CONFIGURATION MANAGEMENT <ul><li>Today we talk about Software Configuration Management (SCM for short): - What? - Why? - H...
WHY CM? <ul><li>Multiple people are working on changing software </li></ul><ul><li>More than one version of the software n...
WHAT IS SCM? <ul><li>Configuration management is a way to manage evolving software </li></ul><ul><li>Configuration managem...
SCM Activities <ul><li>CM data management </li></ul><ul><li>Version management - Release versions - Development versions <...
SCM Items <ul><li>Design documents </li></ul><ul><li>Code files </li></ul><ul><li>Test data </li></ul><ul><li>Test drivers...
Managing SCM Items <ul><li>There may easily be thousands of SCM items </li></ul><ul><li>A naming scheme should be introduc...
Baselines <ul><li>Baseline: A specification or a product, which is formally reviewed and agreed on, and which can only be ...
Version control <ul><li>Procedures and tools to manage different versions of configuration objects </li></ul><ul><li>Versi...
Change Control / 1 <ul><li>Need for change is recognised </li></ul><ul><li>Someone (like a user) makes a change request </...
Change Control / 2 <ul><li>6. Change request is queued for action and and engineering change order (technical descr) is ma...
Change Control / 3 <ul><li>13. Perform quality assurance (QA) and testing activities </li></ul><ul><li>14. ”Promote” chang...
SCM Audit / 1 <ul><li>The following questions should be answered </li></ul><ul><li>Has the change specified in the ECO bee...
SCM Audit / 2 <ul><li>More questions to be answered: </li></ul><ul><li>5. Have Software Configuration Management procedure...
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Configuration Management

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Configuration Management

  1. 1. CONFIGURATION MANAGEMENT <ul><li>Today we talk about Software Configuration Management (SCM for short): - What? - Why? - How? </li></ul>
  2. 2. WHY CM? <ul><li>Multiple people are working on changing software </li></ul><ul><li>More than one version of the software needs to be supported: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different releases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different installations with different functionalities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development versions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Software needs to run on different operating systems and different hardware </li></ul>
  3. 3. WHAT IS SCM? <ul><li>Configuration management is a way to manage evolving software </li></ul><ul><li>Configuration management is a set of disciplines and techniques for initiating, evaluating, and controlling change to software products. </li></ul><ul><li>Configuration management covers the lifecycle of software development </li></ul>
  4. 4. SCM Activities <ul><li>CM data management </li></ul><ul><li>Version management - Release versions - Development versions </li></ul><ul><li>Concurrent development management </li></ul><ul><li>Change management </li></ul>
  5. 5. SCM Items <ul><li>Design documents </li></ul><ul><li>Code files </li></ul><ul><li>Test data </li></ul><ul><li>Test drivers </li></ul><ul><li>Manuals </li></ul><ul><li>System configuration data </li></ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul><ul><li>A meaningful combination of above, meant to be treated as a single entity </li></ul><ul><li>Also hardware items can be considered CM Items </li></ul>
  6. 6. Managing SCM Items <ul><li>There may easily be thousands of SCM items </li></ul><ul><li>A naming scheme should be introduced to identify these </li></ul><ul><li>The hierarchical arrangement of software project items should be supported </li></ul><ul><li>Should all CM items be managed </li></ul><ul><li>When to start management for an item? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you start too early, you get bureaucracy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you start too late, you get chaos. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Baselines <ul><li>Baseline: A specification or a product, which is formally reviewed and agreed on, and which can only be changed through formal change procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Before an item becomes a baseline, changes can be made quickly and informally. </li></ul><ul><li>Baseline is a kind of a milestone in software development </li></ul><ul><li>Baseline typically creates new versions in SCIs. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Version control <ul><li>Procedures and tools to manage different versions of configuration objects </li></ul><ul><li>Versions may not always be created in sequential order, e.g. you create 1.0 -> 1.1 -> 1.2 -> 2.0 and then you need to create 1.3 for some customers who can not run 2.0 but need some changes or improvements. </li></ul><ul><li>With big software, you may e.g have 4.0 as the official current version. You work on 5.0 to release it as the next official version, but you have already started to create 6.0, as it takes so long to get it ready. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Change Control / 1 <ul><li>Need for change is recognised </li></ul><ul><li>Someone (like a user) makes a change request </li></ul><ul><li>Developer evaluates </li></ul><ul><li>Change report is generated </li></ul><ul><li>Change control authority decides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Change is denied -> User is informed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change is accepted -> go to next slide :) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Change Control / 2 <ul><li>6. Change request is queued for action and and engineering change order (technical descr) is made </li></ul><ul><li>7. Assign individuals to make changes to configuration objects </li></ul><ul><li>8. ”Check out” configuration items from project repository </li></ul><ul><li>9. Make the change </li></ul><ul><li>10. Review (audit) the change </li></ul><ul><li>11. ”Check in” the changed configuration items </li></ul><ul><li>12. Establish a baseline for testing the change </li></ul><ul><li>go to next slide :) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Change Control / 3 <ul><li>13. Perform quality assurance (QA) and testing activities </li></ul><ul><li>14. ”Promote” changes for inclusionin next release </li></ul><ul><li>15. Rebuild appropriate version of software </li></ul><ul><li>16. Review (audit) the change to all configuration items </li></ul><ul><li>17. Include changes in new version </li></ul><ul><li>18. Distribute the new version </li></ul>
  12. 12. SCM Audit / 1 <ul><li>The following questions should be answered </li></ul><ul><li>Has the change specified in the ECO been made? Have any additional modifications been incorporated? </li></ul><ul><li>Has formal technical review been conducted to assess technical correctness? </li></ul><ul><li>Has the software process been followed and SE standards been applied? </li></ul><ul><li>Has the change been appropriately recorded in the SCIs? </li></ul>
  13. 13. SCM Audit / 2 <ul><li>More questions to be answered: </li></ul><ul><li>5. Have Software Configuration Management procedures for the change been followed? </li></ul><ul><li>6. Have all related SCIs been properly updated? </li></ul>

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