Learning Theories Chapter 2 Power Point


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Chapter 2 Learning Theories

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Learning Theories Chapter 2 Power Point

  1. 1. B. F. SKINNER Behaviorism Theory:  Reinforcing or rewarding desired responses could shape the behavior patterns of organisms and people. Based on observable behavior
  2. 2. BEHAVIORISM  Behaviorists just focus on the observable behaviors.  Behaviorists do not focus on how learners process their information  Drill and Practice motivation
  3. 3. BEHAVIORISM IN THE CLASSROOM Not the most common type of learning found in the classroom . Although, some basic knowledge/ skills require a behaviorist approach to learning.
  4. 4. JEAN PIAGET Cognitivist Theory:  Creating models of how learners receive, process, and manipulate information.  Exploring the mental processes used to respond to ones environment.
  5. 5. COGNITIVISM  Create models of short term and long term memory.  Short term memory stores new information, where it is to be rehearsed until it is able to be placed in long term memory.  For example, if new information is not reviewed or practiced continuously then this information will not be stored.
  6. 6. COGNITIVIST IN THE CLASSROOM In a cognitivist based classroom:  Students are more independent  Students develop their own learning approach to solve problems  This approach is good instruction to help children prepare for standardized tests, benchmarks, and learning about technology.
  7. 7. CONSTRUCTIVIST PERSPECTIVE Constructivism A learning theory that extends and engages people to make sense of information by using meaningful experiences.  Constructing new knowledge, based on previous knowledge….SCHEMA!
  8. 8. CONSTRUCTIVIST IN THE CLASSROOM      Students construct their own way of interpreting information Learning by doing (using manipulatives) Hands- on approach Students learn best when they can relate information to existing information Students learn best when they can physically create models and approaches to understanding information
  9. 9. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Social psychologist look at how social interactions/ organization affects classroom learning. For example: which social setting works best for the learning environment of students? - Small groups? – class as a whole? – partners? – how much control should students have over their activities?
  10. 10. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Cooperative Learning:  This type of social learning is more effective for students than competitive and individual learning.
  11. 11. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY IN THE CLASSROOM Social instruction allows 21st century learners to use interdependent collaborative abilities to discover and learn new information.
  12. 12. INFORMATION Knowledge, facts, news, comments, and content.  Information can be presented in memo, classroom, textbook, or on the Web.
  13. 13. INFORMATION IN THE CLASSROOM Students should not be expected to obtain and memorize all information. Students should know how to retrieve information when needed. With the use of technology the 21st century learner can quickly access information by using computers. Technology is not meant to give the learner a just- in – time answer to a question, but rather just a resource to find information needed, a help system.
  14. 14. INSTRUCTION Any intentional effort to stimulate learning by the arrangement of experiences to help learners achieve a desirable change in capability.
  15. 15. INSTRUCTION Active Engagement:  Questions, discussions, applying practices, meaningful understanding, retention, and application.  Changing the capability of the learner in a positive direction  Arranging information and the environment to facilitate learning  Environment- using strategies, technology, and media.
  16. 16. INSTRUCTION Preparing the Environment:  Create learning opportunities for students by using resources, and with learning communities.  Use collaborative learning tools  Ex: classroom blogs, wikis, social networking resources, and learning management systems.
  17. 17. SOURCES Instructional Technology and Media for Learning http://www.clipartpal.com/clipart_pd/education/teaching1.html http://www.gallaudet.edu/international_relations/world_deaf_information_re source_project.html http://www.leerbeleving.nl/wbts/1/didactical_models.html http://www.shutterstock.com/ http://epltt.coe.uga.edu/index.php?title=Behaviorism