Data Art for the Networked Community

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Seattle Public Library - George Legrady

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  • Library: Innovative Architecture . Rem Koolhaas went beyond designing a building . Studied the library and transformed it: Open spaces Spiral storage of books Wired librarians High Tech transformation Book management as Data:
  • Book Spiral Concept . Library is half full .
  • . SPL Commission (2005) . Visualing circulation of books (for next ten years) . 6 large LCD panels / Mixing Chamber
  • MVI Concept . To visualize what the community is thinking
  • Research Questions . Library as data exchange center . Circulation of books
  • Data Art for the Networked Community

    1. 1. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE “Library Unbound” Seattle Public Library Commission Seattle Public Library Data Art for the Networked CommunityMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 1
    2. 2. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public LibraryMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 2
    3. 3. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library SPL Library: Architectural InfraStructure Transformations Rem Koolhaas radical redesign  Open public research computerized spaces  Spiral lay-out book storage stacks  Wired librarians (offices turned into open spaces)  RFID automated checkout and return sortingMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 3
    4. 4. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Book Spiral: Dewey Classification in a Continuous RibbonMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 4
    5. 5. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Dewey Coded Floor Spiral .jpMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 5
    6. 6. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Automated RF System Check-in, Check-outMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 6
    7. 7. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Librarians Set Loose: Traded Office Space for CommdeviceMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 7
    8. 8. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Visualizing the Collective Data Space: The Library As Data Exchange CenterMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 8
    9. 9. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Librarians & VisualizationMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 9
    10. 10. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library “Making Visible the Invisible”, a 10 year Visualization Project 2004-2014  For the next ten years: Collect hourly circulation of books, analyze the data, and represent through visualizations  Data animations are featured on 6 large LCD panels located on a glass wall horizontally behind the librarians’ main information desk  in the Mixing Chamber, a large open 19,500 sq ft space dedicated to information retrieval and publicMedia Arts and Technology accessible computer research.Graduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 10
    11. 11. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Research Phase (fall 2003-spr 2005)  1 week residency to learn about the library, its operations, etc.  Correlation is made between the flow of data (books, DVD) leaving the library and what the community of patrons considers interesting information at any specific time.  The circulation of books is information that can be calculated mathematically and represented visually.Media Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 11
    12. 12. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library What are the Research Questions?  Focus on the library as a “Data Exchange Center”  Information in circulation: Meaning to emerge out of the organization of data  Emergence driven: Local individual actions (checking out books/dvds) add up to collective positions: representative of the communal thinking!  How to transform the collecting and processing of data into an aesthetic experience: Emphasis on narrative, metaphoric, associative expression  Visualizations: Based on the organization of theMedia Arts and Technology data, according to rule-based processesGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 12
    13. 13. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Challenges: Negotiating Data Access, Privacy, Reliability  Libraries & other archival institutions are not used to dynamic artworks that plug into their system for data  Much negotiation with the IT sector for access to data over long time  Obvious main concerns: Security, privacy protection, system integrity, virus protection, maintenance, etc.  Reliability Issue: Project has to be reliable, self-sustaining for the next ten yearsMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 13
    14. 14. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library 3 Related Previous Projects: 1992-2001  An Anecdoted Archive From the Cold War, 1992 A collection of historical & personal objects organized according to an invented classification system (Floorplan)  Slippery Traces, 1995 Navigation through 250 postcards (classified into 26 chapters) according to multilayered rules inscribed in database (picture within picture navigation links)  Pockets Full of Memories, 2001 A dynamically growing collection of artifacts with data sets provided by the public. The objects are dynamically self-Media Arts and Technology organized in a 2D map continuously creating a global orderGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 14
    15. 15. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Anecdoted Archive from the Cold War: 1992 A collection of historical & personal objects organized according to a “hardwired” classification system: Museum floorplan; 8 rooms/chapters; each with 6 to 12 stories; each story has mutiple narratives based on object groupingMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 15
    16. 16. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Slippery Traces: 1995 250 postcards organized into 26 chapters. Multilinear relational database structure: Navigation from image to image according to rules inscribed in database with picture within picture navigation links)Media Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 16
    17. 17. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Pockets Full of Memories: 2001-2006 A dynamically growing collection of artifacts provided by the public with data sets through a questionnaire. The objects are dynamically self-organized in a 2D Visualization map. Local similarities emerging into a global order.Media Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 17
    18. 18. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Phase I: Concept & Design Development (2003) | With Andreas Schlegel  Visualizations experimentations: Rapid prototyping rough sketches focused on look and feel of still & animations  Dewey Decimal Classification system  Online Tracking of Flow of data: http://128.111.221.74/parsing/index.phpMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 18
    19. 19. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public LibraryMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 19
    20. 20. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Significant Area: Digital Data Processing / Management  Basic method: [data collection] -> [data processing] -> [visualization]  Bulk of the work: The [data processing] in- between incoming data and the visualization  Data is received every 10 minutes (3000 per hour, 20000 transactions per day)  Operating for the next ten years (2014)MediaIn:DATA <Processing> Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara Out:VISUALIZATION George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 20
    21. 21. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Data Processing & Metadata  How: by tracking the circulation of books/media  Require: Regular access to real-time data over long time  Methods: Calculations based on metadata  All books & media (cds, dvds, etc.) are RF tagged  System tracks circulation automatically  Metadata: Catalog Num; bibliography Num; date/time stamps; collection code;Media Arts and Technology itemtype; barcode; title; callNumber; DeweyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara class; keywords. George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 21
    22. 22. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Dewey Classification System: Ten topics each subdivided into 100 subclasses 000 - Generalities 100 - Philosophy & Psychology 200 - Religion 300 - Social Science 400 - Language 500 - Natural Science & Mathematics 600 - Technology & Applied Sciences 700 - Arts 800 - Literature 900 - Geography & History “Untangling my chopsticks” has the Dewey label 641.5952,Media Arts and TechnologyGraduate Program (placed in the 641 “Food & drink” section)UC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 22
    23. 23. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Metadata in XML Format <transaction> <itemNumber>1531202</itemNumber> <bibNumber>2180049</bibNumber> <ckodate>2005-04-20</ckodate> <ckotime>16:55:00</ckotime> <ckidate>2005-05-06</ckidate> <ckitime>18:21:00</ckitime> <collcode>nanf</collcode> <itemtype>acbk</itemtype> <barcode>0010045801205</barcode> <title>Untangling my chopsticks, a culinary sojourn in Kyoto</title> <callNumber>641.5952 R358U 2003</callNumber> <deweyClass>641.5952</deweyClass> <subjects> <subject>Cookery Japanese</subject> <subject>Japanese tea ceremony</subject> <subject>Kyoto Japan Social life and customs</subject> <subject>Food habits Japan Kyoto</subject>Media Arts and Technology </subjects>Graduate Program </transaction>UC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 23
    24. 24. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Phase II: Visual Exploration & System Planning (2004) | With August Black  System, data storage discussions with SPL IT  Experimentation with graphic visualizations: spectral pulses; radar plots; bezier/spirals, Voronoi variations  Planning the datastructure: its organization, questions of what to look for, what patterns, keywords?Media Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 24
    25. 25. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Phase III: System Architecture, Design & Production | With Rama Hoetzlein  July 2005: System Architecture: Design and production  Aug 2005: Data Flow Structure and Visualizations (without access to real data)  Sept 5-12, 2005: Seattle Installation:  1 week to install  First realtime access to data  Hardware/Software synchronization  Interface with ITMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 25
    26. 26. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Rama Hoetzlein: System Development (summer/fall 2005)  System overview (for continuous, large scale data analysis and real-time visualization)  Data Analysis Overview  Keyword Frequency Analysis  Storing Data over time (10 years)  Visualization Processes (Realtime graphics, synchronizataion, data retrieval)  Network Data Flow (Server, clients, data transfer)  Multiple Visualization Timing  Visualization Management (Layered processes, GameX interface)Media Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 26
    27. 27. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Librarians & VisualizationMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 27
    28. 28. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library 1 _Vital Statistics, Fall 2005  The day’s and last hour’s circulation activities  1) Total items, 2) Dewey, 3) Non-Dewey, 4) Books,5) DVD, 6) CD’s and other media  Background color changes with time throughout day  IMPACT: Statistical overview, a form of clock at glanceMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 28
    29. 29. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library 2 _Floating Titles: Fall 2005  Time based, linear stream of the last hour’s titles, timestamped, spatialized (far, close), and color coded (books, media)  IMPACT: Sequence provides unexpected associationsMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 29
    30. 30. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library 3 _Dot Matrix Rain: Fall 2005  Non-Dewey titles fall from the top of screen (gravity metaphor), Dewey titles pop up on screen  Finale: Overall Dewey activity trace  IMPACT: Relational overview (for librarians) between Dewey, non-dewey, books, and media.Media Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 30
    31. 31. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library 4 _Keyword Map Attack: Fall 2005  Word Frequency Index of significant title words, and Marc associated keywords, spatially plotted according to Dewey order, color coded, based on usage  IMPACT: Maps topics of interests based on keywords transcending Dewey categoriesMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 31
    32. 32. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public LibraryMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 32
    33. 33. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public LibraryMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 33
    34. 34. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public LibraryMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 34
    35. 35. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public LibraryMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 35
    36. 36. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public LibraryMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 36
    37. 37. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public LibraryMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 37
    38. 38. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public LibraryMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 38
    39. 39. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Front and Back Views of the Visualization InstallationMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 39
    40. 40. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Challenges for a Ten Year Digital Media Arts Project  What to map to show “Change Over time”  Search for patterns: What exactly to look for?  External correlation (news events)? relevant?  Feedback: How does the visualization impact on circulation?  How do the librarians react to the visualized information, and the participatoryMedia Arts and Technology need of technical support?Graduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 40
    41. 41. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Review & Evaluation Issues  Best realization method: Custom software design defined by the task at hand  Collaborative Development requires a particular mindset from participants  Technology changes every 3 years: Long term technological artwork requires maintenance program and budget  Institution must be competent to feature and willing to support technologally complex artworksMedia Arts and TechnologyGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 41
    42. 42. MAKING VISIBLE THE INVISIBLE Seattle Public Library Credits Technical Design, Research & Production  Andreas Schlegel, Preliminary interaction Design, website, data organization (2003-2004)  August Black, Preliminary data organization and visualization, system administration (2004-2005)  Rama Hoetzlein/Mark Zifchock Team, Final Engineering design, data organization, and production (Summer 2005) Sponsors  Seattle Public Library  Seattle Arts CommissionMedia Arts and Technology  Committee of 33, SeattleGraduate ProgramUC Santa Barbara  NSF IGERT multimedia Research George Legrady UCDARNET August 7, 2012 42

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