideological challenger fighting the mainstream software industry, to being a central part of nearly all software currently released. How did we get here? Does that mean the FOSS movement won?

We’ll step through the historical context of the formation of the Free Software Foundation, which created the GNU General Public License that all other open source licenses grew from, to the ways that the aims of the Open Source Initiative shifted that movement into an explicitly for-profit corporate direction, and how these directives have led to certain crises around the use of unpaid labor, the failure of the “meritocracy”, and critical infrastructure being underfunded.

The talk will conclude by talking about the most promising aspects of the emerging third wave movement, including efforts to build software in the open in a way that supports all contributors, and to address long-standing sources of social homogeneity and inequality.

Published in: Technology
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Creating a Third Wave of Free/Open Source Software

  1. 1. Creating a Third Wave 
 of Free/Open 
 Source Software Audrey Eschright / Open Source Bridge 2016
  2. 2. First wave: 1985
  3. 3. By Gah4 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=38604047
  4. 4. Four Software Freedoms • The freedom to run the program as you wish, for any purpose (freedom 0). • The freedom to study how the program works, and change it so it does your computing as you wish (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this. • The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor (freedom 2). • The freedom to distribute copies of your modified versions to others (freedom 3). By doing this you can give the whole community a chance to benefit from your changes. Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
  5. 5. GPL The license agreements of most software companies try to keep users at the mercy of those companies. By contrast, our General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software--to make sure the software is free for all its users. The General Public License applies to the Free Software Foundation’s software and to any other program whose authors commit to using it. You can use it for your programs, too.
  6. 6. Meanwhile… By Bundesarchiv, B 145 Bild-F077948-0006 / Engelbert Reineke / CC-BY-SA 3.0, CC BY-SA 3.0 de, https:// commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5471855
  7. 7. Second wave: 1998
  8. 8. 1. Free Redistribution 2. Source Code 3. Derived Works 4. Integrity of The Author's Source Code 5. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups 6. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor 7. Distribution of License 8. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product 9. License Must Not Restrict Other Software 10. License Must Be Technology-Neutral The Open Source Definition
  9. 9. We build our industry 
 on open source… technically.
  10. 10. Now: 2016
  11. 11. computers are everywhere! billions of people have access to the internet!
  12. 12. we’re feeling the pain of earlier choices
  13. 13. sustainability
  14. 14. burnout
  15. 15. “meritocracy” just isn’t
  16. 16. the diversity problem
  17. 17. We need to be paid
  18. 18. So how do we 
 build software?
  19. 19. Active, intersectional inclusion
  20. 20. Fair compensation 
 of labor
  21. 21. Healthy people, healthy communities
  22. 22. Effective business structures
  23. 23. Participation agreements
  24. 24. Licensing, maybe?
  25. 25. Does the source code even matter?
  26. 26. What will we call this 
 next wave? 
 I have no idea. 
 I know we can build it together.
  27. 27. Thank you! • contact me: audrey@lifeofaudrey.com • read The Recompiler: recompilermag.com

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