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CHAPTER 1
An Introduction to Chemistry
Modern Chemistry
Modern Chemistry
 Nanotechnology – The science of extremely
small structures. Applications in Cancer
research, electronics, and energy.
 Computer technology – Producing thinner
screens for products, making heat resistant
plastics and adhesives, fiber optics.
 Energy – Solar, Gas, Coal.
What is Chemistry?
 Chemistry is the Study of the composition,
structure, and properties of matter, the
processes that matter undergoes , and the
energy changes that accompany these
processes.
 Chemical – Any substance that has a definite
composition.
Research
 Basic Research – Investigations for the reason
of increasing knowledge about the hows and
whys of the chemical world
 Applied Research – Deliberate experiments
carried out to solve a problem
 Technological Development – Production and
use of products that improve quality of life
based off chemical discoveries.

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Introduction to Chemistry

  • 3. Modern Chemistry  Nanotechnology – The science of extremely small structures. Applications in Cancer research, electronics, and energy.  Computer technology – Producing thinner screens for products, making heat resistant plastics and adhesives, fiber optics.  Energy – Solar, Gas, Coal.
  • 4.
  • 5. What is Chemistry?  Chemistry is the Study of the composition, structure, and properties of matter, the processes that matter undergoes , and the energy changes that accompany these processes.  Chemical – Any substance that has a definite composition.
  • 6. Research  Basic Research – Investigations for the reason of increasing knowledge about the hows and whys of the chemical world  Applied Research – Deliberate experiments carried out to solve a problem  Technological Development – Production and use of products that improve quality of life based off chemical discoveries.

Editor's Notes

  1. Biologists say cells are the building blocks of life, but electrons and protons are the building block of chemistry. Everything is made of elements, and elements are made of electrons. Our DNA is chemistry. Above is Cytosine, Adenine, thymine, and guanine. They are made up of carbons, oxygens, nitrogens and hydrogens – and of course a phosphate backbone. 5 elements make up your entire genetic code, which is the reason you have limbs, have speech, can hear, and have a brain or any function you can think of. These elements ‘code’ your body. Just like a computer program.
  2. Some more technology based examples… I would like everyone to think up one example of modern chemistry. After, show the slide Nanotechnology – helping in cancer research, This has resulted in the design of experimental systems that kill cancerous cells with normal visible light, but leave normal cells unharmed. Also, body tissue can be reproduced or repaired using nanotechnology, which could eventually develop into treatments to replace or repair organs. Computer technology is the product of chemistry. Think of everything involved in computers. Someone came up with the coating for the wires, the wires themselves, the chip material, the covering on the outside of the machine. Engineers may have designed computers, but it is the chemists that made the components Energy is a huge in the field of chemistry, particularly in modern times when we are trying to find new ways of harnessing energy. Chemistry made solar cells, found out how combustion reactions worked, and learned how to apply them usefully
  3. What does this mean? Basically, chemistry is everything. We are studying how things are made up, how they are built, what sort of physical and chemical characteristics they have, changes of states of matter and reactions, and the energy that is released or gained by any of those processes and reactions
  4. What would be examples of each Chance discoveries, such as teflon Applied, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, coolants, Computers, iphones, nonstick cookware