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Tutorial 1 The Vision Of Education

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Tutorial 1 The Vision Of Education

  1. 1. The Vision of Education 1 Key Issues and Ideas 2 Implications 3 Our Vision of Education 4 Desired Outcomes of Education 5 Challenges Faced TOPIC 1:
  2. 2. The Vision on Education <ul><li>A Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>List some key ideas from the 2 Philosophers (Socrates & Confucius) in Chapter 1 </li></ul><ul><li>How are they applicable in our Education System? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Key Issues <ul><li>Classical Traditions & Philosophies of Socrates and Confucius </li></ul><ul><li>Implications for education in terms of Aims of Education, Curriculum and Pedagogy </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Confucius & Socrates believed that education should be all-round for the total development of people . </li></ul><ul><li>Education was understood by both to mean the lifelong pursuit of the knowledge and practice of virtue </li></ul>Classical Traditions of Education: Socrates and Confucius
  5. 5. Socrates proposed an all-rounded curriculum to prepare the “guardians” to be leaders of the state. According to Plato in Republic , Socrates believed that education should start early with music, poetry and physical training (Plato, trans. 1992).
  6. 6. In terms of the curriculum, Confucius highlighted the need to learn the “six arts”: ritual, music, archery, chariot-riding, calligraphy and computation. The wisdom of ancient sages was also emphasised, as well as the mastery of li, the ritual forms and rules of propriety .
  7. 7. <ul><li>子曰:“志于道,据以德,依于仁,游于六艺。” </li></ul><ul><li>六艺者 , 礼、乐、射、御、书、数也。 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Socrates “was always conversing about the human things – examining what is pious, what is impious, what is noble, what is shameful, what is just, what is unjust, what is moderation, what is madness, what is courage, what is cowardice, what is a city, what is a statesman, what is rule over human beings, what is a skilled ruler over human beings, as well as other things knowledge of which he believed makes one a gentleman , while those who are ignorant of these would be justly called slavish” ( Memorabilia 1.1.16, by Xenophon, trans. 1994).
  9. 9. Confucius similarly taught that learning was an integral part of acquiring moral and civic virtues: “ To love benevolence without loving learning is liable to lead to foolishness. To love cleverness without loving learning is liable to lead to deviation from the right path. To love trustworthiness in word without loving learning is liable to lead to harmful behaviour. To love forthrightness without loving learning is liable to lead to intolerance. To love courage without loving learning is liable to lead to insubordination. To love unbending strength without loving learning is liable to lead to indiscipline” ( Analects 17.8, trans. Lau, 1979).
  10. 10. Confucius similarly taught that learning was an integral part of acquiring moral and civic virtues: 孔子说:“好仁不好学,其蔽也愚;好智不好学,其蔽也荡;好信不好学,其蔽也贼;好直不好学,其蔽也绞;好勇不好学,其蔽也乱;好刚而不好学,其蔽也狂。”
  11. 11. Implications of Socrates' and Confucius’s Views <ul><li>Socrates’ and Confucius’s views towards education are universal. </li></ul><ul><li>They are still applicable in today’s education. </li></ul><ul><li>They have been adapted and adopted in the education system in Singapore. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Implcations (For discussion) <ul><li>How can we promote: </li></ul><ul><li>Life-long learning </li></ul><ul><li>All round development of the child </li></ul><ul><li>Love for learning </li></ul><ul><li>Practice of virtue </li></ul>
  13. 13. Education Educate comes from Latin words ‘ educare’ , to bring up or rear, and ‘ educere’ , to draw or lead forth.
  14. 14. Mission of Education (MOE): Moulding the Future of the Nation <ul><ul><li>Education is about nurturing the whole child. Indeed, this is the traditional Asian understanding of the term. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education means developing the child morally, intellectually, physically, socially and aesthetically. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education does two things: it develops the individual and educates the citizen . </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Vision : &quot;Thinking Schools, Learning Nation&quot; (TSLN) <ul><li>Thinking Schools aims to develop creative thinking skills, lifelong learning passion and nationalistic commitment in the young. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning nation aims to make learning a national culture, encouraging creativity and innovation at every level of society, which goes beyond schools and educational institutions. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Desired Outcomes of Education <ul><li>The desired outcomes of Education represent a statement of the attributes which we want every Singaporean to have </li></ul>
  17. 17. Desired Outcomes of Education (DOEs) – Primary Level <ul><li>At the end of the primary school, pupils should </li></ul><ul><li>Be able to distinguish right from wrong </li></ul><ul><li>Have learnt to share and put others first </li></ul><ul><li>Be able to build friendships with others </li></ul><ul><li>Have a lively curiosity about things </li></ul><ul><li>Be able to think and express themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Take pride in their work </li></ul><ul><li>Have cultivated habits </li></ul><ul><li>Love Singapore </li></ul>
  18. 18. Continuous Learning <ul><li>Education is a lifelong process. </li></ul><ul><li>“ 活到老,学到老” </li></ul><ul><li>Education can be Formal, Non-formal and Informal </li></ul><ul><li>Education is collaboration with stakeholders in education </li></ul>
  19. 19. Group Discussion
  20. 20. Challenges - Group Discussion Assume Roles of 1.) MOE Officials (Education System in Singapore) 2.) Teachers (Schools) 3.) Employers (Society)
  21. 21. Education Schools Society
  22. 22. Group Discussion MOE Officials (Education System in Singapore) Question 1: To what extent do you think schools in Singapore have succeeded in preparing students with the desired skills, knowledge, values and attitudes? Question 2: What recommendations do you have to achieve the above aim? Teachers (Schools) Question 1: What challenges and problems do you think schools in Singapore face in trying to achieve the aim of preparing students with the desired skills, knowledge, values and attitudes? Question 2: What suggestions do you propose to help schools achieve the above aim? Employers (Society) Question 1: Do you think that the current education system in Singapore produces candidates with the right skills and values to cope with the needs of today’s labour market? Question 2: What recommendations do you have to achieve the above aim?
  23. 23. Group Discussion Debrief
  24. 24. <ul><li>“ Education equips us with the skills and knowledge, as well as the right values and attitudes to assure the livelihood of the individual and the country’s success.” </li></ul>Ministry of Education. http://www.moe.gov.sg/corporate/desired_outcomes.htm
  25. 25. MOE Officials – Response To achieve Global Standards <ul><li>Our Edun system is one of the best in the world in terms of efficiency and academic success. </li></ul><ul><li>S’pore students came out tops in a 49-nation comparative study in the 4 th – 8 th grade Maths and Science by the Int’l Association for Evaluation of Edun Achievement. </li></ul><ul><li>Setting up various specialised schools to develop the students to their best abilities eg Sports, NUS High (Maths & Sc), Arts School. </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of CCA, CIP, Service Learning, National Edun, NYAA, etc to cultivate the right values and attitudes in students </li></ul><ul><li>“ Teach Less, Learn More” strategies to better prepare students for life, and a love for learning </li></ul>
  26. 26. MOE Officials – Recommendations To achieve Global Standards <ul><li>Recruit and Retain teachers in the service – to increase salary & benefits of teachers so as to attract more talents to join the profession </li></ul><ul><li>Improve the training programme for teachers – equip them with right skills and attitudes </li></ul><ul><li>Implement new initiatives – attachment /internship programmes for students after ‘A’ level to let them experience the real working life </li></ul>
  27. 27. Teachers – Challenges & Solutions <ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Individualistic </li></ul><ul><li>Lack social skills </li></ul><ul><li>CME apathy </li></ul><ul><li>Packed curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>High expectations of parents </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional stress </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy workload </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Promote group work </li></ul><ul><li>SEL programme </li></ul><ul><li>Use case studies & moral dilemmas </li></ul><ul><li>TLLM strategies </li></ul><ul><li>PSG raise awareness of school’s efforts </li></ul><ul><li>Pastoral assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher aids </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Yes – we have different schools catering to the different needs of society eg Polytechnics, ITEs, Universities </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivation of skills </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation & Enterprise (I&E) </li></ul><ul><li>Social skills & ettiquette classes </li></ul>
  29. 29. Employers – Meeting Society’s Needs <ul><li>Yes </li></ul><ul><li>Skills – Poly, ITE, Unis provide hands-on experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Projects, Problem-based learning, independent learning </li></ul><ul><li>Values – CCAs, CIP, NE Messages, Racial Harmony programme </li></ul><ul><li>No </li></ul><ul><li>Mainstream Unis do not provide courses to cater to jobs in the service sectoe </li></ul><ul><li>Paperchase – attain degree, but lack aptitude for work </li></ul><ul><li>Schools are theory & book based </li></ul>
  30. 30. Employers – Proposed Solutions <ul><li>Encourage students to pursue their passion rather that acquiring a degree w/o any interest </li></ul><ul><li>Educational policies more in line with changes in the economy eg towards Innovation & Enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>Promote Global exchange programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Work attachment / internship programmes </li></ul>
  31. 31. THANK YOU

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