Deconstructionist Architechture

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Art History 202

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Deconstructionist Architechture

  1. 1. Survey of Art History 202 Spring Semester Patrick Erwin
  2. 2.  It is incredibly ironic that I would pick this topic for my presentation because I prefer things in my life to be symmetrical, almost to a fault. However, I wanted to pick an art style that I don’t necessarily understand so that I can learn to appreciate other styles.  Deconstructivist architects deliberately disturb traditional architectural assumptions about harmony, unity, and stability to create a decentered piece of architecture. In other words, a piece of art that probably doesn’t have clean lines, and defies what I would consider normal logic when creating something.
  3. 3.  Deconstructivism is not limited to just architecture, but to other things in our everyday lives. The design of the newest Mac Pro from Apple Inc. strays far from the normal design of a desktop computer. The crazy hats that super models wear during their catwalks in Milan is deconstructivism at work.  However, for my presentation I will limit the focus to buildings, and in the following slides I will present to you buildings that exemplify an artist’s creation of decentered (crazy?) pieces of architecture.
  4. 4. Exhibit A – A Masterful Creation That Looks Like A Ship At Port • The Guggenheim Museum immediately draws comparison to a large ship that represents Spain’s history in the shipping industry. The museum is nestled in the Bay of Biscay which further encompasses the look of a ship. • Gehry was chosen to design this building because he known for his unorthodox designs yet staying true to the area that his designs will ultimately be constructed. • The building is made of steel, and depending on the time of day, viewers are presented with gold or silver reflections. Frank O. Gehry (Canadian) 1929 – Present The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao 1993-1997 Architecture Bilbao, Spain
  5. 5. Exhibit B – The Coolest Fire Station On Earth • The Vitra Fire Station is said to create a feeling of speed that is appropriate to a building that houses a fire station. To me, the building looks like it will fall over because none of the wall appear to interconnect. Obviously this is my discomfort with things that aren’t linear, and the masterful design of Hadid. • Unlike the Guggenheim Museum that really fills the space that it sits on, the Vitra Fire Station manages to give the illusion of taking up little space. This was accomplished by the use of overlapping linear walls. Zaha Hadid (Iraq) 1950 – Present The Vitra Fire Station 1989-1993 Architecture Weil am Rhein, Germany
  6. 6. Exhibit C – Home Of Your Arizona Cardinals! • The University of Phoenix Stadium is home to the National Football League’s Arizona Cardinals. Living in Arizona during the construction of the oval shaped building, I was able to hear first hand all of the snarky comments that were made about it. It was referred to by names like a trash can and a donut. However, the funniest and most common reference to the stadium is the “toilet bowl”. I have to admit, I think it looks like a really cool space ship • Where the visual design may have not been that well received, the innovation in the building is second to none. The football field has natural grass that slides outside of the stadium to receive both natural light, and allow for other events to occur inside the stadium. In addition, the stadium boasts that there is not one seat that has an obstructed view of the playing field. Peter Eisenman (American) 1932 – Present The University of Phoenix Stadium 2003-2006 Architecture Phoenix, Arizona USA
  7. 7. Exhibit D – The Launching Pad • The CMA CGM Headquarters is tall building measuring 94,000 meters in height. The building is interesting to me in that it slightly wider at the base, but lines of the building give the illusion that the building is shooting straight up. Too me the building almost contorts then shoots straight up. The buildings assent represents the hustle and bustle around the building. • The top of the building is dare I say almost normal looking, which of course is in stark contrast to the lower portion of the building. I suppose this is kind of a best of both worlds design. A little bit of craziness with a pinch of normal. Zaha Hadid(Iraq) 1950 – Present CMA CGM Headquarters 2005-2010 Architecture Marseille, France
  8. 8. Exhibit E – An Amazingly Selfless Act Of Architectural Genious • This is the 3rd of ten Maggie’s Centre's constructed. Maggie commissioned these hospitals for cancer patients to go for treatment in a soothing environment. Gehry went through 70 models before deciding on this design to insure that he adhered to the soothing feelings that Maggie intended. • The focus of the building is the tall tower that represents a lighthouse. The roof was described as a shawl worn by a woman that Gehry saw in a picture that included Maggie. I found it really cool that there are no gutters on this structure, rather the roof design allows for the water to run off into the ground to water the surrounding grassy hill. Frank O. Gehry (Canadian) 1929 – Present Maggie’s Centre Ninewells NHS Hospital 2003 Architecture Dundee, Scotland
  9. 9.  "A HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE - DECONSTRUCTIONISM." A HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE - DECONSTRUCTIONISM. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2014. <http://www.historiasztuki.com.pl/kodowane/003-02-04-ARCHWSP-DEKONSTRUKCJA- eng.php>.  "Maggie's Centre Ninewells NHS Hospital - Gehry Partners, LLP." Maggie's Centre Ninewells NHS Hospital - Gehry Partners, LLP. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2014. <http://www.arcspace.com/features/gehry-partners-llp/maggies-centre-ninewells-nhs- hospital/>.  "Stadium." News RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2014. <http://www.azcardinals.com/stadium/design.html>.  Stokstad, Marilyn, and Michael Watt Cothren. Fourteenth to seventeenth century art. 4th ed., Portable ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2011. Print.  "Zaha Hadid Architects." Zaha Hadid Architects CMA CGM Headquarters Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2014. <http://www.zaha-hadid.com/architecture/cma-cgm-headquarters/>.  "Zaha Hadid Architects." Zaha Hadid Architects Vitra Fire Station Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2014. <http://www.zaha-hadid.com/architecture/vitra-fire-station-2/>.

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