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Building technology s.b.a .adrian greaves

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Building technology s.b.a .adrian greaves

  1. 1. BALMORAL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTE A WRITTEN REPORT SUBMITTED TO THE CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONCOUNCIL (CXC) IN PARTIAL COMPLETION OF COURSE:By: Adrian Greaves 1
  2. 2. PageTopic 3………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Introduction 4-5……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….Careers 6-7…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………Norms 7-9……………………………………………………………………………………………………...Regulations 9-12……………………………………………………………………………………….Safety, Health and Welfare 13-15……………………………………………………………………………………..Handling hazardousmaterials 16……………………………………………………………………………………….Fire protection 17-18………………………………………………………………………………………………Personal protectiveequipment19…………………………………………………………………………………………………….Dust and fumes and noise20…………………………………………………………………………………………………Legal approach to safety,health and welfare20-22………………………………………………………………………………………………Introduction to computer/processing 22-24…………………………………………………………………………………………………..Impact oftechnology on Career/Society 24-25……………………………………………………………………………………………….Summary 2
  3. 3. This report gives detail information about N.CPalmer’s Modern Woodcraft Companywhich is located at Spur Tree Mandeville, Manchester. Thorough investigations and interviewsand observations were carried out to ascertain the impact of this company and this materialworld. I will take tremendous stride to give important information about N.C Palmer’s ModernWoodcraft Company in the following areas:  Introduction to computer  Safety, health and welfare  Career and societyN.C Palmer’s Modern Woodcraft Company offers goods locally and internationally 3
  4. 4. During my visit to N.C Palmers Modern Woodcraft C.O I observed that there are manyvariations of careers in this field these include:  Machine operators  Wood turners  Wood carvers  Wood sanders  Architects When one has mastered fully any of these careers mentioned above, one can be clearly andeasily distinguished from an amateur or an apprentice. The trained individual should be able toprovide basic instruction for students in high schools, vocational technical school andapprentice training program. In order to enter any technical institution that offer training toanyone who desire to continue their career path. In this area the following subjects arerequired: English Mathematics Technical drawing (CSEC subjects) 4
  5. 5. The chart above shows the most popular career at N.C Palmers Modern woodcraft C.O 5
  6. 6. When I visited N.C Palmers Modern Woodcraft C.O I recognized that it was the norm tostop at the entrance to sign their name in a logbook upon arrival. Immediately after theworkers sign their name in the log book they went straight to change into their overalls andprotection gear and went straight to their working stations and began to work. At the end ofthe day at N.C Palmers Modern Woodcraft C.O each worker was given 15-30 minutes to cleanup their work area. I also observed that each worker had to sign out at the security post beforethey can exit the compound. Time allotted are as follows:  7:00am – 5:30pm – days at work  11:30am – 12:30pm – lunch break 6
  7. 7. 4:30pm – 5:00pm – cleaning up  5:30pm – end of day N.C Palmers Modern Woodcraft C.O and its employee are guided by specific regulationsset by the company’s manager. I also noticed that there were specific regulations set by theBureau Of Standards of Jamaica regarding the making of items example doors, furniture etc.regulations at this company are as follows: 7
  8. 8. 1. All workers must be punctual at all times. 2. Safety procedures in and around the lab must not be ignored but followed at all times. 3. Headgears such as hardhats, goggles, earmuffs should be worn whenever time there is danger of hazardous conditions. 4. No stolen products must be found in the possession of any employee, if so he or she would be penalized. 5. Loitering on the premises during the work hours is prohibited. 6. Employees should promptly be in their workstation at scheduled time. 7. Leaving work before work hours is prohibited. 8. There are regular routine checks by the ministry of health department to make sure that workers practices and follows health procedure. These codes/regulations were expected to be followed by all members of the company.Any violation of these principles is committed. The violator would be regarded asunprofessional and unethical and be subject to an investigation by the company throughproper sources established in each legal document. 8
  9. 9. 20 18 16 14 12 Series 3 10 Series 2 8 Series 1 6 4 2 0 Tardiness Smoking and violate safety Fighting Drinking procedureThe chart above shows the most popular violated areas and number of persons whoparticipated during my three weeks visit at NC Palmers Modern Woodcraft C.O MORAL APPROACH TO SAFETY HEALTH AND WELFARE Good workers recognize and acknowledge a need for safety while on the job they arefamiliar with the fact that accidents can happen easily and that these accidents result in total orpartial disabilities. 9
  10. 10. According tothe internet safety and health and welfare deals with the prosperity ofcomplete satisfaction that a group of persons are following individuals. When I entered NC Palmers Modern Woodcraft C.O it was obvious to me that safetyhealth and welfare rules were not followed by workers yet some did take these rules seriously.This area of my report will include the following: 1. Clothing- I noticed that most of the workers wore appropriate clothing. Most workers wore steeltoe shoes but on several occasions workers wore sneakers. I also noticed that workers wore hardhats because it was mandatory to wear but on a few occasions workers sneaked and wore nothing or baseball caps. 2. Power tools- I noticed that all power tools were in good working condition. I noticed therewere mostly foreign objects. Each worker was familiarized with the tools and they all know how to use them. After a working day I realized some 10
  11. 11. workers place tools back in the wrong location but some workers place them in the right area on several occasions tools were even hanging around on the ground. 3. Good housekeeping- This refers to the neatness and cleanliness of the working lab. Whenever the work environment is clean and neat, workers show a good attitude towards the job. At NC Palmers Modern Woodcraft C.O waste material were rarely found on the ground this caused less accidents in the workshop. Sometimes the litter was in the workers way and they kicked them aside. At the end of the day a special worker was used to clean the shop but sometimes wasn’t done and if done not properly. Building materials and supplies were stored in a large warehouse to have aisles and walkways cleared to prevent accidents. The workers bathroom wereclean but had a lot of graffiti on the walls and sometimes smell. There was a large lunchroom for workers to eat but some workers eat lunch in the workshop. There was also a big canteen in the building with various types of food. Garbage and scraps were placed in the bins until it was neatly to be disposed of.11
  12. 12. Column1 Tripping Hazard Falling objects Punctured wound Electric shockThe chart above shows the amount of persons who got injured because of poor housekeepingduring my 3 weeks work experience. 12
  13. 13. Workers who have to handle pressure-treated timber and other materials whichexposed to chemical took special attention and care when handling them. I observed thatworkers avoid breathing in sawdust particles resulting from pressure-treated timber by wearinga dust mask. The sawing up of timber (pressure treated) was done outside and the waste wasburied in the ground but not all. Finishing materials example paint, sealer, varnish were storedin special containers which were placedon a large shelf but occasionally some of them spilled. 13
  14. 14. I noticed there was a first aid kit to treat minor injuries but important items were missing totreat major injuries but if there was any they were carried to the nearest hospital.During my 3 weeks work experience accidents that occurred were reported and document. Ona few occasions I recognized that any worker did not report an accident was suspended. 14
  15. 15. I recognized that workers did not have good understanding of fire hazards but some workersunderstood. Approved fire maintenance was carried out on portable and stationary machinesoccasionally. There are signs posted to escape routes to remind workers were to go in case offire. There were no electrical hazards which will cause fire. There were fireextinguisherslocated in the workshop and labeled with fire type and were clearly seen. 15
  16. 16. I observed that many workers wore safety equipment to protect the eye and head. Ialso noticed that workers never wore safety boots and hard hats even when there is apossibility of falling objects. There was evidence of dust masks when workers do work aroundlots of dust for example sanding, but some just used a handkerchief to cover their nose andmouth during the process. 16
  17. 17. shopcoat hardhat dustmaskThe chart above shows the most popular safety gear worn by workers during my 3 weeks workexperience. 17
  18. 18. I realized that dust and fumes were not accumulating the factory because of properventilation. When work was done around dust most workers wore dust masks.Noise was a major problem in the workshop but some workers wore earmuffs and some wasnot bothered by the noise. 18
  19. 19. During the month of July 1998 a legal contract was signed between the manager of NCPalmers Modern Woodcraft C.O and first life insurance company to ensure safety of all workersequipment in case of hazards or accidents. A health card is given to each worker in case ofaccidents and they didn’t have to pay doctors. Workers who refused the health card moneywill be taken out of their salary. The policy also covered each worker in case of hazards. 19
  20. 20. Series 1 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% Series 1 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Jan-May 2009 Jan-Sept 2009 Oct-Dec 2009The chart above shows the amount of workers who accepted health cards in the year 2009. Computers were introduced into the company in November 2000. The introduction ofcomputer had a great influence on the development of the country. Some workers were ableto do their job faster and more accurate with the computer. Computer aided designs wereused in order to automate the design process making changes easier and as a result reducingthe design time. 3 dimensional job rendering were designed to fully explain the proposedcomputer design. Computer aided estimation gives them accurate information on bid pricingand provide detail estimates, which concealed with the contract and shows plans to give acompleted cost analysis of the project. On the other hand traditional carpentry Businesses 20
  21. 21. were not able to design carpentry programs on the designing market. Computer has nowlightened the work of the secretary. Computers are used to store important information, tocreate geometric models, objects, structures and assemblies. The company purchased relatively cheap software which is capable of multidimensionalcommunication include sound, prints, graphics, animation, which resulted in the company’sdevelopment and growth. Accountants use computers to stay within the company’s budget,cheque other stock and material to save time. 21
  22. 22. Series 1 60 50 40 30 Series 1 20 10 0 communication accounting design estimatesThe chart above shows the many areas in which NCPalmers Modern Woodcraft C.O benefitedsince the introduction to computer. Companies today that have computer technology in their business have met increasedcompetition. NCPalmers Modern Woodcraft Company’s global and local competition is sostrong the workers started to further studies for their knowledge. These workers must be up todate with present market demands so as to increase production so they will be able to competeglobally. The use of robotics have created greater productivity on a large number of articles inless time. 22
  23. 23. Unemployment Job losses were evident because technology has reduced the need for manual labourthese workers were forced to be retrained and then re-employed. The cost of items have nowreduced and more affordable and also standardization and the quality of goods were improved.Employment I recognized that a number of employees at NCPalmers Modern Woodcraft C.O losttheir job and were technically incompetent to operate these machines as a result the companyemployed more technical up to date persons to function and manage these machines properly.I also recognized that individuals were employed on a contract like agreement for example 3times per week to operate and train some individuals. 23
  24. 24. The chart above shows the impact of technology on the company’s operation since moderntechnology has been introduced.Major Findings - loss of jobs were evident because workers did not know about technology - In some cases workers did further studies to keep up to date so they didn’t lose their job - Productivity increased drastically - Not much routine maintenance on machines were done - Most workers were concerned about health but didn’t follow precautions during operationRecommendations - Workers should follow safety precautions during operation - To reduce job losses workers should be familiar with technology 24
  25. 25. - Major routine maintenance should be carried out regularly- Workers who were retrained should be re-employed by the firm 25

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