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Gender Equality


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Gender Equality: Factors Affecting Women's Career Choices

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Gender Equality

  1. 1. GENDER EQUALITY<br />Factors Affecting Women’s Occupational Endeavors<br />STS 210 Final ProjectAdrianna C. Gray<br />
  2. 2. WHY?<br />Over the course of the semester, we have often spoken the word feminism. I think that each of us have come to form an opinion of how feminism is defined. <br />For me, feminism is the idea of creating equal opportunities, rights and freedoms across genders, ethnicities and ages. It is more than “girl power”, it is a mission to make all aspects of life fair regardless of one’s appearance and circumstances. <br />
  3. 3. WHY?<br />…It is for this reason that I chose to do my project on gender equality in the workplace. More specifically, reasons why women chose certain occupations more frequently caught my interest. <br />I decided to start out by gathering the opinions of people. How do people feel about gender with regards to occupation? Do they see stereotypes on a regular basis? Have they experienced prejudice in the workplace because of their gender? <br />I wanted to know. <br />
  4. 4. Gender & Occupation Survey<br /><br />Though the project is complete, the survey is still open. This is a study that will not be complete until all understand how gender and occupation affect one another, and fuel this understanding to create change.<br />Feel free to participate.<br />GATHERINGEXPERIMENTAL DATA<br />
  5. 5. WHEN I GROW UP…<br />Teacher<br />Business Owner<br />Engineer<br />Dancer<br />Baker<br />Astronaut<br />Athlete<br />Coach<br />Doctor<br />FBI Agent<br />Lawyer<br />Veterinarian<br />Doctor<br />Mother<br />
  6. 6. Challenges in Pursing Childhood Dream Job<br />Reasons for Not Pursing Childhood Dream Job<br />SURVEY RESULTS<br />
  8. 8. How much does it matter?<br />Cultural norms define the roles we each take in society.<br />This includes, but is not limited to, our career choices and the reasons for making these decisions.<br />Stereotypes, prejudices and biases all swarm around the workplace. Most participants felt that stereotypes somewhat impact the gender distribution in their field.<br />
  9. 9. Who brings home the bacon?<br />The greatest, yet most simple challenge our nation faces is the pay gap.<br />According to the 2010 Census, women only earned 77 cents per dollar their male equals earned.<br />It saddens me that the majority of survey participants really don’t know whether their career of choice offers equal pay across genders.<br />US Department of Labor<br />
  10. 10. How did my experiment measure up to the facts?<br />Were the stereotypes mentioned by my participants a reflection of Reality?<br />How did their views on gender & occupation compare to the statistics?<br />BACK TO REALITY<br />
  11. 11.<br />In 2009, there were 3,074,000 Administrative Assistants and Secretaries.This is the most prevalent occupation among women and the average annual pay was $29,050 in 2008.<br />The second most held female occupation is Registered Nurse which also happens to be the 19th top salaried occupation women hold. RNs, on average, made $63,750 in 2009.<br />
  12. 12. Top 20 Female Concentrated Occupations<br />Secretaries & Administrative Assistants <br />Registered Nurses<br />Elementary/Middle School Teachers <br />Cashiers <br />Nursing, Psychiatric & Home Health Aides<br />Retail Salesperson <br />First-line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers<br />Waitresses<br />Maids & Housekeeping Cleaners<br />Customer Service Representatives<br />Child Care Workers<br />Bookkeeping, Accounting & Auditing Clerks<br />Receptionists & Information Clerks<br />First-line Supervisors/Managers of Office & Administrative Support Workers<br />Managers (all others)<br />Accountants & Auditors<br />Teaching Assistants<br />Cooks<br />Office Clerks (general)<br />Personal & Home Care AidesDepartment of Labor- 2009<br />
  13. 13.<br />In 1970, less than one percent of construction workers were women.<br />In 1995, 25 years later, women are only 2.3% of all US Construction workers.<br />Participants in my survey stated that construction work is a predominantly male field – indeed, the presence of women in this field is almost nonexistent.OSHA<br />
  14. 14.<br />Females accounted for 66.6% of financial specialists in the US in 2009.<br />This includes accountants, financial advisorsand analysts to list a few.<br />One example of an extremely successful female financial specialist is SuzeOrman. <br />In my survey, participants listed financial specialists as a stereotypically male field.<br />US Department of Labor<br />
  15. 15.<br />In 2009, the top paid position women held was as pharmacists.These women earned 85% of the wages their male equals earned.<br />Unbelievably, this “most fair” paying position is comprised of less than 50% women.There are 36 times more female administrative assistants than female pharmacists.<br />Female physicians only make 59% of their male equals and go to school longer than pharmacists.<br /><br />
  16. 16. ARE STEREOTYPES CHANGING?<br />“Nursing used to be a female occupation. That has changed tremendously in the past decade.”<br />“In the past very few women were allowed to attend prestigious culinary schools, however those times are gone and now females as well as males dominate this field. One occupation that I would think is stereotypical for males is construction work; there doesn't seem to be that many women in that field.”<br />“Not completely, I am a stay at home mom and I feel that people still look down on some men that choose to let their wives work and they stay home with the children.”<br />“I definitely feel they will be less impacted. However I still believe that those gender based tendencies will still make many positions remain lopsided by a gender. Women and Men have natural differences in interest that plays into certain professions.”“Yes, I do expect future generations to be less impacted by occupational stereotypes. In order to create equality in all work forces, I think it is necessary to emphasize the sameness and ability in all people regardless of gender instead of emphasizing differences.”<br />
  17. 17. TO TIE IT ALL TOGETHER…<br /> How to get involved?<br />Take the survey.<br />Visit my website and send the link to others.<br />Learn about legislation and laws to create a more equal work force across genders.<br />Wear red on Equal Pay Day, April 12.<br />Join the National Organization for Women (NOW) or make a donation.<br />
  18. 18. RESOURCES<br />National Committee on Pay Equity (NCPE)<br /> – Top Paying Jobs for Women<br />US Dept of Labor – Quick Stats on Women Workers, 2009<br />National Organization for Women (NOW)<br />Women, Science, and Technology(Wyer, M., et. al, 2nd Edition, 2009)<br />
  19. 19. RESOURCES<br />Bureau of Labor Statistics – Secretaries & Administrative Assistants<br />Bureau of Labor Statistics – Registered Nurses<br />US Department of Labor – OSHA: Women in the Construction Workplace<br />US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission – Equal Pay Act of 1963<br />