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Anxiety

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Anxiety

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Anxiety

  1. 1. Anxiety
  2. 2. Latest research <ul><li>Research in rats; shows that a single socially stressful situation may contribute to depression by killing new nerve cells in the hippocampus, the area of the brain that processes learning, memory and emotion. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Anxiety Disorders <ul><li>Anxiety disorders, autism, and attention-deficit disorders were believed to be learned, primarily from parents who did a bad job raising their children (Preidt, 2007). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Stress and stressors <ul><li>Adjustive demands that are placed on a person are known as stressors. </li></ul><ul><li>2) The stressors are the effects that they create within an organism. This is known as stress (Butcher, 2007). </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Fear and panic is a basic emotion (that is shared by all animals) that involves activation of the “fight or flight” response of the sympathetic system. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Anxiety Disorders are characterized by unrealistic, unfounded fear and anxiety. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anxiety Disorders appear to have biological causes (Carlson, 2007). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anxiety is a complex blend of unpleasant emotions and cognitions that is more oriented to the future and much more diffuse than fear. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Anxiety disorders all have unrealistic, irrational fears or anxieties of disabling intensity as their principal and most obvious manifestations. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Types of Anxiety Disorders. <ul><li>Phobic disorders of the specific or of the social type; </li></ul><ul><li>Panic disorder with or without agoraphobia (Butcher, 2007). </li></ul><ul><li>Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders (OCD) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>According to one theory, panic attacks may arise from abnormal activity in the amygdale, a collection of nuclei in the hippocampus in the limbic system. </li></ul><ul><li>The anticipatory anxiety that people develop about having another panic attack is thought to arise from activity in the hippocampus of the limbic system. </li></ul><ul><li>This is known to be involved in the learning of emotional responses. Phobic avoidance is a learned response that may also involve activity of the hippocampus. (Butcher, 2007). </li></ul>
  10. 10. Obsessive Compulsive <ul><li>Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders (OCD) suffer from obsessions or thoughts that will not leave them. </li></ul><ul><li>Compulsions are behaviors that they cannot keep from performing even though sufferers recognize that their thoughts and behaviors are senseless and desperately wish that they would go away (Carlson, 2007). </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is based around obsessive (engrossing) thoughts, for example fear of contamination, as well as a compulsion (urge) to carry out physical rituals such as excessive washing. The ritual behavior often helps to relieve the fear created by the obsessive thoughts. </li></ul><ul><li>People with OCD are usually aware that their obsessive thoughts are irrational, but nevertheless feel powerless to control them. </li></ul><ul><li>The compulsions, such as excessive hand washing, are time consuming and can interfere with all aspects of your life - your daily routine, work and relationships with others, but if the compulsion is not performed, that too creates great anxiety. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Autistic Disorder is. . . <ul><li>A chronic disorder whose symptoms include failure to develop normal social relations with other people as well as impaired development of communicative ability, lack of imaginative ability and repetitive stereotyped movements. </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 4 in every 10,000 infants are born with a disorder that impairs their ability to return their parent’ affection. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Symptoms of Autistic disorder include the following: <ul><li>A failure to develop normal social relations with other people. </li></ul><ul><li>Impaired development of communicative ability and lack of imaginative ability. </li></ul><ul><li>A lack of care whether they are held. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not smile at their caregivers. </li></ul><ul><li>If they are ill, hurt or tired they will not look to someone else for comfort. </li></ul><ul><li>As they get older, they do not enter into social relationships with other children and avoid eye contact with them. </li></ul><ul><li>Their language development is abnormal or even nonexistent. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>They may learn words and phrases by rote but they fail to use them productively and creatively. </li></ul><ul><li>Autistic people generally show abnormal interests and behaviors. </li></ul><ul><li>They may show stereotyped movements such as hand flapping. </li></ul><ul><li>They may become attached to a particular object and insist on carrying it around. </li></ul><ul><li>They often insist on following precise routines and may become violently upset when they are hindered from doing so. </li></ul><ul><li>Not all autistic people are retarded, although most are (Carlson, 2007). </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Autism is a devastating developmental and neurological disorder and affects individuals in four key areas: </li></ul><ul><li>Communication (verbal and non-verbal) </li></ul><ul><li>Social and learning skills </li></ul><ul><li>Strange behaviors (such as tantrums, hand flapping, repetitive sounds, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Medical issues including severe headaches, gastro-intestinal issues, multiple food allergies and many others. </li></ul>
  16. 16. A Card to be given to others <ul><li>My child’s behavior may be disturbing to you. </li></ul><ul><li>My child is not spoiled or misbehaving. </li></ul><ul><li>My child has autism. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 1 million children are affected with Autism in the United States today. CDC now reports 1 in 160 children have Autism. Families need your help and compassion. </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you for your support and for being a friend to someone with Autism. </li></ul>

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