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Cambium ptp300 500 series 05-02 system user guide-1

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Cambium
PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series
User Guide
System Releases 500-05-02 and 300-05-02
phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012)
Accuracy
While reasonable efforts have been made to assure the accuracy of this document, Cambium
Networks assumes no liability resulting from any inaccuracies or omissions in this document, or
from use of the information obtained herein. Cambium reserves the right to make changes to
any products described herein to improve reliability, function, or design, and reserves the right
to revise this document and to make changes from time to time in content hereof with no
obligation to notify any person of revisions or changes. Cambium does not assume any liability
arising out of the application or use of any product, software, or circuit described herein;
neither does it convey license under its patent rights or the rights of others. It is possible that
this publication may contain references to, or information about Cambium products (machines
and programs), programming, or services that are not announced in your country. Such
references or information must not be construed to mean that Cambium intends to announce
such Cambium products, programming, or services in your country.
Copyrights
This document, Cambium products, and 3rd
Party software products described in this document
may include or describe copyrighted Cambium and other 3rd
Party supplied computer programs
stored in semiconductor memories or other media. Laws in the United States and other
countries preserve for Cambium, its licensors, and other 3rd
Party supplied software certain
exclusive rights for copyrighted material, including the exclusive right to copy, reproduce in any
form, distribute and make derivative works of the copyrighted material. Accordingly, any
copyrighted material of Cambium, its licensors, or the 3rd
Party software supplied material
contained in the Cambium products described in this document may not be copied, reproduced,
reverse engineered, distributed, merged or modified in any manner without the express written
permission of Cambium. Furthermore, the purchase of Cambium products shall not be deemed
to grant either directly or by implication, estoppel, or otherwise, any license under the
copyrights, patents or patent applications of Cambium or other 3rd Party supplied software,
except for the normal non-exclusive, royalty free license to use that arises by operation of law in
the sale of a product.
Restrictions
Software and documentation are copyrighted materials. Making unauthorized copies is
prohibited by law. No part of the software or documentation may be reproduced, transmitted,
transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language or computer language,
in any form or by any means, without prior written permission of Cambium.
License Agreements
The software described in this document is the property of Cambium and its licensors. It is
furnished by express license agreement only and may be used only in accordance with the
terms of such an agreement.
High Risk Materials
Components, units, or 3rd
Party products used in the product described herein are NOT fault-
tolerant and are NOT designed, manufactured, or intended for use as on-line control equipment
in the following hazardous environments requiring fail-safe controls: the operation of Nuclear
Facilities, Aircraft Navigation or Aircraft Communication Systems, Air Traffic Control, Life
Support, or Weapons Systems (High Risk Activities). Cambium and its supplier(s) specifically
disclaim any expressed or implied warranty of fitness for such High Risk Activities.
© 2012 Cambium Networks Limited. All rights reserved.
PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide
phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) I
Safety and regulatory information
This section describes important safety and regulatory guidelines that must be observed by
personnel installing or operating PTP 500 equipment.
Important safety information
To prevent loss of life or physical injury, observe the safety guidelines in this
section.
Power lines
Exercise extreme care when working near power lines.
Working at heights
Exercise extreme care when working at heights.
Grounding and protective earth
The Outdoor Unit (ODU) must be properly grounded to protect against lightning. It is the
user’s responsibility to install the equipment in accordance with national regulations. In
the USA, follow Section 810 of the National Electric Code, ANSI/NFPA No.70-1984 (USA).
In Canada, follow Section 54 of the Canadian Electrical Code. These codes describe
correct installation procedures for grounding the outdoor unit, mast, lead-in wire and
discharge unit, size of grounding conductors and connection requirements for grounding
electrodes. Other regulations may apply in different countries and therefore it is
recommended that installation of the outdoor unit be contracted to a professional installer.
PIDU
Always use the Cambium Power Indoor Unit Plus (PIDU Plus PTP 300/500/600 Series) to
power the ODU. Failure to use the Cambium supplied PIDU could result in equipment
damage and will invalidate the safety certification and may cause a safety hazard.
Safety and regulatory information
II phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012)
Alternative DC supplies
If an AC supply is not required or an additional back up DC supply is required, the DC
supply is connected to the PIDU Plus DC IN terminals. This is the only method of supplying
external DC to the ODU. The DC supply must comply with the following requirements:
• The voltage and polarity is correct and is applied to the correct terminals in the PIDU.
• The power source is rated as Safety Extra Low Voltage (SELV).
• The power source is rated to supply at least 1A continuously.
• The power source cannot provide more than the Energy Hazard Limit as defined by
IEC/EN/UL60950-1, Clause 2.5, Limited Power (The Energy Hazard Limit is 240VA).
Powering down before servicing
Always power down and unplug the equipment before servicing.
Lightning protection unit (LPU)
Do not remove the LPU printed circuit board when the LPU is connected to the power
supply, as high voltages are present.
Drop cable tester
The drop cable tester must NEVER be used at the ODU end connected to power from the
PIDU. It must only be used (with a multimeter) to test a cable with an ODU attached, not a
cable with a PIDU attached. This is because the PIDU voltage exceeds the limit allowed in
some countries for safe handling in wet conditions and therefore may create a safety
hazard.
Primary disconnect device
The main power supply is the primary disconnect device.
External cables
Safety may be compromised if outdoor rated cables are not used for connections that will
be exposed to the outdoor environment.
Grounding PTP-SYNC
In order to meet the safety requirements for deployment in Australia and New Zealand
(AS/NZS 60950-1), the PTP-SYNC unit, if deployed, must be grounded to a Protective
Ground in accordance with Local Electrical Regulations.
PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide
phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) III
RF exposure near the antenna
Strong radio frequency (RF) fields will be present close to the antenna when the
transmitter is on. Always turn off the power to the ODU before undertaking maintenance
activities in front of the antenna.
Minimum separation distances
Install the ODUs so as to provide and maintain the minimum separation distances from all
persons.
The minimum separation distances for each frequency variant are specified in Calculated
distances and power compliance margins on page 4-27.
Important regulatory information
The PTP 500 product is certified as an unlicensed device in frequency bands where it is not
allowed to cause interference to licensed services (called primary users of the bands).
Radar avoidance
In countries where radar systems are the primary band users, the regulators have
mandated special requirements to protect these systems from interference caused by
unlicensed devices. Unlicensed devices must detect and avoid co-channel operation with
radar systems.
The PTP 500 provides detect and avoid functionality for countries and frequency bands
requiring protection for radar systems.
Installers and users must meet all local regulatory requirements for radar detection. To
meet these requirements, users must set the correct license key and region code during
commissioning of the PTP 500. If this is not done, installers and users may be liable to civil
and criminal penalties.
Contact the Cambium helpdesk if more guidance is required.
Safety and regulatory information
IV phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012)
USA and Canada specific information
The USA Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has asked manufacturers to
implement special features to prevent interference to weather radar systems that operate
in the band 5600 MHz to 5650 MHz. These features must be implemented in all products
able to operate outdoors in the band 5470 MHz to 5725 MHz.
Manufacturers must ensure that such radio products cannot be configured to operate
outside of FCC rules; specifically it must not be possible to disable or modify the radar
protection functions that have been demonstrated to the FCC.
In order to comply with these FCC requirements, Cambium supplies variants of the
PTP 500 for operation in the USA or Canada. These variants are only allowed to operate
with license keys and region codes that comply with FCC/IC rules. In particular, operation
of radio channels overlapping the band 5600-5650 MHz is not allowed and these channels
are permanently barred.
In addition, other channels may also need to be barred when operating close to weather
radar installations.
To ensure compliance with FCC rules (KDB 443999: Interim Plans to Approve UNII
Devices Operating in the 5470 - 5725 MHz Band with Radar Detection and DFS
Capabilities), follow the instructions in Avoidance of weather radars (USA only) on page
2-5.
Other variants of the PTP 500 are available for use in the rest of the world, but these
variants are not supplied to the USA or Canada except under strict controls, when they are
needed for export and deployment outside the USA or Canada.
Specific expertise and training required for professional installers
To ensure that the PTP 500 is installed and configured in compliance with the
requirements of Industry Canada and the FCC, installers must have the radio engineering
skills and training described in this section. This is particularly important when installing
and configuring a PTP 500 system for operation in the 5.4 GHz UNII band.
Avoidance of weather radars
The installer must be familiar with the requirements in FCC KDB 443999. Essentially, the
installer must be able to:
• Access the FCC data base of weather radar location and channel frequencies.
• Use this information to correctly configure the product (using the GUI) to avoid
operation on channels that should be barred according to the guidelines that are
contained in the KDB and explained in detail in this user guide.
Ad

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Cambium ptp300 500 series 05-02 system user guide-1

  • 1. Cambium PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide System Releases 500-05-02 and 300-05-02
  • 2. phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) Accuracy While reasonable efforts have been made to assure the accuracy of this document, Cambium Networks assumes no liability resulting from any inaccuracies or omissions in this document, or from use of the information obtained herein. Cambium reserves the right to make changes to any products described herein to improve reliability, function, or design, and reserves the right to revise this document and to make changes from time to time in content hereof with no obligation to notify any person of revisions or changes. Cambium does not assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product, software, or circuit described herein; neither does it convey license under its patent rights or the rights of others. It is possible that this publication may contain references to, or information about Cambium products (machines and programs), programming, or services that are not announced in your country. Such references or information must not be construed to mean that Cambium intends to announce such Cambium products, programming, or services in your country. Copyrights This document, Cambium products, and 3rd Party software products described in this document may include or describe copyrighted Cambium and other 3rd Party supplied computer programs stored in semiconductor memories or other media. Laws in the United States and other countries preserve for Cambium, its licensors, and other 3rd Party supplied software certain exclusive rights for copyrighted material, including the exclusive right to copy, reproduce in any form, distribute and make derivative works of the copyrighted material. Accordingly, any copyrighted material of Cambium, its licensors, or the 3rd Party software supplied material contained in the Cambium products described in this document may not be copied, reproduced, reverse engineered, distributed, merged or modified in any manner without the express written permission of Cambium. Furthermore, the purchase of Cambium products shall not be deemed to grant either directly or by implication, estoppel, or otherwise, any license under the copyrights, patents or patent applications of Cambium or other 3rd Party supplied software, except for the normal non-exclusive, royalty free license to use that arises by operation of law in the sale of a product. Restrictions Software and documentation are copyrighted materials. Making unauthorized copies is prohibited by law. No part of the software or documentation may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language or computer language, in any form or by any means, without prior written permission of Cambium. License Agreements The software described in this document is the property of Cambium and its licensors. It is furnished by express license agreement only and may be used only in accordance with the terms of such an agreement. High Risk Materials Components, units, or 3rd Party products used in the product described herein are NOT fault- tolerant and are NOT designed, manufactured, or intended for use as on-line control equipment in the following hazardous environments requiring fail-safe controls: the operation of Nuclear Facilities, Aircraft Navigation or Aircraft Communication Systems, Air Traffic Control, Life Support, or Weapons Systems (High Risk Activities). Cambium and its supplier(s) specifically disclaim any expressed or implied warranty of fitness for such High Risk Activities. © 2012 Cambium Networks Limited. All rights reserved.
  • 3. PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) I Safety and regulatory information This section describes important safety and regulatory guidelines that must be observed by personnel installing or operating PTP 500 equipment. Important safety information To prevent loss of life or physical injury, observe the safety guidelines in this section. Power lines Exercise extreme care when working near power lines. Working at heights Exercise extreme care when working at heights. Grounding and protective earth The Outdoor Unit (ODU) must be properly grounded to protect against lightning. It is the user’s responsibility to install the equipment in accordance with national regulations. In the USA, follow Section 810 of the National Electric Code, ANSI/NFPA No.70-1984 (USA). In Canada, follow Section 54 of the Canadian Electrical Code. These codes describe correct installation procedures for grounding the outdoor unit, mast, lead-in wire and discharge unit, size of grounding conductors and connection requirements for grounding electrodes. Other regulations may apply in different countries and therefore it is recommended that installation of the outdoor unit be contracted to a professional installer. PIDU Always use the Cambium Power Indoor Unit Plus (PIDU Plus PTP 300/500/600 Series) to power the ODU. Failure to use the Cambium supplied PIDU could result in equipment damage and will invalidate the safety certification and may cause a safety hazard.
  • 4. Safety and regulatory information II phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) Alternative DC supplies If an AC supply is not required or an additional back up DC supply is required, the DC supply is connected to the PIDU Plus DC IN terminals. This is the only method of supplying external DC to the ODU. The DC supply must comply with the following requirements: • The voltage and polarity is correct and is applied to the correct terminals in the PIDU. • The power source is rated as Safety Extra Low Voltage (SELV). • The power source is rated to supply at least 1A continuously. • The power source cannot provide more than the Energy Hazard Limit as defined by IEC/EN/UL60950-1, Clause 2.5, Limited Power (The Energy Hazard Limit is 240VA). Powering down before servicing Always power down and unplug the equipment before servicing. Lightning protection unit (LPU) Do not remove the LPU printed circuit board when the LPU is connected to the power supply, as high voltages are present. Drop cable tester The drop cable tester must NEVER be used at the ODU end connected to power from the PIDU. It must only be used (with a multimeter) to test a cable with an ODU attached, not a cable with a PIDU attached. This is because the PIDU voltage exceeds the limit allowed in some countries for safe handling in wet conditions and therefore may create a safety hazard. Primary disconnect device The main power supply is the primary disconnect device. External cables Safety may be compromised if outdoor rated cables are not used for connections that will be exposed to the outdoor environment. Grounding PTP-SYNC In order to meet the safety requirements for deployment in Australia and New Zealand (AS/NZS 60950-1), the PTP-SYNC unit, if deployed, must be grounded to a Protective Ground in accordance with Local Electrical Regulations.
  • 5. PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) III RF exposure near the antenna Strong radio frequency (RF) fields will be present close to the antenna when the transmitter is on. Always turn off the power to the ODU before undertaking maintenance activities in front of the antenna. Minimum separation distances Install the ODUs so as to provide and maintain the minimum separation distances from all persons. The minimum separation distances for each frequency variant are specified in Calculated distances and power compliance margins on page 4-27. Important regulatory information The PTP 500 product is certified as an unlicensed device in frequency bands where it is not allowed to cause interference to licensed services (called primary users of the bands). Radar avoidance In countries where radar systems are the primary band users, the regulators have mandated special requirements to protect these systems from interference caused by unlicensed devices. Unlicensed devices must detect and avoid co-channel operation with radar systems. The PTP 500 provides detect and avoid functionality for countries and frequency bands requiring protection for radar systems. Installers and users must meet all local regulatory requirements for radar detection. To meet these requirements, users must set the correct license key and region code during commissioning of the PTP 500. If this is not done, installers and users may be liable to civil and criminal penalties. Contact the Cambium helpdesk if more guidance is required.
  • 6. Safety and regulatory information IV phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) USA and Canada specific information The USA Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has asked manufacturers to implement special features to prevent interference to weather radar systems that operate in the band 5600 MHz to 5650 MHz. These features must be implemented in all products able to operate outdoors in the band 5470 MHz to 5725 MHz. Manufacturers must ensure that such radio products cannot be configured to operate outside of FCC rules; specifically it must not be possible to disable or modify the radar protection functions that have been demonstrated to the FCC. In order to comply with these FCC requirements, Cambium supplies variants of the PTP 500 for operation in the USA or Canada. These variants are only allowed to operate with license keys and region codes that comply with FCC/IC rules. In particular, operation of radio channels overlapping the band 5600-5650 MHz is not allowed and these channels are permanently barred. In addition, other channels may also need to be barred when operating close to weather radar installations. To ensure compliance with FCC rules (KDB 443999: Interim Plans to Approve UNII Devices Operating in the 5470 - 5725 MHz Band with Radar Detection and DFS Capabilities), follow the instructions in Avoidance of weather radars (USA only) on page 2-5. Other variants of the PTP 500 are available for use in the rest of the world, but these variants are not supplied to the USA or Canada except under strict controls, when they are needed for export and deployment outside the USA or Canada. Specific expertise and training required for professional installers To ensure that the PTP 500 is installed and configured in compliance with the requirements of Industry Canada and the FCC, installers must have the radio engineering skills and training described in this section. This is particularly important when installing and configuring a PTP 500 system for operation in the 5.4 GHz UNII band. Avoidance of weather radars The installer must be familiar with the requirements in FCC KDB 443999. Essentially, the installer must be able to: • Access the FCC data base of weather radar location and channel frequencies. • Use this information to correctly configure the product (using the GUI) to avoid operation on channels that should be barred according to the guidelines that are contained in the KDB and explained in detail in this user guide.
  • 7. PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) V External antennas When using a connectorized version of the product (as compared to the version with an integrated antenna), the conducted transmit power must be reduced to ensure the regulatory limit on transmitter EIRP is not exceeded. The installer must have an understanding of how to compute the effective antenna gain from the actual antenna gain and the feeder cable losses. The product GUI automatically applies the correct conducted power limit to ensure that it is not possible for the installation to exceed the EIRP limit, when the appropriate values for antenna gain and feeder cable losses are entered into the GUI. Ethernet networking skills The installer must have the ability to configure IP addressing on a PC and to set up and control products using a web browser interface. Lightning protection To protect outdoor radio installations from the impact of lightning strikes, the installer must be familiar with the normal procedures for site selection, bonding and grounding. Installation guidelines for the PTP 500 can be found in Chapter 2: Planning considerations and Chapter 5: Installation. Training The installer needs to have basic competence in radio and IP network installation. The specific requirements applicable to the PTP 500 should be gained by reading Chapter 5: Installation and Chapter 6: Configuration and alignment and by performing sample set ups at base workshop before live deployments.
  • 8. Safety and regulatory information VI phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012)
  • 9. PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) i Contents Safety and regulatory information.................................................................................... I  Important safety information ..................................................................................................I  Important regulatory information........................................................................................ III  About This User Guide ..................................................................................................... 1  General information .....................................................................................................................2  Contacting Cambium Networks .............................................................................................2  Problems and warranty................................................................................................................4  Security advice.............................................................................................................................6  Warnings, cautions, and notes .....................................................................................................7  Caring for the environment..........................................................................................................8  Chapter 1:  Product description .................................................................................. 1-1  Overview of the PTP 500...........................................................................................................1-2  Purpose ...............................................................................................................................1-2  Key features ........................................................................................................................1-2  Typical deployment .............................................................................................................1-3  System components ............................................................................................................1-4  Product variants..................................................................................................................1-5  Support for discontinued product variants .........................................................................1-6  Outdoor unit (ODU) ..................................................................................................................1-7  ODU description..................................................................................................................1-7  ODU interfaces....................................................................................................................1-8  Connectorized ODU antenna interfaces..............................................................................1-9  Mounting brackets ..............................................................................................................1-9  Network connection............................................................................................................1-9  Further reading on the ODU.............................................................................................1-10  Powered indoor unit (PIDU)....................................................................................................1-11  PIDU description...............................................................................................................1-11  PIDU interfaces.................................................................................................................1-11  Redundancy and alternative powering configurations .....................................................1-13  Remote LEDs and recovery switch ...................................................................................1-14  Further reading on the PIDU ............................................................................................1-15 
  • 10. Contents ii phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) Cabling and lightning protection ............................................................................................1-16  PTP and lightning protection ............................................................................................1-16  Outdoor connections.........................................................................................................1-16  Indoor connections............................................................................................................1-17  Cable grounding kits.........................................................................................................1-17  Lightning protection units (LPUs) ....................................................................................1-18  Further reading on cabling and lightning protection .......................................................1-18  PTP-SYNC unit ........................................................................................................................1-19  PTP-SYNC unit description ...............................................................................................1-19  Model number...................................................................................................................1-19  PTP-SYNC unit interfaces .................................................................................................1-20  Further reading on PTP-SYNC..........................................................................................1-21  Wireless operation ..................................................................................................................1-22  Time division duplexing ....................................................................................................1-22  Link mode optimization.....................................................................................................1-24  Link symmetry ..................................................................................................................1-24  OFDM and channel bandwidth .........................................................................................1-25  Spectrum management.....................................................................................................1-25  Adaptive modulation .........................................................................................................1-27  MIMO................................................................................................................................1-27  Intelligent dynamic frequency selection...........................................................................1-28  Radar avoidance................................................................................................................1-28  Security.............................................................................................................................1-29  Region codes.....................................................................................................................1-29  PTP networks ....................................................................................................................1-30  TDD synchronization.........................................................................................................1-31  Further reading on wireless operation .............................................................................1-33  Ethernet bridging....................................................................................................................1-34  Customer network.............................................................................................................1-34  Management network .......................................................................................................1-35  Back-to-back links .............................................................................................................1-36  Protocol model ..................................................................................................................1-37  Further reading on Ethernet bridging..............................................................................1-38  Telecoms circuits ....................................................................................................................1-39  Lowest telecoms modulation mode...................................................................................1-39  Fixed frequency operation ................................................................................................1-39  Further reading on telecoms circuits ...............................................................................1-40 
  • 11. PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) iii System management...............................................................................................................1-41  Management agent ...........................................................................................................1-41  Web server ........................................................................................................................1-41  RADIUS authentication.....................................................................................................1-44  SNMP ................................................................................................................................1-44  Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP).............................................................................1-45  SNMPv3 security...............................................................................................................1-45  System logging (syslog) ....................................................................................................1-48  AES license........................................................................................................................1-49  Critical security parameters .............................................................................................1-50  Login information..............................................................................................................1-50  Capacity upgrades ............................................................................................................1-50  Software upgrade..............................................................................................................1-51  Recovery mode..................................................................................................................1-51  Further reading on system management..........................................................................1-52  Chapter 2:  Planning considerations ........................................................................... 2-1  Regulatory planning..................................................................................................................2-2  Regulatory limits.................................................................................................................2-2  Conforming to the limits .....................................................................................................2-2  Available spectrum..............................................................................................................2-3  Channel bandwidth .............................................................................................................2-4  Frequency selection ............................................................................................................2-4  Avoidance of weather radars (USA only) ............................................................................2-5  Site planning .............................................................................................................................2-6  ODU site selection...............................................................................................................2-6  PIDU site selection..............................................................................................................2-6  PTP-SYNC site selection......................................................................................................2-6  Maximum cable lengths ......................................................................................................2-7  Wind loading .......................................................................................................................2-8  Link planning ..........................................................................................................................2-10  PTP LINKPlanner ..............................................................................................................2-10  Range and obstacles .........................................................................................................2-10  PTP LINKPlanner for synchronized networks...................................................................2-11  Path loss considerations....................................................................................................2-11  System threshold, output power and link loss ..................................................................2-13  Calculating data rate capacity ..........................................................................................2-14  Planning for connectorized units ............................................................................................2-16 
  • 12. Contents iv phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) When to install connectorized units..................................................................................2-16  Choosing external antennas..............................................................................................2-16  Calculating maximum power level for connectorized units..............................................2-17  Calculating RF cable length (5.8 GHz FCC only)..............................................................2-19  Grounding and lightning protection .......................................................................................2-20  The need for power surge protection ...............................................................................2-20  Standards..........................................................................................................................2-20  Lightning protection zones ...............................................................................................2-21  General protection requirements......................................................................................2-22  Protection requirements for a mast or tower installation.................................................2-23  Protection requirements for a wall installation ................................................................2-25  Protection requirements on a high rise building ..............................................................2-26  Configuration options for TDD synchronization .....................................................................2-28  Single link configuration with PTP-SYNC .........................................................................2-28  Cluster with PTP-SYNC and GPS receiver........................................................................2-29  Cluster with PTP-SYNC and no GPS receiver ...................................................................2-29  Mounting options for the PTP-SYNC GPS receiver.................................................................2-31  GPS receiver location requirements .................................................................................2-31  Mounting the GPS receiver module on the equipment building.......................................2-32  Mounting the GPS receiver module on a metal tower or mast.........................................2-33  Data network planning............................................................................................................2-34  VLAN membership ............................................................................................................2-34  Priority for management traffic ........................................................................................2-34  IP interface........................................................................................................................2-34  Quality of service for bridged Ethernet traffic .................................................................2-34  Back to back links .............................................................................................................2-35  ‘Green Ethernet’ switches.................................................................................................2-35  Security planning....................................................................................................................2-36  Planning for SNTP operation ............................................................................................2-36  Planning for HTTPS/TLS operation...................................................................................2-36  Planning for SNMP operation ...........................................................................................2-37  Planning for SNMPv3 operation .......................................................................................2-39  Planning for RADIUS operation ........................................................................................2-43  Ordering components .............................................................................................................2-45  PTP 500 kits ......................................................................................................................2-45  Other standard components..............................................................................................2-49  Components required with connectorized ODUs..............................................................2-51 
  • 13. PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) v PTP-SYNC installations .....................................................................................................2-59  GPS receiver installations.................................................................................................2-60  E1 or T1 installations ........................................................................................................2-61  Chapter 3:  Legal information ..................................................................................... 3-1  Cambium Networks end user license agreement .....................................................................3-2  Acceptance of this agreement.............................................................................................3-2  Definitions...........................................................................................................................3-2  Grant of license ...................................................................................................................3-2  Conditions of use.................................................................................................................3-3  Title and restrictions...........................................................................................................3-4  Confidentiality.....................................................................................................................3-4  Right to use Cambium’s name ............................................................................................3-5  Transfer...............................................................................................................................3-5  Updates ...............................................................................................................................3-5  Maintenance........................................................................................................................3-5  Disclaimer ...........................................................................................................................3-6  Limitation of liability...........................................................................................................3-6  U.S. government .................................................................................................................3-7  Term of license....................................................................................................................3-7  Governing law .....................................................................................................................3-7  Assignment..........................................................................................................................3-8  Survival of provisions..........................................................................................................3-8  Entire agreement ................................................................................................................3-8  Third party software ...........................................................................................................3-8  Hardware warranty.................................................................................................................3-22  Limit of liability .......................................................................................................................3-23  Chapter 4:  Reference information.............................................................................. 4-1  Equipment specifications..........................................................................................................4-2  ODU specifications..............................................................................................................4-2  PIDU specifications.............................................................................................................4-3  PTP-SYNC specifications.....................................................................................................4-4  Wireless specifications..............................................................................................................4-7  General wireless specifications...........................................................................................4-7  Available spectrum settings................................................................................................4-9  System threshold, output power and link loss ..................................................................4-14  Data network specifications....................................................................................................4-21  Ethernet interfaces ...........................................................................................................4-21 
  • 14. Contents vi phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) Syslog message formats..........................................................................................................4-22  Format of syslog server messages ....................................................................................4-22  Configuration and status messages ..................................................................................4-22  Event messages.................................................................................................................4-23  Compliance with safety standards ..........................................................................................4-25  Electrical safety compliance .............................................................................................4-25  Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) compliance ...........................................................4-25  Human exposure to radio frequency energy.....................................................................4-26  Compliance with radio regulations .........................................................................................4-29  Type approvals..................................................................................................................4-29  FCC and ETSI compliance testing (without PTP-SYNC)...................................................4-30  FCC and ETSI compliance testing (with PTP-SYNC) ........................................................4-30  Examples of regulatory limits ...........................................................................................4-30  Type approval status...............................................................................................................4-35  PTP 54500 FCC and IC status...........................................................................................4-35  PTP 54500 European Union status ...................................................................................4-36  PTP 58500 FCC and IC status...........................................................................................4-37  PTP 58500 European Union notification...........................................................................4-39  Thailand notification .........................................................................................................4-39  Data throughput tables ...........................................................................................................4-40  Data throughput capacity .................................................................................................4-40  Range adjustment curves..................................................................................................4-46  Chapter 5:  Installation .............................................................................................. 5-1  Preparing for installation..........................................................................................................5-2  Unit pre-configuration ........................................................................................................5-2  Safety precautions during installation................................................................................5-2  Protection requirements .....................................................................................................5-2  Selecting installation options..............................................................................................5-2  Preparing personnel............................................................................................................5-3  Preparing inventory ............................................................................................................5-3  Preparing tools....................................................................................................................5-3  Installing the ODU ....................................................................................................................5-4  Checks and safety precautions ...........................................................................................5-4  Selecting a position for the ODU (connectorized) ..............................................................5-5  Mounting the ODU..............................................................................................................5-6  Installing connectorized antennas ............................................................................................5-8  Preparing for connectorized installations...........................................................................5-8 
  • 15. PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) vii Mounting and connecting antennas....................................................................................5-8  Weatherproofing an N type connector..............................................................................5-11  Installing the drop cable and LPU ..........................................................................................5-14  Preparing drop cables.......................................................................................................5-15  Assembling an RJ45 connector and gland.........................................................................5-16  Installing and grounding the main drop cable..................................................................5-18  Connecting an RJ45 and gland to a unit ...........................................................................5-19  Disconnecting an RJ45 and gland from a unit ..................................................................5-20  Making a drop cable ground point....................................................................................5-21  Installing and grounding the drop cable at building entry ...............................................5-25  Installing the PIDU..................................................................................................................5-27  Mounting the PIDU ...........................................................................................................5-27  Connecting the PIDU to the ODU cable............................................................................5-27  Preparing the PIDU to LAN cable .....................................................................................5-29  Installing a PTP-SYNC unit .....................................................................................................5-30  Preparing for PTP-SYNC installation ................................................................................5-30  Mounting the PTP-SYNC unit............................................................................................5-31  Connecting up the PTP-SYNC unit....................................................................................5-32  Powering up the PTP-SYNC installation ...........................................................................5-34  Installing a GPS receiver for PTP-SYNC .................................................................................5-35  Mounting the GPS receiver...............................................................................................5-35  Preparing GPS drop cables ...............................................................................................5-36  Assembling an RJ45 plug and housing for GPS.................................................................5-37  Assembling a 12 way circular connector ..........................................................................5-40  Installing the GPS drop cable ...........................................................................................5-44  Grounding the GPS drop cable .........................................................................................5-45  Installing the GPS drop cable at building entry................................................................5-47  Installing an E1 or T1 interface ..............................................................................................5-48  Connecting the E1/T1 cable to the PIDU ..........................................................................5-48  Testing the E1/T1 installation ...........................................................................................5-49  Chapter 6:  Configuration and alignment .................................................................... 6-1  Preparing for configuration and alignment ..............................................................................6-2  Safety precautions during configuration and alignment ....................................................6-2  Regulatory compliance during configuration and alignment..............................................6-2  Selecting configuration options ..........................................................................................6-2  Task 1: Connecting to the unit..................................................................................................6-3  Configuring the management PC........................................................................................6-3 
  • 16. Contents viii phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) Connecting to the PC and powering up ..............................................................................6-5  Logging into the web interface...........................................................................................6-5  Task 2: Configuring IP and Ethernet interfaces .......................................................................6-7  Configuring IP and Ethernet attributes ..............................................................................6-7  Reconnecting to the management PC...............................................................................6-10  Task 3: Installing license keys ................................................................................................6-11  Checking licensed capabilities..........................................................................................6-11  Generating a new license key ...........................................................................................6-13  Entering a new license key ...............................................................................................6-13  Starting the full capacity trial...........................................................................................6-14  Task 4: Upgrading software version .......................................................................................6-15  Checking the installed software version...........................................................................6-15  Upgrading to a new software version...............................................................................6-16  Task 5: Configuring security...................................................................................................6-19  Configuring AES encryption .............................................................................................6-19  Configuring HTTPS/TLS....................................................................................................6-21  Using the Security Wizard ................................................................................................6-21  Configuring local user accounts .......................................................................................6-30  Changing own user password ...........................................................................................6-36  Protecting access to the summary and status pages ........................................................6-36  Configuring RADIUS authentication.................................................................................6-37  Task 6: Configuring wireless and telecoms interfaces ...........................................................6-40  Starting installation wizard...............................................................................................6-40  Step 1: Interface configuration.........................................................................................6-43  Step 2: Wireless configuration..........................................................................................6-46  Step 3: TDD synchronization (optional)............................................................................6-53  Step 3 or 4: Confirm installation configuration ................................................................6-55  Barring channels...............................................................................................................6-57  Task 7: Setting up SNMP agent..............................................................................................6-58  Configuring SNMPv3 agent ..............................................................................................6-58  Configuring SNMPv1/2c agent .........................................................................................6-67  Task 8: Configuring alarms and messages .............................................................................6-71  Configuring generation of diagnostics alarms..................................................................6-71  Configuring generation of email messages.......................................................................6-72  Task 9: Configuring syslog......................................................................................................6-74  Configuring system logging (syslog).................................................................................6-74  Task 10: Configuring remote access.......................................................................................6-76 
  • 17. PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) ix Configuring web-based management attributes...............................................................6-76  Task 11: Aligning antennas.....................................................................................................6-78  Starting up the units .........................................................................................................6-78  Checking that the units are armed ...................................................................................6-79  Aligning antennas .............................................................................................................6-79  Aligning separate antennas for spatial diversity...............................................................6-81  Monitoring received signal level.......................................................................................6-81  Disarming the units...........................................................................................................6-86  Task 12: Updating system configuration ................................................................................6-87  Reviewing system configuration attributes.......................................................................6-87  Task 13: Checking wireless performance ...............................................................................6-89  Comparing actual to predicted performance....................................................................6-89  Task 14: Configuring quality of service ..................................................................................6-90  Configuring quality of service...........................................................................................6-90  Task 15: Connecting link to the network ................................................................................6-91  Connecting to the network................................................................................................6-91  Setting the real-time clock................................................................................................6-91  Saving the system configuration.......................................................................................6-94  Chapter 7:  Operation ................................................................................................. 7-1  Web-based management ...........................................................................................................7-2  Accessing the web interface ...............................................................................................7-2  Using the menu options ......................................................................................................7-4  Viewing the system summary .............................................................................................7-6  Viewing the system status...................................................................................................7-7  Logging out .......................................................................................................................7-14  Managing alarms and events ..................................................................................................7-15  Managing alarms ..............................................................................................................7-15  Managing email alerts ......................................................................................................7-19  Managing event notification messages.............................................................................7-20  Managing spectrum ................................................................................................................7-21  Configuring spectrum usage at the master.......................................................................7-21  Viewing spectrum usage at the slave................................................................................7-24  Interpreting the spectrum management plots ..................................................................7-25  Viewing the active channel history ...................................................................................7-32  Viewing historic spectrum management metrics..............................................................7-33  Managing security ..................................................................................................................7-34  Zeroizing critical security parameters..............................................................................7-34 
  • 18. Contents x phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) Displaying login information.............................................................................................7-34  Managing performance...........................................................................................................7-36  Checking system statistics................................................................................................7-36  Checking detailed counters ..............................................................................................7-42  Using the diagnostics plotter............................................................................................7-45  Downloading diagnostic data............................................................................................7-46  Diagnostics calculated over time ......................................................................................7-47  Restoring, upgrading and rebooting.......................................................................................7-48  Restoring the system configuration ..................................................................................7-48  Upgrading software ..........................................................................................................7-49  Rebooting or reviewing reboot reasons............................................................................7-52  Using recovery mode ..............................................................................................................7-53  Entering recovery mode....................................................................................................7-53  Selecting a recovery option ..............................................................................................7-54  Upgrading software image................................................................................................7-56  Resetting IP & Ethernet configuration .............................................................................7-57  Erasing configuration .......................................................................................................7-58  Rebooting the unit from recovery mode ...........................................................................7-59  Chapter 8:  Troubleshooting ....................................................................................... 8-1  Testing link end hardware ........................................................................................................8-2  Checking the PIDU LEDs ....................................................................................................8-2  Power LED is off .................................................................................................................8-3  Power LED is blinking.........................................................................................................8-3  Ethernet LED did not blink 10 times ..................................................................................8-3  Ethernet LED is off .............................................................................................................8-4  Ethernet LED blinks irregularly..........................................................................................8-5  Power LED is on, Ethernet LED blinks randomly ...............................................................8-5  Testing resistance in the ODU cable...................................................................................8-8  Testing the radio link..............................................................................................................8-10  No activity.........................................................................................................................8-10  Some activity.....................................................................................................................8-10  Radio and television interference .....................................................................................8-11  Testing PTP-SYNC...................................................................................................................8-12  Checking the PTP-SYNC LEDs..........................................................................................8-12  LEDs do not illuminate......................................................................................................8-13  STATUS LED is on steady.................................................................................................8-13  STATUS LED double-blinks ..............................................................................................8-13 
  • 19. PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) xi ODU LED does not illuminate within 90 seconds .............................................................8-13  ODU LED blinks red..........................................................................................................8-14  GPS LED does not illuminate or blink on clustered units.................................................8-14  Testing a telecoms link ...........................................................................................................8-15  Performing a telecoms loopback test................................................................................8-15  Glossary ...........................................................................................................................I 
  • 20. PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) xii List of Figures Figure 1 Typical bridge deployment (grounding not shown)........................................................1-4  Figure 2 Integrated ODU (front and rear views) ..........................................................................1-7  Figure 3 Connectorized ODU (front and rear views) ....................................................................1-7  Figure 4 ODU interfaces ...............................................................................................................1-8  Figure 5 Connectorized ODU antenna interfaces .........................................................................1-9  Figure 6 PIDU interfaces.............................................................................................................1-11  Figure 7 External DC supply only ...............................................................................................1-13  Figure 8 External DC supply and AC supply...............................................................................1-13  Figure 9 External DC supply and redundant AC supply .............................................................1-14  Figure 10 Remote LED and recovery switch wiring ...................................................................1-14  Figure 11 Cable grounding kit for 1/4” and 3/8” cable...............................................................1-17  Figure 12 LPU single end kit.......................................................................................................1-18  Figure 13 PTP-SYNC kit ..............................................................................................................1-19  Figure 14 PTP-SYNC front panel.................................................................................................1-20  Figure 15 TDD cycle....................................................................................................................1-23  Figure 16 Protocol layers between Ethernet and wireless interfaces ........................................1-37  Figure 17 Protocol layers between external interfaces and the management agent .................1-38  Figure 18 Cable length restrictions when PTP-SYNC is installed.................................................2-7  Figure 19 Rolling sphere method to determine the lightning protection zones .........................2-21  Figure 20 Grounding cable minimum bend radius and angle.....................................................2-23  Figure 21 Grounding and lightning protection on mast or tower...............................................2-24  Figure 22 Grounding and lightning protection on wall...............................................................2-25  Figure 23 Grounding and lightning protection on building ........................................................2-26  Figure 24 Grounding and lightning protection inside high building ..........................................2-27  Figure 25 TDD synchronization configuration – single link with PTP-SYNC ..............................2-28  Figure 26 TDD synchronization configuration – cluster with PTP-SYNC and GPS.....................2-29  Figure 27 TDD synchronization configuration – cluster with PTP-SYNC and no GPS ................2-30  Figure 28 Grounding and lightning protection for GPS receiver on building.............................2-32  Figure 29 Grounding and lightning protection for GPS receiver on tower or mast ...................2-33  Figure 30 PTP 54500 available spectrum in 15 MHz channel bandwidth ..................................4-10  Figure 31 PTP 54500 available spectrum in 10 MHz channel bandwidth ..................................4-10 
  • 21. PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) xiii Figure 32 PTP 54500 available spectrum in 5 MHz channel bandwidth ....................................4-11  Figure 33 PTP 58500 available spectrum in 15 MHz channel bandwidth ..................................4-12  Figure 34 PTP 58500 available spectrum in the 10 MHz channel bandwidth ............................4-12  Figure 35 PTP 58500 available spectrum in 5 MHz channel bandwidth ....................................4-13  Figure 36 FCC and IC certifications on 5.4 GHz product label ..................................................4-36  Figure 37 European Union certification on 5.4 GHz product label.............................................4-36  Figure 38 FCC and IC certifications on 5.8 GHz product label ..................................................4-38  Figure 39 European Union certification on 5.8 GHz product label.............................................4-39  Figure 40 PTP 500 range adjustment for data rates, curve A.....................................................4-47  Figure 41 PTP 500 range adjustment for data rates, curve B.....................................................4-47  Figure 42 Do not reverse the rear bracket strap ..........................................................................5-4  Figure 43 Checking the ODU before mounting.............................................................................5-5  Figure 44 Correct cable preparation for drop cable of the supported type................................5-17  Figure 45 Drop cable with RJ45 and gland .................................................................................5-18  Figure 46 Grounding at building entry .......................................................................................5-25  Figure 47 Rack mount securing screws for PTP-SYNC...............................................................5-31  Figure 48 PTP-SYNC mounted on a wall.....................................................................................5-31  Figure 49 Inserting RJ45 pins into the 12 way circular connector .............................................5-41  Figure 50 Grounding and weatherproofing requirements for GPS adapter cable......................5-46  Figure 51 Wrapping self-amalgamating tape around the GPS adapter cable joint.....................5-46  Figure 52 Wrapping PVC tape around the GPS adapter cable joint ...........................................5-46  Figure 53 Grounding and weatherproofing example for GPS adapter cable..............................5-47  Figure 54 E1/T1 splitter ..............................................................................................................5-48  Figure 55 Software License Key page.........................................................................................6-11  Figure 56 Software License Key page with full capacity trial in progress..................................6-14  Figure 57 Security Configuration Wizard page...........................................................................6-22  Figure 58 Step 1: Enter Key of Keys page ..................................................................................6-23  Figure 59 Step 2: TLS Private Key and Public Certificate page .................................................6-24  Figure 60 Step 3: User Security Banner page ............................................................................6-24  Figure 61 Step 4: Login Information Settings page....................................................................6-25  Figure 62 Step 5: Random Number Entropy Input page ............................................................6-26  Figure 63 Step 6: Enter Wireless Link Encryption Key page......................................................6-26  Figure 64 Step 7: HTTP and Telnet Settings page......................................................................6-27  Figure 65 Step 8: Commit Security Configuration page .............................................................6-29  Figure 66 Local User Accounts page (identity-based user accounts not shown)........................6-31  Figure 67 Identity-based user accounts......................................................................................6-35  Figure 68 Change Password page (System Administration example).........................................6-36 
  • 22. List of Figures xiv phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) Figure 69 Webpage Properties page...........................................................................................6-37  Figure 70 RADIUS Authentication page .....................................................................................6-38  Figure 71 Disarm Installation page (when unit is armed) ..........................................................6-41  Figure 72 Current Installation Summary page (when unit is disarmed) ....................................6-42  Figure 73 Step 1: Interface Configuration page .........................................................................6-43  Figure 74 Step 1: Interface Configuration page with T1 enabled ..............................................6-44  Figure 75 Step 2: Wireless Configuration page ..........................................................................6-46  Figure 76 Step 2: Wireless Configuration page for connectorized ODUs...................................6-47  Figure 77 Step 2: Wireless Configuration page (extract) for fixed frequency............................6-52  Figure 78 Step 3: TDD Synchronization page.............................................................................6-53  Figure 79 Step 3: Confirm Installation Configuration page........................................................6-56  Figure 80 Reboot confirmation pop up .......................................................................................6-56  Figure 81 Current SNMP Summary page (when SNMP is disabled)..........................................6-58  Figure 82 Step 1: SNMP Configuration page (for SNMPv3).......................................................6-59  Figure 83 Step 1: SNMP MIB-II System Objects page................................................................6-60  Figure 84 Step 2: SNMP User Policy Configuration page (for SNMPv3) ...................................6-61  Figure 85 Step 4: SNMP User Accounts Configuration page (for SNMPv3) ..............................6-62  Figure 86 Step 5: SNMP Trap Configuration page (for SNMPv3) ..............................................6-64  Figure 87 Confirm SNMP Configuration page (for SNMPv3).....................................................6-66  Figure 88 Step 1: SNMP Configuration page (for SNMPv1/2c)..................................................6-67  Figure 89 Step 3: SNMP Trap Configuration page (for SNMPv1/2c) .........................................6-68  Figure 90 Confirm SNMP Configuration page (for SNMPv1/2c) ................................................6-70  Figure 91 Diagnostic Alarms page..............................................................................................6-71  Figure 92 Syslog Configuration page..........................................................................................6-74  Figure 93 Web-Based Management page ...................................................................................6-76  Figure 94 System Summary page (when unit is armed) .............................................................6-79  Figure 95 Using DVM for alignment ...........................................................................................6-84  Figure 96 Graphical installation page.........................................................................................6-85  Figure 97 Optional post-disarm configuration ............................................................................6-86  Figure 98 System Configuration page ........................................................................................6-87  Figure 99 QoS Configuration page .............................................................................................6-90  Figure 100 Time Configuration page (SNTP disabled) ...............................................................6-92  Figure 101 Time Configuration page (SNTP enabled)................................................................6-93  Figure 102 Save & Restore Configuration page .........................................................................6-95  Figure 103 Login page ..................................................................................................................7-2  Figure 104 Menu and System Summary page (wireless link up)..................................................7-3  Figure 105 System Summary page ...............................................................................................7-6 
  • 23. PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) xv Figure 106 System Status page ....................................................................................................7-7  Figure 107 Status page - TDD enabled and synchronized ..........................................................7-13  Figure 108 Status page - TDD enabled and not synchronized ....................................................7-14  Figure 109 Alarm warning triangle.............................................................................................7-15  Figure 110 Syslog local log .........................................................................................................7-20  Figure 111 Spectrum Management as seen from the Master.....................................................7-22  Figure 112 Spectrum Management as seen from the Slave .......................................................7-24  Figure 113 Example spectrum management plot .......................................................................7-25  Figure 114 Spectrum Management Fixed Frequency Mode page..............................................7-28  Figure 115 Spectrum Management page with radar avoidance - master...................................7-29  Figure 116 Spectrum Management page with radar avoidance - slave......................................7-30  Figure 117 Active channel history screen...................................................................................7-32  Figure 118 Spectrum management time series plot ...................................................................7-33  Figure 119 Login Information page ............................................................................................7-35  Figure 120 System Statistics page..............................................................................................7-37  Figure 121 Detailed Counters page ............................................................................................7-43  Figure 122 Diagnostic Plotter page ............................................................................................7-45  Figure 123 Diagnostic attributes calculated over time (System Status page).............................7-47  Figure 124 Reboot Wireless Unit page .......................................................................................7-52  Figure 125 Reboot confirmation pop up .....................................................................................7-52  Figure 126 PIDU recovery switch location..................................................................................7-53  Figure 127 Recovery Image Warning page.................................................................................7-54  Figure 128 Recovery Options Page .............................................................................................7-54  Figure 129 Ethernet packet test test flowchart ............................................................................8-6  Figure 130 Drop cable tester (front and back views)....................................................................8-8  Figure 131 Telecoms page ..........................................................................................................8-16 
  • 24. PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) xvi List of Tables Table 1 PTP 500 Series frequency variants ..................................................................................1-5  Table 2 Interpretation of existing PTP 300 and PTP 500 licenses ................................................1-6  Table 3 ODU interface functions...................................................................................................1-8  Table 4 PIDU interface functions ................................................................................................1-12  Table 5 PIDU LED functions........................................................................................................1-12  Table 6 PTP-SYNC front panel interface functions .....................................................................1-20  Table 7 PTP-SYNC LED functions ...............................................................................................1-20  Table 8 Lateral force – metric .......................................................................................................2-8  Table 9 Lateral force – US.............................................................................................................2-9  Table 10 Parameters that influence modulation mode selection ................................................2-12  Table 11 Normal EIRP limits with operating channel bandwidth...............................................2-18  Table 12 Setting maximum transmit power to meet general EIRP limits...................................2-18  Table 13 RF cable lengths required to achieve 1.2 dB loss at 5.8 GHz ......................................2-19  Table 14 HTTPS/TLS security material.......................................................................................2-36  Table 15 Permitted character set for SNMPv3 passphrases ......................................................2-41  Table 16 Default SNMPv3 users .................................................................................................2-42  Table 17 Definition of auth-role vendor specific attributes ........................................................2-44  Table 18 Selecting the required regional variant .......................................................................2-45  Table 19 PTP 54500 kit part numbers.........................................................................................2-46  Table 20 PTP 58500 kit part numbers.........................................................................................2-47  Table 21 Inventory for PTP 500 kits............................................................................................2-47  Table 22 Additional inventory for standard installations ............................................................2-49  Table 23 Additional inventory for connectorized ODUs..............................................................2-51  Table 24 Allowed antennas for deployment in USA/Canada – 5.4 GHz ......................................2-53  Table 25 Allowed antennas for deployment in USA/Canada – 5.8 GHz ......................................2-55  Table 26 Sectored antennas for deployment in USA/Canada – 5.8 GHz.....................................2-58  Table 27 Additional inventory for PTP-SYNC installations .........................................................2-59  Table 28 Additional inventory for GPS receiver installations .....................................................2-60  Table 29 Recommended components and tools for direct GPS connection................................2-61  Table 30 Additional inventory for E1 or T1 installations ............................................................2-61  Table 31 Integrated ODU physical specifications .........................................................................4-2 
  • 25. PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) xvii Table 32 Connectorized ODU physical specifications...................................................................4-2  Table 33 ODU environmental specifications .................................................................................4-2  Table 34 PIDU physical specifications ..........................................................................................4-3  Table 35 PIDU environmental specifications ................................................................................4-3  Table 36 PIDU electrical specifications.........................................................................................4-3  Table 37 PTP-SYNC unit physical specifications...........................................................................4-4  Table 38 PTP-SYNC unit environmental specifications.................................................................4-4  Table 39 PTP-SYNC unit electrical specifications.........................................................................4-4  Table 40 PTP-SYNC unit timing specifications - GPS/SYNC IN (RJ-45) ........................................4-5  Table 41 PTP-SYNC unit timing specifications - 1PPS IN (SMA) ..................................................4-5  Table 42 GPS/SYNC IN port pinouts .............................................................................................4-6  Table 43 PTP 54500 RF specifications ..........................................................................................4-7  Table 44 PTP 58500 RF specifications ..........................................................................................4-8  Table 45 PTP 58500 maximum transmit power at the edge channels (FCC)..............................4-13  Table 46 PTP 54500 thresholds - IP mode (15 MHz bandwidth).................................................4-15  Table 47 PTP 54500 thresholds - TDM mode (15 MHz bandwidth) ............................................4-15  Table 48 PTP 54500 thresholds - IP mode (10 MHz bandwidth).................................................4-16  Table 49 PTP 54500 thresholds - TDM mode (10 MHz bandwidth) ............................................4-16  Table 50 PTP 54500 thresholds - IP mode (5 MHz bandwidth)...................................................4-17  Table 51 PTP 54500 thresholds - TDM mode (5 MHz bandwidth) ..............................................4-17  Table 52 PTP 58500 thresholds - IP mode (15 MHz bandwidth).................................................4-18  Table 53 PTP 58500 thresholds - TDM mode (15 MHz bandwidth) ............................................4-18  Table 54 PTP 58500 thresholds - IP mode (10 MHz bandwidth).................................................4-19  Table 55 PTP 58500 thresholds - TDM mode (10 MHz bandwidth) ............................................4-19  Table 56 PTP 58500 thresholds - IP mode (5 MHz bandwidth)...................................................4-20  Table 57 PTP 58500 thresholds - TDM mode (5 MHz bandwidth) ..............................................4-20  Table 58 Ethernet bridging specifications ..................................................................................4-21  Table 59 Telecoms interface specifications.................................................................................4-21  Table 60 Event messages ............................................................................................................4-23  Table 61 Safety compliance specifications..................................................................................4-25  Table 62 EMC emissions compliance ..........................................................................................4-25  Table 63 Power compliance margins...........................................................................................4-28  Table 64 Radio certifications.......................................................................................................4-29  Table 65 Regulatory limits for PTP 54500 ..................................................................................4-31  Table 66 Regulatory limits for PTP 58500 ..................................................................................4-32  Table 67 Default and alternative region codes for PTP 500 variants..........................................4-34  Table 68 Throughput: licensed 25 Mbps, link symmetry = adaptive or 3:1 (Mbps) ...................4-41 
  • 26. List of Tables xviii phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) Table 69 Throughput: licensed 25 Mbps, link symmetry 1:1, link optimization IP (Mbps).........4-42  Table 70 Throughput: licensed 25 Mbps, link symmetry 1:1, link optimization TDM (Mbps) ....4-43  Table 71 Throughput: licensed 105 Mbps, link symmetry = adaptive or 3:1 (Mbps).................4-44  Table 72 Throughput: licensed 105 Mbps, link symmetry 1:1, link optimization IP (Mbps).......4-45  Table 73 Throughput: licensed 105 Mbps, link symmetry 1:1, link optimization TDM (Mbps) ..4-46  Table 74 GPS 12 way circular connector to RJ45 pin mappings.................................................5-40  Table 75 E1/T1 splitter output pin connections ..........................................................................5-49  Table 76 LAN Configuration attributes.........................................................................................6-8  Table 77 Capability summary attributes .....................................................................................6-12  Table 78 HTTP and Telnet attributes..........................................................................................6-27  Table 79 Local User account management attributes ................................................................6-32  Table 80 Password complexity configuration attributes.............................................................6-33  Table 81 Identity-based user accounts attributes.......................................................................6-35  Table 82 RADIUS Authentication attributes ...............................................................................6-39  Table 83 Step 1: Interface Configuration standard attributes....................................................6-44  Table 84 Step 2: Wireless Configuration attributes....................................................................6-48  Table 85 Step 3: TDD Synchronization attributes.......................................................................6-54  Table 86 Step 1: SNMP Configuration attributes (for SNMPv3) ................................................6-59  Table 87 Step 2: SNMP MIB-II System Objects attributes .........................................................6-60  Table 88 Step 3: SNMP User Policy Configuration attributes (for SNMPv3) .............................6-61  Table 89 Step 3: SNMP User Accounts Configuration attributes (for SNMPv3) ........................6-63  Table 90 Step 5: SNMP Trap Configuration attributes (for SNMPv3)........................................6-64  Table 91 Step 1: SNMP Configuration attributes (for SNMPv1/2c) ...........................................6-67  Table 92 Step 3: SNMP Trap Configuration attributes (for SNMPv1/2c) ...................................6-68  Table 93 Email Configuration attributes.....................................................................................6-73  Table 94 Syslog Configuration attributes ...................................................................................6-75  Table 95 Web-Based Management attributes .............................................................................6-77  Table 96 ODU installation tones .................................................................................................6-82  Table 97 System Configuration attributes ..................................................................................6-87  Table 98 QoS default settings .....................................................................................................6-90  Table 99 Manual clock attributes................................................................................................6-92  Table 100 SNTP clock attributes.................................................................................................6-93  Table 101 Procedures performed from each menu option............................................................7-4  Table 102 System Summary attributes .........................................................................................7-6  Table 103 System Status attributes ..............................................................................................7-8  Table 104 System alarms ............................................................................................................7-16  Table 105 Telecoms channel alarm conditions ...........................................................................7-19 
  • 27. PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) xix Table 106 Email alerts.................................................................................................................7-19  Table 107 Spectrum Management attributes..............................................................................7-22  Table 108 Channel states represented in the spectrum management plot.................................7-26  Table 109 Key metrics represented in the spectrum management plot .....................................7-26  Table 110 Channel states represented in the spectrum management plot (radar avoidance) ...7-31  Table 111 Interference represented in the time series plot........................................................7-33  Table 112 System Histograms attributes in the System Statistics page.....................................7-38  Table 113 Data Port Counter attributes in the System Statistics page ......................................7-40  Table 114 Management Port Counter attributes in the System Statistics page.........................7-40  Table 115 Wireless Port Counter attributes in the System Statistics page ................................7-40  Table 116 Other attributes in the System Statistics page...........................................................7-42  Table 117 Detailed Counters attributes ......................................................................................7-43  Table 118 Setting tFTP attributes...............................................................................................7-50  Table 119 Monitoring tFTP attributes.........................................................................................7-51  Table 120 Recovery Options attributes.......................................................................................7-55  Table 121 Recovery Options buttons...........................................................................................7-55  Table 122 RJ45 cable resistance tests at the PIDU end................................................................8-9  Table 123 PTP-SYNC indicator LED states .................................................................................8-12  Table 124 Clustered PTP-SYNC units - ‘GPS’ LEDs Fault-finding...............................................8-14  Table 125 Telecoms Loopback values .........................................................................................8-16 
  • 28. List of Tables xx phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012)
  • 29. PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) 1 About This User Guide This guide describes the planning, installation and operation of the Cambium PTP 500 Series of point-to-point wireless Ethernet bridges. It is intended for use by the system designer, system installer and system administrator. With effect from System Release 500-05-01, Cambium no longer supplies the following product variants: PTP 300, PTP 500 Lite or PTP 500 Full. However, Cambium continues to support these variants. Existing PTP 300 installations will retain their PTP 300 personality indefinitely. Wherever this user guide refers (for brevity) to PTP 500, it means both PTP 500 and PTP 300. See Support for discontinued product variants on page 1-6. Users of this guide should have knowledge of the following areas: • Radio network design • Outdoor radio equipment installation • System installation, configuration, monitoring and fault finding System designers should refer to the following chapters: • Chapter 1: Product description • Chapter 2: Planning considerations • Chapter 3: Legal information • Chapter 4: Reference information Installers should refer to the following chapters: • Chapter 5: Installation • Chapter 6: Configuration and alignment • Chapter 8: Troubleshooting Operators should refer to the following chapters: • Chapter 1: Product description • Chapter 6: Configuration and alignment • Chapter 7: Operation • Chapter 8: Troubleshooting
  • 30. General information About This User Guide 2 phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) General information Version information The following shows the issue status of this document: Document issue Date of issue Remarks 002v000 Mar 2012 System releases 500-05-01 and 300-05-01 003v000 Jul 2012 System releases 500-05-02 and 300-05-02 Contacting Cambium Networks Support website: http://www.cambiumnetworks.com/support Main website: http://www.cambiumnetworks.com Sales enquiries: solutions@cambiumnetworks.com Support enquiries: support@cambiumnetworks.com Telephone number list: http://www.cambiumnetworks.com/contact.php Address: Cambium Networks Limited, Linhay Business Park, Eastern Road, Ashburton, Devon, UK, TQ13 7UP
  • 31. PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide General information phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) 3 Purpose Cambium Networks Point-To-Point (PTP) documents are intended to instruct and assist personnel in the operation, installation and maintenance of the Cambium PTP equipment and ancillary devices. It is recommended that all personnel engaged in such activities be properly trained. Cambium disclaims all liability whatsoever, implied or express, for any risk of damage, loss or reduction in system performance arising directly or indirectly out of the failure of the customer, or anyone acting on the customer's behalf, to abide by the instructions, system parameters, or recommendations made in this document. Cross references References to external publications are shown in italics. Other cross references, emphasized in blue text in electronic versions, are active links to the references. This document is divided into numbered chapters that are divided into sections. Sections are not numbered, but are individually named at the top of each page, and are listed in the table of contents. Feedback We appreciate feedback from the users of our documents. This includes feedback on the structure, content, accuracy, or completeness of our documents. Send feedback to support@cambiumnetworks.com.
  • 32. Problems and warranty About This User Guide 4 phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) Problems and warranty Reporting problems If any problems are encountered when installing or operating this equipment, follow this procedure to investigate and report: 1 Search this document and the software release notes of supported releases. 2 Visit the support website. 3 Ask for assistance from the Cambium product supplier. 4 Gather information from affected units, such as any available diagnostic downloads. 5 Escalate the problem by emailing or telephoning support. Repair and service If unit failure is suspected, obtain details of the Return Material Authorization (RMA) process from the support website. Warranty Cambium’s standard hardware warranty is for one (1) year from date of shipment from Cambium or a Cambium distributor. Cambium warrants that hardware will conform to the relevant published specifications and will be free from material defects in material and workmanship under normal use and service. Cambium shall within this time, at its own option, either repair or replace the defective product within thirty (30) days of receipt of the defective product. Repaired or replaced product will be subject to the original warranty period but not less than thirty (30) days. To register PTP products or activate warranties, visit the support website. For warranty assistance, contact the reseller or distributor. Using non-Cambium parts for repair could damage the equipment or void warranty. Contact Cambium for service and repair instructions.
  • 33. PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide Problems and warranty phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) 5 Portions of Cambium equipment may be damaged from exposure to electrostatic discharge. Use precautions to prevent damage.
  • 34. Security advice About This User Guide 6 phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) Security advice Cambium Networks systems and equipment provide security parameters that can be configured by the operator based on their particular operating environment. Cambium recommends setting and using these parameters following industry recognized security practices. Security aspects to be considered are protecting the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information and assets. Assets include the ability to communicate, information about the nature of the communications, and information about the parties involved. In certain instances Cambium makes specific recommendations regarding security practices, however the implementation of these recommendations and final responsibility for the security of the system lies with the operator of the system.
  • 35. PTP 500 and PTP 300 Series User Guide Warnings, cautions, and notes phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) 7 Warnings, cautions, and notes The following describes how warnings and cautions are used in this document and in all documents of the Cambium Networks document set. Warnings Warnings precede instructions that contain potentially hazardous situations. Warnings are used to alert the reader to possible hazards that could cause loss of life or physical injury. A warning has the following format: Warning text and consequence for not following the instructions in the warning. Cautions Cautions precede instructions and are used when there is a possibility of damage to systems, software, or individual items of equipment within a system. However, this damage presents no danger to personnel. A caution has the following format: Caution text and consequence for not following the instructions in the caution. Notes A note means that there is a possibility of an undesirable situation or provides additional information to help the reader understand a topic or concept. A note has the following format: Note text.
  • 36. Caring for the environment About This User Guide 8 phn-2511_003v000 (Jul 2012) Caring for the environment The following information describes national or regional requirements for the disposal of Cambium Networks supplied equipment and for the approved disposal of surplus packaging. In EU countries The following information is provided to enable regulatory compliance with the European Union (EU) directives identified and any amendments made to these directives when using Cambium equipment in EU countries. Disposal of Cambium equipment European Union (EU) Directive 2002/96/EC Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Do not dispose of Cambium equipment in landfill sites. In the EU, Cambium in conjunction with a recycling partner ensures that equipment is collected and recycled according to the requirements of EU environmental law. Disposal of surplus packaging Do not dispose of surplus packaging in landfill sites. In the EU, it is the individual recipient’s responsibility to ensure that packaging materials are collected and recycled according to the requirements of EU environmental law. In non-EU countries In non-EU countries, dispose of Cambium equipment and all surplus packaging in accordance with national and regional regulations.