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Representation

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A Ppt about stereotypes in reality TV

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Representation

  1. 1.  RealityTV – First Dates KEY CONCEPT: Representation
  2. 2. Compare these two clips, how real are they?  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pJaY9EO7Ej4  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ivx3uOfHz4k ALL reality TV shows are constructed to a certain degree, whether that’s having some scripted elements, getting people to do certain activities, or just having a camera follow someone. ALL reality TV shows are constructed to a certain degree, whether that’s having some scripted elements, getting people to do certain activities, or just having a camera follow someone.
  3. 3. TASK  Using the handouts provided, work in groups to create a continuum using the following reality TV shows. Place the titles on the line depending on how real you think they are. Reality Constructed Reality Police, Camera, Action Strictly Come Dancing •X Factor •Big Brother •How to look good naked •Ross Kemp on Gangs •The Apprentice
  4. 4. Why do we watch realityTV?  Uses and gratifications theory. Blulmer and Katz (1974) stated that individuals might choose and use a text for the following purposes  Diversion - escape from everyday problems and routine.  Personal Relationships - using the media for emotional and other interaction, eg) substituting soap operas for family life  Personal Identity - finding yourself reflected in texts, learning behaviour and values from texts  Surveillance - Information which could be useful for living weather reports, financial news, holiday bargains
  5. 5. Is it wrong to enjoy watching people humiliate themselves? X-Factor:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZuWVwf9rPJI  Why is it funny to watch people fail? How are these people represented?  Is it fair that people like Simon Cowell are allowed to increase the humiliation with scathing remarks?
  6. 6. Voyeurism  Voyeurism is a term used to describe the pleasure that people get from viewing other people.  First TV show to play on this was Candid Camera: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9qHc6OgPs5E  People were filmed without their knowledge, in humorous situations. Again, audiences enjoyed watching the humiliation.
  7. 7. Voyeurism  This trend continued with more modern shows like Trigger Happy TV http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qTV-YxOwLdA  And more recently, Punk’d http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lpAGztnw3WA  And more hilariously, Rio Ferdinand’s World Cup Wind-ups: http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=IZkcqeImKmc
  8. 8. Voyeurism  Punk’d and Rio Ferdinand’s show are both attractive to watch for audiences because famous people are being targeted.  Is it right that shows like Trigger Happy should target ‘normal’ members of the public? Should we be allowed to watch their humiliation?  Are people being exploited, or is it ok for companies to make money from these shows because the people agree to participate?
  9. 9. Participants why are they chosen? Essex Girl Homosexual ‘Chav’ Geek STEREOTYPES!
  10. 10. Participants  Stereotypes are important because they help us to relate the participants with other, similar types of people we know.  This stimulates audience interest in the programme.
  11. 11.  How are they represented? Why are they chosen? In line with Channel 4s commitment to diversity the couples on First Dates are heterosexual, gay, transgender, old, young, able, disabled, rich, poor and from racial/ethnic groups. The age pairings are usually similar. The couples who appeared in episode six (broadcast in Spring 2016) were as follows: Kate (35) and Danny (31) Gary (50) and Wendy (48) Louis (28) and Sophie (25) Chris (37) and Joanna ((29) David (29) and Alex (26) Participants
  12. 12.  First Dates -Task  Read the given descriptions of the characters from the show.  In pairs, decide what representations the participants are offering to the audience. For example; new man, flirty woman, middle aged etc.  Write down the key signifiers that helped you to make a decision about each ‘dater’. Do the participants challenge or conform to the stereotype?  Extension. Apply Uses and Gratification theory to each couple. Write down why audiences might be interested in them.
  13. 13. BadTaste?  Some reality shows have really pushed boundaries.  Wifeswap http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=3P4VFjA1WYc&feature=related invaded the family home and swapped family members  Ibiza Uncovered http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Ft- ToMWFws showed how young British people spent their holidays – producing a very negative representation of young people.  What values do these shows present to audiences?
  14. 14. TASK  You are working for Channel 4.  You have been asked to find 8 participants for a new episode of First Dates. That’s four couples.  Provide a brief profile for the type of people you want to appear in the show. Do not use specific individuals, but rather a set of criteria you might use to filter people who apply.
  15. 15. TASK  Using the handouts provided, work in groups to decide where you would place the reality show First Dates on the continuum. Reality Constructed Reality Police, Camera, Action Strictly Come Dancing •X Factor •Big Brother •How to look good naked •Ross Kemp on Gangs •The Apprentice

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