Hi everyone, my name is Adrian and I will be touching on PART C. The team and I came up with a few solutions to prevent the imagined 2061 from happening with relations to the LA Riots in the 1990s Firstly, to prevent racial riots or gang-joining, positive racial harmony values should be cultivated from young, probably through the schools or the community. This way, the children will grow up to understand what is good and what is bad for them. For the second point, we think that all the races itself, should get an equal opportunity when it comes to selection of jobs. It should be based on merits and not colours of our skin. Next, speaking of English bonds the community together as everyone will understand what each other are saying. No one feel left out Imagine yourself as a Malay, and you are with a group of Chinese friends. If they were to speak Mandarin all the time, you would probably feel they are not part of the group.
With reference from Rodney King’s story, we believe that by having a proportionate mix of races and genders will aid in the situation back then. Let’s imagine, if back then, out of the 4 police officers that rodney king met, 2 were black and 2 were white, would u think the instances would have happened? Probably not. Inter racial marriages can be encouraged as to bond the community better. People usually join gang of their own races, such as chinese will join the chinese and malays will join the malays. So, if inter racial marriges were encouraged and you are a product of it, will be support either side? Once again, Probably not. Through work ethic courses, people get to interact with other races and therefore, also helps to prevent ricial riots. This is similar to the previous instances because through work, adults learn the positive values and attitude, and therefore, pass on to the younger generations.
To prevent the younger generations joining gang in 2061, we believe that by imposing an extremely heavy punishment will make the youth think twice before joining. If the stakes are high, the teenagers will really consider the pros and cons before doing anything silly. The freedom to choose their second language makes the people learn more about other faces. This way, not only do they learn from one another, they are also directly “forced” to speak in English as 2 Chinese may not speak in mandarin often. Age, gender and Racial profiling should be refrained from the police force as it builds up a lot of tension in the society. If the teenagers are stopped at the checkpoint all the time, it makes them want to join the gang even more. Because they may want to retaliate or something similar. Racial harmony activities will aid the public in understanding the other races. Not only that, people get to interact with people from different age, race and religion The television should play shows of different language with english subtitles as it makes 1 understand and appreciate other culture more. So when one were to see another races, it wouldn’t unfamiliar to them.
Now, I will move to to some of the problems that we may face in implementing our proposed measures.
Classes in schools are to encourage recial harmy but we cannot eliminate the factor of them skipping classes. If bosses were to hire everyone in the society, we would achieve racial harmony status but there may be some bosses who are very strong on having their own races in the company. We have been empkhasing on speaking good english. But parents of the older generations may speak to their children in their mother tongue. We did mention earlier that the policeforce should have a proportionate mix of races however, some people of a certain race may not want to join the police force.
It is said that if a chinese were to marry a muslim, he or she should be converted to a muslim as well. This barriers may prevent people from having inter-racial marriages Companies may not want to spend the money to organise courses to bond their employees of different races together. This way, the employees may group themselves according to their races and therefore, discrimination happens. If the government were to plan carnivals for the different ages and races, there are bound t be some joker who refuses to join in such activities which may put the government’s efforts in vain Television channels may not want to play other races’ shows as it may prevent them from maximising their profits.
Right, so we have come to the end and we hope you have enjoyed our presentation. Should you have any questions, do post it online and we will get back to you as soon as we can! Thank you for your time and we hope you will have a great day!
WISP _ USA
LOS ANGELES RIOTS ADRIAN . REVATHIE . VERENA . JASON
Background Story <ul><li>Rodney King was chased by 4 police officers in 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>4 police officers beat King up </li></ul><ul><li>The beating process was being recorded </li></ul><ul><li>The police officers claimed that King was retaliating </li></ul><ul><li>The court acquitted the 4 police officers in 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>Shortly after the verdict was passed, the riot began </li></ul>http://www.nytimes.com/1992/03/20/us/sergeant-says-king-appeared-to-be-on-drugs.html?scp=4&sq=rodney+king%20PCP&st=cse
Story Beyond Story <ul><li>Rodney King was just the spark to the long running tension </li></ul><ul><li>Korean merchants caused the black to be unhappy because most blacks remained poor / jobless </li></ul><ul><li>LAPD engaged in racial profiling </li></ul>http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,975479,00.html
Story Beyond Story <ul><li>A Korean-American shop owner shot and killed Latasha Harlins, an African-American girl </li></ul><ul><li>But was only sentenced to a five years probation. </li></ul><ul><li>The incident worsened the existing tensions between African-American residents and Asian-American merchants </li></ul>http://www.nytimes.com/1992/01/24/news/judge-who-gave-probation-in-a-slaying-may-be-moved.html
Story Beyond Story <ul><li>State of Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>The African-American believed that the Korean-American and other races “stole” their wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Koreans-American refused to hire the African-American </li></ul>
Impact - Economic <ul><li>High unemployment rate of the African-Americans </li></ul><ul><li>African-Americans was unable to contribute to the state’s economy </li></ul><ul><li>During the riots, Koreans and other Asian shops were most affected by theft and destruction; businesses suffered huge losses </li></ul><ul><li>1 billion dollars in damages </li></ul>
Impact - Social <ul><li>Low standard of living </li></ul><ul><li>Hostility between races contributing to a dangerous environment </li></ul><ul><li>Imparted negative values and behaviour to the next generation </li></ul>
Impact - Political <ul><li>Inequality in opportunities to hold governmental positions </li></ul>
Comparison - Similarities www.littlespeck.com/content/people/CTrendsPeople-080315.htm Los Angeles 1992 Singapore 2009 Employment was subjective; African-Americans felt that the Asian had all the jobs, making it more difficult to find employment Local Chinese resent the arrival of large scale Chinese Immigrants who are given jobs, making it difficult to find employment. African-Americans felt like they were the minority when they actually have a part of the US Local share a common feeling that the local population is slowly becoming a minority in its own country as an overwhelming number of foreigners arrives
Comparison - Differences www.littlespeck.com/content/people/CTrendsPeople-080315.htm Los Angeles 1992 Singapore 2009 In the riots, out of 10, 000 people who were arrested, 42% were African-Americans, while only 9% were white. This is not proportionate to the racial make up if the state Everybody is subjected to the same law regardless of their race The public was not well educated on the racial harmony and the importance of it Primary and secondary school students celebrate racial harmony day on 20 th July every year Freedom of speech is allowed Government enforces laws that prevent racial discrimination such as, racist bloggers being arrested and jailed
The Imagined Future- Aging Population <ul><li>If Singapore stops educating the population on Racial Harmony (e.g. removing racial harmony day), the future generations will grow up in a more racist nature. </li></ul><ul><li>If younger generations are racist, they will refrain from inter-racial marriages, thus they can only marry people of the same race, limiting the number of babies produced, and number of singles increase. </li></ul>
The Imagined Future- Aging Population <ul><li>For example, if there are 5000 chinese males (all assumed to be racist), and 4000 chinese females (all assumed to be racist), there will be 1000 remaining chinese males who will be left unmarried. </li></ul><ul><li>If these 1000 remaining males choose to marry other races, they can produce 1000 more babies (assuming each couple produces 1 child) </li></ul>
The Imagined Future- Younger workers find it difficult to secure jobs <ul><li>If Singapore abolishes Racial Harmony celebrations and education, only the older generation will be racial harmonious while the younger generations will be more racist. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, if the older boss of a company is Indian, a chinese young job applicant will not apply for this job and thus unable to secure a job because he is selective about the races he wants to work with. </li></ul>
The Imagined Future- Young people becoming more unemployed <ul><li>In relation to the previous scenario, if the younger generations are more racist, they will adopt different work ethics that may be difficult to work with, giving rise to retrenchment, unemployment and being fired. </li></ul>
The Imagined Future- Teenagers joining gangs <ul><li>In the 1992 L.A. Riots, the African-American teenagers grouped together and the gangsterism rate increased greatly. </li></ul><ul><li>If Singapore was a racist society, all the teenagers will group together to form gangs according to their races. </li></ul><ul><li>With hostility against each race, violence is bound to unfold </li></ul>
The Imagined Future- Teenagers being stereotyped as criminals and stopped at police checkpoints frequently <ul><li>As teenagers join more gangs of their own races, resentment and violence will be abundant. </li></ul><ul><li>All these gangs will engage in clashes and be regarded as rowdy and gangster behaviour. </li></ul><ul><li>Police will have to remain more vigilant to ensure that no sabotage missions are underway. </li></ul>
What we can do to prevent the imagined future: <ul><li>Racial harmony values must be cultivated from young through education (e.g. Give more emphasis in curriculum). </li></ul><ul><li>Every one from each race should have an equal chance at job opportunities- should be considered based on merit and not colour. </li></ul><ul><li>Should emphasise on speaking English because if groups of people speak their own language, others may feel left out. </li></ul>
What we can do to prevent the imagined future: <ul><li>Have a proportionate mix of races in the police force, and recruit more policemen or women. </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore can encourage inter-racial marriages. </li></ul><ul><li>Companies can put new employees through work ethic courses to promote good social cohesion with each other. </li></ul>
What we can do to prevent the imagined future: <ul><li>Imposing extremely heavy punishments for youths consorting in gangs or racist comments. </li></ul><ul><li>Students in school should have the freedom to choose what second language they want to take. </li></ul><ul><li>Police force should be taught to not age, gender or racial profile. </li></ul><ul><li>Have more encouraging racial harmony activities such as campaigns and carnivals that will interest youths. </li></ul><ul><li>Play shows of different languages with subtitles to promote other races’ cultures. </li></ul>
Some problems we may face: <ul><li>Kids may skip school if they feel that the racial harmony classes are redundant. </li></ul><ul><li>Bosses are not supportive and are prejudice against certain people due to language requirements. </li></ul><ul><li>Parents speak to their children in their mother tongue. </li></ul><ul><li>Some people do not want to become policemen or women. </li></ul>
Some problems we may face: <ul><li>Religion barriers in marriages. </li></ul><ul><li>Companies are stingy and do not want to pay for the extra courses. </li></ul><ul><li>People are lazy to participate in these activities. </li></ul><ul><li>TV channels may not want to take the risk to play shows that will not give them the maximum capital. </li></ul>