2. eHealth services for the elderly at home and on the move


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eHealth services for the elderly at home and on the move

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2. eHealth services for the elderly at home and on the move

  1. 1. eHealth services for the elderly at home and on the move María F. CABRERA-UMPIÉRREZ Viveca JIMÉNEZ María M. FERNÁNDEZ Jesús SALAZAR Miguel A. HUERTA
  2. 2. ToC <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>The solution </li></ul><ul><li>Material and methods </li></ul><ul><li>eHealth services </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Modules </li></ul><ul><li>Health profile </li></ul><ul><li>Business benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>During the last decades the life expectancy has been increased very quickly </li></ul><ul><li>This process entails biological and psychological changes that affect the daily life of elderly people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biological changes can cause some type of disability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological changes can produce alterations in everyday behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The associated problems to the ageing are those diseases that can be considered chronic </li></ul><ul><li>Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) contribute positively to economic growth in both developing and developed countries </li></ul><ul><li>International governments are designing specific strategies related with the adoption and use of ICTs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different Governments from the African Region are developing their country-specific ICT policies and have incorporated the development of ICTs into their growth and poverty reduction strategy </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The problem <ul><li>Despite these advantages and international efforts, there are already several challenges that need to be addressed in the near future </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gaps in access to ICT remain large, as do differences in adoption of ICT applications. Access to ICT is highly unequal across and within countries. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In most developing countries, there are service gaps among poor households and in rural areas. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Therefore, different international organizations have been or are working in the development based on ICT solutions to remove those problems that imply a digital divide. </li></ul><ul><li>What actions have been taken? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Undertake international research and development efforts aimed at making available adequate ICT equipment for end users. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote research and development to facilitate accessibility of ICTs for all, including disadvantaged, marginalized and vulnerable groups. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage research on the Information Society, including innovative forms of networking, adaptation of ICT infrastructures, tools and applications that facilitate accessibility of ICTs for all. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The solution <ul><li>The European co-funded projects OASIS and REMOTE are aiming at providing ICT based services for the improvement of the quality of life of the elderly people. </li></ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlling and monitoring health conditions of elderly people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Where? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At home REMOTE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On the move OASIS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who is the target user? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elderly person with no disease associated excepting those disabilities related with his age </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Materials and Methods <ul><li>The approach selected enables to develop high quality software that is flexible scalable and easy to maintain </li></ul><ul><li>Use cases (UC) and scenarios of use have been defined in detail </li></ul><ul><li>Technological benchmarking on the different domains for independent living have been carried out </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Literature and market survey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>User surveys, interviews and field of work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Questionnaires </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The UCs have been enabled the description of the functionality of the eHealth service for the elderly users </li></ul>
  7. 7. eHealth services <ul><li>Health profile definition and personalization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Automatically collect information related to the user’s health status to keep the user profile up-to-date </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Questionnaires the user fills in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical doctor has access and permission to modify the health profile </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Health remote monitoring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Records detail of daily activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generates reports about the data collected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sends the data to the doctor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Triggers the user to take some measurements and guides him trough the process </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. eHealth services <ul><li>Health Coach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide the “educational/motivational” application </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Communicate with the medical doctors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remember his medication/treatment schedule </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Receive information and educational material on demand </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plan activities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Get advices related to his health status </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Health alerting and assisting applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alerts the user, relative or control centre in case of emergency or potential dangerous situation </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Stakeholders <ul><li>Key stakeholders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elderly people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caregivers (located at the Central Monitoring Service) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The whole system works in a distributed way, so that the information can be shared and analysed, depending on two main issues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>User profile: type of user that will access the data. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urgency of the communications: need to send the data immediately to be able to act accordingly, to keep the user’s health controlled. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Modules <ul><ul><li>Biomedical and activity data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research prototypes and commercial </li></ul></ul>Sensors <ul><ul><li>Health data collection unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health interpretation unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health transmission unit </li></ul></ul>Elder’s terminal <ul><ul><li>Health assistance applications </li></ul></ul>Health applications server
  11. 11. Health profile
  12. 12. Business Benefits <ul><li>R EMOTE and OASIS solutions must be easily adapted to fit different legal, institutional, socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds. </li></ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote a modular approach with 3 product versions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Light version </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Core version </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Full version </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specify a wide range of use cases and set up Pilots in different countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cater for device independent and alternative designs repository </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Conclusions <ul><li>A thorough analysis has been carried out to identify the gaps of matching of existing technologies with the user requirements to provide a reliable eHealth service to the user </li></ul><ul><li>Compatibility, extensibility and adaptation are applied to the present service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compatibility integrating in one monitoring domain of multi-parametric biomedical and activity sensors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extensibility for future advances in the sensors development market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptation taking into account the specific needs of each elder user </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The system will be validated through a series of pilots in different European cities to verify the viability of the system </li></ul>
  14. 14. For further information: [email_address]