Chapter 13:  The Presidency
Section 1:  The President’s Job Description <ul><li>Chief of State  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Ceremonial head of the g...
<ul><li>Chief Executive </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Constitution gives him the executive power, which is very broad in d...
<ul><li>Chief Administrator </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The president is the director of the Federal Government, heading one...
<ul><li>Chief Diplomat </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Main architect of foreign policy </li></ul></ul></ul>
<ul><li>Commander-in-Chief  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The leader of the nation’s armed forces.  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><u...
<ul><li>Chief Legislator </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The main architect of public policies.  Usually the president sets the ...
<ul><li>Chief of the Party </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The president acts as the acknowledged leder of the political party t...
<ul><li>Chief Citizen </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The president is expected to be representative of all the people </li></ul...
<ul><li>Formal Qualifications </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Natural Born Citizen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>35 years ...
<ul><li>Presidential Term </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4 - year term </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>F. Roosevelt sought ...
<ul><li>22nd Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Max of two full terms or ten years </li></ul></ul></ul>
<ul><li>Original Pay was $25,000 a year, now it is $400,000 a year. </li></ul><ul><li>$50,000 a year expense allowance </l...
<ul><li>Think of all the benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>White House </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fleet of Autos...
Section 2:  Presidential Succession and the Vice Presidency <ul><li>PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSION is the scheme by which a presi...
<ul><li>25th Amendment in 1967 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In the case of death or removal from office, the Vice President b...
<ul><li>PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSION ACT OF 1947 </li></ul><ul><li>Speaker of the House and then the President Pro Tem of the S...
<ul><li>Line of Succession </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vice President </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaker of the House </li></ul>...
<ul><li>The succession line is followed by the remaining Cabinet positions in order of when they entered the Cabinet </li>...
<ul><li>What happens if a President lives but is unable to complete their job? </li></ul>
<ul><li>Sections 3 and 4 of the 25th Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>VP becomes acting President if the President informs Cong...
<ul><li>Importance of the Vice Presidential Office </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To preside over Senate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Many Vice Presidents argued that it is largely an unimportant position.  Thomas Jefferson said, “the most insignif...
<ul><li>Usually the VP is chosen to balance the ticket </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The presidential candidate chooses a running ...
<ul><li>If there is a vacancy, the Pres can nominate a new one with the confirmation by a majority vote of both CHAMBERS O...
Section 3:  Presidential Selection:  The Framers’ Plan <ul><li>Early in the Constitutional Convention, most of the delegat...
<ul><li>The final plan dealt with the ELECTORAL COLLEGE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The president and VP are chosen by PreSIDeNT...
Section 3:  Presidential Nominations <ul><li>Presidential Primaries and Conventions </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Each voters ...
<ul><li>At the NATIONAL CONVENTION for each party, the candidates for president and vice president for each party are chos...
<ul><li>The national party chooses the number of delegates each state receives.  these than vote for their candidates at t...
<ul><li>What are some informal qualifications that you think a president should have? </li></ul>
Section 5:  The Election <ul><li>Arguments against the Electoral College: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You can win the popula...
<ul><li>Electors do not always have to VOTE for the candidate favored by the popular votes in their states.  </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Third parties can STEAL votes from the two major parties </li></ul>
<ul><li>Arguments in support of E.C. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a KNOWN process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In most cases,...
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Chapter 13, VA and US Government

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Chapter 13, VA and US Government

  1. 1. Chapter 13: The Presidency
  2. 2. Section 1: The President’s Job Description <ul><li>Chief of State </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Ceremonial head of the government, the symbol of all the people in the nation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Chief Executive </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Constitution gives him the executive power, which is very broad in domestic and foreign affairs </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Chief Administrator </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The president is the director of the Federal Government, heading one of the largest government machines the world has known </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dept of Justice, Dept of Homeland Security, FBI, CIA </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Chief Diplomat </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Main architect of foreign policy </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Commander-in-Chief </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The leader of the nation’s armed forces. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1.4 million men and women in uniform and nation’s entire military arsenal are subject to the president’s direct control </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Chief Legislator </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The main architect of public policies. Usually the president sets the overall shape of the congressional agenda </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Chief of the Party </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The president acts as the acknowledged leder of the political party that controls the executive branch </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Chief Citizen </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The president is expected to be representative of all the people </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Formal Qualifications </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Natural Born Citizen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>35 years old (JFK was 43) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lived in the US for at least 14 years </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Presidential Term </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4 - year term </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>F. Roosevelt sought and won 4 terms, this led to the 22nd Amendment </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>22nd Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Max of two full terms or ten years </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Original Pay was $25,000 a year, now it is $400,000 a year. </li></ul><ul><li>$50,000 a year expense allowance </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Think of all the benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>White House </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fleet of Autos </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Air Force One </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Camp David </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Best Medical Attention </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Section 2: Presidential Succession and the Vice Presidency <ul><li>PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSION is the scheme by which a presidential vacancy is filled </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>25th Amendment in 1967 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In the case of death or removal from office, the Vice President becomes the President, doesn’t just take over the job </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSION ACT OF 1947 </li></ul><ul><li>Speaker of the House and then the President Pro Tem of the Senate are next in line </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Line of Succession </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vice President </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaker of the House </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secretary of State </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SECRETARY OF TREASURY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secretary of Defense </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>The succession line is followed by the remaining Cabinet positions in order of when they entered the Cabinet </li></ul><ul><li>What is the last line of succession? </li></ul><ul><li>Homeland Security </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>What happens if a President lives but is unable to complete their job? </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Sections 3 and 4 of the 25th Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>VP becomes acting President if the President informs Congress in writing that he cannot do it, or the VP and a majority of Cabinet members inform Congress in writing </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Importance of the Vice Presidential Office </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To preside over Senate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To help decide the question of Pres disability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes to advise the President should he or she desire it </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Many Vice Presidents argued that it is largely an unimportant position. Thomas Jefferson said, “the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination ever conceived.” </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Usually the VP is chosen to balance the ticket </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The presidential candidate chooses a running mate who can strengthen his changes of being elected </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>If there is a vacancy, the Pres can nominate a new one with the confirmation by a majority vote of both CHAMBERS OF CONGReSS </li></ul>
  26. 26. Section 3: Presidential Selection: The Framers’ Plan <ul><li>Early in the Constitutional Convention, most of the delegates wanted CONGRESS to select the president </li></ul><ul><li>They changed their mind because they felt that this would give too much power to Congress </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>The final plan dealt with the ELECTORAL COLLEGE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The president and VP are chosen by PreSIDeNTIAL ELECTORS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The electors would cast two ElECTORAL VOTES (now just one) </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Section 3: Presidential Nominations <ul><li>Presidential Primaries and Conventions </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Each voters votes for one member of a party for their choice as their party’s candidates </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>There are DELEGATES assigned to each candidate proportional to the amount of votes they received in each state </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>At the NATIONAL CONVENTION for each party, the candidates for president and vice president for each party are chosen </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>The national party chooses the number of delegates each state receives. these than vote for their candidates at the NATIONAL CONVENTION. </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>What are some informal qualifications that you think a president should have? </li></ul>
  32. 32. Section 5: The Election <ul><li>Arguments against the Electoral College: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You can win the popular election but still lose the electoral election (George W. and Al Gore) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>Electors do not always have to VOTE for the candidate favored by the popular votes in their states. </li></ul><ul><li>They can “BREAK THEIR PLEDGES” </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>Third parties can STEAL votes from the two major parties </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>Arguments in support of E.C. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a KNOWN process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In most cases, it DETERMINES the winner quickly and easily </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You would need an amendment to change it </li></ul></ul>

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