Behaviorism power point


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Behaviorism power point

  1. 1. Adrea S.
  2. 2. What is Behaviorism?.... A theory of learning based upon the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. Conditioning occurs through interaction with the environment. Behaviorists believe that our responses to environmental stimuli shapes our behaviors.
  3. 3. Key people associated with Behaviorism: • • Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) B.F. Skinner (1904-1990) • Albert Bandurd (1925-)
  4. 4. Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) Famous for behavioral experiments with dogs. ● Used classic conditioning to teach dogs to salivate when he rang a bell.(Dogs associated bell with food=salivate) ● Behaviorists studied his work as an example of stimulus response. ● Won the Nobel Prize in physiology in 1904. ●
  5. 5. B.F. Skinner (1904-1990) Conducted experiments with pigeons through Operant conditioning. ● Pigeons are rewarded when behaving in desired manor. ● Pigeons eventually taught to dance and bowl. ● Believed that behavior is shaped on positive/negative reinforcement received. ●
  6. 6. Albert Bandurd (1925 -) Famous for ideas on Social Cognitive Theory. ● Believes in watching and mimicking behaviorObservational modeling. ● Later analyzed personality through: ➢Environment ➢Behavior ➢Psychological process ●
  7. 7. Key points of Behaviorism: Classic conditioning-natural reflex that occurs in response to a stimulus. ●Operant conditioning- controlled learning that shapes behavior through the reinforcement of stimulus-response patterns. ●Modernism-everything of value is measured solely in terms of science. ●Observational modeling- watching something and mimicking the behavior. ●Self efficacy- personal observation about one's perceived ability to feel, think, and motivate oneself to learn. ●Imagery-retain information through images in the mind. ●
  8. 8. Teacher Classroom Implications: With Technology- Give a classroom lecture through a power point presentation and reward a student when they answer the question correctly. Without Technology- Demonstrate a science experiment for the class and have the student mimic the teachers actions through Observational modeling of Albert Bandura.
  9. 9. Student classroom Implications: With Technology- Student participates in online activities and are provided with positive or negative verbal/visual feedback when the correct/incorrect answer is chosen. Without Technology- The student mimics the teacher's demonstration on how to assemble a tent.
  10. 10. What I think for my teaching... I feel the example of behaviorism is natural and an easy theory to follow. Today, I see classroom teachers following the ideas behind behaviorism as I will do the same. I will demonstrate ideas having the students mimic and use rewards for encouragement. These are the types of examples that come to mind when I see myself teaching.