ACCESSIBLE newsletter n° 6


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Project number: 224145
Project acronym: ACCESSIBLE
Project title: Accessibility Assessment Simulation Environment for New Applications Design and Development
Starting date: 1 September 2008
Duration: 42 Months
ACCESSIBLE is a targeted research project (STREP) within the ICT programme of FP7.

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ACCESSIBLE newsletter n° 6

  1. 1. ACCESSIBLE Project Newsletter nº 6 SEVENTH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME PRIORITY FP7-ICT-2007-2 Accessible and Inclusive ICT EditorialWelcome to the sixth 6-monthly issue of the Accessible News-letter. This issue focuses on the available tools presenting alsonews on pilot applications and dissemination events for all AC-CESSIBLE activities. As a commitment to the open sourcecommunity, all the accessibility evaluation tools created in the Full Project NameACCESSIBLE project are available at the Sourceforge commu- Accessibility Assessmentnity, to foster innovation and dissemination of accessible soft- Simulation Environment forware development. New Applications DesignEach newsletter issue is available in accessible PDF format via and Development Grant Agreement ACCESSIBLE Outline 224145 (ACCESSIBLE)Accessibility is a paramount issue nowadays. Authorities andexperts are putting a lot of effort in pushing forward accessibility Upcoming Relevantof software applications. However, despite this, ICT applications Eventsare in most cases not fully accessible yet. The triggering ideabehind ACCESSIBLE is to contribute for better accessibility for WAI-ACT Project 1st openall citizens, to increase the use of standards, and to develop an meeting, 14 February 2012,assessment simulation environment (including a suite of acces- Brussels, Belgiumsibility analysing tools, as well as developer-aid tools) to assess CSUN 2012, 27th Annualefficiently, easily and rapidly the accessibility and viability of International Technologysoftware applications for all user groups. ACCESSIBLE will ex- and Persons with Disabili- ties Conference, Februaryploit the technologies behind the recent expansion of accessibil- 27- March 3, 2012, USAity tools and standardisation methodologies, in order to provide ICCHP 2012 Special The-an integrated simulation assessment environment for support- matic Session "Web Ac-ing the production of accessible software applications mobile or cessibility in Advancednot. This will enable organisations and individuals (e.g. devel- Technologies", July 2012,opers, designers, etc.) to produce software products of superior Linz, Austriaaccessibility and quality, accompanied with appropriate meas-ures and proposals for best practice. The proposed tools havebeen demonstrated and tested in several ACCESSIBLE pilotsites on a range of mobile applications, Web applications, Webservices (mainly focusing on info-mobility services), and de-scription languages (e.g. UML, SDL, etc.). /
  2. 2. Page 2 ACCESSIBLE Newsletter ACCESSIBLE ToolsAll of the ACCESSIBLE tool prototypes have been updated to newer versions, with stabilityimprovements, as well as extended features. These tools are: The Disability Impairment Approxi-mation Simulator – DIAS, the Web Accessibility Assessment Tool, the Web services assessmentmodule, the Mobile Web Adequacy and Accessibility Assessment Tool and the Description Lan-guages assessment module. Disability Impairment Approximation Simulator (DIAS)DIAS aims to achieve embedded accessibility design for the development of Java Swing graphicaluser interface applications, and can be obtained as a NetBean IDE plugin and/or as a standaloneapplication. Presenting an advanced disability approximation simulator, “authors” can obtain a bet-ter understanding of the accessibility constraints for impaired users within a Java Swing applicationby simulating each element. Consequently, the user can understand the barriers an impaired userfaces. The tool also provides adequate assistance and guidance on how to correct the detectedaccessibility errors and/or warnings. This tool provides an approximation simulation of a JavaSwing GUI according to a selected impairment. The developer has the ability to explore his appli-cation and test if the implemented functionality can be accessed by an impaired user. Various vi-sion impairments are simulated, as well as different severity levels for each of the simulated im-pairments. The tool provides guidance and assistance in correcting the detected accessibility bar-riers. The purpose of the tool is to assist developers and designers throughout the phases of thedevelopment process, while creating accessible Java Swing applications. Figure 1: Simulation of Glaucoma /
  3. 3. Page 3 ACCESSIBLE Newsletter n° 6 Web Accessibility Assessment Tool (WAAT)WAAT is an integrated tool that provides to users the opportunity to evaluate the accessibilitystatus of a web application according to the WCAG 2.0 developed by the WAI and the usage ofARIA (accessible rich internet applications). Through the tool, designers and developers can beassisted on accessible software application development, through relevant guidelines on accessi-bility constraints, errors and warnings that should be taken into account. The adopted evaluationframework allows users to perform a personalized accessibility assessment process, though theselection of different accessibility constraints (e.g. different types of impairments and disabilities,different sets of guidelines, personas). Thus the evaluation engine of the tool obtains the automatictests corresponding to the set of accessibility requirements and constraints selected by the user. Figure 2: Main view of the Web Accessibility Assessment Tool /
  4. 4. Page 4 ACCESSIBLE Newsletter Web Services Assessment Tool (WEBSAAT)The Web services application assessment tool is based on the incorporated HAM methodology.Thus, the user has the opportunity to evaluate the accessibility assessment of preferable Web ser-vices against accessibility constraints, guidelines and rules that have been incorporated in theHAM methodology.The tool provides to evaluators a personalized accessibility assessment framework that can beused for the accessibility evaluation of Web services through the selection of different types of im-pairments and relevant accessibility factors. Through the tool the users can receive relevant feed-back as well as the accessibility score concerning the detected accessibility errors and/or warningsthat must be taken into account.This tool is useful for all designers and developers who wish to create accessible Web services.Accessibility guidelines concerning Web services are introduced and they are mapped with im-pairments. Therefore, the tool can perform evaluation that is oriented towards the impairments thata potential user may have.In the next figure, the main view of the Web Services Assessment tool is depicted. This figure alsodepicts the Guidelines that are used in order to evaluate a Web Service. Figure 3: Main view of the Web Services Assessment Tool /
  5. 5. Page 5 ACCESSIBLE Newsletter n° 6 Mobile Web Adequacy Assessment Tool (MobileWAAT)MWAAT is an integrated tool that provides to users the opportunity to evaluate the mobile Webadequacy and accessibility status of a preferable Web site, according to the MobileOk subset ofthe Mobile Web Best Practices (MWBP) defined by the W3C’s Mobile Web Initiative (MWI) and theWeb Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) developed by the Web Accessibility Initiative (MWI).The adopted evaluation framework allows users (developers, designers, testers, etc.) to perform apersonalized mobile adequacy and accessibility assessments, though the selection ofdifferent accessibility constraints (e.g. different types of impairments and disabilities, different setsof guidelines, personas). Figure 4: Main view of the Mobile Web Accessibility Assessment Tool /
  6. 6. Page 6 ACCESSIBLE Newsletter Description Languages Accessibility Assessment Tool (DLAAT)DLAAT allows the accessibility assessment of SDL application designs. Accessibility assessmentis performed on the basis of the respective HAM evaluation approaches. The selection of theevaluation approaches is performed either manually or through the selection of disabilities that aremapped onto guidelines and evaluation techniques. The output of the assessment tool comprisesthe evaluation result as well as suggestions for correcting the detected shortcomings. Figure 5: Select SDL Application file path Figure 6: Select guidelines to be used /
  7. 7. Page 7 ACCESSIBLE Newsletter n° 6 Mobile Impairment Simulation Tool (MIS)The Mobile Impairment Simulation tool is targeted to mobile application developers who want tosimulate effects of visual impairment (e.g. blurred vision) or impact of physical environment(e.g. reflection of objects on the display) on the mobiles interface. Figure 7: Mobile impairment simulation tool Development and Evaluation Web PortalACCESSIBLE launched its online Development and Evaluation Web Portal that allows using avariety of online tools to assess the accessibility of Mobile and Web applications, and Descriptionlanguages. Figure 8: Development and Evaluation Web Portal /
  8. 8. Page 8 ACCESSIBLE Newsletter ACCESSIBLE video tutorialsACCESSIBLE project launched a range of video tutorials (with captions) for every tool that hasbeen released by the project. Figure 9: ACCESSIBLE video tutorials  ACCESSIBLE Evaluation Portal - ( o  Disability Impairment Approximation Simulator – DIAS - ( o  Web accessibility assessment Tool – WaaT - ( o  Mobile Web accessibility assessment Tool – MobileWaaT - ( o  Description Language accessibility assessment Tool – DlaaT - ( o  Mobile Impairment Simulation Tool - MIS tool - ( o /
  9. 9. Page 9 ACCESSIBLE Newsletter n° 6 SourceforgeAs a commitment to the open-source community, all software developed under the ACCESSIBLEumbrella is now available at Sourceforge:  Disability Impairment Approximation Simulator – DIAS  Web accessibility assessment Tool – WaaT  Web Service accessibility assessment Tool – WebSaaT  Mobile Web accessibility assessment Tool – MobileWaaT  Description Language accessibility assessment Tool – DlaaT Figure 10: ACCESSIBLE Sourceforge page Pilot ApplicationsThree test phases were planned to test the functionality, performance, reliability and usability of thedeveloped ACCESSIBLE modules. Pilot phase 1 was an expert based test phase with focus onfunctionality issues from the technical perspective. During the pilot phases 2 and 3, the developedACCESSIBLE prototype and implemented tools were tested under real conditions with end-userusers (designers – pilot phase 2 / beneficiaries, people with disabilities – pilot phase 3). The aimwas to demonstrate the use of the ACCESSIBLE tools for enhancing the accessibility of web ser-vices, web applications, mobile applications and application designs in the SDL formal descriptionlanguage, as well as to meet usability and accessibility standards suitable to support full access toservices by people with disabilities. /
  10. 10. Page 10 ACCESSIBLE Newsletter Pilot Phase 2The aim of pilot phase 2 was to test the ACCESSIBLE platform and implemented modules toevaluate the usefulness of the standalone and web-based versions ACCESSIBLE applicationsunder the developer´s perspective. The developers were invited to test preselected web services,web applications, mobile applications and application designs in the SDL formal description lan-guage with the ACCESSIBLE tools. For this purpose a detailed plan with test scenarios andevaluation questionnaires was created for all participating partners. After the tests the test personshad to fill out a questionnaire, to report bugs and to give an approximation to the usefulness of thetools in development of accessible applications.109 persons participated in this test phase. Most of them tested under particular roles like for ex-ample software developer, Assistive Technology tutor or accessibility assessor.The most important result regarding the ACCESSIBLE web version as well as the stand alone ver-sions of the ACCESSIBLE applications is that most of the developers (60%) are convinced of theproduct and assess the ACCESSIBLE tools as useful. Nearly 70% of all test persons mentionedthat they would pay for training, maintenance or consultancy.The tests have confirmed that the ACCESSIBLE tools, as well as the standalone versions, aretechnically stable, reliable and easy to use and to be understood by developers who are not deeplyinvolved in accessibility standards and guidelines. Pilot Phase 3The aim of pilot phase 3 was to test preselected web services, web applications and mobile appli-cations under the end user´s perspective, before assessment and correction using ACCESSIBILEtools, and afterwards. More specifically, the selected elderly and disabled beneficiaries assessedthe accessibility and usability of all selected services and applications. After the tests they had tofill out a questionnaire to assess the perceived accessibility and usability improvement of the dif-ferent services and applications, while also indicating whether the ACCESSIBLE tools had missedout on any issues.The most important result so far are that most of the selected applications and services are per-ceived as accessible and usable after the maintainers of these services and applications had im-proved accessibility, based on the assessment preformed with the ACCESSIBLE tools. This is astrong indication that the ACCESSIBLE tools support the developer in creating accessible prod-ucts.A final report will be available at the end of the project. /
  11. 11. Page 11 ACCESSIBLE Newsletter n° 6 PublicationsACCESSIBLE continued to contribute to several Accessibility and HCI international conferencesshowcasing the state of the art on accessibility assessment, presenting and discussing methodsand approaches, assessment tools, examples of best practice, highlighting the challenges andachievements the on eAccessibility implementation in the Information Society. The New Review of Hypermedia and Multimedia  On Web Accessibility Evaluation Environments (extended version), Nádia Fernandes, Rui Lopes, and Luís Carriço, The New Review of Hypermedia and Multimedia, 2011 W4A 2011 - 8th International Cross-Disciplinary Conference on Web Accessibility  Crosschecking MWBP for the Visually Impaired, Luís Carriço, Rui Lopes, Rogério Bandeira, W4A 2011, 8th International Cross-Disciplinary Conference on Web Accessibility, Hyderabad, India, 2011  An Architecture for Multiple Web Accessibility Evaluation Environments, Nádia Fernandes, Rui Lopes, Luís Carriço, W4A 2011, 8th International Cross-Disciplinary Conference on Web Accessibility, Hyderabad, India, 2011 HCI International 2011 - 14th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction  Results from Multidimensional Accessibility Assessment, Rogério Bandeira, Rui Lopes, Luís Carriço, HCI International 2011 Conference, Orlando, Florida, USA, 2011 UAHCI11 - 6th International Conference on Universal access in human-computer interac- tion: design for all and eInclusion  A Unified Environment for Accessing a Suite of Accessibility Evaluation Facilities, Nikos Partarakis, Constantina Doulgeraki, Margherita Antona, Theofanis Oikonomou, Nikolaos Kaklanis, Konstantinos Votis, Grammati-Eirini Kastori, Dimitrios Tzovaras, 2011  A harmonised methodology for the components of software applications accessibility and its evaluation, Eleni Chalkia, Evangelos Bekiaris, 2011 RDWG Symposium on Website Accessibility Metrics  A Template-Aware Web Accessibility Metric - Submission for the RDWG (Research & De- velopment Working Group) Symposium on Website Accessibility Metrics, 5th December 2011, W3C Symposium 2011, Nádia Fernandes, Rui Lopes, Luís Carriço AEGIS Workshop and International Conference - “Accessibility Reaching Everywhere”  Accessibility Issues Simulation For Mobile Applications; Jan Vystrcil, Zdenek Mikovec, Marek Fronc, Jiri Drbalek  Providing An IDE For Creating, Simulating And Assessing Accessible Applications; Theo- fanis Oikonomou, Dionysia Kontotasiou And Dimitrios Tzovaras /
  12. 12. Page 12 ACCESSIBLE Newsletter ACCESSIBLE Events ACCESSIBLE 7th Plenary MeetingOn September the 12th-13th September the 10th ACESSIBLE plenary meeting took place in Madridat the Vodafone premises. The meeting focused on the pilots in the various countries, presentingalso some initial results, while also the market analysis and business plan was further detailed. ACCESSIBLE 3nd Review MeetingThe Accessible 3rd Annual review meeting took place on December 7th in Brussels, Belgium. ACCESSIBLE Workshop at AEGIS 2nd International ConferenceACCESSIBLE project organised a workshop at the AEGIS 2nd International Conference entitled“Accessibility Reaching Everywhere” on 28-30 November 2011 in Brussels, bringing together bothend-users (people with disabilities) as well as platform and application accessibility developers,representative organisations, the Assistive Technology industry, and policy makers.The workshop had following agenda:  2 papers - Jan Vystrcil: Accessibility Issues Simulation For Mobile Applications; Jan Vystrcil, Zdenek Mikovec, Marek Fronc, Jiri Drbalek - Shadi Abou-Zahra: Web Accessibility Guidance, Evaluation Methodologies, and Research Explorations; Shadi Abou-Zahra  ACCESSIBLE accessibility assessment tools demonstrations for mobile, web and desktop. - Disability Impairment Approximation Simulator – DIAS - Web accessibility assessment Tool – WaaT - Web Service accessibility assessment Tool – WebSaaT - Mobile Web accessibility assessment Tool – MobileWaaT - Description Language accessibility assessment Tool – DLaaT - Mobile Impairment Simulation Tool – MIS tool - Development and Evaluation Web PortalPapers and presentations can be downloaded via /
  13. 13. Page 13 ACCESSIBLE Newsletter n° 6 “Web Accessibility in Advanced Technologies” STS @ ICCHP 2012 The Special Thematic Session "Web Accessibility in Ad- vanced Technologies" will be organised at the ICCHP 2012 in Linz, the 13th International Conference on Computers Help- ing People with Special Needs. This conference will take place on July 11-13, 2012; with the Pre- Conference July 09-10, 2012. Place to be is the University of Linz,Altenbergerstraße 69, 4040 Linz, Austria.The Web is rapidly evolving and converging with other media and technologies. Today the Web ison mobile devices, televisions, self-service terminals, and computer desktops. It is continuing to beincreasingly ubiquitous and indistinguishable from other interfaces and an ambient part of our dailylives, particularly with the advancement of "the cloud.Given the highly flexible and adaptable nature of the Web, its growth provides a critical potential ofincreased inclusion and equality for people with disabilities. However, it also raises new challengesfor technology, software, and content developers in making their products and services accessible.In particular, the specific accessibility challenges and optimal ways for providing accessibility sup-port are not well understood in all contexts, making it difficult to effectively design and develop ac-cessible mainstream technologies.This Special Thematic Session (STS) invites contribution and discussion on experiences with theday-to-day challenges that developers, evaluators, managers, policy makers, and other practitio-ners observe in implementing web accessibility in advanced technologies.More specifically, this STS invites contributions analyzing good practices, use-cases, end-userrequirements, promising accessibility features and solutions, and challenges in applying web ac-cessibility in specific contexts such as (but not limited to):  HTML5 and rich internet applications  Websites and applications for mobiles  Digital/IP TV and audio-visual mediaThis STS also welcomes research, surveys, and discussion of future trends and directions includ-ing (but not limited to) web telephony and real-time communication, self-service terminals (e.g.information kiosks, ticketing machines, ATM, etc.), online games, social networks, virtual and aug-mented environments, 3D Web, multi-touch, and the use of cloud technology for personalized ac-cessible interfaces.Acknowledgements: This Special Thematic Session (STS) is jointly organized by the EC-fundedWAI-ACT, AEGIS, and ACCESSIBLE projects.Chairs:  Shadi Abou-Zahra, W3C/WAI  Karel Van Isacker, EPR/MCA  Konstantinos Votis, CERTH/ITIMore information is available at /
  14. 14. Page 14 ACCESSIBLE Newsletter Relevant Events RDWG Symposium on Website Accessibility MetricsThe W3C WAI Research and Development Working Group (RDWG) is promoting the sharing ofexperiences with metrics for measuring web accessibility beyond basic conformance to standards.In particular, RDWG is looking for valid, reliable, and practical metrics to measure the impact ofaccessibility issues on people with disabilities. RDWG Symposium on Website Accessibility Metricstook place on the 5th of December, during the W3C Symposium, 2011.2nd open workshop on "European Accessibility requirements in public procurement of ICT products and services"ACCESSIBLE partner CERTH-ITI participated in the 2nd open workshop on "European Accessibilityrequirements in public procurement of ICT products and services" which took place in Brussels on28 October 2011, organized by CEN, CENELEC and ETSI. This was the second of a series ofthree workshops that give stakeholders an opportunity to learn about the work, to discuss the latestdrafts of the standards and reports and to give feedback about the work being done. Source: Accessibility Developer Workshop @ VodafoneOn 28 September 2011, España Vodafone organised an Accessibility Developer Workshop in Ma-drid (4 ~ 7pm). Work originating from the ACCESSIBLE project was presented. ACCESSIBLE @ European Day of People with Disabilities Policy EventTo mark the European Day of People withDisabilities, the European Commission organ-ised a policy conference on 1-2 December2011, in close cooperation with the EuropeanDisability Forum (EDF). The title of the eventwas "Acting locally for a society for all". TheConference focused on how EU ac-tion/legislation reaches the local level. AC-CESSIBLE was represented with demos andleaflets via the AEGIS booth. ACCESSIBLE @ WAI-ACT project 1st open meetingACCESSIBLE will be at the WAI-ACT Project 1st open meeting on 14 February 2012 in Brussels,Belgium. WAI-ACT Project invites web accessibility practitioners, researchers, and users to partici-pate in the WAI-ACT Open Meeting to learn more about the WAI-ACT Project, provide input intoproject developments, and explore opportunities for collaboration.The Web Accessibility Initiative - Cooperation Framework for Guidance on Advanced Technolo-gies, Evaluation Methodologies, and Research Agenda Setting to Support eAccessibility (WAI-ACT) project is partially funded by the European Commission Project, under the 7th FrameworkProgramme (n° IST 287725). WAI-ACT Project started as of 1 September 2011. /
  15. 15. Page 15 ACCESSIBLE Newsletter n° 6 No Participant Name Acronym Country Type Centre for Research and Technology Hellas / Infor- Research 1 matics and Telematics Institute and Hellenic Institute CERTH Greece Institute of Transport Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas, Research 2 FORTH- ICS Greece Institute of Computer Science Institute Czech 3 Oracle Czech ORACLE Industry Republic University of Stuttgart, Institute for Human Factors 4 USTUTT Germany University and Technology Management Fundação da Faculdade de Ciências da Universi- 5 FFCUL Portugal University dade de Lisboa 6 Softeco Sismat SOFTECO Italy SME 7 Netscouts gGmbH NETSCOUTS Germany SME 8 Marie Curie Association MCA Bulgaria NPO 9 SOLINET GmbH SOLINET Germany SME 10 Fundación Vodafone España FVE Spain NPO Czech 11 Czech Technical University SOLINET University Republic Coordinator Technical Manager Dissemination Leader CERTH/ITI CERTH/HIT MCA Contact Person Contact Person Contact Person Dr. Dimitrios Tzovaras Dr. Evangelos Bekiaris Mr. Karel Van Isacker Project details Project Reference 224145 Contract Type STREP Start Date 2008-09-01 Duration 36 months Project Status Execution Project Cost €3.79 million Project Funding €2.6 million /
  16. 16. Page 16 ACCESSIBLE Newsletter Join us!If you would like to join us and receive our news, invitations to our workshops, information on theprogress of the project, or just want to contact us, please fill in the contact form below and send itto the ACCESSIBLE communication partner, Marie Curie Association, by email at the followingemail address:, or by fax at + 359 32 628890. Title (please select one): □ Mr. □ Ms. □ Mrs. □ Dr. First name*: Surname*: Email*: Your Function or Expertise*: Organisation Name: Address/postal code: Country: Tel. no. (+Int. Code): Fax no. (+Int. Code): Web Address: http:// How did you get in touch with this project? My remark/request is: Are you a person with special needs? □ Yes □ No If yes, please specify: □ Blind/partially sighted □ Deaf or other hearing impairment □ Unable to walk, e.g., wheelchair user □ Difficulty in walking and bending limbs □ Cognitive impairments or other learning difficulty □ Illiterate □ Other: ____________________________________* Obligatory□ Ι would like to subscribe to the ACCESSIBLE mailing list and receive further news and updateson the progress of the ACCESSIBLE project as well as invitations to your workshops. I understandthat I will have no obligations whatsoever, and any possible participation to the project’s activitieswill be strictly voluntary. I can also withdraw my participation at any time with a simple e-mail /
  17. 17. Page 17 ACCESSIBLE Newsletter ACCESSIBLE User ForumIf you would like to join the ACCESSIBLE User Forum, please fill in the contact form below andsend it to Name*: Organisation*: Address: Country*: Tel. no. (+Int. Code): Fax no. (+Int. Code): E-mail*: You are a: □ Developer □ Accessibility Assessor □ Older person □ Person with disability □ Public body (servant) □ Service provider □ Other: ____________________________________* Obligatory /