By: Adrienne Woolley
Strategy 3:                   Strategy 2:  Strategy 1:                         Review                 Conduct StudentRevie...
Documents to Review:• Current IEP• Eligibility document• Classroom performance  (regular & special class)• Classroom obser...
What information should Iobtain about my students?• How each student  processes academic  information• Learning styles of ...
Categories of Disabilities under IDEA:•    Autism•   Deaf-blindness•   Deafness•   Developmental delay•   Emotional distur...
Legally defined:Autism means a developmental disability significantly affecting verbaland nonverbal communication and soci...
Legally defined:Deaf-blindness means concomitant hearing and visualimpairments, the combination of which causes such sever...
Legally defined:Deafness means a hearing impairment that is so severe that thechild is impaired in processing linguistic i...
Legally defined:…for children from birth to age three (under IDEA Part C) andchildren from ages three through nine (under ...
Legally defined:(i) The term means a condition exhibiting one or more of the followingcharacteristics over a long period o...
(ii) The term includes schizophrenia. The term does not apply tochildren who are socially maladjusted, unless it is determ...
Legally defined:Hearing impairment means an impairment in hearing, whetherpermanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects...
Legally defined:Intellectual disability means significantly subaverage generalintellectual functioning, existing concurren...
Legally defined:Multiple disabilities means concomitant impairments (such asintellectual disability-blindness, intellectua...
Legally defined:Orthopedic impairment means a severe orthopedic impairmentthat adversely affects a child’s educational per...
Legally defined:Other health impairment means having limited strength, vitality, or alertness,including a heightened alert...
Legally defined:Specific learning disability means a disorder in one or more of the basicpsychological processes involved ...
Legally defined:Speech or language impairment means a communication disordersuch as stuttering, impaired articulation, a l...
Legally defined:Traumatic brain injury means an acquired injury to the brain caused by anexternal physical force, resultin...
Legally defined:Visual impairment including blindness means an impairment invision that, even with correction, adversely a...
You may have noticed that the phrase “adversely affectseducational performance” appears in most of the disabilitydefinitio...
National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities.(2012). Categories of disability under IDEA. Retrieved fromht...
Understanding students with disabilities (ch. 2) 2.13.13
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Understanding students with disabilities (ch. 2) 2.13.13

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Outline of Chapter 2 from "The Exceptional Teacher's Handbook" (Third Edition) by Carla Shelton and Alice Pollingue.

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  • In narration, talk about Rosa’s Law and the change from “mental retardation.” Oct 2010
  • Understanding students with disabilities (ch. 2) 2.13.13

    1. 1. By: Adrienne Woolley
    2. 2. Strategy 3: Strategy 2: Strategy 1: Review Conduct StudentReview Student Recognized Surveys and Information Disabilities in Inventories IDEA
    3. 3. Documents to Review:• Current IEP• Eligibility document• Classroom performance (regular & special class)• Classroom observations• School discipline information• School attendance information• Student transition plan• Vision & hearing screening results• Student transportation information• Student medical information
    4. 4. What information should Iobtain about my students?• How each student processes academic information• Learning styles of each student• Personal and school interests of each student
    5. 5. Categories of Disabilities under IDEA:• Autism• Deaf-blindness• Deafness• Developmental delay• Emotional disturbance• Hearing impairment• Intellectual disability• Multiple disabilities• Orthopedic impairment• Other health impairment• Specific learning disability• Speech or language impairment• Traumatic brain injury• Visual impairment, including blindness
    6. 6. Legally defined:Autism means a developmental disability significantly affecting verbaland nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evidentbefore age three, that adversely affects a child’s educationalperformance. Other characteristics often associated with autism areengagement in repetitive activities and stereotyped movements,resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines, andunusual responses to sensory experiences. (http://nichcy.org/disability/categories) Typically Required Eligibility Information: • Psychological evaluation • Educational evaluation • Communication evaluation • Behavioral observations • Developmental history
    7. 7. Legally defined:Deaf-blindness means concomitant hearing and visualimpairments, the combination of which causes such severecommunication and other developmental and educational needsthat they cannot be accommodated in special education programssolely for children with deafness or children with blindness.(http://nichcy.org/disability/categories) Typically Required Eligibility Information: • Audiological evaluation • Otological evaluation • Ophthalmological evaluation
    8. 8. Legally defined:Deafness means a hearing impairment that is so severe that thechild is impaired in processing linguistic information throughhearing, with or without amplification, that adversely affects achild’s educational performance. (http://nichcy.org/disability/categories) Typically Required Eligibility Information: • Otological evaluation • Audiological evaluation
    9. 9. Legally defined:…for children from birth to age three (under IDEA Part C) andchildren from ages three through nine (under IDEA Part B), theterm developmental delay, as defined by each State, means adelay in one or more of the following areas: physicaldevelopment; cognitive development; communication; social oremotional development; or adaptive [behavioral] development.(http://nichcy.org/disability/categories)
    10. 10. Legally defined:(i) The term means a condition exhibiting one or more of the followingcharacteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree thatadversely affects a child’s educational performance:(A) An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual,sensory, or health factors.(B) An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonalrelationships with peers and teachers.(C) Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normalcircumstances.(D) A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression.(E) A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated withpersonal or school problems.
    11. 11. (ii) The term includes schizophrenia. The term does not apply tochildren who are socially maladjusted, unless it is determined thatthey have an emotional disturbance under paragraph (c)(4)(i) ofthis section. (http://nichcy.org/disability/categories) Typically Required Eligibility Information: • Psychological evaluation • Educational evaluation • Behavioral observations • Social history
    12. 12. Legally defined:Hearing impairment means an impairment in hearing, whetherpermanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child’seducational performance but that is not included under thedefinition of deafness in this section. (http://nichcy.org/disability/categories) Typically Required Eligibility Assistive Listening Devices for Information: Students with Hearing • Audiological evaluation Impairments: • Otological evaluation • Hearing aids • Educational evaluation • Auditory trainers • Audio loop
    13. 13. Legally defined:Intellectual disability means significantly subaverage generalintellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits inadaptive behavior and manifested during the developmentalperiod, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.(http://nichcy.org/disability/categories) Typically Required Eligibility Information: • Psychological evaluation • Educational evaluation • Adaptive behavior evaluation • Relevant medical information
    14. 14. Legally defined:Multiple disabilities means concomitant impairments (such asintellectual disability-blindness, intellectual disability-orthopedicimpairment, etc.), the combination of which causes such severeeducational needs that they cannot be accommodated in a specialeducation program solely for one of the impairments. The termdoes not include deaf-blindness. (http://nichcy.org/disability/categories)
    15. 15. Legally defined:Orthopedic impairment means a severe orthopedic impairmentthat adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The termincludes impairments caused by a congenital anomaly,impairments caused by disease (e.g., poliomyelitis, bonetuberculosis), and impairments from other causes (e.g.,cerebralpalsy, amputations, and fractures or burns that causecontractures). (http://nichcy.org/disability/categories) Typically Required Eligibility Information: • Medical examination • Educational evaluation • Psychological evaluation
    16. 16. Legally defined:Other health impairment means having limited strength, vitality, or alertness,including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results inlimited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that—• (a) is due to chronic or acute health problems such as asthma, attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heart condition, hemophilia, lead poisoning, leukemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever, sickle cell anemia, and Tourette syndrome; and• (b) adversely affects a child’s educational performance.(http://nichcy.org/disability/categories) Typically Required Eligibility Information: • Medical examination • Educational evaluation • Psychological evaluation
    17. 17. Legally defined:Specific learning disability means a disorder in one or more of the basicpsychological processes involved in understanding or in using language,spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen,think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations. The termincludes such conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal braindysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia. The term does notinclude learning problems that are primarily the result of visual, hearing, ormotor disabilities; of intellectual disability; of emotional disturbance; or ofenvironmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage. (http://nichcy.org/disability/categories)Typically Required Eligibility Information:• Psychological evaluation• Comprehensive educational evaluation• Analyzed samples of work• Classroom observations• Relevant medical information
    18. 18. Legally defined:Speech or language impairment means a communication disordersuch as stuttering, impaired articulation, a language impairment,or a voice impairment that adversely affects a child’s educationalperformance. (http://nichcy.org/disability/categories) Typically Required Eligibility Information: • Oral peripheral examination • Articulation evaluation • Language evaluation • Voice evaluation • Fluency
    19. 19. Legally defined:Traumatic brain injury means an acquired injury to the brain caused by anexternal physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability orpsychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child’seducational performance. The term applies to open or closed head injuriesresulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language;memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving;sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physicalfunctions; information processing; and speech. The term does not apply tobrain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or to brain injuriesinduced by birth trauma. (http://nichcy.org/disability/categories)Typically Required Eligibility Information:• A formal report of pre-injury functioning• Medical report• Psychological evaluation
    20. 20. Legally defined:Visual impairment including blindness means an impairment invision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child’seducational performance. The term includes both partial sight andblindness. (http://nichcy.org/disability/categories) Typically Required Eligibility Information: • Ophthalmologic evaluation • Educational evaluation
    21. 21. You may have noticed that the phrase “adversely affectseducational performance” appears in most of the disabilitydefinitions. This does not mean, however, that a child has to befailing in school to receive special education and related services.According to IDEA, states must make a free appropriate publiceducation available to “any individual child with a disability whoneeds special education and related services, even if the child hasnot failed or been retained in a course or grade, and isadvancing from grade to grade.” [§300.101(c)(1)](http://nichcy.org/disability/categories)
    22. 22. National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities.(2012). Categories of disability under IDEA. Retrieved fromhttp://nichcy.org/disability/categories.Shelton, C. F. , & Pollingue, A. B. (2009). The exceptional teacher’shandbook: The first-year special education teacher’s guide tosuccess. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.Photo Credits:Page 2: http://esl-multicultural-stuff.blogspot.com/p/multi-subject-links-for-global-children.html

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