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EDUCATION AND BRITISH
RULE

Made By :
• Advait Nandeshwar •Tanay Chauhan •Ashutosh Gohokar •Ria Verma
INTRODUCTION


In earlier times , the Indians were
educated gurukuls, but today we
study in schools with English or
Hindi...
Indigenous Education
System



 Before the British Rule, Education was imparted
through a chain of elementary schools – ...
Introduction of
Western Education
• East India Company
• Christian Missionaries




English East India Company showed a very
little interest in promotion of education in
India
The Only purpose of sett...
*The Calcutta Madrasa
*Sanskrit College
*Fort William College 
Christian Missionaries
INTRODUCTION
Christian Missionaries wanted to promote

Western Education in India because they thought
that modern educat...
• Charles Grant is considered as the father of modern
education in India
• He is known so because of his efforts that the ...
Charter Act of 1813
• This act was the first step taken by
British rulers for the purpose of
educational development in In...
FAILURE OF CHARTER ACT OF 1813 THE CHARTER ACT
HAD FAILED BECAUSE OF FOLLOWING REASONS:

• It failed to state the language...
ORIENTALISTS AND
ANGLICISTS
Orientalists and Anglicists Debate Orientalists and Anglicist
Debate was a debate between Orie...
Preferences of Educated Indians


Enlightened Indians
such as Raja
Rammohan Roy
exerted pressure on
Western Education
bec...
MACAULAY’S SYSTEM OF EDUCATION
This system of education was introduced by Lord Macaulay in
1835.
This system put Anglici...
MACAULAY’S SYSTEM OF EDUCATION ( MAIN PROVISIONS)

• This system clearly stated that Western Education
has to be promoted ...
 For the implementation of this

system in India following steps
were taken by the government:
 Forty two schools were s...
Wood’s Despatch
This was a written document
for the propose of promoting
education in India.
 This was introduced by
Charles Wood in 1854...
Wood’s Despatch – Main
Provisions



 English was recommended as the medium of
instruction for higher studies and Indian...
WOOD’S DESPATCH – IMPLEMENTATION

Graded schools were set up as written in
the document.
The educational institutes were r...
Education after 1858
• After the revolt of 1857,
many changes took place
in the whole country. As a
result of the revolt,
...
*Hunter Commission was a commission

appointed by the British Government to
review the progress of education in the
countr...
• It was a commission appointed by the British government
to suggest measures to improve the conditions of Indian
Universi...
• This act was passed in 1904 under Lord Curzon.
• This act was based on the recommendations of the
Raleigh Commission.
• ...
• Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress
thought that western education had created a gulf
between the educated f...
• This was a scheme of basic education introduced by
Zakir Husain Committee in October 1937 in Wardha
(Maharashtra).
• The...
• Englishmen educated Indians just for the supply of Indians in
their offices. Their main aim was not to educate Indians. ...
BRITISH’S EDUCATION
POLICIES – LIMITATIONS

British followed the
Downward Filtration Theory
which was never practical.
The...
NATIONAL
EDUCATION
Growth During the first quarter of the
twentieth century, Indian nationalist
leaders formed a National ...
National Muslim University

Set up in/at : 1875/ Aligarh (UP)
(earlier known as Muhammadan
Anglo-Oriental College)
 Set ...
• Sir Syed visualized this national
university as he felt the need of
Muslims to get modern education
and become involved ...
“BARODA UNIVERSITY”
• Set up in/at : 1908 / Baroda (Gujarat)
• Set up by: Dr. Jackson
• It was earlier Baroda College.
• D...
“THE BARODA UNIVERSITY”
“THE BARODA UNIVERSITY”








Baroda University
In 1916 and later in 1919 again, review
comm...
“THE BARODA UNIVERSITY”
Central Hindu School



Set up in/at : 1898/ Benaras
Set up by: Dr Annie Besant
New English School



Set up in/at : 1880s / Benaras
Set up by : Sri Bal Gangadhar
Tilak
National Council of Education



Set up in/at : 1906 / Calcutta
Set up by : Aurobindo Ghosh
Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey
Women's University (SNDT)




It was the first women university of
India. Set up i...
Pandita
Ramabai






She had an important contribution
towards encouraging women education
in the country.
She set up ...
Rokeya
Sakhawat
Husain





She was an important lady socio-religious
reformers of India.
She began her work with settin...
What is Gurukul ?


Gurukul – A place where
Indians imparted education
before the British rule over
India.
About Harijan ?


Harijan – A weekly magazine which
was responsible for promoting
Gandhian principles in masses. It was
p...
Made By :
THE END
Education and British Rule (Advait ' n ' group) ( Class 8 )
Education and British Rule (Advait ' n ' group) ( Class 8 )
Education and British Rule (Advait ' n ' group) ( Class 8 )
Education and British Rule (Advait ' n ' group) ( Class 8 )
Education and British Rule (Advait ' n ' group) ( Class 8 )
Education and British Rule (Advait ' n ' group) ( Class 8 )
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Education and British Rule (Advait ' n ' group) ( Class 8 )

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Education and British Rule (Advait ' n ' group) ( Class 8 )

  1. 1. EDUCATION AND BRITISH RULE Made By : • Advait Nandeshwar •Tanay Chauhan •Ashutosh Gohokar •Ria Verma
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION  In earlier times , the Indians were educated gurukuls, but today we study in schools with English or Hindi as the chief medium of instruction, So , when did this transition actually take place?
  3. 3. Indigenous Education System   Before the British Rule, Education was imparted through a chain of elementary schools – Pathshalas, Maktabs and Madrasas for higher education.   The education provided in such institutions were based on old texts like Vedas and their commentaries.  Such education was not considered to be up to date because Vedas, the basis of such education did not kept pace with the world.
  4. 4. Introduction of Western Education • East India Company • Christian Missionaries
  5. 5.   English East India Company showed a very little interest in promotion of education in India The Only purpose of setting up some educational institutions in India was to ensure a steady supply of Indians to law courts set up by the Company. Indian’s knowledge of classical languages was used to establish correspondence with the native states by East India Company officials.
  6. 6. *The Calcutta Madrasa *Sanskrit College *Fort William College 
  7. 7. Christian Missionaries
  8. 8. INTRODUCTION Christian Missionaries wanted to promote Western Education in India because they thought that modern education would destroy the faith of the Indians for the own religions and they would follow Christianity. Main Ones :  Charles Grant  William Wilberforce 
  9. 9. • Charles Grant is considered as the father of modern education in India • He is known so because of his efforts that the Charter Act of 1813 came into existence. This acts promotes the modern education in India as it sanctions about one lakh rupees for education. Charles Grant
  10. 10. Charter Act of 1813 • This act was the first step taken by British rulers for the purpose of educational development in India. • Under this act, one lakh rupees were sanctioned to promote education in India. • However, this act had failed.
  11. 11. FAILURE OF CHARTER ACT OF 1813 THE CHARTER ACT HAD FAILED BECAUSE OF FOLLOWING REASONS: • It failed to state the language for medium of instruction for educational institutes. • It was also ambiguous about the means of expanding English education in India. • It was not stated that education should be given to all or a selected few.
  12. 12. ORIENTALISTS AND ANGLICISTS Orientalists and Anglicists Debate Orientalists and Anglicist Debate was a debate between Orientalists and Anglicists due to the issue of language for the medium of instructions in India Orientalists : People who wanted to promote education in India through the medium of classical languages such as Sanskrit, Persian and Arabic. Anglicists : People who wanted to promote Western Education in India which supported English as a medium of instruction
  13. 13. Preferences of Educated Indians  Enlightened Indians such as Raja Rammohan Roy exerted pressure on Western Education because they thought that western education was the only remedy for the social, economic and political ills of the country.
  14. 14. MACAULAY’S SYSTEM OF EDUCATION This system of education was introduced by Lord Macaulay in 1835. This system put Anglicists Orientalists Debate to an end. This system is also known as Lord Macaulay’s Minute.
  15. 15. MACAULAY’S SYSTEM OF EDUCATION ( MAIN PROVISIONS) • This system clearly stated that Western Education has to be promoted in India through the medium of English language alone. • Under this system, Persian was abolished as the court language. On its place, English language was made the court language. • Under this system, the printing of English books was made free and these were widely available in markets at very low prices. This increased use of English in India
  16. 16.  For the implementation of this system in India following steps were taken by the government:  Forty two schools were set up by 1842.  The presidencies were divided into educational zones. Each educational zone had one government school.  For example: Bengal was divided into nine educational zones under Lord Auckland.
  17. 17. Wood’s Despatch
  18. 18. This was a written document for the propose of promoting education in India.  This was introduced by Charles Wood in 1854.  It was the first comprehensive plan for the spread of education in India.  It was considered as the ‘Magna Carta of English education in India’. 
  19. 19. Wood’s Despatch – Main Provisions   English was recommended as the medium of instruction for higher studies and Indian local languages at school level.  Emphasis was given on female and vocational education and on teachers’ training.  Education imparted in the government institutions was to be secular.  A system of grants-in-aid was recommended for the institutions that satisfied certain conditions to encourage private enterprise.  Universities were to be set up at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay
  20. 20. WOOD’S DESPATCH – IMPLEMENTATION Graded schools were set up as written in the document. The educational institutes were run by European Headmasters and Principals. Missionar y enterprises played their own role. In 1857, Universities in all the three presidencies were set up.
  21. 21. Education after 1858 • After the revolt of 1857, many changes took place in the whole country. As a result of the revolt, education system was also adversely affected.
  22. 22. *Hunter Commission was a commission appointed by the British Government to review the progress of education in the country since the Wood’s Despatch of 1854. *Hunter Commission was set up in 1882 under the chairmanship of W W Hunter. *This commission emphasized its recommendations on primary and secondary education
  23. 23. • It was a commission appointed by the British government to suggest measures to improve the conditions of Indian Universities. • It was set up in 1902 Raleigh Commission .
  24. 24. • This act was passed in 1904 under Lord Curzon. • This act was based on the recommendations of the Raleigh Commission. • People of India condemned for this act because :It increased the government’s control over the universities. They saw it as an attempt to restrict education and to discipline the educated to show loyalty to the government Indian Universities Act
  25. 25. • Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress thought that western education had created a gulf between the educated few and the masses of uneducated. Mahatma Gandhi’s & INC’s views about western education
  26. 26. • This was a scheme of basic education introduced by Zakir Husain Committee in October 1937 in Wardha (Maharashtra). • The main principle behind this scheme was learning through activity. • It was based on Gandhian ideas published in a series of articles in the weekly magazine Harijan. Wardha scheme of education
  27. 27. • Englishmen educated Indians just for the supply of Indians in their offices. Their main aim was not to educate Indians. This led to a wide linguistic and cultural gulf between educated few and masses of uneducated Indians. • British Policies of Education declined the traditional system of Indian Education. • Women Education was neglected under the British Educational policies.
  28. 28. BRITISH’S EDUCATION POLICIES – LIMITATIONS British followed the Downward Filtration Theory which was never practical. There was no sort of scientific or technological education for the Indian under British Rule.
  29. 29. NATIONAL EDUCATION Growth During the first quarter of the twentieth century, Indian nationalist leaders formed a National Council of Education to make out a strategy for imparting education to all sections of the country. Under this strategy, a number of national schools, colleges and universities were set up. We will discuss here a few of them :
  30. 30. National Muslim University  Set up in/at : 1875/ Aligarh (UP) (earlier known as Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College)  Set up by : Sir Syed Ahmed Khan  This University was patterned after Oxford and Cambridge Universities.  This university tuned with the British Educational system without compromising with Islamic values 
  31. 31. • Sir Syed visualized this national university as he felt the need of Muslims to get modern education and become involved with the public life and governmental services of India • In 1907, a school for girls was established in it. • In 1920, It was changed from Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College ( • In 1927, a school for blinds was established in this university. • By 1930s , this university had developed engineering faculty also. • The first chancellor of the university was a lady, Sultan Shah Jahan Begum. MAO ) to National
  32. 32. “BARODA UNIVERSITY” • Set up in/at : 1908 / Baroda (Gujarat) • Set up by: Dr. Jackson • It was earlier Baroda College. • Dr Jackson wanted establishment of a science institute at Baroda on an improved and independent basis. • Dr Jackson was principal of Baroda College in 1908
  33. 33. “THE BARODA UNIVERSITY” “THE BARODA UNIVERSITY”     Baroda University In 1916 and later in 1919 again, review committees recommended setting up a university at Baroda In 1926, Baroda University Commission was appointed which submitted its report in 1929. Baroda University was finally approved by the legislature assembly in 1949.
  34. 34. “THE BARODA UNIVERSITY”
  35. 35. Central Hindu School   Set up in/at : 1898/ Benaras Set up by: Dr Annie Besant
  36. 36. New English School   Set up in/at : 1880s / Benaras Set up by : Sri Bal Gangadhar Tilak
  37. 37. National Council of Education   Set up in/at : 1906 / Calcutta Set up by : Aurobindo Ghosh
  38. 38. Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Women's University (SNDT)   It was the first women university of India. Set up in/at : 1916 / Poona Set up by : D K Karve
  39. 39. Pandita Ramabai    She had an important contribution towards encouraging women education in the country. She set up Arya Mahila Samaj in Poona. She set up Sharda Sadan, a school for widows in Bombay.
  40. 40. Rokeya Sakhawat Husain   She was an important lady socio-religious reformers of India. She began her work with setting up a school for girls in Kolkata in 1910 45
  41. 41. What is Gurukul ?  Gurukul – A place where Indians imparted education before the British rule over India.
  42. 42. About Harijan ?  Harijan – A weekly magazine which was responsible for promoting Gandhian principles in masses. It was published under the guidance of Mahatma Gandhi.
  43. 43. Made By :
  44. 44. THE END

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