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Institutional Ethnography as a Method to Understand the Career and Parental Leave Experiences of STEM Faculty Members February 18, 2011 Marisol Mercado Santiago, Alice Pawley, JordanaHoegh, and Dina Banerjee
Plan Introduction Institutional Ethnography Research Methodology Methods Demographics of the coded interviews Preliminary Themes Preliminary Recommendations
Introduction ,[object Object]
There is a need to understand how the organization of institutions structure policies and social relations that result in women and people of color’s underrepresentation in academia.Gibbons, M.T. (2010). Engineering by the numbers. Retrieved from  http://wwwtemp.asee.org/publications/profiles/upload/2009ProfileEngOverview.pdf     [NSF] National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics. (2009). Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities     in Science and Engineering. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation.
Introduction ,[object Object]
Identify the disconnects between peoples’ experiences of the parental leave policy and the structure of the policy.
Why our goal is important?
It will help the institution improve the policy and its procedures
It will help the institution see how these disconnects are related to gender and race
How these disconnects may be mismatched with the lived experiences of faculty members at the institution,[object Object]
Institutional Ethnography Research Methodology ,[object Object]
Lived experiences of employees help researchers identify:
how social relations structure the bigger institutional system
how policy structures affect employees’ career and life experiencesSmith, D. E. (2005). Institutional ethnography: A sociology for people. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press. Campbell, M, & Gregor, F. (2004). Mapping social relations: A primer in doing institutional ethnography.  Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.
Methods ,[object Object]
Semi-structured interviews conducted between 2009 and 2010.
Broad themes were identified first and then we compiled those that were equivalent (using NViVo).
Still collecting data. 23 interviews so far.,[object Object]
Demographics of the coded interviews Eng = 3; Non-STEM = 4; Science = 4; University-Wide admins = 3 (A5 had 2 admins)
Preliminary Themes
Parental leave policy in semester context
Faculty members continue their work on leave
Faculty members continue their work on leave
Adjusting pregnancy timing to better manage teaching load
Adjusting pregnancy timing to better manage teaching load (Cont.)
The scientist is now a mom
The scientist is now a mom (Cont.)

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Institutional Ethnography as a Method to Understand the Career and Parental Leave Experiences of STEM Faculty Members

  • 1. Institutional Ethnography as a Method to Understand the Career and Parental Leave Experiences of STEM Faculty Members February 18, 2011 Marisol Mercado Santiago, Alice Pawley, JordanaHoegh, and Dina Banerjee
  • 2. Plan Introduction Institutional Ethnography Research Methodology Methods Demographics of the coded interviews Preliminary Themes Preliminary Recommendations
  • 3.
  • 4. There is a need to understand how the organization of institutions structure policies and social relations that result in women and people of color’s underrepresentation in academia.Gibbons, M.T. (2010). Engineering by the numbers. Retrieved from http://wwwtemp.asee.org/publications/profiles/upload/2009ProfileEngOverview.pdf [NSF] National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics. (2009). Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation.
  • 5.
  • 6. Identify the disconnects between peoples’ experiences of the parental leave policy and the structure of the policy.
  • 7. Why our goal is important?
  • 8. It will help the institution improve the policy and its procedures
  • 9. It will help the institution see how these disconnects are related to gender and race
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12. Lived experiences of employees help researchers identify:
  • 13. how social relations structure the bigger institutional system
  • 14. how policy structures affect employees’ career and life experiencesSmith, D. E. (2005). Institutional ethnography: A sociology for people. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press. Campbell, M, & Gregor, F. (2004). Mapping social relations: A primer in doing institutional ethnography. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.
  • 15.
  • 16. Semi-structured interviews conducted between 2009 and 2010.
  • 17. Broad themes were identified first and then we compiled those that were equivalent (using NViVo).
  • 18.
  • 19. Demographics of the coded interviews Eng = 3; Non-STEM = 4; Science = 4; University-Wide admins = 3 (A5 had 2 admins)
  • 21. Parental leave policy in semester context
  • 22. Faculty members continue their work on leave
  • 23. Faculty members continue their work on leave
  • 24. Adjusting pregnancy timing to better manage teaching load
  • 25. Adjusting pregnancy timing to better manage teaching load (Cont.)
  • 26. The scientist is now a mom
  • 27. The scientist is now a mom (Cont.)
  • 32. Policy-Related Recommendations Research about the labor of STEM academics need to inform policy development. Policy needs to cover the particular labor and semester context of faculty members. Explore other universities’ policies on modified dutiesfor faculty members. Sullivan, B., Hollenshead, C., & Smith, G. (2004). Developing and implementing work-family policies for faculty [Electronic version]. Academe, 90(6). Retrieved from http://www.aaup.org/AAUP/pubsres/academe/2004/ND/Feat/04ndsulli.htm
  • 33. Other Recommendations Childcare facilities on-campus need to be expanded and mechanism in the policy should be included to ensurethat faculty members find these services before returning to work.
  • 34. Thanks for your attention  Questions? ADVANCE Research Team Purdue Center for Faculty SuccessHall for Discovery and Learning Research207 S. Martin Jischke Drive, Suite 228West Lafayette, IN 47907  (765) 494-9335 Presentation prepared and given by the Research Assistant Marisol Mercado Santiago (mercado@purdue.edu)
  • 35. Disclaimer This research is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. HRD 0811194. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
  • 36.
  • 37.
  • 38. Systemis “reproduced relations between actors or collectivities, organized as regular social practices” (p. 25).5
  • 39.