B. F. SKINNER
Reinforcing or rewarding desired responses could shape the behavior patterns
of organisms and people. Based on observable behavior
Behaviorists just focus on the observable behaviors.
Behaviorists do not focus on how learners process their information
Drill and Practice motivation
BEHAVIORISM IN THE CLASSROOM
Not the most common type of learning found in the classroom .
Although, some basic knowledge/ skills require a behaviorist approach to
Creating models of how learners receive, process, and manipulate information.
Exploring the mental processes used to respond to ones environment.
Create models of short term and long term memory.
Short term memory stores new information, where it is to be rehearsed until it is
able to be placed in long term memory.
For example, if new information is not reviewed or practiced continuously then
this information will not be stored.
COGNITIVIST IN THE CLASSROOM
In a cognitivist based classroom:
Students are more independent
Students develop their own learning approach to solve problems
This approach is good instruction to help children prepare for standardized
tests, benchmarks, and learning about technology.
Constructivism A learning theory that extends and engages people to make sense of
information by using meaningful experiences.
Constructing new knowledge, based on previous knowledge….SCHEMA!
CONSTRUCTIVIST IN THE CLASSROOM
Students construct their own way of interpreting information
Learning by doing (using manipulatives)
Hands- on approach
Students learn best when they can relate information to existing information
Students learn best when they can physically create models and approaches to
Social psychologist look at how social interactions/ organization
affects classroom learning.
For example: which social setting works best for the learning environment
- Small groups? – class as a whole? – partners? – how much control
should students have over their activities?
This type of social learning is more effective for students than competitive and
SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY IN THE CLASSROOM
Social instruction allows 21st century learners to use interdependent
collaborative abilities to discover and learn new information.
Knowledge, facts, news, comments, and content.
Information can be presented in memo, classroom, textbook, or on the Web.
INFORMATION IN THE CLASSROOM
Students should not be expected to obtain and memorize all information.
Students should know how to retrieve information when needed.
With the use of technology the 21st century learner can quickly access
information by using computers.
Technology is not meant to give the learner a just- in – time answer to a
question, but rather just a resource to find information needed, a help
Any intentional effort to stimulate learning by the arrangement of
experiences to help learners achieve a desirable change in capability.
Questions, discussions, applying practices, meaningful
understanding, retention, and application.
Changing the capability of the learner in a positive direction
Arranging information and the environment to facilitate learning
Environment- using strategies, technology, and media.
Preparing the Environment:
Create learning opportunities for students by using resources, and with learning
Use collaborative learning tools
Ex: classroom blogs, wikis, social networking resources, and learning
Instructional Technology and Media for Learning